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Subject[PATCH RFC] Microcode late loading feature identification
This RFC patch set aims to provide a way to identify the modifications
brought in by the new microcode updated at runtime (aka microcode late
loading). This was debated last year and this patch set implements
point #1 from Thomas Gleixner's idea:

This patch set has the following patches:

- patch 1 is introducing a new metadata file that comes with the microcode
(provided by the CPU manufacture) that describes what modifications are
done by loading the new microcode

- patch 2 parses the metadata file and is verifying it against kernel
policy. In this patch, as an RFC, as a kernel policy, it was imposed
the rule of not allowing to remove any feature. If so, it won't be
loaded a new microcode. The policy can be further extended and describe
in different ways

- patch 3 adds the documentation of the metadata file format

How to test:

- place metadata file in /lib/firmware/intel-ucode/ together with the
microcode blob:

[root@ovs108 ~]# ls -l /lib/firmware/intel-ucode
total 96
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 34816 Mar 11 00:27 06-55-04
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 84 Mar 25 03:13 06-55-04.metadata

The microcode blob can be taken from the microcode_ctl package.

- after installing the kernel and rebooting the machine run "dracut -f
--no-early-microcode" to create an initramfs without the microcode (and
avoid early loading)

- reboot

- after rebooting issue: echo 1 > /sys/devices/system/cpu/microcode/reload

[root@ovs108 ~]# cat /lib/firmware/intel-ucode/06-55-04.metadata
m - 0x00000122
c + 0x00000007 0x00 0x00000000 0x021cbfbb 0x00000000 0x00000000

[root@ovs108 ~]# echo 1 > /sys/devices/system/cpu/microcode/reload
[root@ovs108 ~]# dmesg | tail -2
[ 1285.729841] microcode: Kernel policy does not allow to remove MSR: 122
[ 1285.737144] microcode: kernel does not support the new microcode: intel-ucode/06-55-04

[root@ovs108 ~]# cat /lib/firmware/intel-ucode/06-55-04.metadata
m + 0x00000122
c + 0x00000007 0x00 0x00000000 0x021cbfbb 0x00000000 0x00000000
[root@ovs108 ~]# echo 1 > /sys/devices/system/cpu/microcode/reload
[root@ovs108 ~]# dmesg | tail -10
[ 1220.212415] microcode: updated to revision 0x2000065, date = 2019-09-05
[ 1220.212645] microcode: Reload completed, microcode revision: 0x2000065

Mihai Carabas (3):
x86: microcode: intel: read microcode metadata file
x86: microcode: intel: process microcode metadata
Documentation: x86: microcode: add description for metadata file

Documentation/x86/microcode.rst | 36 +++++++++++++
arch/x86/kernel/cpu/microcode/intel.c | 97 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
2 files changed, 133 insertions(+)


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