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Subject[PATCH v6 1/7] arm64: add support for the AMU extension v1
Date
The activity monitors extension is an optional extension introduced
by the ARMv8.4 CPU architecture. This implements basic support for
version 1 of the activity monitors architecture, AMUv1.

This support includes:
- Extension detection on each CPU (boot, secondary, hotplugged)
- Register interface for AMU aarch64 registers

Signed-off-by: Ionela Voinescu <ionela.voinescu@arm.com>
Reviewed-by: Valentin Schneider <valentin.schneider@arm.com>
Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Cc: Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>
Cc: Suzuki K Poulose <suzuki.poulose@arm.com>
Cc: Marc Zyngier <maz@kernel.org>
Cc: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com>
---
arch/arm64/Kconfig | 27 ++++++++++++
arch/arm64/include/asm/cpucaps.h | 3 +-
arch/arm64/include/asm/cpufeature.h | 5 +++
arch/arm64/include/asm/sysreg.h | 38 +++++++++++++++++
arch/arm64/kernel/cpufeature.c | 66 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
5 files changed, 138 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/arch/arm64/Kconfig b/arch/arm64/Kconfig
index 0b30e884e088..fa4e3737149c 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/arm64/Kconfig
@@ -1517,6 +1517,33 @@ config ARM64_PTR_AUTH

endmenu

+menu "ARMv8.4 architectural features"
+
+config ARM64_AMU_EXTN
+ bool "Enable support for the Activity Monitors Unit CPU extension"
+ default y
+ help
+ The activity monitors extension is an optional extension introduced
+ by the ARMv8.4 CPU architecture. This enables support for version 1
+ of the activity monitors architecture, AMUv1.
+
+ To enable the use of this extension on CPUs that implement it, say Y.
+
+ Note that for architectural reasons, firmware _must_ implement AMU
+ support when running on CPUs that present the activity monitors
+ extension. The required support is present in:
+ * Version 1.5 and later of the ARM Trusted Firmware
+
+ For kernels that have this configuration enabled but boot with broken
+ firmware, you may need to say N here until the firmware is fixed.
+ Otherwise you may experience firmware panics or lockups when
+ accessing the counter registers. Even if you are not observing these
+ symptoms, the values returned by the register reads might not
+ correctly reflect reality. Most commonly, the value read will be 0,
+ indicating that the counter is not enabled.
+
+endmenu
+
menu "ARMv8.5 architectural features"

config ARM64_E0PD
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/cpucaps.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/cpucaps.h
index 865e0253fc1e..185e44aa2713 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/cpucaps.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/cpucaps.h
@@ -58,7 +58,8 @@
#define ARM64_WORKAROUND_SPECULATIVE_AT_NVHE 48
#define ARM64_HAS_E0PD 49
#define ARM64_HAS_RNG 50
+#define ARM64_HAS_AMU_EXTN 51

-#define ARM64_NCAPS 51
+#define ARM64_NCAPS 52

#endif /* __ASM_CPUCAPS_H */
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/cpufeature.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/cpufeature.h
index 92ef9539874a..485e069d8768 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/cpufeature.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/cpufeature.h
@@ -678,6 +678,11 @@ static inline bool cpu_has_hw_af(void)
ID_AA64MMFR1_HADBS_SHIFT);
}

+#ifdef CONFIG_ARM64_AMU_EXTN
+/* Check whether the cpu supports the Activity Monitors Unit (AMU) */
+extern bool cpu_has_amu_feat(int cpu);
+#endif
+
#endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */

#endif
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/sysreg.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/sysreg.h
index b91570ff9db1..085d248f824e 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/sysreg.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/sysreg.h
@@ -386,6 +386,42 @@
#define SYS_TPIDR_EL0 sys_reg(3, 3, 13, 0, 2)
#define SYS_TPIDRRO_EL0 sys_reg(3, 3, 13, 0, 3)

+/* Definitions for system register interface to AMU for ARMv8.4 onwards */
+#define SYS_AM_EL0(crm, op2) sys_reg(3, 3, 13, (crm), (op2))
+#define SYS_AMCR_EL0 SYS_AM_EL0(2, 0)
+#define SYS_AMCFGR_EL0 SYS_AM_EL0(2, 1)
+#define SYS_AMCGCR_EL0 SYS_AM_EL0(2, 2)
+#define SYS_AMUSERENR_EL0 SYS_AM_EL0(2, 3)
+#define SYS_AMCNTENCLR0_EL0 SYS_AM_EL0(2, 4)
+#define SYS_AMCNTENSET0_EL0 SYS_AM_EL0(2, 5)
+#define SYS_AMCNTENCLR1_EL0 SYS_AM_EL0(3, 0)
+#define SYS_AMCNTENSET1_EL0 SYS_AM_EL0(3, 1)
+
+/*
+ * Group 0 of activity monitors (architected):
+ * op0 op1 CRn CRm op2
+ * Counter: 11 011 1101 010:n<3> n<2:0>
+ * Type: 11 011 1101 011:n<3> n<2:0>
+ * n: 0-15
+ *
+ * Group 1 of activity monitors (auxiliary):
+ * op0 op1 CRn CRm op2
+ * Counter: 11 011 1101 110:n<3> n<2:0>
+ * Type: 11 011 1101 111:n<3> n<2:0>
+ * n: 0-15
+ */
+
+#define SYS_AMEVCNTR0_EL0(n) SYS_AM_EL0(4 + ((n) >> 3), (n) & 7)
+#define SYS_AMEVTYPE0_EL0(n) SYS_AM_EL0(6 + ((n) >> 3), (n) & 7)
+#define SYS_AMEVCNTR1_EL0(n) SYS_AM_EL0(12 + ((n) >> 3), (n) & 7)
+#define SYS_AMEVTYPE1_EL0(n) SYS_AM_EL0(14 + ((n) >> 3), (n) & 7)
+
+/* AMU v1: Fixed (architecturally defined) activity monitors */
+#define SYS_AMEVCNTR0_CORE_EL0 SYS_AMEVCNTR0_EL0(0)
+#define SYS_AMEVCNTR0_CONST_EL0 SYS_AMEVCNTR0_EL0(1)
+#define SYS_AMEVCNTR0_INST_RET_EL0 SYS_AMEVCNTR0_EL0(2)
+#define SYS_AMEVCNTR0_MEM_STALL SYS_AMEVCNTR0_EL0(3)
+
#define SYS_CNTFRQ_EL0 sys_reg(3, 3, 14, 0, 0)

#define SYS_CNTP_TVAL_EL0 sys_reg(3, 3, 14, 2, 0)
@@ -598,6 +634,7 @@
#define ID_AA64PFR0_CSV3_SHIFT 60
#define ID_AA64PFR0_CSV2_SHIFT 56
#define ID_AA64PFR0_DIT_SHIFT 48
+#define ID_AA64PFR0_AMU_SHIFT 44
#define ID_AA64PFR0_SVE_SHIFT 32
#define ID_AA64PFR0_RAS_SHIFT 28
#define ID_AA64PFR0_GIC_SHIFT 24
@@ -608,6 +645,7 @@
#define ID_AA64PFR0_EL1_SHIFT 4
#define ID_AA64PFR0_EL0_SHIFT 0

+#define ID_AA64PFR0_AMU 0x1
#define ID_AA64PFR0_SVE 0x1
#define ID_AA64PFR0_RAS_V1 0x1
#define ID_AA64PFR0_FP_NI 0xf
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/cpufeature.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/cpufeature.c
index 0b6715625cf6..301538d3a197 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/cpufeature.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/cpufeature.c
@@ -163,6 +163,7 @@ static const struct arm64_ftr_bits ftr_id_aa64pfr0[] = {
ARM64_FTR_BITS(FTR_HIDDEN, FTR_NONSTRICT, FTR_LOWER_SAFE, ID_AA64PFR0_CSV3_SHIFT, 4, 0),
ARM64_FTR_BITS(FTR_HIDDEN, FTR_NONSTRICT, FTR_LOWER_SAFE, ID_AA64PFR0_CSV2_SHIFT, 4, 0),
ARM64_FTR_BITS(FTR_VISIBLE, FTR_STRICT, FTR_LOWER_SAFE, ID_AA64PFR0_DIT_SHIFT, 4, 0),
+ ARM64_FTR_BITS(FTR_HIDDEN, FTR_NONSTRICT, FTR_LOWER_SAFE, ID_AA64PFR0_AMU_SHIFT, 4, 0),
ARM64_FTR_BITS(FTR_VISIBLE_IF_IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ARM64_SVE),
FTR_STRICT, FTR_LOWER_SAFE, ID_AA64PFR0_SVE_SHIFT, 4, 0),
ARM64_FTR_BITS(FTR_HIDDEN, FTR_STRICT, FTR_LOWER_SAFE, ID_AA64PFR0_RAS_SHIFT, 4, 0),
@@ -1222,6 +1223,53 @@ static bool has_hw_dbm(const struct arm64_cpu_capabilities *cap,

#endif

+#ifdef CONFIG_ARM64_AMU_EXTN
+
+/*
+ * The "amu_cpus" cpumask only signals that the CPU implementation for the
+ * flagged CPUs supports the Activity Monitors Unit (AMU) but does not provide
+ * information regarding all the events that it supports. When a CPU bit is
+ * set in the cpumask, the user of this feature can only rely on the presence
+ * of the 4 fixed counters for that CPU. But this does not guarantee that the
+ * counters are enabled or access to these counters is enabled by code
+ * executed at higher exception levels (firmware).
+ */
+static struct cpumask amu_cpus __read_mostly;
+
+bool cpu_has_amu_feat(int cpu)
+{
+ return cpumask_test_cpu(cpu, &amu_cpus);
+}
+
+static void cpu_amu_enable(struct arm64_cpu_capabilities const *cap)
+{
+ if (has_cpuid_feature(cap, SCOPE_LOCAL_CPU)) {
+ pr_info("detected CPU%d: Activity Monitors Unit (AMU)\n",
+ smp_processor_id());
+ cpumask_set_cpu(smp_processor_id(), &amu_cpus);
+ }
+}
+
+static bool has_amu(const struct arm64_cpu_capabilities *cap,
+ int __unused)
+{
+ /*
+ * The AMU extension is a non-conflicting feature: the kernel can
+ * safely run a mix of CPUs with and without support for the
+ * activity monitors extension. Therefore, unconditionally enable
+ * the capability to allow any late CPU to use the feature.
+ *
+ * With this feature unconditionally enabled, the cpu_enable
+ * function will be called for all CPUs that match the criteria,
+ * including secondary and hotplugged, marking this feature as
+ * present on that respective CPU. The enable function will also
+ * print a detection message.
+ */
+
+ return true;
+}
+#endif
+
#ifdef CONFIG_ARM64_VHE
static bool runs_at_el2(const struct arm64_cpu_capabilities *entry, int __unused)
{
@@ -1499,6 +1547,24 @@ static const struct arm64_cpu_capabilities arm64_features[] = {
.cpu_enable = cpu_clear_disr,
},
#endif /* CONFIG_ARM64_RAS_EXTN */
+#ifdef CONFIG_ARM64_AMU_EXTN
+ {
+ /*
+ * The feature is enabled by default if CONFIG_ARM64_AMU_EXTN=y.
+ * Therefore, don't provide .desc as we don't want the detection
+ * message to be shown until at least one CPU is detected to
+ * support the feature.
+ */
+ .capability = ARM64_HAS_AMU_EXTN,
+ .type = ARM64_CPUCAP_WEAK_LOCAL_CPU_FEATURE,
+ .matches = has_amu,
+ .sys_reg = SYS_ID_AA64PFR0_EL1,
+ .sign = FTR_UNSIGNED,
+ .field_pos = ID_AA64PFR0_AMU_SHIFT,
+ .min_field_value = ID_AA64PFR0_AMU,
+ .cpu_enable = cpu_amu_enable,
+ },
+#endif /* CONFIG_ARM64_AMU_EXTN */
{
.desc = "Data cache clean to the PoU not required for I/D coherence",
.capability = ARM64_HAS_CACHE_IDC,
--
2.17.1
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