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SubjectRe: [PATCH v8 03/14] KVM: X86: Don't track dirty for KVM_SET_[TSS_ADDR|IDENTITY_MAP_ADDR]
On Fri, Apr 24, 2020 at 11:21:51AM -0400, Peter Xu wrote:
> On Thu, Apr 23, 2020 at 01:39:44PM -0700, Sean Christopherson wrote:
> > On Tue, Mar 31, 2020 at 02:59:49PM -0400, Peter Xu wrote:
> > > diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
> > > index 1b6d9ac9533c..faa702c4d37b 100644
> > > --- a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
> > > +++ b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
> > > @@ -9791,7 +9791,32 @@ void kvm_arch_sync_events(struct kvm *kvm)
> > > kvm_free_pit(kvm);
> > > }
> > >
> > > -int __x86_set_memory_region(struct kvm *kvm, int id, gpa_t gpa, u32 size)
> > > +#define ERR_PTR_USR(e) ((void __user *)ERR_PTR(e))
> >
> > Heh, my first thought when reading the below code was "cool, I didn't know
> > there was ERR_PTR_USR!". This probably should be in include/linux/err.h,
> > or maybe a new arch specific implementation if it's not universally safe.
>
> Yeah, I just wanted to avoid introducing things in common headers before I'm
> sure it'll be used in the rest of the world.. We can always replace them with
> a global definition when it comes.

Gotcha.

> > An alternative, which looks enticing given that proper user variants will
> > be a bit of an explosion, would be to do:
> >
> > static void *____x86_set_memory_region(...)
> > {
> > <actual function>
> > }
> >
> > void __user *__x86_set_memory_region(...)
> > {
> > return (void __user *)____x86_set_memory_region(...);
> > }
> >
> > A second alternative would be to return an "unsigned long", i.e. force the
> > one function that actually accesses the hva to do the cast. I think I like
> > this option the best as it would minimize the churn in
> > __x86_set_memory_region(). Callers can use IS_ERR_VALUE() to detect failure.
>
> If you won't mind, I would prefer a 2nd opinion (maybe Paolo?) so we can
> consolidate the idea before I change them... (I would for sure still prefer the
> current approach for simplicity since after all I don't have strong opionion..)

Definitely makes sense for Paolo to weigh in.

> > > +/**
> > > + * __x86_set_memory_region: Setup KVM internal memory slot
> > > + *
> > > + * @kvm: the kvm pointer to the VM.
> > > + * @id: the slot ID to setup.
> > > + * @gpa: the GPA to install the slot (unused when @size == 0).
> > > + * @size: the size of the slot. Set to zero to uninstall a slot.
> > > + *
> > > + * This function helps to setup a KVM internal memory slot. Specify
> > > + * @size > 0 to install a new slot, while @size == 0 to uninstall a
> > > + * slot. The return code can be one of the following:
> > > + *
> > > + * HVA: on success (uninstall will return a bogus HVA)
> >
> > I think it's important to call out that it returns '0' on uninstall, e.g.
> > otherwise it's not clear how a caller can detect failure.
>
> It will "return (0xdeadull << 48)" as you proposed in abbed4fa94f6? :-)
>
> Frankly speaking I always preferred zero but that's just not true any more
> after above change. This also reminded me that maybe we should also return the
> same thing at [1] below.

Ah, I was looking at this code:

if (!slot || !slot->npages)
return 0;

That means deletion returns different success values for "deletion was a
nop" and "deletion was successful". The nop path should probably return
(or fill in) "(unsigned long)(0xdeadull << 48)" as well.

> > > + * -errno: on error
> > > + *
> > > + * The caller should always use IS_ERR() to check the return value
> > > + * before use. Note, the KVM internal memory slots are guaranteed to
> > > + * remain valid and unchanged until the VM is destroyed, i.e., the
> > > + * GPA->HVA translation will not change. However, the HVA is a user
> > > + * address, i.e. its accessibility is not guaranteed, and must be
> > > + * accessed via __copy_{to,from}_user().
> > > + */
> > > +void __user * __x86_set_memory_region(struct kvm *kvm, int id, gpa_t gpa,
> > > + u32 size)
> > > {
> > > int i, r;
> > > unsigned long hva, uninitialized_var(old_npages);
> > > @@ -9800,12 +9825,12 @@ int __x86_set_memory_region(struct kvm *kvm, int id, gpa_t gpa, u32 size)
> > >
> > > /* Called with kvm->slots_lock held. */
> > > if (WARN_ON(id >= KVM_MEM_SLOTS_NUM))
> > > - return -EINVAL;
> > > + return ERR_PTR_USR(-EINVAL);
> > >
> > > slot = id_to_memslot(slots, id);
> > > if (size) {
> > > if (slot && slot->npages)
> > > - return -EEXIST;
> > > + return ERR_PTR_USR(-EEXIST);
> > >
> > > /*
> > > * MAP_SHARED to prevent internal slot pages from being moved
> > > @@ -9814,10 +9839,10 @@ int __x86_set_memory_region(struct kvm *kvm, int id, gpa_t gpa, u32 size)
> > > hva = vm_mmap(NULL, 0, size, PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE,
> > > MAP_SHARED | MAP_ANONYMOUS, 0);
> > > if (IS_ERR((void *)hva))
> >
> > IS_ERR_VALUE() can be used to avoid the double cast.
>
> Agreed. But it's a context cleanup, so I normally will keep it as is (or use a
> standalone patch).
>
> >
> > > - return PTR_ERR((void *)hva);
> > > + return (void __user *)hva;
> >
> > If we still want to go down the route of ERR_PTR_USR, then an ERR_CAST_USR
> > seems in order.
>
> Sure. But I'll still keep it kvm-only if you won't mind...
>
> >
> > > } else {
> > > if (!slot || !slot->npages)
> > > - return 0;
> > > + return ERR_PTR_USR(0);
>
> [1]
>
> >
> > "return ERR_PTR_USR(NULL)" or "return NULL" would be more intuitive. Moot
> > point if the return is changed to "unsigned long".
>
> ERR_PTR_USR() takes a "long". I can use ERR_CAST_USR(NULL) if you prefer me to
> explicitly use NULL.
>
> Thanks,
>
> --
> Peter Xu
>

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