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Subject[PATCH v3 25/75] x86/sev-es: Add support for handling IOIO exceptions
Date
From: Tom Lendacky <thomas.lendacky@amd.com>

Add support for decoding and handling #VC exceptions for IOIO events.

Signed-off-by: Tom Lendacky <thomas.lendacky@amd.com>
[ jroedel@suse.de: Adapted code to #VC handling framework ]
Co-developed-by: Joerg Roedel <jroedel@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Joerg Roedel <jroedel@suse.de>
---
arch/x86/boot/compressed/sev-es.c | 32 +++++
arch/x86/kernel/sev-es-shared.c | 202 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
2 files changed, 234 insertions(+)

diff --git a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/sev-es.c b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/sev-es.c
index 1241697dd156..17765e471e28 100644
--- a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/sev-es.c
+++ b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/sev-es.c
@@ -23,6 +23,35 @@
struct ghcb boot_ghcb_page __aligned(PAGE_SIZE);
struct ghcb *boot_ghcb;

+/*
+ * Copy a version of this function here - insn-eval.c can't be used in
+ * pre-decompression code.
+ */
+static bool insn_has_rep_prefix(struct insn *insn)
+{
+ int i;
+
+ insn_get_prefixes(insn);
+
+ for (i = 0; i < insn->prefixes.nbytes; i++) {
+ insn_byte_t p = insn->prefixes.bytes[i];
+
+ if (p == 0xf2 || p == 0xf3)
+ return true;
+ }
+
+ return false;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Only a dummy for insn_get_seg_base() - Early boot-code is 64bit only and
+ * doesn't use segments.
+ */
+static unsigned long insn_get_seg_base(struct pt_regs *regs, int seg_reg_idx)
+{
+ return 0UL;
+}
+
static inline u64 sev_es_rd_ghcb_msr(void)
{
unsigned long low, high;
@@ -150,6 +179,9 @@ void do_boot_stage2_vc(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long exit_code)
goto finish;

switch (exit_code) {
+ case SVM_EXIT_IOIO:
+ result = vc_handle_ioio(boot_ghcb, &ctxt);
+ break;
default:
result = ES_UNSUPPORTED;
break;
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/sev-es-shared.c b/arch/x86/kernel/sev-es-shared.c
index 22eb3ed89186..5d4d0e2b7777 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/sev-es-shared.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/sev-es-shared.c
@@ -217,3 +217,205 @@ static enum es_result vc_insn_string_write(struct es_em_ctxt *ctxt,

return ret;
}
+
+#define IOIO_TYPE_STR BIT(2)
+#define IOIO_TYPE_IN 1
+#define IOIO_TYPE_INS (IOIO_TYPE_IN | IOIO_TYPE_STR)
+#define IOIO_TYPE_OUT 0
+#define IOIO_TYPE_OUTS (IOIO_TYPE_OUT | IOIO_TYPE_STR)
+
+#define IOIO_REP BIT(3)
+
+#define IOIO_ADDR_64 BIT(9)
+#define IOIO_ADDR_32 BIT(8)
+#define IOIO_ADDR_16 BIT(7)
+
+#define IOIO_DATA_32 BIT(6)
+#define IOIO_DATA_16 BIT(5)
+#define IOIO_DATA_8 BIT(4)
+
+#define IOIO_SEG_ES (0 << 10)
+#define IOIO_SEG_DS (3 << 10)
+
+static enum es_result vc_ioio_exitinfo(struct es_em_ctxt *ctxt, u64 *exitinfo)
+{
+ struct insn *insn = &ctxt->insn;
+ *exitinfo = 0;
+
+ switch (insn->opcode.bytes[0]) {
+ /* INS opcodes */
+ case 0x6c:
+ case 0x6d:
+ *exitinfo |= IOIO_TYPE_INS;
+ *exitinfo |= IOIO_SEG_ES;
+ *exitinfo |= (ctxt->regs->dx & 0xffff) << 16;
+ break;
+
+ /* OUTS opcodes */
+ case 0x6e:
+ case 0x6f:
+ *exitinfo |= IOIO_TYPE_OUTS;
+ *exitinfo |= IOIO_SEG_DS;
+ *exitinfo |= (ctxt->regs->dx & 0xffff) << 16;
+ break;
+
+ /* IN immediate opcodes */
+ case 0xe4:
+ case 0xe5:
+ *exitinfo |= IOIO_TYPE_IN;
+ *exitinfo |= insn->immediate.value << 16;
+ break;
+
+ /* OUT immediate opcodes */
+ case 0xe6:
+ case 0xe7:
+ *exitinfo |= IOIO_TYPE_OUT;
+ *exitinfo |= insn->immediate.value << 16;
+ break;
+
+ /* IN register opcodes */
+ case 0xec:
+ case 0xed:
+ *exitinfo |= IOIO_TYPE_IN;
+ *exitinfo |= (ctxt->regs->dx & 0xffff) << 16;
+ break;
+
+ /* OUT register opcodes */
+ case 0xee:
+ case 0xef:
+ *exitinfo |= IOIO_TYPE_OUT;
+ *exitinfo |= (ctxt->regs->dx & 0xffff) << 16;
+ break;
+
+ default:
+ return ES_DECODE_FAILED;
+ }
+
+ switch (insn->opcode.bytes[0]) {
+ case 0x6c:
+ case 0x6e:
+ case 0xe4:
+ case 0xe6:
+ case 0xec:
+ case 0xee:
+ /* Single byte opcodes */
+ *exitinfo |= IOIO_DATA_8;
+ break;
+ default:
+ /* Length determined by instruction parsing */
+ *exitinfo |= (insn->opnd_bytes == 2) ? IOIO_DATA_16
+ : IOIO_DATA_32;
+ }
+ switch (insn->addr_bytes) {
+ case 2:
+ *exitinfo |= IOIO_ADDR_16;
+ break;
+ case 4:
+ *exitinfo |= IOIO_ADDR_32;
+ break;
+ case 8:
+ *exitinfo |= IOIO_ADDR_64;
+ break;
+ }
+
+ if (insn_has_rep_prefix(insn))
+ *exitinfo |= IOIO_REP;
+
+ return ES_OK;
+}
+
+static enum es_result vc_handle_ioio(struct ghcb *ghcb, struct es_em_ctxt *ctxt)
+{
+ struct pt_regs *regs = ctxt->regs;
+ u64 exit_info_1, exit_info_2;
+ enum es_result ret;
+
+ ret = vc_ioio_exitinfo(ctxt, &exit_info_1);
+ if (ret != ES_OK)
+ return ret;
+
+ if (exit_info_1 & IOIO_TYPE_STR) {
+ int df = (regs->flags & X86_EFLAGS_DF) ? -1 : 1;
+ unsigned int io_bytes, exit_bytes;
+ unsigned int ghcb_count, op_count;
+ unsigned long es_base;
+ u64 sw_scratch;
+
+ /*
+ * For the string variants with rep prefix the amount of in/out
+ * operations per #VC exception is limited so that the kernel
+ * has a chance to take interrupts an re-schedule while the
+ * instruction is emulated.
+ */
+ io_bytes = (exit_info_1 >> 4) & 0x7;
+ ghcb_count = sizeof(ghcb->shared_buffer) / io_bytes;
+
+ op_count = (exit_info_1 & IOIO_REP) ? regs->cx : 1;
+ exit_info_2 = min(op_count, ghcb_count);
+ exit_bytes = exit_info_2 * io_bytes;
+
+ es_base = insn_get_seg_base(ctxt->regs, INAT_SEG_REG_ES);
+
+ if (!(exit_info_1 & IOIO_TYPE_IN)) {
+ ret = vc_insn_string_read(ctxt,
+ (void *)(es_base + regs->si),
+ ghcb->shared_buffer, io_bytes,
+ exit_info_2, df);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+ }
+
+ sw_scratch = __pa(ghcb) + offsetof(struct ghcb, shared_buffer);
+ ghcb_set_sw_scratch(ghcb, sw_scratch);
+ ret = sev_es_ghcb_hv_call(ghcb, ctxt, SVM_EXIT_IOIO,
+ exit_info_1, exit_info_2);
+ if (ret != ES_OK)
+ return ret;
+
+ /* Everything went well, write back results */
+ if (exit_info_1 & IOIO_TYPE_IN) {
+ ret = vc_insn_string_write(ctxt,
+ (void *)(es_base + regs->di),
+ ghcb->shared_buffer, io_bytes,
+ exit_info_2, df);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+
+ if (df)
+ regs->di -= exit_bytes;
+ else
+ regs->di += exit_bytes;
+ } else {
+ if (df)
+ regs->si -= exit_bytes;
+ else
+ regs->si += exit_bytes;
+ }
+
+ if (exit_info_1 & IOIO_REP)
+ regs->cx -= exit_info_2;
+
+ ret = regs->cx ? ES_RETRY : ES_OK;
+
+ } else {
+ int bits = (exit_info_1 & 0x70) >> 1;
+ u64 rax = 0;
+
+ if (!(exit_info_1 & IOIO_TYPE_IN))
+ rax = lower_bits(regs->ax, bits);
+
+ ghcb_set_rax(ghcb, rax);
+
+ ret = sev_es_ghcb_hv_call(ghcb, ctxt, SVM_EXIT_IOIO, exit_info_1, 0);
+ if (ret != ES_OK)
+ return ret;
+
+ if (exit_info_1 & IOIO_TYPE_IN) {
+ if (!ghcb_is_valid_rax(ghcb))
+ return ES_VMM_ERROR;
+ regs->ax = lower_bits(ghcb->save.rax, bits);
+ }
+ }
+
+ return ret;
+}
--
2.17.1
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