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Subject[PATCH V15] mm/debug: Add tests validating architecture page table helpers
Date
This adds tests which will validate architecture page table helpers and
other accessors in their compliance with expected generic MM semantics.
This will help various architectures in validating changes to existing
page table helpers or addition of new ones.

This test covers basic page table entry transformations including but not
limited to old, young, dirty, clean, write, write protect etc at various
level along with populating intermediate entries with next page table page
and validating them.

Test page table pages are allocated from system memory with required size
and alignments. The mapped pfns at page table levels are derived from a
real pfn representing a valid kernel text symbol. This test gets called
inside kernel_init() right after async_synchronize_full().

This test gets built and run when CONFIG_DEBUG_VM_PGTABLE is selected. Any
architecture, which is willing to subscribe this test will need to select
ARCH_HAS_DEBUG_VM_PGTABLE. For now this is limited to arc, arm64, x86, s390
and ppc32 platforms where the test is known to build and run successfully.
Going forward, other architectures too can subscribe the test after fixing
any build or runtime problems with their page table helpers. Meanwhile for
better platform coverage, the test can also be enabled with CONFIG_EXPERT
even without ARCH_HAS_DEBUG_VM_PGTABLE.

Folks interested in making sure that a given platform's page table helpers
conform to expected generic MM semantics should enable the above config
which will just trigger this test during boot. Any non conformity here will
be reported as an warning which would need to be fixed. This test will help
catch any changes to the agreed upon semantics expected from generic MM and
enable platforms to accommodate it thereafter.

Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.ibm.com>
Cc: Vineet Gupta <vgupta@synopsys.com>
Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Cc: Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>
Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org>
Cc: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
Cc: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Vasily Gorbik <gor@linux.ibm.com>
Cc: Christian Borntraeger <borntraeger@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill@shutemov.name>
Cc: Paul Walmsley <paul.walmsley@sifive.com>
Cc: Palmer Dabbelt <palmer@dabbelt.com>
Cc: linux-snps-arc@lists.infradead.org
Cc: linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org
Cc: linuxppc-dev@lists.ozlabs.org
Cc: linux-s390@vger.kernel.org
Cc: linux-riscv@lists.infradead.org
Cc: x86@kernel.org
Cc: linux-arch@vger.kernel.org
Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org

Suggested-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Reviewed-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
Tested-by: Gerald Schaefer <gerald.schaefer@de.ibm.com> # s390
Tested-by: Christophe Leroy <christophe.leroy@c-s.fr> # ppc32
Signed-off-by: Qian Cai <cai@lca.pw>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Christophe Leroy <christophe.leroy@c-s.fr>
Signed-off-by: Anshuman Khandual <anshuman.khandual@arm.com>
---
This adds a test validation for architecture exported page table helpers.
Patch adds basic transformation tests at various levels of the page table.

This test was originally suggested by Catalin during arm64 THP migration
RFC discussion earlier. Going forward it can include more specific tests
with respect to various generic MM functions like THP, HugeTLB etc and
platform specific tests.

https://lore.kernel.org/linux-mm/20190628102003.GA56463@arrakis.emea.arm.com/

Needs to be applied on linux V5.6-rc4

Changes in V15:

- Replaced __pa() with __pa_symbol() (https://patchwork.kernel.org/patch/11407715/)
- Replaced pte_alloc_map() with pte_alloc_map_lock() per Qian
- Replaced pte_unmap() with pte_unmap_unlock() per Qian
- Added address to pte_clear_tests() and passed it down till pte_clear() per Qian

Changes in V14: (https://patchwork.kernel.org/project/linux-mm/list/?series=242305)

- Disabled DEBUG_VM_PGTABLE for IA64 and ARM (32 Bit) per Andrew and Christophe
- Updated DEBUG_VM_PGTABLE documentation wrt EXPERT and disabled platforms
- Updated RANDOM_[OR|NZ]VALUE open encodings with GENMASK() per Catalin
- Updated s390 constraint bits from 12 to 4 (S390_MASK_BITS) per Gerald
- Updated in-code documentation for RANDOM_ORVALUE per Gerald
- Updated pxx_basic_tests() to use invert functions first per Catalin
- Dropped ARCH_HAS_4LEVEL_HACK check from pud_basic_tests()
- Replaced __ARCH_HAS_[4|5]LEVEL_HACK with __PAGETABLE_[PUD|P4D]_FOLDED per Catalin
- Trimmed the CC list on the commit message per Catalin

Changes in V13: (https://patchwork.kernel.org/project/linux-mm/list/?series=237125)

- Subscribed s390 platform and updated debug-vm-pgtable/arch-support.txt per Gerald
- Dropped keyword 'extern' from debug_vm_pgtable() declaration per Christophe
- Moved debug_vm_pgtable() declarations to <linux/mmdebug.h> per Christophe
- Moved debug_vm_pgtable() call site into kernel_init() per Christophe
- Changed CONFIG_DEBUG_VM_PGTABLE rules per Christophe
- Updated commit to include new supported platforms and changed config selection

Changes in V12: (https://patchwork.kernel.org/project/linux-mm/list/?series=233905)

- Replaced __mmdrop() with mmdrop()
- Enable ARCH_HAS_DEBUG_VM_PGTABLE on X86 for non CONFIG_X86_PAE platforms as the
test procedure interfere with pre-allocated PMDs attached to the PGD resulting
in runtime failures with VM_BUG_ON()

Changes in V11: (https://patchwork.kernel.org/project/linux-mm/list/?series=221135)

- Rebased the patch on V5.4

Changes in V10: (https://patchwork.kernel.org/project/linux-mm/list/?series=205529)

- Always enable DEBUG_VM_PGTABLE when DEBUG_VM is enabled per Ingo
- Added tags from Ingo

Changes in V9: (https://patchwork.kernel.org/project/linux-mm/list/?series=201429)

- Changed feature support enumeration for powerpc platforms per Christophe
- Changed config wrapper for basic_[pmd|pud]_tests() to enable ARC platform
- Enabled the test on ARC platform

Changes in V8: (https://patchwork.kernel.org/project/linux-mm/list/?series=194297)

- Enabled ARCH_HAS_DEBUG_VM_PGTABLE on PPC32 platform per Christophe
- Updated feature documentation as DEBUG_VM_PGTABLE is now enabled on PPC32 platform
- Moved ARCH_HAS_DEBUG_VM_PGTABLE earlier to indent it with DEBUG_VM per Christophe
- Added an information message in debug_vm_pgtable() per Christophe
- Dropped random_vaddr boundary condition checks per Christophe and Qian
- Replaced virt_addr_valid() check with pfn_valid() check in debug_vm_pgtable()
- Slightly changed pr_fmt(fmt) information

Changes in V7: (https://patchwork.kernel.org/project/linux-mm/list/?series=193051)

- Memory allocation and free routines for mapped pages have been droped
- Mapped pfns are derived from standard kernel text symbol per Matthew
- Moved debug_vm_pgtaable() after page_alloc_init_late() per Michal and Qian
- Updated the commit message per Michal
- Updated W=1 GCC warning problem on x86 per Qian Cai
- Addition of new alloc_contig_pages() helper has been submitted separately

Changes in V6: (https://patchwork.kernel.org/project/linux-mm/list/?series=187589)

- Moved alloc_gigantic_page_order() into mm/page_alloc.c per Michal
- Moved alloc_gigantic_page_order() within CONFIG_CONTIG_ALLOC in the test
- Folded Andrew's include/asm-generic/pgtable.h fix into the test patch 2/2

Changes in V5: (https://patchwork.kernel.org/project/linux-mm/list/?series=185991)

- Redefined and moved X86 mm_p4d_folded() into a different header per Kirill/Ingo
- Updated the config option comment per Ingo and dropped 'kernel module' reference
- Updated the commit message and dropped 'kernel module' reference
- Changed DEBUG_ARCH_PGTABLE_TEST into DEBUG_VM_PGTABLE per Ingo
- Moved config option from mm/Kconfig.debug into lib/Kconfig.debug
- Renamed core test function arch_pgtable_tests() as debug_vm_pgtable()
- Renamed mm/arch_pgtable_test.c as mm/debug_vm_pgtable.c
- debug_vm_pgtable() gets called from kernel_init_freeable() after init_mm_internals()
- Added an entry in Documentation/features/debug/ per Ingo
- Enabled the test on arm64 and x86 platforms for now

Changes in V4: (https://patchwork.kernel.org/project/linux-mm/list/?series=183465)

- Disable DEBUG_ARCH_PGTABLE_TEST for ARM and IA64 platforms

Changes in V3: (https://lore.kernel.org/patchwork/project/lkml/list/?series=411216)

- Changed test trigger from module format into late_initcall()
- Marked all functions with __init to be freed after completion
- Changed all __PGTABLE_PXX_FOLDED checks as mm_pxx_folded()
- Folded in PPC32 fixes from Christophe

Changes in V2:

https://lore.kernel.org/linux-mm/1568268173-31302-1-git-send-email-anshuman.khandual@arm.com/T/#t

- Fixed small typo error in MODULE_DESCRIPTION()
- Fixed m64k build problems for lvalue concerns in pmd_xxx_tests()
- Fixed dynamic page table level folding problems on x86 as per Kirril
- Fixed second pointers during pxx_populate_tests() per Kirill and Gerald
- Allocate and free pte table with pte_alloc_one/pte_free per Kirill
- Modified pxx_clear_tests() to accommodate s390 lower 12 bits situation
- Changed RANDOM_NZVALUE value from 0xbe to 0xff
- Changed allocation, usage, free sequence for saved_ptep
- Renamed VMA_FLAGS as VMFLAGS
- Implemented a new method for random vaddr generation
- Implemented some other cleanups
- Dropped extern reference to mm_alloc()
- Created and exported new alloc_gigantic_page_order()
- Dropped the custom allocator and used new alloc_gigantic_page_order()

Changes in V1:

https://lore.kernel.org/linux-mm/1567497706-8649-1-git-send-email-anshuman.khandual@arm.com/

- Added fallback mechanism for PMD aligned memory allocation failure

Changes in RFC V2:

https://lore.kernel.org/linux-mm/1565335998-22553-1-git-send-email-anshuman.khandual@arm.com/T/#u

- Moved test module and it's config from lib/ to mm/
- Renamed config TEST_ARCH_PGTABLE as DEBUG_ARCH_PGTABLE_TEST
- Renamed file from test_arch_pgtable.c to arch_pgtable_test.c
- Added relevant MODULE_DESCRIPTION() and MODULE_AUTHOR() details
- Dropped loadable module config option
- Basic tests now use memory blocks with required size and alignment
- PUD aligned memory block gets allocated with alloc_contig_range()
- If PUD aligned memory could not be allocated it falls back on PMD aligned
memory block from page allocator and pud_* tests are skipped
- Clear and populate tests now operate on real in memory page table entries
- Dummy mm_struct gets allocated with mm_alloc()
- Dummy page table entries get allocated with [pud|pmd|pte]_alloc_[map]()
- Simplified [p4d|pgd]_basic_tests(), now has random values in the entries

Original RFC V1:

https://lore.kernel.org/linux-mm/1564037723-26676-1-git-send-email-anshuman.khandual@arm.com/

.../debug/debug-vm-pgtable/arch-support.txt | 35 ++
arch/arc/Kconfig | 1 +
arch/arm64/Kconfig | 1 +
arch/powerpc/Kconfig | 1 +
arch/s390/Kconfig | 1 +
arch/x86/Kconfig | 1 +
arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_64.h | 6 +
include/linux/mmdebug.h | 5 +
init/main.c | 2 +
lib/Kconfig.debug | 26 ++
mm/Makefile | 1 +
mm/debug_vm_pgtable.c | 391 +++++++++++++++++++++
12 files changed, 471 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 Documentation/features/debug/debug-vm-pgtable/arch-support.txt
create mode 100644 mm/debug_vm_pgtable.c

diff --git a/Documentation/features/debug/debug-vm-pgtable/arch-support.txt b/Documentation/features/debug/debug-vm-pgtable/arch-support.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..64d0f9b
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/features/debug/debug-vm-pgtable/arch-support.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,35 @@
+#
+# Feature name: debug-vm-pgtable
+# Kconfig: ARCH_HAS_DEBUG_VM_PGTABLE
+# description: arch supports pgtable tests for semantics compliance
+#
+ -----------------------
+ | arch |status|
+ -----------------------
+ | alpha: | TODO |
+ | arc: | ok |
+ | arm: | TODO |
+ | arm64: | ok |
+ | c6x: | TODO |
+ | csky: | TODO |
+ | h8300: | TODO |
+ | hexagon: | TODO |
+ | ia64: | TODO |
+ | m68k: | TODO |
+ | microblaze: | TODO |
+ | mips: | TODO |
+ | nds32: | TODO |
+ | nios2: | TODO |
+ | openrisc: | TODO |
+ | parisc: | TODO |
+ | powerpc/32: | ok |
+ | powerpc/64: | TODO |
+ | riscv: | TODO |
+ | s390: | ok |
+ | sh: | TODO |
+ | sparc: | TODO |
+ | um: | TODO |
+ | unicore32: | TODO |
+ | x86: | ok |
+ | xtensa: | TODO |
+ -----------------------
diff --git a/arch/arc/Kconfig b/arch/arc/Kconfig
index ff2a393..3e72e6c 100644
--- a/arch/arc/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/arc/Kconfig
@@ -6,6 +6,7 @@
config ARC
def_bool y
select ARC_TIMERS
+ select ARCH_HAS_DEBUG_VM_PGTABLE
select ARCH_HAS_DMA_PREP_COHERENT
select ARCH_HAS_PTE_SPECIAL
select ARCH_HAS_SETUP_DMA_OPS
diff --git a/arch/arm64/Kconfig b/arch/arm64/Kconfig
index 0b30e88..aaf8ba4 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/arm64/Kconfig
@@ -11,6 +11,7 @@ config ARM64
select ACPI_PPTT if ACPI
select ARCH_CLOCKSOURCE_DATA
select ARCH_HAS_DEBUG_VIRTUAL
+ select ARCH_HAS_DEBUG_VM_PGTABLE
select ARCH_HAS_DEVMEM_IS_ALLOWED
select ARCH_HAS_DMA_PREP_COHERENT
select ARCH_HAS_ACPI_TABLE_UPGRADE if ACPI
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/Kconfig b/arch/powerpc/Kconfig
index 497b7d0b..8d5ae14 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/powerpc/Kconfig
@@ -116,6 +116,7 @@ config PPC
#
select ARCH_32BIT_OFF_T if PPC32
select ARCH_HAS_DEBUG_VIRTUAL
+ select ARCH_HAS_DEBUG_VM_PGTABLE if PPC32
select ARCH_HAS_DEVMEM_IS_ALLOWED
select ARCH_HAS_ELF_RANDOMIZE
select ARCH_HAS_FORTIFY_SOURCE
diff --git a/arch/s390/Kconfig b/arch/s390/Kconfig
index 8abe775..af284db 100644
--- a/arch/s390/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/s390/Kconfig
@@ -59,6 +59,7 @@ config KASAN_SHADOW_OFFSET
config S390
def_bool y
select ARCH_BINFMT_ELF_STATE
+ select ARCH_HAS_DEBUG_VM_PGTABLE
select ARCH_HAS_DEVMEM_IS_ALLOWED
select ARCH_HAS_ELF_RANDOMIZE
select ARCH_HAS_FORTIFY_SOURCE
diff --git a/arch/x86/Kconfig b/arch/x86/Kconfig
index beea770..df8a19e5 100644
--- a/arch/x86/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/x86/Kconfig
@@ -61,6 +61,7 @@ config X86
select ARCH_CLOCKSOURCE_INIT
select ARCH_HAS_ACPI_TABLE_UPGRADE if ACPI
select ARCH_HAS_DEBUG_VIRTUAL
+ select ARCH_HAS_DEBUG_VM_PGTABLE if !X86_PAE
select ARCH_HAS_DEVMEM_IS_ALLOWED
select ARCH_HAS_ELF_RANDOMIZE
select ARCH_HAS_FAST_MULTIPLIER
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_64.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_64.h
index 0b6c4042..fb0e76d 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_64.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_64.h
@@ -53,6 +53,12 @@ static inline void sync_initial_page_table(void) { }

struct mm_struct;

+#define mm_p4d_folded mm_p4d_folded
+static inline bool mm_p4d_folded(struct mm_struct *mm)
+{
+ return !pgtable_l5_enabled();
+}
+
void set_pte_vaddr_p4d(p4d_t *p4d_page, unsigned long vaddr, pte_t new_pte);
void set_pte_vaddr_pud(pud_t *pud_page, unsigned long vaddr, pte_t new_pte);

diff --git a/include/linux/mmdebug.h b/include/linux/mmdebug.h
index 2ad72d2c8..5339aa1 100644
--- a/include/linux/mmdebug.h
+++ b/include/linux/mmdebug.h
@@ -64,4 +64,9 @@ void dump_mm(const struct mm_struct *mm);
#define VM_BUG_ON_PGFLAGS(cond, page) BUILD_BUG_ON_INVALID(cond)
#endif

+#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_VM_PGTABLE
+void debug_vm_pgtable(void);
+#else
+static inline void debug_vm_pgtable(void) { }
+#endif
#endif
diff --git a/init/main.c b/init/main.c
index ee4947a..19cd790 100644
--- a/init/main.c
+++ b/init/main.c
@@ -94,6 +94,7 @@
#include <linux/rodata_test.h>
#include <linux/jump_label.h>
#include <linux/mem_encrypt.h>
+#include <linux/mmdebug.h>

#include <asm/io.h>
#include <asm/bugs.h>
@@ -1352,6 +1353,7 @@ static int __ref kernel_init(void *unused)
kernel_init_freeable();
/* need to finish all async __init code before freeing the memory */
async_synchronize_full();
+ debug_vm_pgtable();
ftrace_free_init_mem();
free_initmem();
mark_readonly();
diff --git a/lib/Kconfig.debug b/lib/Kconfig.debug
index 69def4a..1b5bd9f 100644
--- a/lib/Kconfig.debug
+++ b/lib/Kconfig.debug
@@ -653,6 +653,12 @@ config SCHED_STACK_END_CHECK
data corruption or a sporadic crash at a later stage once the region
is examined. The runtime overhead introduced is minimal.

+config ARCH_HAS_DEBUG_VM_PGTABLE
+ bool
+ help
+ An architecture should select this when it can successfully
+ build and run DEBUG_VM_PGTABLE.
+
config DEBUG_VM
bool "Debug VM"
depends on DEBUG_KERNEL
@@ -688,6 +694,26 @@ config DEBUG_VM_PGFLAGS

If unsure, say N.

+config DEBUG_VM_PGTABLE
+ bool "Debug arch page table for semantics compliance"
+ depends on MMU
+ depends on !IA64 && !ARM
+ depends on ARCH_HAS_DEBUG_VM_PGTABLE || EXPERT
+ default n if !ARCH_HAS_DEBUG_VM_PGTABLE
+ default y if DEBUG_VM
+ help
+ This option provides a debug method which can be used to test
+ architecture page table helper functions on various platforms in
+ verifying if they comply with expected generic MM semantics. This
+ will help architecture code in making sure that any changes or
+ new additions of these helpers still conform to expected
+ semantics of the generic MM. Platforms will have to opt in for
+ this through ARCH_HAS_DEBUG_VM_PGTABLE. Although it can also be
+ enabled through EXPERT without requiring code change. This test
+ is disabled on IA64 and ARM platforms where it fails to build.
+
+ If unsure, say N.
+
config ARCH_HAS_DEBUG_VIRTUAL
bool

diff --git a/mm/Makefile b/mm/Makefile
index 272e660..b0692e6 100644
--- a/mm/Makefile
+++ b/mm/Makefile
@@ -87,6 +87,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_HWPOISON_INJECT) += hwpoison-inject.o
obj-$(CONFIG_DEBUG_KMEMLEAK) += kmemleak.o
obj-$(CONFIG_DEBUG_KMEMLEAK_TEST) += kmemleak-test.o
obj-$(CONFIG_DEBUG_RODATA_TEST) += rodata_test.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_DEBUG_VM_PGTABLE) += debug_vm_pgtable.o
obj-$(CONFIG_PAGE_OWNER) += page_owner.o
obj-$(CONFIG_CLEANCACHE) += cleancache.o
obj-$(CONFIG_MEMORY_ISOLATION) += page_isolation.o
diff --git a/mm/debug_vm_pgtable.c b/mm/debug_vm_pgtable.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..96a91bd
--- /dev/null
+++ b/mm/debug_vm_pgtable.c
@@ -0,0 +1,391 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only
+/*
+ * This kernel test validates architecture page table helpers and
+ * accessors and helps in verifying their continued compliance with
+ * expected generic MM semantics.
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2019 ARM Ltd.
+ *
+ * Author: Anshuman Khandual <anshuman.khandual@arm.com>
+ */
+#define pr_fmt(fmt) "debug_vm_pgtable: %s: " fmt, __func__
+
+#include <linux/gfp.h>
+#include <linux/highmem.h>
+#include <linux/hugetlb.h>
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/kconfig.h>
+#include <linux/mm.h>
+#include <linux/mman.h>
+#include <linux/mm_types.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/pfn_t.h>
+#include <linux/printk.h>
+#include <linux/random.h>
+#include <linux/spinlock.h>
+#include <linux/swap.h>
+#include <linux/swapops.h>
+#include <linux/start_kernel.h>
+#include <linux/sched/mm.h>
+#include <asm/pgalloc.h>
+#include <asm/pgtable.h>
+
+/*
+ * Basic operations
+ *
+ * mkold(entry) = An old and not a young entry
+ * mkyoung(entry) = A young and not an old entry
+ * mkdirty(entry) = A dirty and not a clean entry
+ * mkclean(entry) = A clean and not a dirty entry
+ * mkwrite(entry) = A write and not a write protected entry
+ * wrprotect(entry) = A write protected and not a write entry
+ * pxx_bad(entry) = A mapped and non-table entry
+ * pxx_same(entry1, entry2) = Both entries hold the exact same value
+ */
+#define VMFLAGS (VM_READ|VM_WRITE|VM_EXEC)
+
+/*
+ * On s390 platform, the lower 4 bits are used to identify given page table
+ * entry type. But these bits might affect the ability to clear entries with
+ * pxx_clear() because of how dynamic page table folding works on s390. So
+ * while loading up the entries do not change the lower 4 bits. It does not
+ * have affect any other platform.
+ */
+#define S390_MASK_BITS 4
+#define RANDOM_ORVALUE GENMASK(BITS_PER_LONG - 1, S390_MASK_BITS)
+#define RANDOM_NZVALUE GENMASK(7, 0)
+
+static void __init pte_basic_tests(unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot)
+{
+ pte_t pte = pfn_pte(pfn, prot);
+
+ WARN_ON(!pte_same(pte, pte));
+ WARN_ON(!pte_young(pte_mkyoung(pte_mkold(pte))));
+ WARN_ON(!pte_dirty(pte_mkdirty(pte_mkclean(pte))));
+ WARN_ON(!pte_write(pte_mkwrite(pte_wrprotect(pte))));
+ WARN_ON(pte_young(pte_mkold(pte_mkyoung(pte))));
+ WARN_ON(pte_dirty(pte_mkclean(pte_mkdirty(pte))));
+ WARN_ON(pte_write(pte_wrprotect(pte_mkwrite(pte))));
+}
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE
+static void __init pmd_basic_tests(unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot)
+{
+ pmd_t pmd = pfn_pmd(pfn, prot);
+
+ WARN_ON(!pmd_same(pmd, pmd));
+ WARN_ON(!pmd_young(pmd_mkyoung(pmd_mkold(pmd))));
+ WARN_ON(!pmd_dirty(pmd_mkdirty(pmd_mkclean(pmd))));
+ WARN_ON(!pmd_write(pmd_mkwrite(pmd_wrprotect(pmd))));
+ WARN_ON(pmd_young(pmd_mkold(pmd_mkyoung(pmd))));
+ WARN_ON(pmd_dirty(pmd_mkclean(pmd_mkdirty(pmd))));
+ WARN_ON(pmd_write(pmd_wrprotect(pmd_mkwrite(pmd))));
+ /*
+ * A huge page does not point to next level page table
+ * entry. Hence this must qualify as pmd_bad().
+ */
+ WARN_ON(!pmd_bad(pmd_mkhuge(pmd)));
+}
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_PUD
+static void __init pud_basic_tests(unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot)
+{
+ pud_t pud = pfn_pud(pfn, prot);
+
+ WARN_ON(!pud_same(pud, pud));
+ WARN_ON(!pud_young(pud_mkyoung(pud_mkold(pud))));
+ WARN_ON(!pud_write(pud_mkwrite(pud_wrprotect(pud))));
+ WARN_ON(pud_write(pud_wrprotect(pud_mkwrite(pud))));
+ WARN_ON(pud_young(pud_mkold(pud_mkyoung(pud))));
+
+ if (mm_pmd_folded(mm))
+ return;
+
+ /*
+ * A huge page does not point to next level page table
+ * entry. Hence this must qualify as pud_bad().
+ */
+ WARN_ON(!pud_bad(pud_mkhuge(pud)));
+}
+#else
+static void __init pud_basic_tests(unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot) { }
+#endif
+#else
+static void __init pmd_basic_tests(unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot) { }
+static void __init pud_basic_tests(unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot) { }
+#endif
+
+static void __init p4d_basic_tests(unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot)
+{
+ p4d_t p4d;
+
+ memset(&p4d, RANDOM_NZVALUE, sizeof(p4d_t));
+ WARN_ON(!p4d_same(p4d, p4d));
+}
+
+static void __init pgd_basic_tests(unsigned long pfn, pgprot_t prot)
+{
+ pgd_t pgd;
+
+ memset(&pgd, RANDOM_NZVALUE, sizeof(pgd_t));
+ WARN_ON(!pgd_same(pgd, pgd));
+}
+
+#ifndef __PAGETABLE_PUD_FOLDED
+static void __init pud_clear_tests(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pudp)
+{
+ pud_t pud = READ_ONCE(*pudp);
+
+ if (mm_pmd_folded(mm))
+ return;
+
+ pud = __pud(pud_val(pud) | RANDOM_ORVALUE);
+ WRITE_ONCE(*pudp, pud);
+ pud_clear(pudp);
+ pud = READ_ONCE(*pudp);
+ WARN_ON(!pud_none(pud));
+}
+
+static void __init pud_populate_tests(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pudp,
+ pmd_t *pmdp)
+{
+ pud_t pud;
+
+ if (mm_pmd_folded(mm))
+ return;
+ /*
+ * This entry points to next level page table page.
+ * Hence this must not qualify as pud_bad().
+ */
+ pmd_clear(pmdp);
+ pud_clear(pudp);
+ pud_populate(mm, pudp, pmdp);
+ pud = READ_ONCE(*pudp);
+ WARN_ON(pud_bad(pud));
+}
+#else
+static void __init pud_clear_tests(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pudp) { }
+static void __init pud_populate_tests(struct mm_struct *mm, pud_t *pudp,
+ pmd_t *pmdp)
+{
+}
+#endif
+
+#ifndef __PAGETABLE_P4D_FOLDED
+static void __init p4d_clear_tests(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4dp)
+{
+ p4d_t p4d = READ_ONCE(*p4dp);
+
+ if (mm_pud_folded(mm))
+ return;
+
+ p4d = __p4d(p4d_val(p4d) | RANDOM_ORVALUE);
+ WRITE_ONCE(*p4dp, p4d);
+ p4d_clear(p4dp);
+ p4d = READ_ONCE(*p4dp);
+ WARN_ON(!p4d_none(p4d));
+}
+
+static void __init p4d_populate_tests(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4dp,
+ pud_t *pudp)
+{
+ p4d_t p4d;
+
+ if (mm_pud_folded(mm))
+ return;
+
+ /*
+ * This entry points to next level page table page.
+ * Hence this must not qualify as p4d_bad().
+ */
+ pud_clear(pudp);
+ p4d_clear(p4dp);
+ p4d_populate(mm, p4dp, pudp);
+ p4d = READ_ONCE(*p4dp);
+ WARN_ON(p4d_bad(p4d));
+}
+
+static void __init pgd_clear_tests(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgdp)
+{
+ pgd_t pgd = READ_ONCE(*pgdp);
+
+ if (mm_p4d_folded(mm))
+ return;
+
+ pgd = __pgd(pgd_val(pgd) | RANDOM_ORVALUE);
+ WRITE_ONCE(*pgdp, pgd);
+ pgd_clear(pgdp);
+ pgd = READ_ONCE(*pgdp);
+ WARN_ON(!pgd_none(pgd));
+}
+
+static void __init pgd_populate_tests(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgdp,
+ p4d_t *p4dp)
+{
+ pgd_t pgd;
+
+ if (mm_p4d_folded(mm))
+ return;
+
+ /*
+ * This entry points to next level page table page.
+ * Hence this must not qualify as pgd_bad().
+ */
+ p4d_clear(p4dp);
+ pgd_clear(pgdp);
+ pgd_populate(mm, pgdp, p4dp);
+ pgd = READ_ONCE(*pgdp);
+ WARN_ON(pgd_bad(pgd));
+}
+#else
+static void __init p4d_clear_tests(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4dp) { }
+static void __init pgd_clear_tests(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgdp) { }
+static void __init p4d_populate_tests(struct mm_struct *mm, p4d_t *p4dp,
+ pud_t *pudp)
+{
+}
+static void __init pgd_populate_tests(struct mm_struct *mm, pgd_t *pgdp,
+ p4d_t *p4dp)
+{
+}
+#endif
+
+static void __init pte_clear_tests(struct mm_struct *mm, pte_t *ptep,
+ unsigned long vaddr)
+{
+ pte_t pte = READ_ONCE(*ptep);
+
+ pte = __pte(pte_val(pte) | RANDOM_ORVALUE);
+ WRITE_ONCE(*ptep, pte);
+ pte_clear(mm, vaddr, ptep);
+ pte = READ_ONCE(*ptep);
+ WARN_ON(!pte_none(pte));
+}
+
+static void __init pmd_clear_tests(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmdp)
+{
+ pmd_t pmd = READ_ONCE(*pmdp);
+
+ pmd = __pmd(pmd_val(pmd) | RANDOM_ORVALUE);
+ WRITE_ONCE(*pmdp, pmd);
+ pmd_clear(pmdp);
+ pmd = READ_ONCE(*pmdp);
+ WARN_ON(!pmd_none(pmd));
+}
+
+static void __init pmd_populate_tests(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmdp,
+ pgtable_t pgtable)
+{
+ pmd_t pmd;
+
+ /*
+ * This entry points to next level page table page.
+ * Hence this must not qualify as pmd_bad().
+ */
+ pmd_clear(pmdp);
+ pmd_populate(mm, pmdp, pgtable);
+ pmd = READ_ONCE(*pmdp);
+ WARN_ON(pmd_bad(pmd));
+}
+
+static unsigned long __init get_random_vaddr(void)
+{
+ unsigned long random_vaddr, random_pages, total_user_pages;
+
+ total_user_pages = (TASK_SIZE - FIRST_USER_ADDRESS) / PAGE_SIZE;
+
+ random_pages = get_random_long() % total_user_pages;
+ random_vaddr = FIRST_USER_ADDRESS + random_pages * PAGE_SIZE;
+
+ return random_vaddr;
+}
+
+void __init debug_vm_pgtable(void)
+{
+ struct mm_struct *mm;
+ pgd_t *pgdp;
+ p4d_t *p4dp, *saved_p4dp;
+ pud_t *pudp, *saved_pudp;
+ pmd_t *pmdp, *saved_pmdp, pmd;
+ pte_t *ptep;
+ pgtable_t saved_ptep;
+ pgprot_t prot;
+ phys_addr_t paddr;
+ unsigned long vaddr, pte_aligned, pmd_aligned;
+ unsigned long pud_aligned, p4d_aligned, pgd_aligned;
+ spinlock_t *uninitialized_var(ptl);
+
+ pr_info("Validating architecture page table helpers\n");
+ prot = vm_get_page_prot(VMFLAGS);
+ vaddr = get_random_vaddr();
+ mm = mm_alloc();
+ if (!mm) {
+ pr_err("mm_struct allocation failed\n");
+ return;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * PFN for mapping at PTE level is determined from a standard kernel
+ * text symbol. But pfns for higher page table levels are derived by
+ * masking lower bits of this real pfn. These derived pfns might not
+ * exist on the platform but that does not really matter as pfn_pxx()
+ * helpers will still create appropriate entries for the test. This
+ * helps avoid large memory block allocations to be used for mapping
+ * at higher page table levels.
+ */
+ paddr = __pa_symbol(&start_kernel);
+
+ pte_aligned = (paddr & PAGE_MASK) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
+ pmd_aligned = (paddr & PMD_MASK) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
+ pud_aligned = (paddr & PUD_MASK) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
+ p4d_aligned = (paddr & P4D_MASK) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
+ pgd_aligned = (paddr & PGDIR_MASK) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
+ WARN_ON(!pfn_valid(pte_aligned));
+
+ pgdp = pgd_offset(mm, vaddr);
+ p4dp = p4d_alloc(mm, pgdp, vaddr);
+ pudp = pud_alloc(mm, p4dp, vaddr);
+ pmdp = pmd_alloc(mm, pudp, vaddr);
+ ptep = pte_alloc_map_lock(mm, pmdp, vaddr, &ptl);
+
+ /*
+ * Save all the page table page addresses as the page table
+ * entries will be used for testing with random or garbage
+ * values. These saved addresses will be used for freeing
+ * page table pages.
+ */
+ pmd = READ_ONCE(*pmdp);
+ saved_p4dp = p4d_offset(pgdp, 0UL);
+ saved_pudp = pud_offset(p4dp, 0UL);
+ saved_pmdp = pmd_offset(pudp, 0UL);
+ saved_ptep = pmd_pgtable(pmd);
+
+ pte_basic_tests(pte_aligned, prot);
+ pmd_basic_tests(pmd_aligned, prot);
+ pud_basic_tests(pud_aligned, prot);
+ p4d_basic_tests(p4d_aligned, prot);
+ pgd_basic_tests(pgd_aligned, prot);
+
+ pte_clear_tests(mm, ptep, vaddr);
+ pmd_clear_tests(mm, pmdp);
+ pud_clear_tests(mm, pudp);
+ p4d_clear_tests(mm, p4dp);
+ pgd_clear_tests(mm, pgdp);
+
+ pte_unmap_unlock(ptep, ptl);
+
+ pmd_populate_tests(mm, pmdp, saved_ptep);
+ pud_populate_tests(mm, pudp, saved_pmdp);
+ p4d_populate_tests(mm, p4dp, saved_pudp);
+ pgd_populate_tests(mm, pgdp, saved_p4dp);
+
+ p4d_free(mm, saved_p4dp);
+ pud_free(mm, saved_pudp);
+ pmd_free(mm, saved_pmdp);
+ pte_free(mm, saved_ptep);
+
+ mm_dec_nr_puds(mm);
+ mm_dec_nr_pmds(mm);
+ mm_dec_nr_ptes(mm);
+ mmdrop(mm);
+}
--
2.7.4
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