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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2 03/12] task_isolation: userspace hard isolation from kernel
On Sun, Mar 08, 2020 at 03:47:08AM +0000, Alex Belits wrote:
> The existing nohz_full mode is designed as a "soft" isolation mode
> that makes tradeoffs to minimize userspace interruptions while
> still attempting to avoid overheads in the kernel entry/exit path,
> to provide 100% kernel semantics, etc.
>
> However, some applications require a "hard" commitment from the
> kernel to avoid interruptions, in particular userspace device driver
> style applications, such as high-speed networking code.
>
> This change introduces a framework to allow applications
> to elect to have the "hard" semantics as needed, specifying
> prctl(PR_TASK_ISOLATION, PR_TASK_ISOLATION_ENABLE) to do so.
>
> The kernel must be built with the new TASK_ISOLATION Kconfig flag
> to enable this mode, and the kernel booted with an appropriate
> "isolcpus=nohz,domain,CPULIST" boot argument to enable
> nohz_full and isolcpus. The "task_isolation" state is then indicated
> by setting a new task struct field, task_isolation_flag, to the
> value passed by prctl(), and also setting a TIF_TASK_ISOLATION
> bit in the thread_info flags. When the kernel is returning to
> userspace from the prctl() call and sees TIF_TASK_ISOLATION set,
> it calls the new task_isolation_start() routine to arrange for
> the task to avoid being interrupted in the future.
>
> With interrupts disabled, task_isolation_start() ensures that kernel
> subsystems that might cause a future interrupt are quiesced. If it
> doesn't succeed, it adjusts the syscall return value to indicate that
> fact, and userspace can retry as desired. In addition to stopping
> the scheduler tick, the code takes any actions that might avoid
> a future interrupt to the core, such as a worker thread being
> scheduled that could be quiesced now (e.g. the vmstat worker)
> or a future IPI to the core to clean up some state that could be
> cleaned up now (e.g. the mm lru per-cpu cache).
>
> Once the task has returned to userspace after issuing the prctl(),
> if it enters the kernel again via system call, page fault, or any
> other exception or irq, the kernel will kill it with SIGKILL.
> In addition to sending a signal, the code supports a kernel
> command-line "task_isolation_debug" flag which causes a stack
> backtrace to be generated whenever a task loses isolation.
>
> To allow the state to be entered and exited, the syscall checking
> test ignores the prctl(PR_TASK_ISOLATION) syscall so that we can
> clear the bit again later, and ignores exit/exit_group to allow
> exiting the task without a pointless signal being delivered.
>
> The prctl() API allows for specifying a signal number to use instead
> of the default SIGKILL, to allow for catching the notification
> signal; for example, in a production environment, it might be
> helpful to log information to the application logging mechanism
> before exiting. Or, the signal handler might choose to reset the
> program counter back to the code segment intended to be run isolated
> via prctl() to continue execution.
>
> In a number of cases we can tell on a remote cpu that we are
> going to be interrupting the cpu, e.g. via an IPI or a TLB flush.
> In that case we generate the diagnostic (and optional stack dump)
> on the remote core to be able to deliver better diagnostics.
> If the interrupt is not something caught by Linux (e.g. a
> hypervisor interrupt) we can also request a reschedule IPI to
> be sent to the remote core so it can be sure to generate a
> signal to notify the process.
>
> Separate patches that follow provide these changes for x86, arm,
> and arm64.
>
> Signed-off-by: Alex Belits <abelits@marvell.com>
> ---
> .../admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt | 6 +
> include/linux/hrtimer.h | 4 +
> include/linux/isolation.h | 229 ++++++
> include/linux/sched.h | 4 +
> include/linux/tick.h | 3 +
> include/uapi/linux/prctl.h | 6 +
> init/Kconfig | 28 +
> kernel/Makefile | 2 +
> kernel/context_tracking.c | 2 +
> kernel/isolation.c | 774 ++++++++++++++++++
> kernel/signal.c | 2 +
> kernel/sys.c | 6 +
> kernel/time/hrtimer.c | 27 +
> kernel/time/tick-sched.c | 18 +
> 14 files changed, 1111 insertions(+)
> create mode 100644 include/linux/isolation.h
> create mode 100644 kernel/isolation.c
>
> diff --git a/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt b/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt
> index c07815d230bc..e4a2d6e37645 100644
> --- a/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt
> +++ b/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt
> @@ -4808,6 +4808,12 @@
> neutralize any effect of /proc/sys/kernel/sysrq.
> Useful for debugging.
>
> + task_isolation_debug [KNL]
> + In kernels built with CONFIG_TASK_ISOLATION, this
> + setting will generate console backtraces to
> + accompany the diagnostics generated about
> + interrupting tasks running with task isolation.
> +
> tcpmhash_entries= [KNL,NET]
> Set the number of tcp_metrics_hash slots.
> Default value is 8192 or 16384 depending on total
> diff --git a/include/linux/hrtimer.h b/include/linux/hrtimer.h
> index 15c8ac313678..e81252eb4f92 100644
> --- a/include/linux/hrtimer.h
> +++ b/include/linux/hrtimer.h
> @@ -528,6 +528,10 @@ extern void __init hrtimers_init(void);
> /* Show pending timers: */
> extern void sysrq_timer_list_show(void);
>
> +#ifdef CONFIG_TASK_ISOLATION
> +extern void kick_hrtimer(void);
> +#endif
> +
> int hrtimers_prepare_cpu(unsigned int cpu);
> #ifdef CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU
> int hrtimers_dead_cpu(unsigned int cpu);
> diff --git a/include/linux/isolation.h b/include/linux/isolation.h
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..6bd71c67f10f
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/include/linux/isolation.h
> @@ -0,0 +1,229 @@
> +/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */
> +/*
> + * Task isolation support
> + *
> + * Authors:
> + * Chris Metcalf <cmetcalf@mellanox.com>
> + * Alex Belits <abelits@marvell.com>
> + * Yuri Norov <ynorov@marvell.com>
> + */
> +#ifndef _LINUX_ISOLATION_H
> +#define _LINUX_ISOLATION_H
> +
> +#include <stdarg.h>
> +#include <linux/errno.h>
> +#include <linux/cpumask.h>
> +#include <linux/prctl.h>
> +#include <linux/types.h>
> +
> +struct task_struct;
> +
> +#ifdef CONFIG_TASK_ISOLATION
> +
> +int task_isolation_message(int cpu, int level, bool supp, const char *fmt, ...);
> +
> +#define pr_task_isol_emerg(cpu, fmt, ...) \
> + task_isolation_message(cpu, LOGLEVEL_EMERG, false, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__)
> +#define pr_task_isol_alert(cpu, fmt, ...) \
> + task_isolation_message(cpu, LOGLEVEL_ALERT, false, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__)
> +#define pr_task_isol_crit(cpu, fmt, ...) \
> + task_isolation_message(cpu, LOGLEVEL_CRIT, false, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__)
> +#define pr_task_isol_err(cpu, fmt, ...) \
> + task_isolation_message(cpu, LOGLEVEL_ERR, false, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__)
> +#define pr_task_isol_warn(cpu, fmt, ...) \
> + task_isolation_message(cpu, LOGLEVEL_WARNING, false, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__)
> +#define pr_task_isol_notice(cpu, fmt, ...) \
> + task_isolation_message(cpu, LOGLEVEL_NOTICE, false, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__)
> +#define pr_task_isol_info(cpu, fmt, ...) \
> + task_isolation_message(cpu, LOGLEVEL_INFO, false, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__)
> +#define pr_task_isol_debug(cpu, fmt, ...) \
> + task_isolation_message(cpu, LOGLEVEL_DEBUG, false, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__)
> +
> +#define pr_task_isol_emerg_supp(cpu, fmt, ...) \
> + task_isolation_message(cpu, LOGLEVEL_EMERG, true, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__)
> +#define pr_task_isol_alert_supp(cpu, fmt, ...) \
> + task_isolation_message(cpu, LOGLEVEL_ALERT, true, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__)
> +#define pr_task_isol_crit_supp(cpu, fmt, ...) \
> + task_isolation_message(cpu, LOGLEVEL_CRIT, true, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__)
> +#define pr_task_isol_err_supp(cpu, fmt, ...) \
> + task_isolation_message(cpu, LOGLEVEL_ERR, true, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__)
> +#define pr_task_isol_warn_supp(cpu, fmt, ...) \
> + task_isolation_message(cpu, LOGLEVEL_WARNING, true, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__)
> +#define pr_task_isol_notice_supp(cpu, fmt, ...) \
> + task_isolation_message(cpu, LOGLEVEL_NOTICE, true, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__)
> +#define pr_task_isol_info_supp(cpu, fmt, ...) \
> + task_isolation_message(cpu, LOGLEVEL_INFO, true, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__)
> +#define pr_task_isol_debug_supp(cpu, fmt, ...) \
> + task_isolation_message(cpu, LOGLEVEL_DEBUG, true, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__)
> +DECLARE_PER_CPU(unsigned long, tsk_thread_flags_copy);
> +extern cpumask_var_t task_isolation_map;
> +
> +/**
> + * task_isolation_request() - prctl hook to request task isolation
> + * @flags: Flags from <linux/prctl.h> PR_TASK_ISOLATION_xxx.
> + *
> + * This is called from the generic prctl() code for PR_TASK_ISOLATION.
> + *
> + * Return: Returns 0 when task isolation enabled, otherwise a negative
> + * errno.
> + */
> +extern int task_isolation_request(unsigned int flags);
> +extern void task_isolation_cpu_cleanup(void);
> +/**
> + * task_isolation_start() - attempt to actually start task isolation
> + *
> + * This function should be invoked as the last thing prior to returning to
> + * user space if TIF_TASK_ISOLATION is set in the thread_info flags. It
> + * will attempt to quiesce the core and enter task-isolation mode. If it
> + * fails, it will reset the system call return value to an error code that
> + * indicates the failure mode.
> + */
> +extern void task_isolation_start(void);
> +
> +/**
> + * is_isolation_cpu() - check if CPU is intended for running isolated tasks.
> + * @cpu: CPU to check.
> + */
> +static inline bool is_isolation_cpu(int cpu)
> +{
> + return task_isolation_map != NULL &&
> + cpumask_test_cpu(cpu, task_isolation_map);
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * task_isolation_on_cpu() - check if the cpu is running isolated task
> + * @cpu: CPU to check.
> + */
> +extern int task_isolation_on_cpu(int cpu);
> +extern void task_isolation_check_run_cleanup(void);
> +
> +/**
> + * task_isolation_cpumask() - set CPUs currently running isolated tasks
> + * @mask: Mask to modify.
> + */
> +extern void task_isolation_cpumask(struct cpumask *mask);
> +
> +/**
> + * task_isolation_clear_cpumask() - clear CPUs currently running isolated tasks
> + * @mask: Mask to modify.
> + */
> +extern void task_isolation_clear_cpumask(struct cpumask *mask);
> +
> +/**
> + * task_isolation_syscall() - report a syscall from an isolated task
> + * @nr: The syscall number.
> + *
> + * This routine should be invoked at syscall entry if TIF_TASK_ISOLATION is
> + * set in the thread_info flags. It checks for valid syscalls,
> + * specifically prctl() with PR_TASK_ISOLATION, exit(), and exit_group().
> + * For any other syscall it will raise a signal and return failure.
> + *
> + * Return: 0 for acceptable syscalls, -1 for all others.
> + */
> +extern int task_isolation_syscall(int nr);
> +
> +/**
> + * _task_isolation_interrupt() - report an interrupt of an isolated task
> + * @fmt: A format string describing the interrupt
> + * @...: Format arguments, if any.
> + *
> + * This routine should be invoked at any exception or IRQ if
> + * TIF_TASK_ISOLATION is set in the thread_info flags. It is not necessary
> + * to invoke it if the exception will generate a signal anyway (e.g. a bad
> + * page fault), and in that case it is preferable not to invoke it but just
> + * rely on the standard Linux signal. The macro task_isolation_syscall()
> + * wraps the TIF_TASK_ISOLATION flag test to simplify the caller code.
> + */
> +extern void _task_isolation_interrupt(const char *fmt, ...);
> +#define task_isolation_interrupt(fmt, ...) \
> + do { \
> + if (current_thread_info()->flags & _TIF_TASK_ISOLATION) \
> + _task_isolation_interrupt(fmt, ## __VA_ARGS__); \
> + } while (0)
> +
> +/**
> + * task_isolation_remote() - report a remote interrupt of an isolated task
> + * @cpu: The remote cpu that is about to be interrupted.
> + * @fmt: A format string describing the interrupt
> + * @...: Format arguments, if any.
> + *
> + * This routine should be invoked any time a remote IPI or other type of
> + * interrupt is being delivered to another cpu. The function will check to
> + * see if the target core is running a task-isolation task, and generate a
> + * diagnostic on the console if so; in addition, we tag the task so it
> + * doesn't generate another diagnostic when the interrupt actually arrives.
> + * Generating a diagnostic remotely yields a clearer indication of what
> + * happened then just reporting only when the remote core is interrupted.
> + *
> + */
> +extern void task_isolation_remote(int cpu, const char *fmt, ...);
> +
> +/**
> + * task_isolation_remote_cpumask() - report interruption of multiple cpus
> + * @mask: The set of remotes cpus that are about to be interrupted.
> + * @fmt: A format string describing the interrupt
> + * @...: Format arguments, if any.
> + *
> + * This is the cpumask variant of _task_isolation_remote(). We
> + * generate a single-line diagnostic message even if multiple remote
> + * task-isolation cpus are being interrupted.
> + */
> +extern void task_isolation_remote_cpumask(const struct cpumask *mask,
> + const char *fmt, ...);
> +
> +/**
> + * _task_isolation_signal() - disable task isolation when signal is pending
> + * @task: The task for which to disable isolation.
> + *
> + * This function generates a diagnostic and disables task isolation; it
> + * should be called if TIF_TASK_ISOLATION is set when notifying a task of a
> + * pending signal. The task_isolation_interrupt() function normally
> + * generates a diagnostic for events that just interrupt a task without
> + * generating a signal; here we need to hook the paths that correspond to
> + * interrupts that do generate a signal. The macro task_isolation_signal()
> + * wraps the TIF_TASK_ISOLATION flag test to simplify the caller code.
> + */
> +extern void _task_isolation_signal(struct task_struct *task);
> +#define task_isolation_signal(task) \
> + do { \
> + if (task_thread_info(task)->flags & _TIF_TASK_ISOLATION) \
> + _task_isolation_signal(task); \
> + } while (0)
> +
> +/**
> + * task_isolation_user_exit() - debug all user_exit calls
> + *
> + * By default, we don't generate an exception in the low-level user_exit()
> + * code, because programs lose the ability to disable task isolation: the
> + * user_exit() hook will cause a signal prior to task_isolation_syscall()
> + * disabling task isolation. In addition, it means that we lose all the
> + * diagnostic info otherwise available from task_isolation_interrupt() hooks
> + * later in the interrupt-handling process. But you may enable it here for
> + * a special kernel build if you are having undiagnosed userspace jitter.
> + */
> +static inline void task_isolation_user_exit(void)
> +{
> +#ifdef DEBUG_TASK_ISOLATION
> + task_isolation_interrupt("user_exit");
> +#endif
> +}
> +
> +#else /* !CONFIG_TASK_ISOLATION */
> +static inline int task_isolation_request(unsigned int flags) { return -EINVAL; }
> +static inline void task_isolation_start(void) { }
> +static inline bool is_isolation_cpu(int cpu) { return 0; }
> +static inline int task_isolation_on_cpu(int cpu) { return 0; }
> +static inline void task_isolation_cpumask(struct cpumask *mask) { }
> +static inline void task_isolation_clear_cpumask(struct cpumask *mask) { }
> +static inline void task_isolation_cpu_cleanup(void) { }
> +static inline void task_isolation_check_run_cleanup(void) { }
> +static inline int task_isolation_syscall(int nr) { return 0; }
> +static inline void task_isolation_interrupt(const char *fmt, ...) { }
> +static inline void task_isolation_remote(int cpu, const char *fmt, ...) { }
> +static inline void task_isolation_remote_cpumask(const struct cpumask *mask,
> + const char *fmt, ...) { }
> +static inline void task_isolation_signal(struct task_struct *task) { }
> +static inline void task_isolation_user_exit(void) { }
> +#endif
> +
> +#endif /* _LINUX_ISOLATION_H */
> diff --git a/include/linux/sched.h b/include/linux/sched.h
> index 04278493bf15..52fdb32aa3b9 100644
> --- a/include/linux/sched.h
> +++ b/include/linux/sched.h
> @@ -1280,6 +1280,10 @@ struct task_struct {
> unsigned long lowest_stack;
> unsigned long prev_lowest_stack;
> #endif
> +#ifdef CONFIG_TASK_ISOLATION
> + unsigned short task_isolation_flags; /* prctl */
> + unsigned short task_isolation_state;
> +#endif
>
> /*
> * New fields for task_struct should be added above here, so that
> diff --git a/include/linux/tick.h b/include/linux/tick.h
> index 7340613c7eff..27c7c033d5a8 100644
> --- a/include/linux/tick.h
> +++ b/include/linux/tick.h
> @@ -268,6 +268,9 @@ static inline void tick_dep_clear_signal(struct signal_struct *signal,
> extern void tick_nohz_full_kick_cpu(int cpu);
> extern void __tick_nohz_task_switch(void);
> extern void __init tick_nohz_full_setup(cpumask_var_t cpumask);
> +#ifdef CONFIG_TASK_ISOLATION
> +extern int try_stop_full_tick(void);
> +#endif
> #else
> static inline bool tick_nohz_full_enabled(void) { return false; }
> static inline bool tick_nohz_full_cpu(int cpu) { return false; }
> diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/prctl.h b/include/uapi/linux/prctl.h
> index 07b4f8131e36..f4848ed2a069 100644
> --- a/include/uapi/linux/prctl.h
> +++ b/include/uapi/linux/prctl.h
> @@ -238,4 +238,10 @@ struct prctl_mm_map {
> #define PR_SET_IO_FLUSHER 57
> #define PR_GET_IO_FLUSHER 58
>
> +/* Enable task_isolation mode for TASK_ISOLATION kernels. */
> +#define PR_TASK_ISOLATION 48
> +# define PR_TASK_ISOLATION_ENABLE (1 << 0)
> +# define PR_TASK_ISOLATION_SET_SIG(sig) (((sig) & 0x7f) << 8)
> +# define PR_TASK_ISOLATION_GET_SIG(bits) (((bits) >> 8) & 0x7f)
> +
> #endif /* _LINUX_PRCTL_H */
> diff --git a/init/Kconfig b/init/Kconfig
> index 20a6ac33761c..ecdf567f6bd4 100644
> --- a/init/Kconfig
> +++ b/init/Kconfig
> @@ -576,6 +576,34 @@ config CPU_ISOLATION
>
> source "kernel/rcu/Kconfig"
>
> +config HAVE_ARCH_TASK_ISOLATION
> + bool
> +
> +config TASK_ISOLATION
> + bool "Provide hard CPU isolation from the kernel on demand"
> + depends on NO_HZ_FULL && HAVE_ARCH_TASK_ISOLATION
> + help
> +
> + Allow userspace processes that place themselves on cores with
> + nohz_full and isolcpus enabled, and run prctl(PR_TASK_ISOLATION),
> + to "isolate" themselves from the kernel. Prior to returning to
> + userspace, isolated tasks will arrange that no future kernel
> + activity will interrupt the task while the task is running in
> + userspace. Attempting to re-enter the kernel while in this mode
> + will cause the task to be terminated with a signal; you must
> + explicitly use prctl() to disable task isolation before resuming
> + normal use of the kernel.
> +
> + This "hard" isolation from the kernel is required for userspace
> + tasks that are running hard real-time tasks in userspace, such as
> + a high-speed network driver in userspace. Without this option, but
> + with NO_HZ_FULL enabled, the kernel will make a best-faith, "soft"
> + effort to shield a single userspace process from interrupts, but
> + makes no guarantees.
> +
> + You should say "N" unless you are intending to run a
> + high-performance userspace driver or similar task.
> +
> config BUILD_BIN2C
> bool
> default n
> diff --git a/kernel/Makefile b/kernel/Makefile
> index 4cb4130ced32..2f2ae91f90d5 100644
> --- a/kernel/Makefile
> +++ b/kernel/Makefile
> @@ -122,6 +122,8 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_GCC_PLUGIN_STACKLEAK) += stackleak.o
> KASAN_SANITIZE_stackleak.o := n
> KCOV_INSTRUMENT_stackleak.o := n
>
> +obj-$(CONFIG_TASK_ISOLATION) += isolation.o
> +
> $(obj)/configs.o: $(obj)/config_data.gz
>
> targets += config_data.gz
> diff --git a/kernel/context_tracking.c b/kernel/context_tracking.c
> index 0296b4bda8f1..e9206736f219 100644
> --- a/kernel/context_tracking.c
> +++ b/kernel/context_tracking.c
> @@ -21,6 +21,7 @@
> #include <linux/hardirq.h>
> #include <linux/export.h>
> #include <linux/kprobes.h>
> +#include <linux/isolation.h>
>
> #define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS
> #include <trace/events/context_tracking.h>
> @@ -157,6 +158,7 @@ void __context_tracking_exit(enum ctx_state state)
> if (state == CONTEXT_USER) {
> vtime_user_exit(current);
> trace_user_exit(0);
> + task_isolation_user_exit();
> }
> }
> __this_cpu_write(context_tracking.state, CONTEXT_KERNEL);
> diff --git a/kernel/isolation.c b/kernel/isolation.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..ae29732c376c
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/kernel/isolation.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,774 @@
> +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only
> +/*
> + * linux/kernel/isolation.c
> + *
> + * Implementation of task isolation.
> + *
> + * Authors:
> + * Chris Metcalf <cmetcalf@mellanox.com>
> + * Alex Belits <abelits@marvell.com>
> + * Yuri Norov <ynorov@marvell.com>
> + */
> +
> +#include <linux/mm.h>
> +#include <linux/swap.h>
> +#include <linux/vmstat.h>
> +#include <linux/sched.h>
> +#include <linux/isolation.h>
> +#include <linux/syscalls.h>
> +#include <linux/smp.h>
> +#include <linux/tick.h>
> +#include <asm/unistd.h>
> +#include <asm/syscall.h>
> +#include <linux/hrtimer.h>
> +
> +/*
> + * These values are stored in task_isolation_state.
> + * Note that STATE_NORMAL + TIF_TASK_ISOLATION means we are still
> + * returning from sys_prctl() to userspace.
> + */
> +enum {
> + STATE_NORMAL = 0, /* Not isolated */
> + STATE_ISOLATED = 1 /* In userspace, isolated */
> +};
> +
> +/*
> + * This variable contains thread flags copied at the moment
> + * when schedule() switched to the task on a given CPU,
> + * or 0 if no task is running.
> + */
> +DEFINE_PER_CPU(unsigned long, tsk_thread_flags_cache);
> +
> +/*
> + * Counter for isolation state on a given CPU, increments when entering
> + * isolation and decrements when exiting isolation (before or after the
> + * cleanup). Multiple simultaneously running procedures entering or
> + * exiting isolation are prevented by checking the result of
> + * incrementing or decrementing this variable. This variable is both
> + * incremented and decremented by CPU that caused isolation entering or
> + * exit.
> + *
> + * This is necessary because multiple isolation-breaking events may happen
> + * at once (or one as the result of the other), however isolation exit
> + * may only happen once to transition from isolated to non-isolated state.
> + * Therefore, if decrementing this counter results in a value less than 0,
> + * isolation exit procedure can't be started -- it already happened, or is
> + * in progress, or isolation is not entered yet.
> + */
> +DEFINE_PER_CPU(atomic_t, isol_counter);
> +
> +/*
> + * Description of the last two tasks that ran isolated on a given CPU.
> + * This is intended only for messages about isolation breaking. We
> + * don't want any references to actual task while accessing this from
> + * CPU that caused isolation breaking -- we know nothing about timing
> + * and don't want to use locking or RCU.
> + */
> +struct isol_task_desc {
> + atomic_t curr_index;
> + atomic_t curr_index_wr;
> + bool warned[2];
> + pid_t pid[2];
> + pid_t tgid[2];
> + char comm[2][TASK_COMM_LEN];
> +};
> +static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct isol_task_desc, isol_task_descs);
> +
> +/*
> + * Counter for isolation exiting procedures (from request to the start of
> + * cleanup) being attempted at once on a CPU. Normally incrementing of
> + * this counter is performed from the CPU that caused isolation breaking,
> + * however decrementing is done from the cleanup procedure, delegated to
> + * the CPU that is exiting isolation, not from the CPU that caused isolation
> + * breaking.
> + *
> + * If incrementing this counter while starting isolation exit procedure
> + * results in a value greater than 0, isolation exiting is already in
> + * progress, and cleanup did not start yet. This means, counter should be
> + * decremented back, and isolation exit that is already in progress, should
> + * be allowed to complete. Otherwise, a new isolation exit procedure should
> + * be started.
> + */
> +DEFINE_PER_CPU(atomic_t, isol_exit_counter);
> +
> +/*
> + * Descriptor for isolation-breaking SMP calls
> + */
> +DEFINE_PER_CPU(call_single_data_t, isol_break_csd);
> +
> +cpumask_var_t task_isolation_map;
> +cpumask_var_t task_isolation_cleanup_map;
> +static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(task_isolation_cleanup_lock);
> +
> +/* We can run on cpus that are isolated from the scheduler and are nohz_full. */
> +static int __init task_isolation_init(void)
> +{
> + alloc_bootmem_cpumask_var(&task_isolation_cleanup_map);
> + if (alloc_cpumask_var(&task_isolation_map, GFP_KERNEL))
> + /*
> + * At this point task isolation should match
> + * nohz_full. This may change in the future.
> + */
> + cpumask_copy(task_isolation_map, tick_nohz_full_mask);
> + return 0;
> +}
> +core_initcall(task_isolation_init)
> +
> +/* Enable stack backtraces of any interrupts of task_isolation cores. */
> +static bool task_isolation_debug;
> +static int __init task_isolation_debug_func(char *str)
> +{
> + task_isolation_debug = true;
> + return 1;
> +}
> +__setup("task_isolation_debug", task_isolation_debug_func);
> +
> +/*
> + * Record name, pid and group pid of the task entering isolation on
> + * the current CPU.
> + */
> +static void record_curr_isolated_task(void)
> +{
> + int ind;
> + int cpu = smp_processor_id();
> + struct isol_task_desc *desc = &per_cpu(isol_task_descs, cpu);
> + struct task_struct *task = current;
> +
> + /* Finish everything before recording current task */
> + smp_mb();
> + ind = atomic_inc_return(&desc->curr_index_wr) & 1;
> + desc->comm[ind][sizeof(task->comm) - 1] = '\0';
> + memcpy(desc->comm[ind], task->comm, sizeof(task->comm) - 1);
> + desc->pid[ind] = task->pid;
> + desc->tgid[ind] = task->tgid;
> + desc->warned[ind] = false;
> + /* Write everything, to be seen by other CPUs */
> + smp_mb();
> + atomic_inc(&desc->curr_index);
> + /* Everyone will see the new record from this point */
> + smp_mb();
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * Print message prefixed with the description of the current (or
> + * last) isolated task on a given CPU. Intended for isolation breaking
> + * messages that include target task for the user's convenience.
> + *
> + * Messages produced with this function may have obsolete task
> + * information if isolated tasks managed to exit, start and enter
> + * isolation multiple times, or multiple tasks tried to enter
> + * isolation on the same CPU at once. For those unusual cases it would
> + * contain a valid description of the cause for isolation breaking and
> + * target CPU number, just not the correct description of which task
> + * ended up losing isolation.
> + */
> +int task_isolation_message(int cpu, int level, bool supp, const char *fmt, ...)
> +{
> + struct isol_task_desc *desc;
> + struct task_struct *task;
> + va_list args;
> + char buf_prefix[TASK_COMM_LEN + 20 + 3 * 20];
> + char buf[200];
> + int curr_cpu, ind_counter, ind_counter_old, ind;
> +
> + curr_cpu = get_cpu();
> + desc = &per_cpu(isol_task_descs, cpu);
> + ind_counter = atomic_read(&desc->curr_index);
> +
> + if (curr_cpu == cpu) {
> + /*
> + * Message is for the current CPU so current
> + * task_struct should be used instead of cached
> + * information.
> + *
> + * Like in other diagnostic messages, if issued from
> + * interrupt context, current will be the interrupted
> + * task. Unlike other diagnostic messages, this is
> + * always relevant because the message is about
> + * interrupting a task.
> + */
> + ind = ind_counter & 1;
> + if (supp && desc->warned[ind]) {
> + /*
> + * If supp is true, skip the message if the
> + * same task was mentioned in the message
> + * originated on remote CPU, and it did not
> + * re-enter isolated state since then (warned
> + * is true). Only local messages following
> + * remote messages, likely about the same
> + * isolation breaking event, are skipped to
> + * avoid duplication. If remote cause is
> + * immediately followed by a local one before
> + * isolation is broken, local cause is skipped
> + * from messages.
> + */
> + put_cpu();
> + return 0;
> + }
> + task = current;
> + snprintf(buf_prefix, sizeof(buf_prefix),
> + "isolation %s/%d/%d (cpu %d)",
> + task->comm, task->tgid, task->pid, cpu);
> + put_cpu();
> + } else {
> + /*
> + * Message is for remote CPU, use cached information.
> + */
> + put_cpu();
> + /*
> + * Make sure, index remained unchanged while data was
> + * copied. If it changed, data that was copied may be
> + * inconsistent because two updates in a sequence could
> + * overwrite the data while it was being read.
> + */
> + do {
> + /* Make sure we are reading up to date values */
> + smp_mb();
> + ind = ind_counter & 1;
> + snprintf(buf_prefix, sizeof(buf_prefix),
> + "isolation %s/%d/%d (cpu %d)",
> + desc->comm[ind], desc->tgid[ind],
> + desc->pid[ind], cpu);
> + desc->warned[ind] = true;
> + ind_counter_old = ind_counter;
> + /* Record the warned flag, then re-read descriptor */
> + smp_mb();
> + ind_counter = atomic_read(&desc->curr_index);
> + /*
> + * If the counter changed, something was updated, so
> + * repeat everything to get the current data
> + */
> + } while (ind_counter != ind_counter_old);
> + }
> +
> + va_start(args, fmt);
> + vsnprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), fmt, args);
> + va_end(args);
> +
> + switch (level) {
> + case LOGLEVEL_EMERG:
> + pr_emerg("%s: %s", buf_prefix, buf);
> + break;
> + case LOGLEVEL_ALERT:
> + pr_alert("%s: %s", buf_prefix, buf);
> + break;
> + case LOGLEVEL_CRIT:
> + pr_crit("%s: %s", buf_prefix, buf);
> + break;
> + case LOGLEVEL_ERR:
> + pr_err("%s: %s", buf_prefix, buf);
> + break;
> + case LOGLEVEL_WARNING:
> + pr_warn("%s: %s", buf_prefix, buf);
> + break;
> + case LOGLEVEL_NOTICE:
> + pr_notice("%s: %s", buf_prefix, buf);
> + break;
> + case LOGLEVEL_INFO:
> + pr_info("%s: %s", buf_prefix, buf);
> + break;
> + case LOGLEVEL_DEBUG:
> + pr_debug("%s: %s", buf_prefix, buf);
> + break;
> + default:
> + /* No message without a valid level */
> + return 0;
> + }
> + return 1;
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * Dump stack if need be. This can be helpful even from the final exit
> + * to usermode code since stack traces sometimes carry information about
> + * what put you into the kernel, e.g. an interrupt number encoded in
> + * the initial entry stack frame that is still visible at exit time.
> + */
> +static void debug_dump_stack(void)
> +{
> + if (task_isolation_debug)
> + dump_stack();
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * Set the flags word but don't try to actually start task isolation yet.
> + * We will start it when entering user space in task_isolation_start().
> + */
> +int task_isolation_request(unsigned int flags)
> +{
> + struct task_struct *task = current;
> +
> + /*
> + * The task isolation flags should always be cleared just by
> + * virtue of having entered the kernel.
> + */
> + WARN_ON_ONCE(test_tsk_thread_flag(task, TIF_TASK_ISOLATION));
> + WARN_ON_ONCE(task->task_isolation_flags != 0);
> + WARN_ON_ONCE(task->task_isolation_state != STATE_NORMAL);
> +
> + task->task_isolation_flags = flags;
> + if (!(task->task_isolation_flags & PR_TASK_ISOLATION_ENABLE))
> + return 0;
> +
> + /* We are trying to enable task isolation. */
> + set_tsk_thread_flag(task, TIF_TASK_ISOLATION);
> +
> + /*
> + * Shut down the vmstat worker so we're not interrupted later.
> + * We have to try to do this here (with interrupts enabled) since
> + * we are canceling delayed work and will call flush_work()
> + * (which enables interrupts) and possibly schedule().
> + */
> + quiet_vmstat_sync();
> +
> + /* We return 0 here but we may change that in task_isolation_start(). */
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * Perform actions that should be done immediately on exit from isolation.
> + */
> +static void fast_task_isolation_cpu_cleanup(void *info)
> +{
> + atomic_dec(&per_cpu(isol_exit_counter, smp_processor_id()));
> + /* At this point breaking isolation from other CPUs is possible again */
> +
> + /*
> + * This task is no longer isolated (and if by any chance this
> + * is the wrong task, it's already not isolated)
> + */
> + current->task_isolation_flags = 0;
> + clear_tsk_thread_flag(current, TIF_TASK_ISOLATION);
> +
> + /* Run the rest of cleanup later */
> + set_tsk_thread_flag(current, TIF_NOTIFY_RESUME);
> +
> + /* Copy flags with task isolation disabled */
> + this_cpu_write(tsk_thread_flags_cache,
> + READ_ONCE(task_thread_info(current)->flags));
> +}
> +
> +/* Disable task isolation for the specified task. */
> +static void stop_isolation(struct task_struct *p)
> +{
> + int cpu, this_cpu;
> + unsigned long flags;
> +
> + this_cpu = get_cpu();
> + cpu = task_cpu(p);
> + if (atomic_inc_return(&per_cpu(isol_exit_counter, cpu)) > 1) {
> + /* Already exiting isolation */
> + atomic_dec(&per_cpu(isol_exit_counter, cpu));
> + put_cpu();
> + return;
> + }
> +
> + if (p == current) {
> + p->task_isolation_state = STATE_NORMAL;
> + fast_task_isolation_cpu_cleanup(NULL);
> + task_isolation_cpu_cleanup();
> + if (atomic_dec_return(&per_cpu(isol_counter, cpu)) < 0) {
> + /* Is not isolated already */
> + atomic_inc(&per_cpu(isol_counter, cpu));
> + }
> + put_cpu();
> + } else {
> + if (atomic_dec_return(&per_cpu(isol_counter, cpu)) < 0) {
> + /* Is not isolated already */
> + atomic_inc(&per_cpu(isol_counter, cpu));
> + atomic_dec(&per_cpu(isol_exit_counter, cpu));
> + put_cpu();
> + return;
> + }
> + /*
> + * Schedule "slow" cleanup. This relies on
> + * TIF_NOTIFY_RESUME being set
> + */
> + spin_lock_irqsave(&task_isolation_cleanup_lock, flags);
> + cpumask_set_cpu(cpu, task_isolation_cleanup_map);
> + spin_unlock_irqrestore(&task_isolation_cleanup_lock, flags);
> + /*
> + * Setting flags is delegated to the CPU where
> + * isolated task is running
> + * isol_exit_counter will be decremented from there as well.
> + */
> + per_cpu(isol_break_csd, cpu).func =
> + fast_task_isolation_cpu_cleanup;
> + per_cpu(isol_break_csd, cpu).info = NULL;
> + per_cpu(isol_break_csd, cpu).flags = 0;
> + smp_call_function_single_async(cpu,
> + &per_cpu(isol_break_csd, cpu));
> + put_cpu();
> + }
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * This code runs with interrupts disabled just before the return to
> + * userspace, after a prctl() has requested enabling task isolation.
> + * We take whatever steps are needed to avoid being interrupted later:
> + * drain the lru pages, stop the scheduler tick, etc. More
> + * functionality may be added here later to avoid other types of
> + * interrupts from other kernel subsystems.
> + *
> + * If we can't enable task isolation, we update the syscall return
> + * value with an appropriate error.
> + */
> +void task_isolation_start(void)
> +{
> + int error;
> +
> + /*
> + * We should only be called in STATE_NORMAL (isolation disabled),
> + * on our way out of the kernel from the prctl() that turned it on.
> + * If we are exiting from the kernel in another state, it means we
> + * made it back into the kernel without disabling task isolation,
> + * and we should investigate how (and in any case disable task
> + * isolation at this point). We are clearly not on the path back
> + * from the prctl() so we don't touch the syscall return value.
> + */
> + if (WARN_ON_ONCE(current->task_isolation_state != STATE_NORMAL)) {
> + /* Increment counter, this will allow isolation breaking */
> + if (atomic_inc_return(&per_cpu(isol_counter,
> + smp_processor_id())) > 1) {
> + atomic_dec(&per_cpu(isol_counter, smp_processor_id()));
> + }
> + atomic_inc(&per_cpu(isol_counter, smp_processor_id()));
> + stop_isolation(current);
> + return;
> + }
> +
> + /*
> + * Must be affinitized to a single core with task isolation possible.
> + * In principle this could be remotely modified between the prctl()
> + * and the return to userspace, so we have to check it here.
> + */
> + if (current->nr_cpus_allowed != 1 ||
> + !is_isolation_cpu(smp_processor_id())) {
> + error = -EINVAL;
> + goto error;
> + }
> +
> + /* If the vmstat delayed work is not canceled, we have to try again. */
> + if (!vmstat_idle()) {
> + error = -EAGAIN;
> + goto error;
> + }
> +
> + /* Try to stop the dynamic tick. */
> + error = try_stop_full_tick();
> + if (error)
> + goto error;
> +
> + /* Drain the pagevecs to avoid unnecessary IPI flushes later. */
> + lru_add_drain();
> +
> + /* Increment counter, this will allow isolation breaking */
> + if (atomic_inc_return(&per_cpu(isol_counter,
> + smp_processor_id())) > 1) {
> + atomic_dec(&per_cpu(isol_counter, smp_processor_id()));
> + }
> +
> + /* Record isolated task IDs and name */
> + record_curr_isolated_task();
> +
> + /* Copy flags with task isolation enabled */
> + this_cpu_write(tsk_thread_flags_cache,
> + READ_ONCE(task_thread_info(current)->flags));
> +
> + current->task_isolation_state = STATE_ISOLATED;
> + return;
> +
> +error:
> + /* Increment counter, this will allow isolation breaking */
> + if (atomic_inc_return(&per_cpu(isol_counter,
> + smp_processor_id())) > 1) {
> + atomic_dec(&per_cpu(isol_counter, smp_processor_id()));
> + }
> + stop_isolation(current);
> + syscall_set_return_value(current, current_pt_regs(), error, 0);
> +}
> +
> +/* Stop task isolation on the remote task and send it a signal. */
> +static void send_isolation_signal(struct task_struct *task)
> +{
> + int flags = task->task_isolation_flags;
> + kernel_siginfo_t info = {
> + .si_signo = PR_TASK_ISOLATION_GET_SIG(flags) ?: SIGKILL,
> + };
> +
> + stop_isolation(task);
> + send_sig_info(info.si_signo, &info, task);
> +}
> +
> +/* Only a few syscalls are valid once we are in task isolation mode. */
> +static bool is_acceptable_syscall(int syscall)
> +{
> + /* No need to incur an isolation signal if we are just exiting. */
> + if (syscall == __NR_exit || syscall == __NR_exit_group)
> + return true;
> +
> + /* Check to see if it's the prctl for isolation. */
> + if (syscall == __NR_prctl) {
> + unsigned long arg[SYSCALL_MAX_ARGS];
gcc output:

kernel/isolation.c: In function 'is_acceptable_syscall':
kernel/isolation.c:511:21: error: 'SYSCALL_MAX_ARGS' undeclared (first use in this function); did you mean 'SYSCALL_ALIAS'?
unsigned long arg[SYSCALL_MAX_ARGS];
^~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
SYSCALL_ALIAS
kernel/isolation.c:511:21: note: each undeclared identifier is reported only once for each function it appears in
kernel/isolation.c:511:17: warning: unused variable 'arg' [-Wunused-variable]
unsigned long arg[SYSCALL_MAX_ARGS];
^~~
make[1]: *** [scripts/Makefile.build:267: kernel/isolation.o] Error 1
make[1]: *** Waiting for unfinished jobs....
make: *** [Makefile:1683: kernel] Error 2
quick search:

grep -IHrn SYSCALL_MAX_ARGS
arch/arm/include/asm/syscall.h:54:#define SYSCALL_MAX_ARGS 7
arch/arm64/include/asm/syscall.h:53:#define SYSCALL_MAX_ARGS 6
arch/xtensa/include/asm/syscall.h:57:#define SYSCALL_MAX_ARGS 6
arch/x86/include/asm/syscall.h:91:#define SYSCALL_MAX_ARGS 6
arch/nds32/include/asm/syscall.h:125:#define SYSCALL_MAX_ARGS 6
kernel/isolation.c:511: unsigned long arg[SYSCALL_MAX_ARGS];

my fix:

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/syscall.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/syscall.h
index 8db3fdb6102e..b9de03a24e4f 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/syscall.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/syscall.h
@@ -88,6 +88,8 @@ static inline void syscall_set_return_value(struct task_struct *task,
regs->ax = (long) error ?: val;
}

+#define SYSCALL_MAX_ARGS 6
+
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32

static inline void syscall_get_arguments(struct task_struct *task,



thx,

-- Kevyn-Alexandre Paré

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