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Subject[PATCH 03/12] task_isolation: userspace hard isolation from kernel
Date
The existing nohz_full mode is designed as a "soft" isolation mode
that makes tradeoffs to minimize userspace interruptions while
still attempting to avoid overheads in the kernel entry/exit path,
to provide 100% kernel semantics, etc.

However, some applications require a "hard" commitment from the
kernel to avoid interruptions, in particular userspace device driver
style applications, such as high-speed networking code.

This change introduces a framework to allow applications
to elect to have the "hard" semantics as needed, specifying
prctl(PR_TASK_ISOLATION, PR_TASK_ISOLATION_ENABLE) to do so.

The kernel must be built with the new TASK_ISOLATION Kconfig flag
to enable this mode, and the kernel booted with an appropriate
"isolcpus=nohz,domain,CPULIST" boot argument to enable
nohz_full and isolcpus. The "task_isolation" state is then indicated
by setting a new task struct field, task_isolation_flag, to the
value passed by prctl(), and also setting a TIF_TASK_ISOLATION
bit in the thread_info flags. When the kernel is returning to
userspace from the prctl() call and sees TIF_TASK_ISOLATION set,
it calls the new task_isolation_start() routine to arrange for
the task to avoid being interrupted in the future.

With interrupts disabled, task_isolation_start() ensures that kernel
subsystems that might cause a future interrupt are quiesced. If it
doesn't succeed, it adjusts the syscall return value to indicate that
fact, and userspace can retry as desired. In addition to stopping
the scheduler tick, the code takes any actions that might avoid
a future interrupt to the core, such as a worker thread being
scheduled that could be quiesced now (e.g. the vmstat worker)
or a future IPI to the core to clean up some state that could be
cleaned up now (e.g. the mm lru per-cpu cache).

Once the task has returned to userspace after issuing the prctl(),
if it enters the kernel again via system call, page fault, or any
other exception or irq, the kernel will kill it with SIGKILL.
In addition to sending a signal, the code supports a kernel
command-line "task_isolation_debug" flag which causes a stack
backtrace to be generated whenever a task loses isolation.

To allow the state to be entered and exited, the syscall checking
test ignores the prctl(PR_TASK_ISOLATION) syscall so that we can
clear the bit again later, and ignores exit/exit_group to allow
exiting the task without a pointless signal being delivered.

The prctl() API allows for specifying a signal number to use instead
of the default SIGKILL, to allow for catching the notification
signal; for example, in a production environment, it might be
helpful to log information to the application logging mechanism
before exiting. Or, the signal handler might choose to reset the
program counter back to the code segment intended to be run isolated
via prctl() to continue execution.

In a number of cases we can tell on a remote cpu that we are
going to be interrupting the cpu, e.g. via an IPI or a TLB flush.
In that case we generate the diagnostic (and optional stack dump)
on the remote core to be able to deliver better diagnostics.
If the interrupt is not something caught by Linux (e.g. a
hypervisor interrupt) we can also request a reschedule IPI to
be sent to the remote core so it can be sure to generate a
signal to notify the process.

Separate patches that follow provide these changes for x86, arm,
and arm64.

Signed-off-by: Alex Belits <abelits@marvell.com>
---
.../admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt | 6 +
include/linux/hrtimer.h | 4 +
include/linux/isolation.h | 229 ++++++
include/linux/sched.h | 4 +
include/linux/tick.h | 3 +
include/uapi/linux/prctl.h | 6 +
init/Kconfig | 28 +
kernel/Makefile | 2 +
kernel/context_tracking.c | 2 +
kernel/isolation.c | 774 ++++++++++++++++++
kernel/signal.c | 2 +
kernel/sys.c | 6 +
kernel/time/hrtimer.c | 27 +
kernel/time/tick-sched.c | 18 +
14 files changed, 1111 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 include/linux/isolation.h
create mode 100644 kernel/isolation.c

diff --git a/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt b/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt
index c07815d230bc..e4a2d6e37645 100644
--- a/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt
+++ b/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt
@@ -4808,6 +4808,12 @@
neutralize any effect of /proc/sys/kernel/sysrq.
Useful for debugging.

+ task_isolation_debug [KNL]
+ In kernels built with CONFIG_TASK_ISOLATION, this
+ setting will generate console backtraces to
+ accompany the diagnostics generated about
+ interrupting tasks running with task isolation.
+
tcpmhash_entries= [KNL,NET]
Set the number of tcp_metrics_hash slots.
Default value is 8192 or 16384 depending on total
diff --git a/include/linux/hrtimer.h b/include/linux/hrtimer.h
index 15c8ac313678..e81252eb4f92 100644
--- a/include/linux/hrtimer.h
+++ b/include/linux/hrtimer.h
@@ -528,6 +528,10 @@ extern void __init hrtimers_init(void);
/* Show pending timers: */
extern void sysrq_timer_list_show(void);

+#ifdef CONFIG_TASK_ISOLATION
+extern void kick_hrtimer(void);
+#endif
+
int hrtimers_prepare_cpu(unsigned int cpu);
#ifdef CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU
int hrtimers_dead_cpu(unsigned int cpu);
diff --git a/include/linux/isolation.h b/include/linux/isolation.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..144766d3536a
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/linux/isolation.h
@@ -0,0 +1,229 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */
+/*
+ * Task isolation support
+ *
+ * Authors:
+ * Chris Metcalf <cmetcalf@mellanox.com>
+ * Alex Belits <abelits@marvell.com>
+ * Yuri Norov <ynorov@marvell.com>
+ */
+#ifndef _LINUX_ISOLATION_H
+#define _LINUX_ISOLATION_H
+
+#include <stdarg.h>
+#include <linux/errno.h>
+#include <linux/cpumask.h>
+#include <linux/prctl.h>
+#include <linux/types.h>
+
+struct task_struct;
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_TASK_ISOLATION
+
+int task_isolation_message(int cpu, int level, bool supp, const char *fmt, ...);
+
+#define pr_task_isol_emerg(cpu, fmt, ...) \
+ task_isolation_message(cpu, LOGLEVEL_EMERG, false, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__)
+#define pr_task_isol_alert(cpu, fmt, ...) \
+ task_isolation_message(cpu, LOGLEVEL_ALERT, false, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__)
+#define pr_task_isol_crit(cpu, fmt, ...) \
+ task_isolation_message(cpu, LOGLEVEL_CRIT, false, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__)
+#define pr_task_isol_err(cpu, fmt, ...) \
+ task_isolation_message(cpu, LOGLEVEL_ERR, false, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__)
+#define pr_task_isol_warn(cpu, fmt, ...) \
+ task_isolation_message(cpu, LOGLEVEL_WARNING, false, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__)
+#define pr_task_isol_notice(cpu, fmt, ...) \
+ task_isolation_message(cpu, LOGLEVEL_NOTICE, false, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__)
+#define pr_task_isol_info(cpu, fmt, ...) \
+ task_isolation_message(cpu, LOGLEVEL_INFO, false, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__)
+#define pr_task_isol_debug(cpu, fmt, ...) \
+ task_isolation_message(cpu, LOGLEVEL_DEBUG, false, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__)
+
+#define pr_task_isol_emerg_supp(cpu, fmt, ...) \
+ task_isolation_message(cpu, LOGLEVEL_EMERG, true, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__)
+#define pr_task_isol_alert_supp(cpu, fmt, ...) \
+ task_isolation_message(cpu, LOGLEVEL_ALERT, true, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__)
+#define pr_task_isol_crit_supp(cpu, fmt, ...) \
+ task_isolation_message(cpu, LOGLEVEL_CRIT, true, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__)
+#define pr_task_isol_err_supp(cpu, fmt, ...) \
+ task_isolation_message(cpu, LOGLEVEL_ERR, true, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__)
+#define pr_task_isol_warn_supp(cpu, fmt, ...) \
+ task_isolation_message(cpu, LOGLEVEL_WARNING, true, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__)
+#define pr_task_isol_notice_supp(cpu, fmt, ...) \
+ task_isolation_message(cpu, LOGLEVEL_NOTICE, true, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__)
+#define pr_task_isol_info_supp(cpu, fmt, ...) \
+ task_isolation_message(cpu, LOGLEVEL_INFO, true, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__)
+#define pr_task_isol_debug_supp(cpu, fmt, ...) \
+ task_isolation_message(cpu, LOGLEVEL_DEBUG, true, fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__)
+DECLARE_PER_CPU(unsigned long, tsk_thread_flags_copy);
+extern cpumask_var_t task_isolation_map;
+
+/**
+ * task_isolation_request() - prctl hook to request task isolation
+ * @flags: Flags from <linux/prctl.h> PR_TASK_ISOLATION_xxx.
+ *
+ * This is called from the generic prctl() code for PR_TASK_ISOLATION.
+ *
+ * Return: Returns 0 when task isolation enabled, otherwise a negative
+ * errno.
+ */
+extern int task_isolation_request(unsigned int flags);
+extern void task_isolation_cpu_cleanup(void);
+/**
+ * task_isolation_start() - attempt to actually start task isolation
+ *
+ * This function should be invoked as the last thing prior to returning to
+ * user space if TIF_TASK_ISOLATION is set in the thread_info flags. It
+ * will attempt to quiesce the core and enter task-isolation mode. If it
+ * fails, it will reset the system call return value to an error code that
+ * indicates the failure mode.
+ */
+extern void task_isolation_start(void);
+
+/**
+ * is_isolation_cpu() - check if CPU is intended for running isolated tasks.
+ * @cpu: CPU to check.
+ */
+static inline bool is_isolation_cpu(int cpu)
+{
+ return task_isolation_map != NULL &&
+ cpumask_test_cpu(cpu, task_isolation_map);
+}
+
+/**
+ * task_isolation_on_cpu() - check if the cpu is running isolated task
+ * @cpu: CPU to check.
+ */
+extern int task_isolation_on_cpu(int cpu);
+extern void task_isolation_check_run_cleanup(void);
+
+/**
+ * task_isolation_cpumask() - set CPUs currently running isolated tasks
+ * @mask: Mask to modify.
+ */
+extern void task_isolation_cpumask(struct cpumask *mask);
+
+/**
+ * task_isolation_clear_cpumask() - clear CPUs currently running isolated tasks
+ * @mask: Mask to modify.
+ */
+extern void task_isolation_clear_cpumask(struct cpumask *mask);
+
+/**
+ * task_isolation_syscall() - report a syscall from an isolated task
+ * @nr: The syscall number.
+ *
+ * This routine should be invoked at syscall entry if TIF_TASK_ISOLATION is
+ * set in the thread_info flags. It checks for valid syscalls,
+ * specifically prctl() with PR_TASK_ISOLATION, exit(), and exit_group().
+ * For any other syscall it will raise a signal and return failure.
+ *
+ * Return: 0 for acceptable syscalls, -1 for all others.
+ */
+extern int task_isolation_syscall(int nr);
+
+/**
+ * _task_isolation_interrupt() - report an interrupt of an isolated task
+ * @fmt: A format string describing the interrupt
+ * @...: Format arguments, if any.
+ *
+ * This routine should be invoked at any exception or IRQ if
+ * TIF_TASK_ISOLATION is set in the thread_info flags. It is not necessary
+ * to invoke it if the exception will generate a signal anyway (e.g. a bad
+ * page fault), and in that case it is preferable not to invoke it but just
+ * rely on the standard Linux signal. The macro task_isolation_syscall()
+ * wraps the TIF_TASK_ISOLATION flag test to simplify the caller code.
+ */
+extern void _task_isolation_interrupt(const char *fmt, ...);
+#define task_isolation_interrupt(fmt, ...) \
+ do { \
+ if (current_thread_info()->flags & _TIF_TASK_ISOLATION) \
+ _task_isolation_interrupt(fmt, ## __VA_ARGS__); \
+ } while (0)
+
+/**
+ * task_isolation_remote() - report a remote interrupt of an isolated task
+ * @cpu: The remote cpu that is about to be interrupted.
+ * @fmt: A format string describing the interrupt
+ * @...: Format arguments, if any.
+ *
+ * This routine should be invoked any time a remote IPI or other type of
+ * interrupt is being delivered to another cpu. The function will check to
+ * see if the target core is running a task-isolation task, and generate a
+ * diagnostic on the console if so; in addition, we tag the task so it
+ * doesn't generate another diagnostic when the interrupt actually arrives.
+ * Generating a diagnostic remotely yields a clearer indication of what
+ * happened then just reporting only when the remote core is interrupted.
+ *
+ */
+extern void task_isolation_remote(int cpu, const char *fmt, ...);
+
+/**
+ * task_isolation_remote_cpumask() - report interruption of multiple cpus
+ * @mask: The set of remotes cpus that are about to be interrupted.
+ * @fmt: A format string describing the interrupt
+ * @...: Format arguments, if any.
+ *
+ * This is the cpumask variant of _task_isolation_remote(). We
+ * generate a single-line diagnostic message even if multiple remote
+ * task-isolation cpus are being interrupted.
+ */
+extern void task_isolation_remote_cpumask(const struct cpumask *mask,
+ const char *fmt, ...);
+
+/**
+ * _task_isolation_signal() - disable task isolation when signal is pending
+ * @task: The task for which to disable isolation.
+ *
+ * This function generates a diagnostic and disables task isolation; it
+ * should be called if TIF_TASK_ISOLATION is set when notifying a task of a
+ * pending signal. The task_isolation_interrupt() function normally
+ * generates a diagnostic for events that just interrupt a task without
+ * generating a signal; here we need to hook the paths that correspond to
+ * interrupts that do generate a signal. The macro task_isolation_signal()
+ * wraps the TIF_TASK_ISOLATION flag test to simplify the caller code.
+ */
+extern void _task_isolation_signal(struct task_struct *task);
+#define task_isolation_signal(task) \
+ do { \
+ if (task_thread_info(task)->flags & _TIF_TASK_ISOLATION) \
+ _task_isolation_signal(task); \
+ } while (0)
+
+/**
+ * task_isolation_user_exit() - debug all user_exit calls
+ *
+ * By default, we don't generate an exception in the low-level user_exit()
+ * code, because programs lose the ability to disable task isolation: the
+ * user_exit() hook will cause a signal prior to task_isolation_syscall()
+ * disabling task isolation. In addition, it means that we lose all the
+ * diagnostic info otherwise available from task_isolation_interrupt() hooks
+ * later in the interrupt-handling process. But you may enable it here for
+ * a special kernel build if you are having undiagnosed userspace jitter.
+ */
+static inline void task_isolation_user_exit(void)
+{
+#ifdef DEBUG_TASK_ISOLATION
+ task_isolation_interrupt("user_exit");
+#endif
+}
+
+#else /* !CONFIG_TASK_ISOLATION */
+static inline int task_isolation_request(unsigned int flags) { return -EINVAL; }
+static inline void task_isolation_start(void) { }
+static inline bool is_isolation_cpu(int cpu) { return 0; }
+static inline int task_isolation_on_cpu(int cpu) { return 0; }
+static inline void task_isolation_cpumask(struct cpumask *mask) { }
+static inline void task_isolation_clear_cpumask(struct cpumask *mask) { }
+static inline void task_isolation_cpu_cleanup(void) { }
+static inline void task_isolation_check_run_cleanup(void) { }
+static inline int task_isolation_syscall(int nr) { return 0; }
+static inline void task_isolation_interrupt(const char *fmt, ...) { }
+static inline void task_isolation_remote(int cpu, const char *fmt, ...) { }
+static inline void task_isolation_remote_cpumask(const struct cpumask *mask,
+ const char *fmt, ...) { }
+static inline void task_isolation_signal(struct task_struct *task) { }
+static inline void task_isolation_user_exit(void) { }
+#endif
+
+#endif /* _LINUX_ISOLATION_H */
diff --git a/include/linux/sched.h b/include/linux/sched.h
index 04278493bf15..52fdb32aa3b9 100644
--- a/include/linux/sched.h
+++ b/include/linux/sched.h
@@ -1280,6 +1280,10 @@ struct task_struct {
unsigned long lowest_stack;
unsigned long prev_lowest_stack;
#endif
+#ifdef CONFIG_TASK_ISOLATION
+ unsigned short task_isolation_flags; /* prctl */
+ unsigned short task_isolation_state;
+#endif

/*
* New fields for task_struct should be added above here, so that
diff --git a/include/linux/tick.h b/include/linux/tick.h
index 7340613c7eff..27c7c033d5a8 100644
--- a/include/linux/tick.h
+++ b/include/linux/tick.h
@@ -268,6 +268,9 @@ static inline void tick_dep_clear_signal(struct signal_struct *signal,
extern void tick_nohz_full_kick_cpu(int cpu);
extern void __tick_nohz_task_switch(void);
extern void __init tick_nohz_full_setup(cpumask_var_t cpumask);
+#ifdef CONFIG_TASK_ISOLATION
+extern int try_stop_full_tick(void);
+#endif
#else
static inline bool tick_nohz_full_enabled(void) { return false; }
static inline bool tick_nohz_full_cpu(int cpu) { return false; }
diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/prctl.h b/include/uapi/linux/prctl.h
index 07b4f8131e36..f4848ed2a069 100644
--- a/include/uapi/linux/prctl.h
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/prctl.h
@@ -238,4 +238,10 @@ struct prctl_mm_map {
#define PR_SET_IO_FLUSHER 57
#define PR_GET_IO_FLUSHER 58

+/* Enable task_isolation mode for TASK_ISOLATION kernels. */
+#define PR_TASK_ISOLATION 48
+# define PR_TASK_ISOLATION_ENABLE (1 << 0)
+# define PR_TASK_ISOLATION_SET_SIG(sig) (((sig) & 0x7f) << 8)
+# define PR_TASK_ISOLATION_GET_SIG(bits) (((bits) >> 8) & 0x7f)
+
#endif /* _LINUX_PRCTL_H */
diff --git a/init/Kconfig b/init/Kconfig
index 20a6ac33761c..ecdf567f6bd4 100644
--- a/init/Kconfig
+++ b/init/Kconfig
@@ -576,6 +576,34 @@ config CPU_ISOLATION

source "kernel/rcu/Kconfig"

+config HAVE_ARCH_TASK_ISOLATION
+ bool
+
+config TASK_ISOLATION
+ bool "Provide hard CPU isolation from the kernel on demand"
+ depends on NO_HZ_FULL && HAVE_ARCH_TASK_ISOLATION
+ help
+
+ Allow userspace processes that place themselves on cores with
+ nohz_full and isolcpus enabled, and run prctl(PR_TASK_ISOLATION),
+ to "isolate" themselves from the kernel. Prior to returning to
+ userspace, isolated tasks will arrange that no future kernel
+ activity will interrupt the task while the task is running in
+ userspace. Attempting to re-enter the kernel while in this mode
+ will cause the task to be terminated with a signal; you must
+ explicitly use prctl() to disable task isolation before resuming
+ normal use of the kernel.
+
+ This "hard" isolation from the kernel is required for userspace
+ tasks that are running hard real-time tasks in userspace, such as
+ a high-speed network driver in userspace. Without this option, but
+ with NO_HZ_FULL enabled, the kernel will make a best-faith, "soft"
+ effort to shield a single userspace process from interrupts, but
+ makes no guarantees.
+
+ You should say "N" unless you are intending to run a
+ high-performance userspace driver or similar task.
+
config BUILD_BIN2C
bool
default n
diff --git a/kernel/Makefile b/kernel/Makefile
index 4cb4130ced32..2f2ae91f90d5 100644
--- a/kernel/Makefile
+++ b/kernel/Makefile
@@ -122,6 +122,8 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_GCC_PLUGIN_STACKLEAK) += stackleak.o
KASAN_SANITIZE_stackleak.o := n
KCOV_INSTRUMENT_stackleak.o := n

+obj-$(CONFIG_TASK_ISOLATION) += isolation.o
+
$(obj)/configs.o: $(obj)/config_data.gz

targets += config_data.gz
diff --git a/kernel/context_tracking.c b/kernel/context_tracking.c
index 0296b4bda8f1..e9206736f219 100644
--- a/kernel/context_tracking.c
+++ b/kernel/context_tracking.c
@@ -21,6 +21,7 @@
#include <linux/hardirq.h>
#include <linux/export.h>
#include <linux/kprobes.h>
+#include <linux/isolation.h>

#define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS
#include <trace/events/context_tracking.h>
@@ -157,6 +158,7 @@ void __context_tracking_exit(enum ctx_state state)
if (state == CONTEXT_USER) {
vtime_user_exit(current);
trace_user_exit(0);
+ task_isolation_user_exit();
}
}
__this_cpu_write(context_tracking.state, CONTEXT_KERNEL);
diff --git a/kernel/isolation.c b/kernel/isolation.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..8e982ae1b19e
--- /dev/null
+++ b/kernel/isolation.c
@@ -0,0 +1,774 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only
+/*
+ * linux/kernel/isolation.c
+ *
+ * Implementation of task isolation.
+ *
+ * Authors:
+ * Chris Metcalf <cmetcalf@mellanox.com>
+ * Alex Belits <abelits@marvell.com>
+ * Yuri Norov <ynorov@marvell.com>
+ */
+
+#include <linux/mm.h>
+#include <linux/swap.h>
+#include <linux/vmstat.h>
+#include <linux/sched.h>
+#include <linux/isolation.h>
+#include <linux/syscalls.h>
+#include <linux/smp.h>
+#include <linux/tick.h>
+#include <asm/unistd.h>
+#include <asm/syscall.h>
+#include <linux/hrtimer.h>
+
+/*
+ * These values are stored in task_isolation_state.
+ * Note that STATE_NORMAL + TIF_TASK_ISOLATION means we are still
+ * returning from sys_prctl() to userspace.
+ */
+enum {
+ STATE_NORMAL = 0, /* Not isolated */
+ STATE_ISOLATED = 1 /* In userspace, isolated */
+};
+
+/*
+ * This variable contains thread flags copied at the moment
+ * when schedule() switched to the task on a given CPU,
+ * or 0 if no task is running.
+ */
+DEFINE_PER_CPU(unsigned long, tsk_thread_flags_cache);
+
+/*
+ * Counter for isolation state on a given CPU, increments when entering
+ * isolation and decrements when exiting isolation (before or after the
+ * cleanup). Multiple simultaneously running procedures entering or
+ * exiting isolation are prevented by checking the result of
+ * incrementing or decrementing this variable. This variable is both
+ * incremented and decremented by CPU that caused isolation entering or
+ * exit.
+ *
+ * This is necessary because multiple isolation-breaking events may happen
+ * at once (or one as the result of the other), however isolation exit
+ * may only happen once to transition from isolated to non-isolated state.
+ * Therefore, if decrementing this counter results in a value less than 0,
+ * isolation exit procedure can't be started -- it already happened, or is
+ * in progress, or isolation is not entered yet.
+ */
+DEFINE_PER_CPU(atomic_t, isol_counter);
+
+/*
+ * Description of the last two tasks that ran isolated on a given CPU.
+ * This is intended only for messages about isolation breaking. We
+ * don't want any references to actual task while accessing this from
+ * CPU that caused isolation breaking -- we know nothing about timing
+ * and don't want to use locking or RCU.
+ */
+struct isol_task_desc {
+ atomic_t curr_index;
+ atomic_t curr_index_wr;
+ bool warned[2];
+ pid_t pid[2];
+ pid_t tgid[2];
+ char comm[2][TASK_COMM_LEN];
+};
+static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct isol_task_desc, isol_task_descs);
+
+/*
+ * Counter for isolation exiting procedures (from request to the start of
+ * cleanup) being attempted at once on a CPU. Normally incrementing of
+ * this counter is performed from the CPU that caused isolation breaking,
+ * however decrementing is done from the cleanup procedure, delegated to
+ * the CPU that is exiting isolation, not from the CPU that caused isolation
+ * breaking.
+ *
+ * If incrementing this counter while starting isolation exit procedure
+ * results in a value greater than 0, isolation exiting is already in
+ * progress, and cleanup did not start yet. This means, counter should be
+ * decremented back, and isolation exit that is already in progress, should
+ * be allowed to complete. Otherwise, a new isolation exit procedure should
+ * be started.
+ */
+DEFINE_PER_CPU(atomic_t, isol_exit_counter);
+
+/*
+ * Descriptor for isolation-breaking SMP calls
+ */
+DEFINE_PER_CPU(call_single_data_t, isol_break_csd);
+
+cpumask_var_t task_isolation_map;
+cpumask_var_t task_isolation_cleanup_map;
+static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(task_isolation_cleanup_lock);
+
+/* We can run on cpus that are isolated from the scheduler and are nohz_full. */
+static int __init task_isolation_init(void)
+{
+ alloc_bootmem_cpumask_var(&task_isolation_cleanup_map);
+ if (alloc_cpumask_var(&task_isolation_map, GFP_KERNEL))
+ /*
+ * At this point task isolation should match
+ * nohz_full. This may change in the future.
+ */
+ cpumask_copy(task_isolation_map, tick_nohz_full_mask);
+ return 0;
+}
+core_initcall(task_isolation_init)
+
+/* Enable stack backtraces of any interrupts of task_isolation cores. */
+static bool task_isolation_debug;
+static int __init task_isolation_debug_func(char *str)
+{
+ task_isolation_debug = true;
+ return 1;
+}
+__setup("task_isolation_debug", task_isolation_debug_func);
+
+/*
+ * Record name, pid and group pid of the task entering isolation on
+ * the current CPU.
+ */
+static void record_curr_isolated_task(void)
+{
+ int ind;
+ int cpu = smp_processor_id();
+ struct isol_task_desc *desc = &per_cpu(isol_task_descs, cpu);
+ struct task_struct *task = current;
+
+ /* Finish everything before recording current task */
+ smp_mb();
+ ind = atomic_inc_return(&desc->curr_index_wr) & 1;
+ desc->comm[ind][sizeof(task->comm) - 1] = '\0';
+ memcpy(desc->comm[ind], task->comm, sizeof(task->comm) - 1);
+ desc->pid[ind] = task->pid;
+ desc->tgid[ind] = task->tgid;
+ desc->warned[ind] = false;
+ /* Write everything, to be seen by other CPUs */
+ smp_mb();
+ atomic_inc(&desc->curr_index);
+ /* Everyone will see the new record from this point */
+ smp_mb();
+}
+
+/*
+ * Print message prefixed with the description of the current (or
+ * last) isolated task on a given CPU. Intended for isolation breaking
+ * messages that include target task for the user's convenience.
+ *
+ * Messages produced with this function may have obsolete task
+ * information if isolated tasks managed to exit, start and enter
+ * isolation multiple times, or multiple tasks tried to enter
+ * isolation on the same CPU at once. For those unusual cases it would
+ * contain a valid description of the cause for isolation breaking and
+ * target CPU number, just not the correct description of which task
+ * ended up losing isolation.
+ */
+int task_isolation_message(int cpu, int level, bool supp, const char *fmt, ...)
+{
+ struct isol_task_desc *desc;
+ struct task_struct *task;
+ va_list args;
+ char buf_prefix[TASK_COMM_LEN + 20 + 3 * 20];
+ char buf[200];
+ int curr_cpu, ind_counter, ind_counter_old, ind;
+
+ curr_cpu = get_cpu();
+ desc = &per_cpu(isol_task_descs, cpu);
+ ind_counter = atomic_read(&desc->curr_index);
+
+ if (curr_cpu == cpu) {
+ /*
+ * Message is for the current CPU so current
+ * task_struct should be used instead of cached
+ * information.
+ *
+ * Like in other diagnostic messages, if issued from
+ * interrupt context, current will be the interrupted
+ * task. Unlike other diagnostic messages, this is
+ * always relevant because the message is about
+ * interrupting a task.
+ */
+ ind = ind_counter & 1;
+ if (supp && desc->warned[ind]) {
+ /*
+ * If supp is true, skip the message if the
+ * same task was mentioned in the message
+ * originated on remote CPU, and it did not
+ * re-enter isolated state since then (warned
+ * is true). Only local messages following
+ * remote messages, likely about the same
+ * isolation breaking event, are skipped to
+ * avoid duplication. If remote cause is
+ * immediately followed by a local one before
+ * isolation is broken, local cause is skipped
+ * from messages.
+ */
+ put_cpu();
+ return 0;
+ }
+ task = current;
+ snprintf(buf_prefix, sizeof(buf_prefix),
+ "isolation %s/%d/%d (cpu %d)",
+ task->comm, task->tgid, task->pid, cpu);
+ put_cpu();
+ } else {
+ /*
+ * Message is for remote CPU, use cached information.
+ */
+ put_cpu();
+ /*
+ * Make sure, index remained unchanged while data was
+ * copied. If it changed, data that was copied may be
+ * inconsistent because two updates in a sequence could
+ * overwrite the data while it was being read.
+ */
+ do {
+ /* Make sure we are reading up to date values */
+ smp_mb();
+ ind = ind_counter & 1;
+ snprintf(buf_prefix, sizeof(buf_prefix),
+ "isolation %s/%d/%d (cpu %d)",
+ desc->comm[ind], desc->tgid[ind],
+ desc->pid[ind], cpu);
+ desc->warned[ind] = true;
+ ind_counter_old = ind_counter;
+ /* Record the warned flag, then re-read descriptor */
+ smp_mb();
+ ind_counter = atomic_read(&desc->curr_index);
+ /*
+ * If the counter changed, something was updated, so
+ * repeat everything to get the current data
+ */
+ } while (ind_counter != ind_counter_old);
+ }
+
+ va_start(args, fmt);
+ vsnprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), fmt, args);
+ va_end(args);
+
+ switch (level) {
+ case LOGLEVEL_EMERG:
+ pr_emerg("%s: %s", buf_prefix, buf);
+ break;
+ case LOGLEVEL_ALERT:
+ pr_alert("%s: %s", buf_prefix, buf);
+ break;
+ case LOGLEVEL_CRIT:
+ pr_crit("%s: %s", buf_prefix, buf);
+ break;
+ case LOGLEVEL_ERR:
+ pr_err("%s: %s", buf_prefix, buf);
+ break;
+ case LOGLEVEL_WARNING:
+ pr_warn("%s: %s", buf_prefix, buf);
+ break;
+ case LOGLEVEL_NOTICE:
+ pr_notice("%s: %s", buf_prefix, buf);
+ break;
+ case LOGLEVEL_INFO:
+ pr_info("%s: %s", buf_prefix, buf);
+ break;
+ case LOGLEVEL_DEBUG:
+ pr_debug("%s: %s", buf_prefix, buf);
+ break;
+ default:
+ /* No message without a valid level */
+ return 0;
+ }
+ return 1;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Dump stack if need be. This can be helpful even from the final exit
+ * to usermode code since stack traces sometimes carry information about
+ * what put you into the kernel, e.g. an interrupt number encoded in
+ * the initial entry stack frame that is still visible at exit time.
+ */
+static void debug_dump_stack(void)
+{
+ if (task_isolation_debug)
+ dump_stack();
+}
+
+/*
+ * Set the flags word but don't try to actually start task isolation yet.
+ * We will start it when entering user space in task_isolation_start().
+ */
+int task_isolation_request(unsigned int flags)
+{
+ struct task_struct *task = current;
+
+ /*
+ * The task isolation flags should always be cleared just by
+ * virtue of having entered the kernel.
+ */
+ WARN_ON_ONCE(test_tsk_thread_flag(task, TIF_TASK_ISOLATION));
+ WARN_ON_ONCE(task->task_isolation_flags != 0);
+ WARN_ON_ONCE(task->task_isolation_state != STATE_NORMAL);
+
+ task->task_isolation_flags = flags;
+ if (!(task->task_isolation_flags & PR_TASK_ISOLATION_ENABLE))
+ return 0;
+
+ /* We are trying to enable task isolation. */
+ set_tsk_thread_flag(task, TIF_TASK_ISOLATION);
+
+ /*
+ * Shut down the vmstat worker so we're not interrupted later.
+ * We have to try to do this here (with interrupts enabled) since
+ * we are canceling delayed work and will call flush_work()
+ * (which enables interrupts) and possibly schedule().
+ */
+ quiet_vmstat_sync();
+
+ /* We return 0 here but we may change that in task_isolation_start(). */
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Perform actions that should be done immediately on exit from isolation.
+ */
+static void fast_task_isolation_cpu_cleanup(void *info)
+{
+ atomic_dec(&per_cpu(isol_exit_counter, smp_processor_id()));
+ /* At this point breaking isolation from other CPUs is possible again */
+
+ /*
+ * This task is no longer isolated (and if by any chance this
+ * is the wrong task, it's already not isolated)
+ */
+ current->task_isolation_flags = 0;
+ clear_tsk_thread_flag(current, TIF_TASK_ISOLATION);
+
+ /* Run the rest of cleanup later */
+ set_tsk_thread_flag(current, TIF_NOTIFY_RESUME);
+
+ /* Copy flags with task isolation disabled */
+ this_cpu_write(tsk_thread_flags_cache,
+ READ_ONCE(task_thread_info(current)->flags));
+}
+
+/* Disable task isolation for the specified task. */
+static void stop_isolation(struct task_struct *p)
+{
+ int cpu, this_cpu;
+ unsigned long flags;
+
+ this_cpu = get_cpu();
+ cpu = task_cpu(p);
+ if (atomic_inc_return(&per_cpu(isol_exit_counter, cpu)) > 1) {
+ /* Already exiting isolation */
+ atomic_dec(&per_cpu(isol_exit_counter, cpu));
+ put_cpu();
+ return;
+ }
+
+ if (p == current) {
+ p->task_isolation_state = STATE_NORMAL;
+ fast_task_isolation_cpu_cleanup(NULL);
+ task_isolation_cpu_cleanup();
+ if (atomic_dec_return(&per_cpu(isol_counter, cpu)) < 0) {
+ /* Is not isolated already */
+ atomic_inc(&per_cpu(isol_counter, cpu));
+ }
+ put_cpu();
+ } else {
+ if (atomic_dec_return(&per_cpu(isol_counter, cpu)) < 0) {
+ /* Is not isolated already */
+ atomic_inc(&per_cpu(isol_counter, cpu));
+ atomic_dec(&per_cpu(isol_exit_counter, cpu));
+ put_cpu();
+ return;
+ }
+ /*
+ * Schedule "slow" cleanup. This relies on
+ * TIF_NOTIFY_RESUME being set
+ */
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&task_isolation_cleanup_lock, flags);
+ cpumask_set_cpu(cpu, task_isolation_cleanup_map);
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&task_isolation_cleanup_lock, flags);
+ /*
+ * Setting flags is delegated to the CPU where
+ * isolated task is running
+ * isol_exit_counter will be decremented from there as well.
+ */
+ per_cpu(isol_break_csd, cpu).func =
+ fast_task_isolation_cpu_cleanup;
+ per_cpu(isol_break_csd, cpu).info = NULL;
+ per_cpu(isol_break_csd, cpu).flags = 0;
+ smp_call_function_single_async(cpu,
+ &per_cpu(isol_break_csd, cpu));
+ put_cpu();
+ }
+}
+
+/*
+ * This code runs with interrupts disabled just before the return to
+ * userspace, after a prctl() has requested enabling task isolation.
+ * We take whatever steps are needed to avoid being interrupted later:
+ * drain the lru pages, stop the scheduler tick, etc. More
+ * functionality may be added here later to avoid other types of
+ * interrupts from other kernel subsystems.
+ *
+ * If we can't enable task isolation, we update the syscall return
+ * value with an appropriate error.
+ */
+void task_isolation_start(void)
+{
+ int error;
+
+ /*
+ * We should only be called in STATE_NORMAL (isolation disabled),
+ * on our way out of the kernel from the prctl() that turned it on.
+ * If we are exiting from the kernel in another state, it means we
+ * made it back into the kernel without disabling task isolation,
+ * and we should investigate how (and in any case disable task
+ * isolation at this point). We are clearly not on the path back
+ * from the prctl() so we don't touch the syscall return value.
+ */
+ if (WARN_ON_ONCE(current->task_isolation_state != STATE_NORMAL)) {
+ /* Increment counter, this will allow isolation breaking */
+ if (atomic_inc_return(&per_cpu(isol_counter,
+ smp_processor_id())) > 1) {
+ atomic_dec(&per_cpu(isol_counter, smp_processor_id()));
+ }
+ atomic_inc(&per_cpu(isol_counter, smp_processor_id()));
+ stop_isolation(current);
+ return;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * Must be affinitized to a single core with task isolation possible.
+ * In principle this could be remotely modified between the prctl()
+ * and the return to userspace, so we have to check it here.
+ */
+ if (current->nr_cpus_allowed != 1 ||
+ !is_isolation_cpu(smp_processor_id())) {
+ error = -EINVAL;
+ goto error;
+ }
+
+ /* If the vmstat delayed work is not canceled, we have to try again. */
+ if (!vmstat_idle()) {
+ error = -EAGAIN;
+ goto error;
+ }
+
+ /* Try to stop the dynamic tick. */
+ error = try_stop_full_tick();
+ if (error)
+ goto error;
+
+ /* Drain the pagevecs to avoid unnecessary IPI flushes later. */
+ lru_add_drain();
+
+ /* Increment counter, this will allow isolation breaking */
+ if (atomic_inc_return(&per_cpu(isol_counter,
+ smp_processor_id())) > 1) {
+ atomic_dec(&per_cpu(isol_counter, smp_processor_id()));
+ }
+
+ /* Record isolated task IDs and name */
+ record_curr_isolated_task();
+
+ /* Copy flags with task isolation enabled */
+ this_cpu_write(tsk_thread_flags_cache,
+ READ_ONCE(task_thread_info(current)->flags));
+
+ current->task_isolation_state = STATE_ISOLATED;
+ return;
+
+error:
+ /* Increment counter, this will allow isolation breaking */
+ if (atomic_inc_return(&per_cpu(isol_counter,
+ smp_processor_id())) > 1) {
+ atomic_dec(&per_cpu(isol_counter, smp_processor_id()));
+ }
+ stop_isolation(current);
+ syscall_set_return_value(current, current_pt_regs(), error, 0);
+}
+
+/* Stop task isolation on the remote task and send it a signal. */
+static void send_isolation_signal(struct task_struct *task)
+{
+ int flags = task->task_isolation_flags;
+ kernel_siginfo_t info = {
+ .si_signo = PR_TASK_ISOLATION_GET_SIG(flags) ?: SIGKILL,
+ };
+
+ stop_isolation(task);
+ send_sig_info(info.si_signo, &info, task);
+}
+
+/* Only a few syscalls are valid once we are in task isolation mode. */
+static bool is_acceptable_syscall(int syscall)
+{
+ /* No need to incur an isolation signal if we are just exiting. */
+ if (syscall == __NR_exit || syscall == __NR_exit_group)
+ return true;
+
+ /* Check to see if it's the prctl for isolation. */
+ if (syscall == __NR_prctl) {
+ unsigned long arg[SYSCALL_MAX_ARGS];
+
+ syscall_get_arguments(current, current_pt_regs(), arg);
+ if (arg[0] == PR_TASK_ISOLATION)
+ return true;
+ }
+
+ return false;
+}
+
+/*
+ * This routine is called from syscall entry, prevents most syscalls
+ * from executing, and if needed raises a signal to notify the process.
+ *
+ * Note that we have to stop isolation before we even print a message
+ * here, since otherwise we might end up reporting an interrupt due to
+ * kicking the printk handling code, rather than reporting the true
+ * cause of interrupt here.
+ *
+ * The message is not suppressed by previous remotely triggered
+ * messages.
+ */
+int task_isolation_syscall(int syscall)
+{
+ struct task_struct *task = current;
+
+ if (is_acceptable_syscall(syscall)) {
+ stop_isolation(task);
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ send_isolation_signal(task);
+
+ pr_task_isol_warn(smp_processor_id(),
+ "task_isolation lost due to syscall %d\n",
+ syscall);
+ debug_dump_stack();
+
+ syscall_set_return_value(task, current_pt_regs(), -ERESTARTNOINTR, -1);
+ return -1;
+}
+
+/*
+ * This routine is called from any exception or irq that doesn't
+ * otherwise trigger a signal to the user process (e.g. page fault).
+ *
+ * Messages will be suppressed if there is already a reported remote
+ * cause for isolation breaking, so we don't generate multiple
+ * confusingly similar messages about the same event.
+ */
+void _task_isolation_interrupt(const char *fmt, ...)
+{
+ struct task_struct *task = current;
+ va_list args;
+ char buf[100];
+
+ /* RCU should have been enabled prior to this point. */
+ RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!rcu_is_watching(), "kernel entry without RCU");
+
+ /* Are we exiting isolation already? */
+ if (atomic_read(&per_cpu(isol_exit_counter, smp_processor_id())) != 0) {
+ task->task_isolation_state = STATE_NORMAL;
+ return;
+ }
+ /*
+ * Avoid reporting interrupts that happen after we have prctl'ed
+ * to enable isolation, but before we have returned to userspace.
+ */
+ if (task->task_isolation_state == STATE_NORMAL)
+ return;
+
+ va_start(args, fmt);
+ vsnprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), fmt, args);
+ va_end(args);
+
+ /* Handle NMIs minimally, since we can't send a signal. */
+ if (in_nmi()) {
+ pr_task_isol_err(smp_processor_id(),
+ "isolation: in NMI; not delivering signal\n");
+ } else {
+ send_isolation_signal(task);
+ }
+
+ if (pr_task_isol_warn_supp(smp_processor_id(),
+ "task_isolation lost due to %s\n", buf))
+ debug_dump_stack();
+}
+
+/*
+ * Called before we wake up a task that has a signal to process.
+ * Needs to be done to handle interrupts that trigger signals, which
+ * we don't catch with task_isolation_interrupt() hooks.
+ *
+ * This message is also suppressed if there was already a remotely
+ * caused message about the same isolation breaking event.
+ */
+void _task_isolation_signal(struct task_struct *task)
+{
+ struct isol_task_desc *desc;
+ int ind, cpu;
+ bool do_warn = (task->task_isolation_state == STATE_ISOLATED);
+
+ cpu = task_cpu(task);
+ desc = &per_cpu(isol_task_descs, cpu);
+ ind = atomic_read(&desc->curr_index) & 1;
+ if (desc->warned[ind])
+ do_warn = false;
+
+ stop_isolation(task);
+
+ if (do_warn) {
+ pr_warn("isolation: %s/%d/%d (cpu %d): task_isolation lost due to signal\n",
+ task->comm, task->tgid, task->pid, cpu);
+ debug_dump_stack();
+ }
+}
+
+/*
+ * Generate a stack backtrace if we are going to interrupt another task
+ * isolation process.
+ */
+void task_isolation_remote(int cpu, const char *fmt, ...)
+{
+ struct task_struct *curr_task;
+ va_list args;
+ char buf[200];
+
+ if (!is_isolation_cpu(cpu) || !task_isolation_on_cpu(cpu))
+ return;
+
+ curr_task = current;
+
+ va_start(args, fmt);
+ vsnprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), fmt, args);
+ va_end(args);
+ if (pr_task_isol_warn(cpu,
+ "task_isolation lost due to %s by %s/%d/%d on cpu %d\n",
+ buf,
+ curr_task->comm, curr_task->tgid,
+ curr_task->pid, smp_processor_id()))
+ debug_dump_stack();
+}
+
+/*
+ * Generate a stack backtrace if any of the cpus in "mask" are running
+ * task isolation processes.
+ */
+void task_isolation_remote_cpumask(const struct cpumask *mask,
+ const char *fmt, ...)
+{
+ struct task_struct *curr_task;
+ cpumask_var_t warn_mask;
+ va_list args;
+ char buf[200];
+ int cpu, first_cpu;
+
+ if (task_isolation_map == NULL ||
+ !zalloc_cpumask_var(&warn_mask, GFP_KERNEL))
+ return;
+
+ first_cpu = -1;
+ for_each_cpu_and(cpu, mask, task_isolation_map) {
+ if (task_isolation_on_cpu(cpu)) {
+ if (first_cpu < 0)
+ first_cpu = cpu;
+ else
+ cpumask_set_cpu(cpu, warn_mask);
+ }
+ }
+
+ if (first_cpu < 0)
+ goto done;
+
+ curr_task = current;
+
+ va_start(args, fmt);
+ vsnprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), fmt, args);
+ va_end(args);
+
+ if (cpumask_weight(warn_mask) == 0)
+ pr_task_isol_warn(first_cpu,
+ "task_isolation lost due to %s by %s/%d/%d on cpu %d\n",
+ buf, curr_task->comm, curr_task->tgid,
+ curr_task->pid, smp_processor_id());
+ else
+ pr_task_isol_warn(first_cpu,
+ " and cpus %*pbl: task_isolation lost due to %s by %s/%d/%d on cpu %d\n",
+ cpumask_pr_args(warn_mask),
+ buf, curr_task->comm, curr_task->tgid,
+ curr_task->pid, smp_processor_id());
+ debug_dump_stack();
+
+done:
+ free_cpumask_var(warn_mask);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Check if given CPU is running isolated task.
+ */
+int task_isolation_on_cpu(int cpu)
+{
+ return test_bit(TIF_TASK_ISOLATION,
+ &per_cpu(tsk_thread_flags_cache, cpu));
+}
+
+/*
+ * Set CPUs currently running isolated tasks in CPU mask.
+ */
+void task_isolation_cpumask(struct cpumask *mask)
+{
+ int cpu;
+
+ if (task_isolation_map == NULL)
+ return;
+
+ for_each_cpu(cpu, task_isolation_map)
+ if (task_isolation_on_cpu(cpu))
+ cpumask_set_cpu(cpu, mask);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Clear CPUs currently running isolated tasks in CPU mask.
+ */
+void task_isolation_clear_cpumask(struct cpumask *mask)
+{
+ int cpu;
+
+ if (task_isolation_map == NULL)
+ return;
+
+ for_each_cpu(cpu, task_isolation_map)
+ if (task_isolation_on_cpu(cpu))
+ cpumask_clear_cpu(cpu, mask);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Cleanup procedure. The call to this procedure may be delayed.
+ */
+void task_isolation_cpu_cleanup(void)
+{
+ kick_hrtimer();
+}
+
+/*
+ * Check if cleanup is scheduled on the current CPU, and if so, run it.
+ * Intended to be called from notify_resume() or another such callback
+ * on the target CPU.
+ */
+void task_isolation_check_run_cleanup(void)
+{
+ int cpu;
+ unsigned long flags;
+
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&task_isolation_cleanup_lock, flags);
+
+ cpu = smp_processor_id();
+
+ if (cpumask_test_cpu(cpu, task_isolation_cleanup_map)) {
+ cpumask_clear_cpu(cpu, task_isolation_cleanup_map);
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&task_isolation_cleanup_lock, flags);
+ task_isolation_cpu_cleanup();
+ } else
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&task_isolation_cleanup_lock, flags);
+}
diff --git a/kernel/signal.c b/kernel/signal.c
index 5b2396350dd1..1df57e38c361 100644
--- a/kernel/signal.c
+++ b/kernel/signal.c
@@ -46,6 +46,7 @@
#include <linux/livepatch.h>
#include <linux/cgroup.h>
#include <linux/audit.h>
+#include <linux/isolation.h>

#define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS
#include <trace/events/signal.h>
@@ -758,6 +759,7 @@ static int dequeue_synchronous_signal(kernel_siginfo_t *info)
*/
void signal_wake_up_state(struct task_struct *t, unsigned int state)
{
+ task_isolation_signal(t);
set_tsk_thread_flag(t, TIF_SIGPENDING);
/*
* TASK_WAKEKILL also means wake it up in the stopped/traced/killable
diff --git a/kernel/sys.c b/kernel/sys.c
index f9bc5c303e3f..0a4059a8c4f9 100644
--- a/kernel/sys.c
+++ b/kernel/sys.c
@@ -42,6 +42,7 @@
#include <linux/syscore_ops.h>
#include <linux/version.h>
#include <linux/ctype.h>
+#include <linux/isolation.h>

#include <linux/compat.h>
#include <linux/syscalls.h>
@@ -2513,6 +2514,11 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE5(prctl, int, option, unsigned long, arg2, unsigned long, arg3,

error = (current->flags & PR_IO_FLUSHER) == PR_IO_FLUSHER;
break;
+ case PR_TASK_ISOLATION:
+ if (arg3 || arg4 || arg5)
+ return -EINVAL;
+ error = task_isolation_request(arg2);
+ break;
default:
error = -EINVAL;
break;
diff --git a/kernel/time/hrtimer.c b/kernel/time/hrtimer.c
index 3a609e7344f3..5bb98f39bde6 100644
--- a/kernel/time/hrtimer.c
+++ b/kernel/time/hrtimer.c
@@ -30,6 +30,7 @@
#include <linux/syscalls.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
#include <linux/tick.h>
+#include <linux/isolation.h>
#include <linux/err.h>
#include <linux/debugobjects.h>
#include <linux/sched/signal.h>
@@ -721,6 +722,19 @@ static void retrigger_next_event(void *arg)
raw_spin_unlock(&base->lock);
}

+#ifdef CONFIG_TASK_ISOLATION
+void kick_hrtimer(void)
+{
+ unsigned long flags;
+
+ preempt_disable();
+ local_irq_save(flags);
+ retrigger_next_event(NULL);
+ local_irq_restore(flags);
+ preempt_enable();
+}
+#endif
+
/*
* Switch to high resolution mode
*/
@@ -868,8 +882,21 @@ static void hrtimer_reprogram(struct hrtimer *timer, bool reprogram)
void clock_was_set(void)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_HIGH_RES_TIMERS
+#ifdef CONFIG_TASK_ISOLATION
+ struct cpumask mask;
+
+ cpumask_clear(&mask);
+ task_isolation_cpumask(&mask);
+ cpumask_complement(&mask, &mask);
+ /*
+ * Retrigger the CPU local events everywhere except CPUs
+ * running isolated tasks.
+ */
+ on_each_cpu_mask(&mask, retrigger_next_event, NULL, 1);
+#else
/* Retrigger the CPU local events everywhere */
on_each_cpu(retrigger_next_event, NULL, 1);
+#endif
#endif
timerfd_clock_was_set();
}
diff --git a/kernel/time/tick-sched.c b/kernel/time/tick-sched.c
index a792d21cac64..1d4dec9d3ee7 100644
--- a/kernel/time/tick-sched.c
+++ b/kernel/time/tick-sched.c
@@ -882,6 +882,24 @@ static void tick_nohz_full_update_tick(struct tick_sched *ts)
#endif
}

+#ifdef CONFIG_TASK_ISOLATION
+int try_stop_full_tick(void)
+{
+ int cpu = smp_processor_id();
+ struct tick_sched *ts = this_cpu_ptr(&tick_cpu_sched);
+
+ /* For an unstable clock, we should return a permanent error code. */
+ if (atomic_read(&tick_dep_mask) & TICK_DEP_MASK_CLOCK_UNSTABLE)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ if (!can_stop_full_tick(cpu, ts))
+ return -EAGAIN;
+
+ tick_nohz_stop_sched_tick(ts, cpu);
+ return 0;
+}
+#endif
+
static bool can_stop_idle_tick(int cpu, struct tick_sched *ts)
{
/*
--
2.20.1
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