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SubjectRe: [PATCH v3 8/9] riscv: introduce interfaces to patch kernel code
On Tue, Mar 31, 2020 at 11:32 PM Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@kernel.org> wrote:
>
> Hi,
>
> On Tue, 10 Mar 2020 00:55:43 +0800
> Zong Li <zong.li@sifive.com> wrote:
>
> > On strict kernel memory permission, we couldn't patch code without
> > writable permission. Preserve two holes in fixmap area, so we can map
> > the kernel code temporarily to fixmap area, then patch the instructions.
> >
> > We need two pages here because we support the compressed instruction, so
> > the instruction might be align to 2 bytes. When patching the 32-bit
> > length instruction which is 2 bytes alignment, it will across two pages.
> >
> > Introduce two interfaces to patch kernel code:
> > riscv_patch_text_nosync:
> > - patch code without synchronization, it's caller's responsibility to
> > synchronize all CPUs if needed.
> > riscv_patch_text:
> > - patch code and always synchronize with stop_machine()
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Zong Li <zong.li@sifive.com>
> > ---
> > arch/riscv/include/asm/fixmap.h | 2 +
> > arch/riscv/include/asm/patch.h | 12 ++++
> > arch/riscv/kernel/Makefile | 4 +-
> > arch/riscv/kernel/patch.c | 120 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> > 4 files changed, 137 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
> > create mode 100644 arch/riscv/include/asm/patch.h
> > create mode 100644 arch/riscv/kernel/patch.c
> >
> > diff --git a/arch/riscv/include/asm/fixmap.h b/arch/riscv/include/asm/fixmap.h
> > index 42d2c42f3cc9..2368d49eb4ef 100644
> > --- a/arch/riscv/include/asm/fixmap.h
> > +++ b/arch/riscv/include/asm/fixmap.h
> > @@ -27,6 +27,8 @@ enum fixed_addresses {
> > FIX_FDT = FIX_FDT_END + FIX_FDT_SIZE / PAGE_SIZE - 1,
> > FIX_PTE,
> > FIX_PMD,
> > + FIX_TEXT_POKE1,
> > + FIX_TEXT_POKE0,
> > FIX_EARLYCON_MEM_BASE,
> > __end_of_fixed_addresses
> > };
> > diff --git a/arch/riscv/include/asm/patch.h b/arch/riscv/include/asm/patch.h
> > new file mode 100644
> > index 000000000000..b5918a6e0615
> > --- /dev/null
> > +++ b/arch/riscv/include/asm/patch.h
> > @@ -0,0 +1,12 @@
> > +/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */
> > +/*
> > + * Copyright (C) 2020 SiFive
> > + */
> > +
> > +#ifndef _ASM_RISCV_PATCH_H
> > +#define _ASM_RISCV_PATCH_H
> > +
> > +int riscv_patch_text_nosync(void *addr, const void *insns, size_t len);
> > +int riscv_patch_text(void *addr, u32 insn);
> > +
> > +#endif /* _ASM_RISCV_PATCH_H */
> > diff --git a/arch/riscv/kernel/Makefile b/arch/riscv/kernel/Makefile
> > index f40205cb9a22..d189bd3d8501 100644
> > --- a/arch/riscv/kernel/Makefile
> > +++ b/arch/riscv/kernel/Makefile
> > @@ -4,7 +4,8 @@
> > #
> >
> > ifdef CONFIG_FTRACE
> > -CFLAGS_REMOVE_ftrace.o = -pg
> > +CFLAGS_REMOVE_ftrace.o = -pg
> > +CFLAGS_REMOVE_patch.o = -pg
> > endif
> >
> > extra-y += head.o
> > @@ -26,6 +27,7 @@ obj-y += traps.o
> > obj-y += riscv_ksyms.o
> > obj-y += stacktrace.o
> > obj-y += cacheinfo.o
> > +obj-y += patch.o
> > obj-$(CONFIG_MMU) += vdso.o vdso/
> >
> > obj-$(CONFIG_RISCV_M_MODE) += clint.o
> > diff --git a/arch/riscv/kernel/patch.c b/arch/riscv/kernel/patch.c
> > new file mode 100644
> > index 000000000000..8a4fc65ee022
> > --- /dev/null
> > +++ b/arch/riscv/kernel/patch.c
> > @@ -0,0 +1,120 @@
> > +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only
> > +/*
> > + * Copyright (C) 2020 SiFive
> > + */
> > +
> > +#include <linux/spinlock.h>
> > +#include <linux/mm.h>
> > +#include <linux/uaccess.h>
> > +#include <linux/stop_machine.h>
> > +#include <asm/kprobes.h>
> > +#include <asm/cacheflush.h>
> > +#include <asm/fixmap.h>
> > +
> > +struct riscv_insn_patch {
> > + void *addr;
> > + u32 insn;
> > + atomic_t cpu_count;
> > +};
> > +
> > +#ifdef CONFIG_MMU
> > +static DEFINE_RAW_SPINLOCK(patch_lock);
> > +
> > +static void __kprobes *patch_map(void *addr, int fixmap)
>
> Please use NOKPROBE_SYMBOL() instead of __kprobes. __kprobes is old style.
>
> > +{
> > + uintptr_t uintaddr = (uintptr_t) addr;
> > + struct page *page;
> > +
> > + if (core_kernel_text(uintaddr))
> > + page = phys_to_page(__pa_symbol(addr));
> > + else if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_STRICT_MODULE_RWX))
> > + page = vmalloc_to_page(addr);
> > + else
> > + return addr;
> > +
> > + BUG_ON(!page);
> > +
> > + return (void *)set_fixmap_offset(fixmap, page_to_phys(page) +
> > + (uintaddr & ~PAGE_MASK));
> > +}
> > +
> > +static void __kprobes patch_unmap(int fixmap)
> > +{
> > + clear_fixmap(fixmap);
> > +}
> > +
> > +static int __kprobes riscv_insn_write(void *addr, const void *insn, size_t len)
>
> Why would you add "riscv_" prefix for those functions? It seems a bit odd.

There is no particular reason, I just was used to adding a prefix for
arch-related stuff. I have no preference here, it's OK to me to remove
the prefix of these functions, do you think we need to remove them?

>
> > +{
> > + void *waddr = addr;
> > + bool across_pages = (((uintptr_t) addr & ~PAGE_MASK) + len) > PAGE_SIZE;
> > + unsigned long flags = 0;
> > + int ret;
> > +
> > + raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&patch_lock, flags);
>
> This looks a bit odd since stop_machine() is protected by its own mutex,
> and also the irq is already disabled here.

We need it because we don't always enter the riscv_patch_text_nosync()
through stop_machine mechanism. If we call the
riscv_patch_text_nosync() directly, we need a lock to protect the
page.

>
> Thank you,
>
> > +
> > + if (across_pages)
> > + patch_map(addr + len, FIX_TEXT_POKE1);
> > +
> > + waddr = patch_map(addr, FIX_TEXT_POKE0);
> > +
> > + ret = probe_kernel_write(waddr, insn, len);
> > +
> > + patch_unmap(FIX_TEXT_POKE0);
> > +
> > + if (across_pages)
> > + patch_unmap(FIX_TEXT_POKE1);
> > +
> > + raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&patch_lock, flags);
> > +
> > + return ret;
> > +}
> > +#else
> > +static int __kprobes riscv_insn_write(void *addr, const void *insn, size_t len)
> > +{
> > + return probe_kernel_write(addr, insn, len);
> > +}
> > +#endif /* CONFIG_MMU */
> > +
> > +int __kprobes riscv_patch_text_nosync(void *addr, const void *insns, size_t len)
> > +{
> > + u32 *tp = addr;
> > + int ret;
> > +
> > + ret = riscv_insn_write(tp, insns, len);
> > +
> > + if (!ret)
> > + flush_icache_range((uintptr_t) tp, (uintptr_t) tp + len);
> > +
> > + return ret;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static int __kprobes riscv_patch_text_cb(void *data)
> > +{
> > + struct riscv_insn_patch *patch = data;
> > + int ret = 0;
> > +
> > + if (atomic_inc_return(&patch->cpu_count) == 1) {
> > + ret =
> > + riscv_patch_text_nosync(patch->addr, &patch->insn,
> > + GET_INSN_LENGTH(patch->insn));
> > + atomic_inc(&patch->cpu_count);
> > + } else {
> > + while (atomic_read(&patch->cpu_count) <= num_online_cpus())
> > + cpu_relax();
> > + smp_mb();
> > + }
> > +
> > + return ret;
> > +}
> > +
> > +int __kprobes riscv_patch_text(void *addr, u32 insn)
> > +{
> > + struct riscv_insn_patch patch = {
> > + .addr = addr,
> > + .insn = insn,
> > + .cpu_count = ATOMIC_INIT(0),
> > + };
> > +
> > + return stop_machine_cpuslocked(riscv_patch_text_cb,
> > + &patch, cpu_online_mask);
> > +}
> > --
> > 2.25.1
> >
>
>
> --
> Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@kernel.org>

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