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SubjectRe: [PATCH v4 16/27] tracing: Remove regular RCU context for _rcuidle tracepoints (again)
On Fri, Mar 06, 2020 at 12:55:00PM -0500, Steven Rostedt wrote:
> On Fri, 6 Mar 2020 11:04:28 -0500 (EST)
> Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@efficios.com> wrote:
>
> > If we care about not adding those extra branches on the fast-path, there is
> > an alternative way to do things: BPF could provide two distinct probe callbacks,
> > one meant for rcuidle tracepoints (which would have the trace_rcu_enter/exit), and
> > the other for the for 99% of the other callsites which have RCU watching.
> >
> > I would recommend performing benchmarks justifying the choice of one approach over
> > the other though.
>
> I just whipped this up (haven't even tried to compile it), but this should
> satisfy everyone. Those that register a callback that needs RCU protection
> simply registers with one of the _rcu versions, and all will be done. And
> since DO_TRACE is a macro, and rcuidle is a constant, the rcu protection
> code will be compiled out for locations that it is not needed.
>
> With this, perf doesn't even need to do anything extra but register with
> the "_rcu" version.

Looks nice! Some comments below:

> -- Steve
>
> diff --git a/include/linux/tracepoint-defs.h b/include/linux/tracepoint-defs.h
> index b29950a19205..582dece30170 100644
> --- a/include/linux/tracepoint-defs.h
> +++ b/include/linux/tracepoint-defs.h
> @@ -25,6 +25,7 @@ struct tracepoint_func {
> void *func;
> void *data;
> int prio;
> + int requires_rcu;
> };
>
> struct tracepoint {
> diff --git a/include/linux/tracepoint.h b/include/linux/tracepoint.h
> index 1fb11daa5c53..5f4de82ffa0f 100644
> --- a/include/linux/tracepoint.h
> +++ b/include/linux/tracepoint.h
> @@ -179,25 +179,28 @@ static inline struct tracepoint *tracepoint_ptr_deref(tracepoint_ptr_t *p)
> * For rcuidle callers, use srcu since sched-rcu \
> * doesn't work from the idle path. \
> */ \
> - if (rcuidle) { \
> + if (rcuidle) \
> __idx = srcu_read_lock_notrace(&tracepoint_srcu);\

Small addition:
To prevent confusion, we could make more clear that SRCU here is just to
protect the tracepoint function table and not the callbacks themselves.

> - rcu_irq_enter_irqson(); \
> - } \
> \
> it_func_ptr = rcu_dereference_raw((tp)->funcs); \
> \
> if (it_func_ptr) { \
> do { \
> + int rcu_flags; \
> it_func = (it_func_ptr)->func; \
> + if (rcuidle && \
> + (it_func_ptr)->requires_rcu) \
> + rcu_flags = trace_rcu_enter(); \
> __data = (it_func_ptr)->data; \
> ((void(*)(proto))(it_func))(args); \
> + if (rcuidle && \
> + (it_func_ptr)->requires_rcu) \
> + trace_rcu_exit(rcu_flags); \

Nit: If we have incurred the cost of trace_rcu_enter() once, we can call
it only once and then call trace_rcu_exit() after the do-while loop. That way
we pay the price only once.

thanks,

- Joel

> } while ((++it_func_ptr)->func); \
> } \
> \
> - if (rcuidle) { \
> + if (rcuidle) \
> rcu_irq_exit_irqson(); \
> - srcu_read_unlock_notrace(&tracepoint_srcu, __idx);\
> - } \
> \
> preempt_enable_notrace(); \
> } while (0)
> diff --git a/kernel/tracepoint.c b/kernel/tracepoint.c
> index 73956eaff8a9..1797e20fd471 100644
> --- a/kernel/tracepoint.c
> +++ b/kernel/tracepoint.c
> @@ -295,6 +295,7 @@ static int tracepoint_remove_func(struct tracepoint *tp,
> * @probe: probe handler
> * @data: tracepoint data
> * @prio: priority of this function over other registered functions
> + * @rcu: set to non zero if the callback requires RCU protection
> *
> * Returns 0 if ok, error value on error.
> * Note: if @tp is within a module, the caller is responsible for
> @@ -302,8 +303,8 @@ static int tracepoint_remove_func(struct tracepoint *tp,
> * performed either with a tracepoint module going notifier, or from
> * within module exit functions.
> */
> -int tracepoint_probe_register_prio(struct tracepoint *tp, void *probe,
> - void *data, int prio)
> +int tracepoint_probe_register_prio_rcu(struct tracepoint *tp, void *probe,
> + void *data, int prio, int rcu)
> {
> struct tracepoint_func tp_func;
> int ret;
> @@ -312,12 +313,52 @@ int tracepoint_probe_register_prio(struct tracepoint *tp, void *probe,
> tp_func.func = probe;
> tp_func.data = data;
> tp_func.prio = prio;
> + tp_func.requires_rcu = rcu;
> ret = tracepoint_add_func(tp, &tp_func, prio);
> mutex_unlock(&tracepoints_mutex);
> return ret;
> }
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(tracepoint_probe_register_prio_rcu);
> +
> +/**
> + * tracepoint_probe_register_prio - Connect a probe to a tracepoint with priority
> + * @tp: tracepoint
> + * @probe: probe handler
> + * @data: tracepoint data
> + * @prio: priority of this function over other registered functions
> + *
> + * Returns 0 if ok, error value on error.
> + * Note: if @tp is within a module, the caller is responsible for
> + * unregistering the probe before the module is gone. This can be
> + * performed either with a tracepoint module going notifier, or from
> + * within module exit functions.
> + */
> +int tracepoint_probe_register_prio(struct tracepoint *tp, void *probe,
> + void *data, int prio)
> +{
> + return tracepoint_probe_register_prio_rcu(tp, probe, data, prio, 0);
> +}
> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(tracepoint_probe_register_prio);
>
> +/**
> + * tracepoint_probe_register_rcu - Connect a probe to a tracepoint
> + * @tp: tracepoint
> + * @probe: probe handler
> + * @data: tracepoint data
> + *
> + * Returns 0 if ok, error value on error.
> + * Note: if @tp is within a module, the caller is responsible for
> + * unregistering the probe before the module is gone. This can be
> + * performed either with a tracepoint module going notifier, or from
> + * within module exit functions.
> + */
> +int tracepoint_probe_register_rcu(struct tracepoint *tp, void *probe, void *data)
> +{
> + return tracepoint_probe_register_prio_rcu(tp, probe, data,
> + TRACEPOINT_DEFAULT_PRIO, 1);
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(tracepoint_probe_register_rcu);
> +
> /**
> * tracepoint_probe_register - Connect a probe to a tracepoint
> * @tp: tracepoint
> @@ -332,7 +373,8 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(tracepoint_probe_register_prio);
> */
> int tracepoint_probe_register(struct tracepoint *tp, void *probe, void *data)
> {
> - return tracepoint_probe_register_prio(tp, probe, data, TRACEPOINT_DEFAULT_PRIO);
> + return tracepoint_probe_register_prio_rcu(tp, probe, data,
> + TRACEPOINT_DEFAULT_PRIO, 0);
> }
> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(tracepoint_probe_register);
>

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