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SubjectRe: [RFC PATCH v3 06/12] xen-blkfront: add callbacks for PM suspend and hibernation
On Fri, Feb 21, 2020 at 03:24:45PM +0100, Roger Pau Monné wrote:
> On Fri, Feb 14, 2020 at 11:25:34PM +0000, Anchal Agarwal wrote:
> > From: Munehisa Kamata <kamatam@amazon.com
> >
> > Add freeze, thaw and restore callbacks for PM suspend and hibernation
> > support. All frontend drivers that needs to use PM_HIBERNATION/PM_SUSPEND
> > events, need to implement these xenbus_driver callbacks.
> > The freeze handler stops a block-layer queue and disconnect the
> > frontend from the backend while freeing ring_info and associated resources.
> > The restore handler re-allocates ring_info and re-connect to the
> > backend, so the rest of the kernel can continue to use the block device
> > transparently. Also, the handlers are used for both PM suspend and
> > hibernation so that we can keep the existing suspend/resume callbacks for
> > Xen suspend without modification. Before disconnecting from backend,
> > we need to prevent any new IO from being queued and wait for existing
> > IO to complete. Freeze/unfreeze of the queues will guarantee that there
> > are no requests in use on the shared ring.
> >
> > Note:For older backends,if a backend doesn't have commit'12ea729645ace'
> > xen/blkback: unmap all persistent grants when frontend gets disconnected,
> > the frontend may see massive amount of grant table warning when freeing
> > resources.
> > [ 36.852659] deferring g.e. 0xf9 (pfn 0xffffffffffffffff)
> > [ 36.855089] xen:grant_table: WARNING:e.g. 0x112 still in use!
> >
> > In this case, persistent grants would need to be disabled.
> >
> > [Anchal Changelog: Removed timeout/request during blkfront freeze.
> > Fixed major part of the code to work with blk-mq]
> > Signed-off-by: Anchal Agarwal <anchalag@amazon.com>
> > Signed-off-by: Munehisa Kamata <kamatam@amazon.com>
> > ---
> > drivers/block/xen-blkfront.c | 119 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---
> > 1 file changed, 112 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)
> >
> > diff --git a/drivers/block/xen-blkfront.c b/drivers/block/xen-blkfront.c
> > index 478120233750..d715ed3cb69a 100644
> > --- a/drivers/block/xen-blkfront.c
> > +++ b/drivers/block/xen-blkfront.c
> > @@ -47,6 +47,8 @@
> > #include <linux/bitmap.h>
> > #include <linux/list.h>
> > #include <linux/workqueue.h>
> > +#include <linux/completion.h>
> > +#include <linux/delay.h>
> >
> > #include <xen/xen.h>
> > #include <xen/xenbus.h>
> > @@ -79,6 +81,8 @@ enum blkif_state {
> > BLKIF_STATE_DISCONNECTED,
> > BLKIF_STATE_CONNECTED,
> > BLKIF_STATE_SUSPENDED,
> > + BLKIF_STATE_FREEZING,
> > + BLKIF_STATE_FROZEN
> > };
> >
> > struct grant {
> > @@ -220,6 +224,7 @@ struct blkfront_info
> > struct list_head requests;
> > struct bio_list bio_list;
> > struct list_head info_list;
> > + struct completion wait_backend_disconnected;
> > };
> >
> > static unsigned int nr_minors;
> > @@ -261,6 +266,7 @@ static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(minor_lock);
> > static int blkfront_setup_indirect(struct blkfront_ring_info *rinfo);
> > static void blkfront_gather_backend_features(struct blkfront_info *info);
> > static int negotiate_mq(struct blkfront_info *info);
> > +static void __blkif_free(struct blkfront_info *info);
>
> I'm not particularly found of adding underscore prefixes to functions,
> I would rather use a more descriptive name if possible.
> blkif_free_{queues/rings} maybe?
>
Apologies for delayed response as I was OOTO.
Appreciate your feedback. Will fix
> >
> > static int get_id_from_freelist(struct blkfront_ring_info *rinfo)
> > {
> > @@ -995,6 +1001,7 @@ static int xlvbd_init_blk_queue(struct gendisk *gd, u16 sector_size,
> > info->sector_size = sector_size;
> > info->physical_sector_size = physical_sector_size;
> > blkif_set_queue_limits(info);
> > + init_completion(&info->wait_backend_disconnected);
> >
> > return 0;
> > }
> > @@ -1218,6 +1225,8 @@ static void xlvbd_release_gendisk(struct blkfront_info *info)
> > /* Already hold rinfo->ring_lock. */
> > static inline void kick_pending_request_queues_locked(struct blkfront_ring_info *rinfo)
> > {
> > + if (unlikely(rinfo->dev_info->connected == BLKIF_STATE_FREEZING))
> > + return;
>
> Do you really need this check here?
>
> The queue will be frozen and quiesced in blkfront_freeze when the state
> is set to BLKIF_STATE_FREEZING, and then the call to
> blk_mq_start_stopped_hw_queues is just a noop as long as the queue is
> quiesced (see blk_mq_run_hw_queue).
>
You are right. Will fix it. May have skipped this part of the patch when fixing
blkfront_freeze.
> > if (!RING_FULL(&rinfo->ring))
> > blk_mq_start_stopped_hw_queues(rinfo->dev_info->rq, true);
> > }
> > @@ -1341,8 +1350,6 @@ static void blkif_free_ring(struct blkfront_ring_info *rinfo)
> >
> > static void blkif_free(struct blkfront_info *info, int suspend)
> > {
> > - unsigned int i;
> > -
> > /* Prevent new requests being issued until we fix things up. */
> > info->connected = suspend ?
> > BLKIF_STATE_SUSPENDED : BLKIF_STATE_DISCONNECTED;
> > @@ -1350,6 +1357,13 @@ static void blkif_free(struct blkfront_info *info, int suspend)
> > if (info->rq)
> > blk_mq_stop_hw_queues(info->rq);
> >
> > + __blkif_free(info);
> > +}
> > +
> > +static void __blkif_free(struct blkfront_info *info)
> > +{
> > + unsigned int i;
> > +
> > for (i = 0; i < info->nr_rings; i++)
> > blkif_free_ring(&info->rinfo[i]);
> >
> > @@ -1553,8 +1567,10 @@ static irqreturn_t blkif_interrupt(int irq, void *dev_id)
> > struct blkfront_ring_info *rinfo = (struct blkfront_ring_info *)dev_id;
> > struct blkfront_info *info = rinfo->dev_info;
> >
> > - if (unlikely(info->connected != BLKIF_STATE_CONNECTED))
> > - return IRQ_HANDLED;
> > + if (unlikely(info->connected != BLKIF_STATE_CONNECTED)) {
> > + if (info->connected != BLKIF_STATE_FREEZING)
>
> Please fold this into the previous if condition:
>
> if (unlikely(info->connected != BLKIF_STATE_CONNECTED &&
> info->connected != BLKIF_STATE_FREEZING))
> return IRQ_HANDLED;
>
ACK
> > + }
> >
> > spin_lock_irqsave(&rinfo->ring_lock, flags);
> > again:
> > @@ -2020,6 +2036,7 @@ static int blkif_recover(struct blkfront_info *info)
> > struct bio *bio;
> > unsigned int segs;
> >
> > + bool frozen = info->connected == BLKIF_STATE_FROZEN;
>
> Please place this together with the rest of the local variable
> declarations.
>
ACK
> > blkfront_gather_backend_features(info);
> > /* Reset limits changed by blk_mq_update_nr_hw_queues(). */
> > blkif_set_queue_limits(info);
> > @@ -2046,6 +2063,9 @@ static int blkif_recover(struct blkfront_info *info)
> > kick_pending_request_queues(rinfo);
> > }
> >
> > + if (frozen)
> > + return 0;
>
> I have to admit my memory is fuzzy here, but don't you need to
> re-queue requests in case the backend has different limits of indirect
> descriptors per request for example?
>
> Or do we expect that the frontend is always going to be resumed on the
> same backend, and thus features won't change?
>
So to understand your question better here, AFAIU the maximum number of indirect
grefs is fixed by the backend, but the frontend can issue requests with any
number of indirect segments as long as it's less than the number provided by
the backend. So by your question you mean this max number of MAX_INDIRECT_SEGMENTS
256 on backend can change ?
> > +
> > list_for_each_entry_safe(req, n, &info->requests, queuelist) {
> > /* Requeue pending requests (flush or discard) */
> > list_del_init(&req->queuelist);
> > @@ -2359,6 +2379,7 @@ static void blkfront_connect(struct blkfront_info *info)
> >
> > return;
> > case BLKIF_STATE_SUSPENDED:
> > + case BLKIF_STATE_FROZEN:
> > /*
> > * If we are recovering from suspension, we need to wait
> > * for the backend to announce it's features before
> > @@ -2476,12 +2497,37 @@ static void blkback_changed(struct xenbus_device *dev,
> > break;
> >
> > case XenbusStateClosed:
> > - if (dev->state == XenbusStateClosed)
> > + if (dev->state == XenbusStateClosed) {
> > + if (info->connected == BLKIF_STATE_FREEZING) {
> > + __blkif_free(info);
> > + info->connected = BLKIF_STATE_FROZEN;
> > + complete(&info->wait_backend_disconnected);
> > + break;
> > + }
> > +
> > break;
> > + }
> > +
> > + /*
> > + * We may somehow receive backend's Closed again while thawing
> > + * or restoring and it causes thawing or restoring to fail.
> > + * Ignore such unexpected state anyway.
> > + */
> > + if (info->connected == BLKIF_STATE_FROZEN &&
> > + dev->state == XenbusStateInitialised) {
>
> I'm not sure you need the extra dev->state == XenbusStateInitialised.
> If the frotnend is in state BLKIF_STATE_FROZEN you can likely ignore
> the notification of the backend switched to closed state, regardless
> of the frontend state?
>
I see. Sounds plausible will do my set of testing and figure out if it does
not break anything.
> > + dev_dbg(&dev->dev,
> > + "ignore the backend's Closed state: %s",
> > + dev->nodename);
> > + break;
> > + }
> > /* fall through */
> > case XenbusStateClosing:
> > - if (info)
> > - blkfront_closing(info);
> > + if (info) {
> > + if (info->connected == BLKIF_STATE_FREEZING)
> > + xenbus_frontend_closed(dev);
> > + else
> > + blkfront_closing(info);
> > + }
> > break;
> > }
> > }
> > @@ -2625,6 +2671,62 @@ static void blkif_release(struct gendisk *disk, fmode_t mode)
> > mutex_unlock(&blkfront_mutex);
> > }
> >
> > +static int blkfront_freeze(struct xenbus_device *dev)
> > +{
> > + unsigned int i;
> > + struct blkfront_info *info = dev_get_drvdata(&dev->dev);
> > + struct blkfront_ring_info *rinfo;
> > + /* This would be reasonable timeout as used in xenbus_dev_shutdown() */
> > + unsigned int timeout = 5 * HZ;
> > + int err = 0;
> > +
> > + info->connected = BLKIF_STATE_FREEZING;
> > +
> > + blk_mq_freeze_queue(info->rq);
> > + blk_mq_quiesce_queue(info->rq);
>
> Don't you need to also drain the queue and make sure it's empty?
>
blk_mq_freeze_queue and blk_mq_quiesce_queue should take care of running HW queues synchronously
and making sure all the ongoing dispatches have finished. Did I understand your question right?
> > +
> > + for (i = 0; i < info->nr_rings; i++) {
> > + rinfo = &info->rinfo[i];
> > +
> > + gnttab_cancel_free_callback(&rinfo->callback);
> > + flush_work(&rinfo->work);
> > + }
> > +
> > + /* Kick the backend to disconnect */
> > + xenbus_switch_state(dev, XenbusStateClosing);
> > +
> > + /*
> > + * We don't want to move forward before the frontend is diconnected
> > + * from the backend cleanly.
> > + */
> > + timeout = wait_for_completion_timeout(&info->wait_backend_disconnected,
> > + timeout);
> > + if (!timeout) {
> > + err = -EBUSY;
> > + xenbus_dev_error(dev, err, "Freezing timed out;"
> > + "the device may become inconsistent state");
> > + }
> > +
> > + return err;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static int blkfront_restore(struct xenbus_device *dev)
> > +{
> > + struct blkfront_info *info = dev_get_drvdata(&dev->dev);
> > + int err = 0;
> > +
> > + err = talk_to_blkback(dev, info);
> > + blk_mq_unquiesce_queue(info->rq);
> > + blk_mq_unfreeze_queue(info->rq);
> > +
> > + if (err)
> > + goto out;
>
> There's no need for an out label here, just return err, or even
> simpler:
>
ok.
> if (!err)
> blk_mq_update_nr_hw_queues(&info->tag_set, info->nr_rings);
>
> return err;
>
> Thanks, Roger.
>
Thanks,
Anchal

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