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Subject[RFC PATCH 09/13] sched/fair: core wide vruntime comparison
Date
From: Aaron Lu <aaron.lu@linux.alibaba.com>

This patch provides a vruntime based way to compare two cfs task's
priority, be it on the same cpu or different threads of the same core.

When the two tasks are on the same CPU, we just need to find a common
cfs_rq both sched_entities are on and then do the comparison.

When the two tasks are on differen threads of the same core, the root
level sched_entities to which the two tasks belong will be used to do
the comparison.

An ugly illustration for the cross CPU case:

cpu0 cpu1
/ | \ / | \
se1 se2 se3 se4 se5 se6
/ \ / \
se21 se22 se61 se62

Assume CPU0 and CPU1 are smt siblings and task A's se is se21 while
task B's se is se61. To compare priority of task A and B, we compare
priority of se2 and se6. Whose vruntime is smaller, who wins.

To make this work, the root level se should have a common cfs_rq min
vuntime, which I call it the core cfs_rq min vruntime.

When we adjust the min_vruntime of rq->core, we need to propgate
that down the tree so as to not cause starvation of existing tasks
based on previous vruntime.

Signed-off-by: Aaron Lu <ziqian.lzq@antfin.com>
---
kernel/sched/core.c | 15 +------
kernel/sched/fair.c | 99 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
kernel/sched/sched.h | 2 +
3 files changed, 102 insertions(+), 14 deletions(-)

diff --git a/kernel/sched/core.c b/kernel/sched/core.c
index 9a1bd236044e..556bf054b896 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/core.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/core.c
@@ -119,19 +119,8 @@ static inline bool prio_less(struct task_struct *a, struct task_struct *b)
if (pa == -1) /* dl_prio() doesn't work because of stop_class above */
return !dl_time_before(a->dl.deadline, b->dl.deadline);

- if (pa == MAX_RT_PRIO + MAX_NICE) { /* fair */
- u64 vruntime = b->se.vruntime;
-
- /*
- * Normalize the vruntime if tasks are in different cpus.
- */
- if (task_cpu(a) != task_cpu(b)) {
- vruntime -= task_cfs_rq(b)->min_vruntime;
- vruntime += task_cfs_rq(a)->min_vruntime;
- }
-
- return !((s64)(a->se.vruntime - vruntime) <= 0);
- }
+ if (pa == MAX_RT_PRIO + MAX_NICE) /* fair */
+ return cfs_prio_less(a, b);

return false;
}
diff --git a/kernel/sched/fair.c b/kernel/sched/fair.c
index d99ea6ee7af2..1c9a80d8dbb8 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/fair.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/fair.c
@@ -449,9 +449,105 @@ find_matching_se(struct sched_entity **se, struct sched_entity **pse)

#endif /* CONFIG_FAIR_GROUP_SCHED */

+static inline struct cfs_rq *root_cfs_rq(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq)
+{
+ return &rq_of(cfs_rq)->cfs;
+}
+
+static inline bool is_root_cfs_rq(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq)
+{
+ return cfs_rq == root_cfs_rq(cfs_rq);
+}
+
+static inline struct cfs_rq *core_cfs_rq(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq)
+{
+ return &rq_of(cfs_rq)->core->cfs;
+}
+
static inline u64 cfs_rq_min_vruntime(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq)
{
- return cfs_rq->min_vruntime;
+ if (!sched_core_enabled(rq_of(cfs_rq)))
+ return cfs_rq->min_vruntime;
+
+ if (is_root_cfs_rq(cfs_rq))
+ return core_cfs_rq(cfs_rq)->min_vruntime;
+ else
+ return cfs_rq->min_vruntime;
+}
+
+static void coresched_adjust_vruntime(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, u64 delta)
+{
+ struct sched_entity *se, *next;
+
+ if (!cfs_rq)
+ return;
+
+ cfs_rq->min_vruntime -= delta;
+ rbtree_postorder_for_each_entry_safe(se, next,
+ &cfs_rq->tasks_timeline.rb_root, run_node) {
+ if (se->vruntime > delta)
+ se->vruntime -= delta;
+ if (se->my_q)
+ coresched_adjust_vruntime(se->my_q, delta);
+ }
+}
+
+static void update_core_cfs_rq_min_vruntime(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq)
+{
+ struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq_core;
+
+ if (!sched_core_enabled(rq_of(cfs_rq)))
+ return;
+
+ if (!is_root_cfs_rq(cfs_rq))
+ return;
+
+ cfs_rq_core = core_cfs_rq(cfs_rq);
+ if (cfs_rq_core != cfs_rq &&
+ cfs_rq->min_vruntime < cfs_rq_core->min_vruntime) {
+ u64 delta = cfs_rq_core->min_vruntime - cfs_rq->min_vruntime;
+ coresched_adjust_vruntime(cfs_rq_core, delta);
+ }
+}
+
+bool cfs_prio_less(struct task_struct *a, struct task_struct *b)
+{
+ struct sched_entity *sea = &a->se;
+ struct sched_entity *seb = &b->se;
+ bool samecpu = task_cpu(a) == task_cpu(b);
+ struct task_struct *p;
+ s64 delta;
+
+ if (samecpu) {
+ /* vruntime is per cfs_rq */
+ while (!is_same_group(sea, seb)) {
+ int sea_depth = sea->depth;
+ int seb_depth = seb->depth;
+
+ if (sea_depth >= seb_depth)
+ sea = parent_entity(sea);
+ if (sea_depth <= seb_depth)
+ seb = parent_entity(seb);
+ }
+
+ delta = (s64)(sea->vruntime - seb->vruntime);
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ /* crosscpu: compare root level se's vruntime to decide priority */
+ while (sea->parent)
+ sea = sea->parent;
+ while (seb->parent)
+ seb = seb->parent;
+ delta = (s64)(sea->vruntime - seb->vruntime);
+
+out:
+ p = delta > 0 ? b : a;
+ trace_printk("picked %s/%d %s: %Ld %Ld %Ld\n", p->comm, p->pid,
+ samecpu ? "samecpu" : "crosscpu",
+ sea->vruntime, seb->vruntime, delta);
+
+ return delta > 0;
}

static __always_inline
@@ -511,6 +607,7 @@ static void update_min_vruntime(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq)

/* ensure we never gain time by being placed backwards. */
cfs_rq->min_vruntime = max_vruntime(cfs_rq_min_vruntime(cfs_rq), vruntime);
+ update_core_cfs_rq_min_vruntime(cfs_rq);
#ifndef CONFIG_64BIT
smp_wmb();
cfs_rq->min_vruntime_copy = cfs_rq->min_vruntime;
diff --git a/kernel/sched/sched.h b/kernel/sched/sched.h
index a829e26fa43a..ef9e08e5da6a 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/sched.h
+++ b/kernel/sched/sched.h
@@ -2561,6 +2561,8 @@ static inline bool sched_energy_enabled(void) { return false; }

#endif /* CONFIG_ENERGY_MODEL && CONFIG_CPU_FREQ_GOV_SCHEDUTIL */

+bool cfs_prio_less(struct task_struct *a, struct task_struct *b);
+
#ifdef CONFIG_MEMBARRIER
/*
* The scheduler provides memory barriers required by membarrier between:
--
2.17.1
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