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SubjectRe: [PATCH v3 0/7] perf: Stream comparison
On Mon, Apr 20, 2020 at 09:04:44AM +0800, Jin Yao wrote:
> Sometimes, a small change in a hot function reducing the cycles of
> this function, but the overall workload doesn't get faster. It is
> interesting where the cycles are moved to.
>
> What it would like is to diff before/after streams. A stream we think
> is a callchain which is aggregated by the branch records from perf
> samples.

I wonder we could use this on intel_pt trace.. like compare streams
for given function call.. not sure that would be feasible, but might
be good idea to write this in a generic way and not callchain specific

jirka

>
> By browsing the hot streams, we can understand the hot code path.
> By comparing the cycles variation of same streams between old perf
> data and new perf data, we can understand if the cycles are moved
> to other codes.
>
> The before stream is the stream in perf.data.old. The after stream
> is the stream in perf.data.
>
> Diffing before/after streams compares top N hottest streams between
> two perf data files.
>
> If all entries of one stream in perf.data.old are fully matched with
> all entries of another stream in perf.data, we think two streams
> are matched, otherwise the streams are not matched.
>
> For example,
>
> cycles: 1, hits: 26.80% cycles: 1, hits: 27.30%
> -------------------------- --------------------------
> main div.c:39 main div.c:39
> main div.c:44 main div.c:44
>
> The above streams are matched and we can see for the same streams the
> cycles (1) are equal and the callchain hit percents are slightly changed
> (26.80% vs. 27.30%). That's expected.
>
> But that's not always true if source code is changed in perf.data
> (e.g. div.c:39 is changed). If div.c:39 is changed, they are different
> streams, we can't compare them. We will think the stream in perf.data
> is a new stream.
>
> The challenge is how to identify the changed source lines. The basic
> idea is to use linux command "diff" to compare the source file A and
> source file A* line by line (assume file A is used in perf.data.old
> and file A* is used in perf.data). According to "diff" output,
> we can generate a source line mapping table.
>
> For example,
>
> Execute 'diff ./before/div.c ./after/div.c'
>
> 25c25
> < i = rand() % 2;
> ---
> > i = rand() % 4;
> 39c39
> < for (i = 0; i < 2000000000; i++) {
> ---
> > for (i = 0; i < 20000000001; i++) {
>
> div.c (after -> before) lines mapping:
> 0 -> 0
> 1 -> 1
> 2 -> 2
> 3 -> 3
> 4 -> 4
> 5 -> 5
> 6 -> 6
> 7 -> 7
> 8 -> 8
> 9 -> 9
> ...
> 24 -> 24
> 25 -> -1
> 26 -> 26
> 27 -> 27
> 28 -> 28
> 29 -> 29
> 30 -> 30
> 31 -> 31
> 32 -> 32
> 33 -> 33
> 34 -> 34
> 35 -> 35
> 36 -> 36
> 37 -> 37
> 38 -> 38
> 39 -> -1
> 40 -> 40
> ...
>
> From the table, we can easily know div.c:39 is source line changed.
> (it's mapped to -1). So following two streams are not matched.
>
> cycles: 1, hits: 26.80% cycles: 1, hits: 27.30%
> -------------------------- --------------------------
> main div.c:39 main div.c:39
> main div.c:44 main div.c:44
>
> Now let's see examples.
>
> perf record -b ... Generate perf.data.old with branch data
> perf record -b ... Generate perf.data with branch data
> perf diff --stream
>
> [ Matched hot chains between old perf data and new perf data) ]
>
> hot chain pair 1:
> cycles: 1, hits: 26.80% cycles: 1, hits: 27.30%
> --------------------------- --------------------------
> main div.c:39 main div.c:39
> main div.c:44 main div.c:44
>
> hot chain pair 2:
> cycles: 35, hits: 21.43% cycles: 33, hits: 19.37%
> --------------------------- --------------------------
> __random_r random_r.c:360 __random_r random_r.c:360
> __random_r random_r.c:388 __random_r random_r.c:388
> __random_r random_r.c:388 __random_r random_r.c:388
> __random_r random_r.c:380 __random_r random_r.c:380
> __random_r random_r.c:357 __random_r random_r.c:357
> __random random.c:293 __random random.c:293
> __random random.c:293 __random random.c:293
> __random random.c:291 __random random.c:291
> __random random.c:291 __random random.c:291
> __random random.c:291 __random random.c:291
> __random random.c:288 __random random.c:288
> rand rand.c:27 rand rand.c:27
> rand rand.c:26 rand rand.c:26
> rand@plt rand@plt
> rand@plt rand@plt
> compute_flag div.c:25 compute_flag div.c:25
> compute_flag div.c:22 compute_flag div.c:22
> main div.c:40 main div.c:40
> main div.c:40 main div.c:40
> main div.c:39 main div.c:39
>
> hot chain pair 3:
> cycles: 18, hits: 6.10% cycles: 19, hits: 6.51%
> --------------------------- --------------------------
> __random_r random_r.c:360 __random_r random_r.c:360
> __random_r random_r.c:388 __random_r random_r.c:388
> __random_r random_r.c:388 __random_r random_r.c:388
> __random_r random_r.c:380 __random_r random_r.c:380
> __random_r random_r.c:357 __random_r random_r.c:357
> __random random.c:293 __random random.c:293
> __random random.c:293 __random random.c:293
> __random random.c:291 __random random.c:291
> __random random.c:291 __random random.c:291
> __random random.c:291 __random random.c:291
> __random random.c:288 __random random.c:288
> rand rand.c:27 rand rand.c:27
> rand rand.c:26 rand rand.c:26
> rand@plt rand@plt
> rand@plt rand@plt
> compute_flag div.c:25 compute_flag div.c:25
> compute_flag div.c:22 compute_flag div.c:22
> main div.c:40 main div.c:40
>
> hot chain pair 4:
> cycles: 9, hits: 5.95% cycles: 8, hits: 5.03%
> --------------------------- --------------------------
> __random_r random_r.c:360 __random_r random_r.c:360
> __random_r random_r.c:388 __random_r random_r.c:388
> __random_r random_r.c:388 __random_r random_r.c:388
> __random_r random_r.c:380 __random_r random_r.c:380
>
> [ Hot chains in old perf data but source line changed (*) in new perf data ]
>
> [ Hot chains in old perf data only ]
>
> hot chain 1:
> cycles: 2, hits: 4.08%
> --------------------------
> main div.c:42
> compute_flag div.c:28
>
> [ Hot chains in new perf data only ]
>
> hot chain 1:
> cycles: 36, hits: 3.36%
> --------------------------
> __random_r random_r.c:357
> __random random.c:293
> __random random.c:293
> __random random.c:291
> __random random.c:291
> __random random.c:291
> __random random.c:288
> rand rand.c:27
> rand rand.c:26
> rand@plt
> rand@plt
> compute_flag div.c:25
> compute_flag div.c:22
> main div.c:40
> main div.c:40
>
> If we enable the source line comparison option, the output may be different.
>
> perf record -b ... Generate perf.data.old with branch data
> perf record -b ... Generate perf.data with branch data
> perf diff --stream --before ./before --after ./after
>
> [ Matched hot chains between old perf data and new perf data) ]
>
> hot chain pair 1:
> cycles: 18, hits: 6.10% cycles: 19, hits: 6.51%
> --------------------------- --------------------------
> __random_r random_r.c:360 __random_r random_r.c:360
> __random_r random_r.c:388 __random_r random_r.c:388
> __random_r random_r.c:388 __random_r random_r.c:388
> __random_r random_r.c:380 __random_r random_r.c:380
> __random_r random_r.c:357 __random_r random_r.c:357
> __random random.c:293 __random random.c:293
> __random random.c:293 __random random.c:293
> __random random.c:291 __random random.c:291
> __random random.c:291 __random random.c:291
> __random random.c:291 __random random.c:291
> __random random.c:288 __random random.c:288
> rand rand.c:27 rand rand.c:27
> rand rand.c:26 rand rand.c:26
> rand@plt rand@plt
> rand@plt rand@plt
> compute_flag div.c:25 compute_flag div.c:25
> compute_flag div.c:22 compute_flag div.c:22
> main div.c:40 main div.c:40
>
> hot chain pair 2:
> cycles: 9, hits: 5.95% cycles: 8, hits: 5.03%
> --------------------------- --------------------------
> __random_r random_r.c:360 __random_r random_r.c:360
> __random_r random_r.c:388 __random_r random_r.c:388
> __random_r random_r.c:388 __random_r random_r.c:388
> __random_r random_r.c:380 __random_r random_r.c:380
>
> [ Hot chains in old perf data but source line changed (*) in new perf data ]
>
> hot chain pair 1:
> cycles: 1, hits: 26.80% cycles: 1, hits: 27.30%
> --------------------------- --------------------------
> main div.c:39 main div.c:39*
> main div.c:44 main div.c:44
>
> hot chain pair 2:
> cycles: 35, hits: 21.43% cycles: 33, hits: 19.37%
> --------------------------- --------------------------
> __random_r random_r.c:360 __random_r random_r.c:360
> __random_r random_r.c:388 __random_r random_r.c:388
> __random_r random_r.c:388 __random_r random_r.c:388
> __random_r random_r.c:380 __random_r random_r.c:380
> __random_r random_r.c:357 __random_r random_r.c:357
> __random random.c:293 __random random.c:293
> __random random.c:293 __random random.c:293
> __random random.c:291 __random random.c:291
> __random random.c:291 __random random.c:291
> __random random.c:291 __random random.c:291
> __random random.c:288 __random random.c:288
> rand rand.c:27 rand rand.c:27
> rand rand.c:26 rand rand.c:26
> rand@plt rand@plt
> rand@plt rand@plt
> compute_flag div.c:25 compute_flag div.c:25
> compute_flag div.c:22 compute_flag div.c:22
> main div.c:40 main div.c:40
> main div.c:40 main div.c:40
> main div.c:39 main div.c:39*
>
> [ Hot chains in old perf data only ]
>
> hot chain 1:
> cycles: 2, hits: 4.08%
> --------------------------
> main div.c:42
> compute_flag div.c:28
>
> [ Hot chains in new perf data only ]
>
> hot chain 1:
> cycles: 36, hits: 3.36%
> --------------------------
> __random_r random_r.c:357
> __random random.c:293
> __random random.c:293
> __random random.c:291
> __random random.c:291
> __random random.c:291
> __random random.c:288
> rand rand.c:27
> rand rand.c:26
> rand@plt
> rand@plt
> compute_flag div.c:25
> compute_flag div.c:22
> main div.c:40
> main div.c:40
>
> Now we can see, following streams pair is moved to another section
> "[ Hot chains in old perf data but source line changed (*) in new perf data ]"
>
> cycles: 1, hits: 26.80% cycles: 1, hits: 27.30%
> --------------------------- --------------------------
> main div.c:39 main div.c:39*
> main div.c:44 main div.c:44
>
> v3:
> ---
> v2 has 14 patches, it's hard to review.
> v3 is only 7 patches for basic stream comparison.
>
> Jin Yao (7):
> perf util: Create source line mapping table
> perf util: Create streams for managing top N hottest callchains
> perf util: Return per-event callchain streams
> perf util: Compare two streams
> perf util: Calculate the sum of all streams hits
> perf util: Report hot streams
> perf diff: Support hot streams comparison
>
> tools/perf/Documentation/perf-diff.txt | 14 +
> tools/perf/builtin-diff.c | 170 +++++++-
> tools/perf/util/Build | 1 +
> tools/perf/util/callchain.c | 495 ++++++++++++++++++++++
> tools/perf/util/callchain.h | 32 ++
> tools/perf/util/srclist.c | 555 +++++++++++++++++++++++++
> tools/perf/util/srclist.h | 65 +++
> 7 files changed, 1319 insertions(+), 13 deletions(-)
> create mode 100644 tools/perf/util/srclist.c
> create mode 100644 tools/perf/util/srclist.h
>
> --
> 2.17.1
>

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