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Subject[PATCH v10 25/26] x86/cet/shstk: Handle thread shadow stack
Date
The kernel allocates (and frees on thread exit) a new shadow stack for a
pthread child.

It is possible for the kernel to complete the clone syscall and set the
child's shadow stack pointer to NULL and let the child thread allocate
a shadow stack for itself. There are two issues in this approach: It
is not compatible with existing code that does inline syscall and it
cannot handle signals before the child can successfully allocate a
shadow stack.

A 64-bit shadow stack has a size of min(RLIMIT_STACK, 4 GB). A compat-mode
thread shadow stack has a size of 1/4 min(RLIMIT_STACK, 4 GB). This allows
more threads to run in a 32-bit address space.

Signed-off-by: Yu-cheng Yu <yu-cheng.yu@intel.com>
---
v10:
- Limit shadow stack size to 4 GB.

arch/x86/include/asm/cet.h | 2 ++
arch/x86/include/asm/mmu_context.h | 3 +++
arch/x86/kernel/cet.c | 41 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
arch/x86/kernel/process.c | 7 +++++
4 files changed, 53 insertions(+)

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/cet.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/cet.h
index 56fe08eebae6..71dc92acd2f2 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/cet.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/cet.h
@@ -18,11 +18,13 @@ struct cet_status {

#ifdef CONFIG_X86_INTEL_CET
int cet_setup_shstk(void);
+int cet_setup_thread_shstk(struct task_struct *p);
void cet_disable_free_shstk(struct task_struct *p);
int cet_verify_rstor_token(bool ia32, unsigned long ssp, unsigned long *new_ssp);
void cet_restore_signal(struct sc_ext *sc);
int cet_setup_signal(bool ia32, unsigned long rstor, struct sc_ext *sc);
#else
+static inline int cet_setup_thread_shstk(struct task_struct *p) { return 0; }
static inline void cet_disable_free_shstk(struct task_struct *p) {}
static inline void cet_restore_signal(struct sc_ext *sc) { return; }
static inline int cet_setup_signal(bool ia32, unsigned long rstor,
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/mmu_context.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/mmu_context.h
index 4e55370e48e8..bb7a4a2d6923 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/mmu_context.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/mmu_context.h
@@ -12,6 +12,7 @@
#include <asm/pgalloc.h>
#include <asm/tlbflush.h>
#include <asm/paravirt.h>
+#include <asm/cet.h>
#include <asm/debugreg.h>

extern atomic64_t last_mm_ctx_id;
@@ -155,6 +156,8 @@ do { \
#else
#define deactivate_mm(tsk, mm) \
do { \
+ if (!tsk->vfork_done) \
+ cet_disable_free_shstk(tsk); \
load_gs_index(0); \
loadsegment(fs, 0); \
} while (0)
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cet.c b/arch/x86/kernel/cet.c
index 274fecdd9669..121552047b86 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cet.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cet.c
@@ -169,6 +169,47 @@ int cet_setup_shstk(void)
return 0;
}

+int cet_setup_thread_shstk(struct task_struct *tsk)
+{
+ unsigned long addr, size;
+ struct cet_user_state *state;
+ struct cet_status *cet = &tsk->thread.cet;
+
+ if (!cet->shstk_size)
+ return 0;
+
+ state = get_xsave_addr(&tsk->thread.fpu.state.xsave,
+ XFEATURE_CET_USER);
+
+ if (!state)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ /* Cap shadow stack size to 4 GB */
+ size = min(rlimit(RLIMIT_STACK), 1UL << 32);
+
+ /*
+ * Compat-mode pthreads share a limited address space.
+ * If each function call takes an average of four slots
+ * stack space, we need 1/4 of stack size for shadow stack.
+ */
+ if (in_compat_syscall())
+ size /= 4;
+ size = round_up(size, PAGE_SIZE);
+ addr = alloc_shstk(size);
+
+ if (IS_ERR((void *)addr)) {
+ cet->shstk_base = 0;
+ cet->shstk_size = 0;
+ return PTR_ERR((void *)addr);
+ }
+
+ fpu__prepare_write(&tsk->thread.fpu);
+ state->user_ssp = (u64)(addr + size);
+ cet->shstk_base = addr;
+ cet->shstk_size = size;
+ return 0;
+}
+
void cet_disable_free_shstk(struct task_struct *tsk)
{
struct cet_status *cet = &tsk->thread.cet;
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/process.c b/arch/x86/kernel/process.c
index 9d9cff2c1018..ef1c2b8086a2 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/process.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/process.c
@@ -109,6 +109,7 @@ void exit_thread(struct task_struct *tsk)

free_vm86(t);

+ cet_disable_free_shstk(tsk);
fpu__drop(fpu);
}

@@ -179,6 +180,12 @@ int copy_thread_tls(unsigned long clone_flags, unsigned long sp,
if (clone_flags & CLONE_SETTLS)
ret = set_new_tls(p, tls);

+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
+ /* Allocate a new shadow stack for pthread */
+ if (!ret && (clone_flags & (CLONE_VFORK | CLONE_VM)) == CLONE_VM)
+ ret = cet_setup_thread_shstk(p);
+#endif
+
if (!ret && unlikely(test_tsk_thread_flag(current, TIF_IO_BITMAP)))
io_bitmap_share(p);

--
2.21.0
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