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SubjectRe: [PATCH] MIPS: fw: arc: add __weak to prom_meminit and prom_free_prom_memory
On Mon, Apr 6, 2020 at 4:54 AM Maciej W. Rozycki <macro@linux-mips.org> wrote:
>
> On Mon, 6 Apr 2020, Masahiro Yamada wrote:
>
> > > > As far as I understood, prom_meminit() in arch/mips/fw/arc/memory.c
> > > > is overridden by the one in arch/mips/sgi-ip32/ip32-memory.c if
> > > > CONFIG_SGI_IP32 is enabled.
> > > >
> > > > The use of EXPORT_SYMBOL in static libraries potentially causes a
> > > > problem for the llvm linker [1]. So, I want to forcibly link lib-y
> > > > objects to vmlinux when CONFIG_MODULES=y.
> > >
> > > It looks to me like a bug in the linker in the handling of the EXTERN
> > > command. Why not fix the linker instead?
> [...]
> > I am not sure if this is a bug.
> > Anyway, they decided to not change ld.lld
>
> Well, maybe that was a conscious decision, however it's a linker feature
> that has been there since forever and projects like Linux can legitimately
> rely on it. In this case perhaps sticking to other linkers, which have
> the right features, is the right solution rather than trying to turn a
> complex and mature project like Linux upside down (and quite possibly
> introducing bugs and pessimisations on the way) just to match an inferior
> tool. Adapt your tool to the task, not the task to your tool.

The feature you refer to and the feature Masahiro is referring to are
two separate issues. If you care to understand the issue Masahiro is
trying to fix, please take the time to read the full discussion:
https://github.com/ClangBuiltLinux/linux/issues/515 and particularly
https://reviews.llvm.org/D63564

>
> > MIPS code is so confusing.
> > There are multiple definitions,
> > and lib.a is (ab)used to hide them.
>
> It's a standard feature of libraries that a symbol reference is satisfied
> by the first symbol definition encountered. Any extra ones provided later
> in the link order are ignored. And we have control over the link order.

Relying on link order is terribly brittle. Renaming a file can cause
your implementation to change, and ties your hands from ever using
things like LTO or newer build systems like ninja. Static
initialization order is a plague to C and C++. It's explicitly
undefined behavior you've just admitted you prefer to rely on. (A
Google search for "static initialization order" wants to autocomplete
to "static initialization order fiasco" which is also an interesting
read; https://www.cryptopp.com/wiki/Static_Initialization_Order_Fiasco).

Masahiro is right that this case has some questionable choices in
terms of redefining symbols with different implementations. I think
__HAVE_ARCH_STRCPY and friends in lib/string.c is actually the best
pattern for not providing multiple definitions of a symbol, followed
by marking symbols meant to be overridden at link time based on config
as __weak. He's just trying to help clean this up.

>
> > I fixed another one for MIPS before, and
> > 0-day bot reported this recently.
> >
> >
> > There are lots of prom_meminit() definitions
> > in arch/mips/.
>
> Naturally, many platforms will have its own, in addition to some generic
> (possibly dummy) one.
>
> > Making the intention clearer is a good thing, IMHO.
>
> Hmm, what intention? Can you please be more specific?

That prom_meminit and prom_free_prom_memory are meant to be overridden
by other configs.

--
Thanks,
~Nick Desaulniers

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