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Subject[PATCH 3/3] kcsan: Update API documentation in kcsan-checks.h
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Update the API documentation for ASSERT_EXCLUSIVE_* macros and make them
generate readable documentation for the code examples.

All @variable short summaries were missing ':', which was updated for
the whole file.

Tested with 'make htmldocs'.

Signed-off-by: Marco Elver <elver@google.com>
---
include/linux/kcsan-checks.h | 98 ++++++++++++++++++++++--------------
1 file changed, 61 insertions(+), 37 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/kcsan-checks.h b/include/linux/kcsan-checks.h
index 1b8aac5d6a0b5..14fd10e5a9177 100644
--- a/include/linux/kcsan-checks.h
+++ b/include/linux/kcsan-checks.h
@@ -26,9 +26,9 @@
/**
* __kcsan_check_access - check generic access for races
*
- * @ptr address of access
- * @size size of access
- * @type access type modifier
+ * @ptr: address of access
+ * @size: size of access
+ * @type: access type modifier
*/
void __kcsan_check_access(const volatile void *ptr, size_t size, int type);

@@ -64,7 +64,7 @@ void kcsan_flat_atomic_end(void);
* Force treating the next n memory accesses for the current context as atomic
* operations.
*
- * @n number of following memory accesses to treat as atomic.
+ * @n: number of following memory accesses to treat as atomic.
*/
void kcsan_atomic_next(int n);

@@ -74,7 +74,7 @@ void kcsan_atomic_next(int n);
* Set the access mask for all accesses for the current context if non-zero.
* Only value changes to bits set in the mask will be reported.
*
- * @mask bitmask
+ * @mask: bitmask
*/
void kcsan_set_access_mask(unsigned long mask);

@@ -106,16 +106,16 @@ static inline void kcsan_check_access(const volatile void *ptr, size_t size,
/**
* __kcsan_check_read - check regular read access for races
*
- * @ptr address of access
- * @size size of access
+ * @ptr: address of access
+ * @size: size of access
*/
#define __kcsan_check_read(ptr, size) __kcsan_check_access(ptr, size, 0)

/**
* __kcsan_check_write - check regular write access for races
*
- * @ptr address of access
- * @size size of access
+ * @ptr: address of access
+ * @size: size of access
*/
#define __kcsan_check_write(ptr, size) \
__kcsan_check_access(ptr, size, KCSAN_ACCESS_WRITE)
@@ -123,16 +123,16 @@ static inline void kcsan_check_access(const volatile void *ptr, size_t size,
/**
* kcsan_check_read - check regular read access for races
*
- * @ptr address of access
- * @size size of access
+ * @ptr: address of access
+ * @size: size of access
*/
#define kcsan_check_read(ptr, size) kcsan_check_access(ptr, size, 0)

/**
* kcsan_check_write - check regular write access for races
*
- * @ptr address of access
- * @size size of access
+ * @ptr: address of access
+ * @size: size of access
*/
#define kcsan_check_write(ptr, size) \
kcsan_check_access(ptr, size, KCSAN_ACCESS_WRITE)
@@ -158,14 +158,26 @@ static inline void kcsan_check_access(const volatile void *ptr, size_t size,
* allowed. This assertion can be used to specify properties of concurrent code,
* where violation cannot be detected as a normal data race.
*
- * For example, if a per-CPU variable is only meant to be written by a single
- * CPU, but may be read from other CPUs; in this case, reads and writes must be
- * marked properly, however, if an off-CPU WRITE_ONCE() races with the owning
- * CPU's WRITE_ONCE(), would not constitute a data race but could be a harmful
- * race condition. Using this macro allows specifying this property in the code
- * and catch such bugs.
+ * For example, if we only have a single writer, but multiple concurrent
+ * readers, to avoid data races, all these accesses must be marked; even
+ * concurrent marked writes racing with the single writer are bugs.
+ * Unfortunately, due to being marked, they are no longer data races. For cases
+ * like these, we can use the macro as follows:
*
- * @var variable to assert on
+ * .. code-block:: c
+ *
+ * void writer(void) {
+ * spin_lock(&update_foo_lock);
+ * ASSERT_EXCLUSIVE_WRITER(shared_foo);
+ * WRITE_ONCE(shared_foo, ...);
+ * spin_unlock(&update_foo_lock);
+ * }
+ * void reader(void) {
+ * // update_foo_lock does not need to be held!
+ * ... = READ_ONCE(shared_foo);
+ * }
+ *
+ * @var: variable to assert on
*/
#define ASSERT_EXCLUSIVE_WRITER(var) \
__kcsan_check_access(&(var), sizeof(var), KCSAN_ACCESS_ASSERT)
@@ -177,16 +189,22 @@ static inline void kcsan_check_access(const volatile void *ptr, size_t size,
* writers). This assertion can be used to specify properties of concurrent
* code, where violation cannot be detected as a normal data race.
*
- * For example, in a reference-counting algorithm where exclusive access is
- * expected after the refcount reaches 0. We can check that this property
- * actually holds as follows:
+ * For example, where exclusive access is expected after determining no other
+ * users of an object are left, but the object is not actually freed. We can
+ * check that this property actually holds as follows:
+ *
+ * .. code-block:: c
*
* if (refcount_dec_and_test(&obj->refcnt)) {
* ASSERT_EXCLUSIVE_ACCESS(*obj);
- * safely_dispose_of(obj);
+ * do_some_cleanup(obj);
+ * release_for_reuse(obj);
* }
*
- * @var variable to assert on
+ * Note: For cases where the object is freed, `KASAN <kasan.html>`_ is a better
+ * fit to detect use-after-free bugs.
+ *
+ * @var: variable to assert on
*/
#define ASSERT_EXCLUSIVE_ACCESS(var) \
__kcsan_check_access(&(var), sizeof(var), KCSAN_ACCESS_WRITE | KCSAN_ACCESS_ASSERT)
@@ -200,7 +218,7 @@ static inline void kcsan_check_access(const volatile void *ptr, size_t size,
* concurrent readers are permitted. This assertion captures more detailed
* bit-level properties, compared to the other (word granularity) assertions.
* Only the bits set in @mask are checked for concurrent modifications, while
- * ignoring the remaining bits, i.e. concurrent writes (or reads) to ~@mask bits
+ * ignoring the remaining bits, i.e. concurrent writes (or reads) to ~mask bits
* are ignored.
*
* Use this for variables, where some bits must not be modified concurrently,
@@ -210,17 +228,21 @@ static inline void kcsan_check_access(const volatile void *ptr, size_t size,
* but other bits may still be modified concurrently. A reader may wish to
* assert that this is true as follows:
*
+ * .. code-block:: c
+ *
* ASSERT_EXCLUSIVE_BITS(flags, READ_ONLY_MASK);
* foo = (READ_ONCE(flags) & READ_ONLY_MASK) >> READ_ONLY_SHIFT;
*
- * Note: The access that immediately follows ASSERT_EXCLUSIVE_BITS() is
- * assumed to access the masked bits only, and KCSAN optimistically assumes it
- * is therefore safe, even in the presence of data races, and marking it with
- * READ_ONCE() is optional from KCSAN's point-of-view. We caution, however,
- * that it may still be advisable to do so, since we cannot reason about all
- * compiler optimizations when it comes to bit manipulations (on the reader
- * and writer side). If you are sure nothing can go wrong, we can write the
- * above simply as:
+ * Note: The access that immediately follows ASSERT_EXCLUSIVE_BITS() is assumed
+ * to access the masked bits only, and KCSAN optimistically assumes it is
+ * therefore safe, even in the presence of data races, and marking it with
+ * READ_ONCE() is optional from KCSAN's point-of-view. We caution, however, that
+ * it may still be advisable to do so, since we cannot reason about all compiler
+ * optimizations when it comes to bit manipulations (on the reader and writer
+ * side). If you are sure nothing can go wrong, we can write the above simply
+ * as:
+ *
+ * .. code-block:: c
*
* ASSERT_EXCLUSIVE_BITS(flags, READ_ONLY_MASK);
* foo = (flags & READ_ONLY_MASK) >> READ_ONLY_SHIFT;
@@ -230,15 +252,17 @@ static inline void kcsan_check_access(const volatile void *ptr, size_t size,
* be modified concurrently. Writers, where other bits may change concurrently,
* could use the assertion as follows:
*
+ * .. code-block:: c
+ *
* spin_lock(&foo_lock);
* ASSERT_EXCLUSIVE_BITS(flags, FOO_MASK);
- * old_flags = READ_ONCE(flags);
+ * old_flags = flags;
* new_flags = (old_flags & ~FOO_MASK) | (new_foo << FOO_SHIFT);
* if (cmpxchg(&flags, old_flags, new_flags) != old_flags) { ... }
* spin_unlock(&foo_lock);
*
- * @var variable to assert on
- * @mask only check for modifications to bits set in @mask
+ * @var: variable to assert on
+ * @mask: only check for modifications to bits set in @mask
*/
#define ASSERT_EXCLUSIVE_BITS(var, mask) \
do { \
--
2.25.0.265.gbab2e86ba0-goog
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