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Subject[PATCH 00/24] Introduce kvfree_rcu(1 or 2 arguments)
There were some discussions and demand in having kvfree_rcu()
interface for different purposes. Basically to have a simple
interface like:

void *ptr = kvmalloc(some_bytes, GFP_KERNEL);
if (ptr)

For example, please have a look at ext4 discussion here:

due to lack of the interface that is in question, the ext4 specific
workaround has been introduced, to kvfree() after a grace period:

void ext4_kvfree_array_rcu(void *to_free)
struct ext4_rcu_ptr *ptr = kzalloc(sizeof(*ptr), GFP_KERNEL);

if (ptr) {
ptr->ptr = to_free;
call_rcu(&ptr->rcu, ext4_rcu_ptr_callback);

there are also similar places there which could be replaced by the new
interface, that is much more efficient then just call synchronize_rcu()
and release a memory.

Please have a look at another places in the kernel where people do not
embed the rcu_head into their stuctures for some reason and do like:


urezki@pc638:~/data/coding/linux-rcu.git$ find ./ -name "*.c" | xargs grep -C 1 -rn "synchronize_rcu" | grep kfree
./fs/nfs/sysfs.c-113- kfree(old);
./fs/ext4/super.c-1708- kfree(old_qname);
./kernel/trace/ftrace.c-5079- kfree(direct);
./kernel/trace/ftrace.c-5156- kfree(direct);
./kernel/trace/trace_probe.c-1087- kfree(link);
./kernel/module.c-3910- kfree(mod->args);
./net/core/sysctl_net_core.c-143- kfree(cur);
./arch/x86/mm/mmio-mod.c-314- kfree(found_trace);
./drivers/mfd/dln2.c-183- kfree(i);
./drivers/block/drbd/drbd_state.c-2074- kfree(old_conf);
./drivers/block/drbd/drbd_nl.c-1689- kfree(old_disk_conf);
./drivers/block/drbd/drbd_nl.c-2522- kfree(old_net_conf);
./drivers/block/drbd/drbd_nl.c-2935- kfree(old_disk_conf);
./drivers/block/drbd/drbd_receiver.c-3805- kfree(old_net_conf);
./drivers/block/drbd/drbd_receiver.c-4177- kfree(old_disk_conf);
./drivers/ipack/carriers/tpci200.c-189- kfree(slot_irq);
./drivers/crypto/nx/nx-842-pseries.c-1010- kfree(old_devdata);
./drivers/net/ethernet/myricom/myri10ge/myri10ge.c-3583- kfree(mgp->ss);
./drivers/net/ethernet/mellanox/mlx5/core/fpga/tls.c:286: synchronize_rcu(); /* before kfree(flow) */
./drivers/net/ethernet/mellanox/mlxsw/core.c-1574- kfree(rxl_item);
./drivers/net/ethernet/chelsio/cxgb4/cxgb4_main.c-6642- kfree(adapter->mbox_log);
./drivers/net/ethernet/chelsio/cxgb4/cxgb4_main.c-6644- kfree(adapter);
./drivers/infiniband/hw/hfi1/sdma.c-1337- kfree(dd->per_sdma);
./drivers/infiniband/core/device.c:2164: * synchronize_rcu before the netdev is kfreed, so we
./drivers/misc/vmw_vmci/vmci_context.c-692- kfree(notifier);
./drivers/misc/vmw_vmci/vmci_event.c-213- kfree(s);
./drivers/staging/fwserial/fwserial.c-2122- kfree(peer);

so all of it can be replaced by the introduced interface and that
is actually aim and motivation. All that can replaced by the single
kvfree_rcu() logic.

As for double argument of the kvfree_rcu() we have only one user
so far, it is "mm/list_lru.c". But it costs nothing to add it.

This small series introduces kvfree_rcu() macro that is used
for free memory after a grace period. It can be called either
with one or two arguments. kvfree_rcu() as it derives from its
name can handle two types of pointers, SLAB and vmalloc ones.

As a result we get two ways how to use kvfree_rcu() macro, see
below two examples.

a) kvfree_rcu(ptr, rhf);
struct X {
struct rcu_head rhf;
unsigned char data[100];

void *ptr = kvmalloc(sizeof(struct X), GFP_KERNEL);
if (ptr)
kvfree_rcu(ptr, rhf);

b) kvfree_rcu(ptr);
void *ptr = kvmalloc(some_bytes, GFP_KERNEL);
if (ptr)

Last one, we name it headless variant, only needs one argument,
means it does not require any rcu_head to be present within the
type of ptr. There is a restriction the (b) context has to fall
into might_sleep() annotation. To check that, please activate
the CONFIG_DEBUG_ATOMIC_SLEEP option in your kernel.

This series is based on:
"origin/rcu/dev" branch, what is the same as Paul's almost
latest dev.2020.04.13c branch.

Appreciate for any comments and feedback.

Joel Fernandes (Google) (5):
rcu/tree: Keep kfree_rcu() awake during lock contention
rcu/tree: Skip entry into the page allocator for PREEMPT_RT
rcu/tree: Use consistent style for comments
rcu/tree: Simplify debug_objects handling
rcu/tree: Make kvfree_rcu() tolerate any alignment

Sebastian Andrzej Siewior (1):
rcu/tree: Use static initializer for krc.lock

Uladzislau Rezki (Sony) (18):
rcu/tree: Repeat the monitor if any free channel is busy
rcu/tree: Simplify KFREE_BULK_MAX_ENTR macro
rcu/tree: move locking/unlocking to separate functions
rcu/tree: cache specified number of objects
rcu/tree: add rcutree.rcu_min_cached_objs description
rcu/tree: Maintain separate array for vmalloc ptrs
rcu/tiny: support vmalloc in tiny-RCU
rcu: Rename rcu_invoke_kfree_callback/rcu_kfree_callback
rcu: Rename __is_kfree_rcu_offset() macro
rcu: Rename kfree_call_rcu() to the kvfree_call_rcu().
mm/list_lru.c: Rename kvfree_rcu() to local variant
rcu: Introduce 2 arg kvfree_rcu() interface
mm/list_lru.c: Remove kvfree_rcu_local() function
rcu/tree: Support reclaim for head-less object
rcu/tiny: move kvfree_call_rcu() out of header
rcu/tiny: support reclaim for head-less object
rcu: Introduce 1 arg kvfree_rcu() interface
lib/test_vmalloc.c: Add test cases for kvfree_rcu()

.../admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt | 8 +
include/linux/rcupdate.h | 53 +-
include/linux/rcutiny.h | 6 +-
include/linux/rcutree.h | 2 +-
include/trace/events/rcu.h | 8 +-
kernel/rcu/tiny.c | 168 ++++++-
kernel/rcu/tree.c | 454 +++++++++++++-----
lib/test_vmalloc.c | 103 +++-
mm/list_lru.c | 11 +-
9 files changed, 662 insertions(+), 151 deletions(-)


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