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Subject[PATCH][next] ext4: xattr.h: Replace zero-length array with flexible-array member
The current codebase makes use of the zero-length array language
extension to the C90 standard, but the preferred mechanism to declare
variable-length types such as these ones is a flexible array member[1][2],
introduced in C99:

struct foo {
int stuff;
struct boo array[];
};

By making use of the mechanism above, we will get a compiler warning
in case the flexible array does not occur last in the structure, which
will help us prevent some kind of undefined behavior bugs from being
inadvertently introduced[3] to the codebase from now on.

Also, notice that, dynamic memory allocations won't be affected by
this change:

"Flexible array members have incomplete type, and so the sizeof operator
may not be applied. As a quirk of the original implementation of
zero-length arrays, sizeof evaluates to zero."[1]

This issue was found with the help of Coccinelle.

[1] https://gcc.gnu.org/onlinedocs/gcc/Zero-Length.html
[2] https://github.com/KSPP/linux/issues/21
[3] commit 76497732932f ("cxgb3/l2t: Fix undefined behaviour")

Signed-off-by: Gustavo A. R. Silva <gustavo@embeddedor.com>
---
fs/ext4/xattr.h | 4 ++--
1 file changed, 2 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/fs/ext4/xattr.h b/fs/ext4/xattr.h
index f39cad2abe2a..ffe21ac77f78 100644
--- a/fs/ext4/xattr.h
+++ b/fs/ext4/xattr.h
@@ -48,7 +48,7 @@ struct ext4_xattr_entry {
__le32 e_value_inum; /* inode in which the value is stored */
__le32 e_value_size; /* size of attribute value */
__le32 e_hash; /* hash value of name and value */
- char e_name[0]; /* attribute name */
+ char e_name[]; /* attribute name */
};

#define EXT4_XATTR_PAD_BITS 2
@@ -118,7 +118,7 @@ struct ext4_xattr_ibody_find {

struct ext4_xattr_inode_array {
unsigned int count; /* # of used items in the array */
- struct inode *inodes[0];
+ struct inode *inodes[];
};

extern const struct xattr_handler ext4_xattr_user_handler;
--
2.25.0
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