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SubjectRe: [PATCH v3 1/2] xenbus: req->body should be updated before req->state
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Hi,

On 03/03/2020 22:14, Dongli Zhang wrote:
> The req->body should be updated before req->state is updated and the
> order should be guaranteed by a barrier.
>
> Otherwise, read_reply() might return req->body = NULL.
>
> Below is sample callstack when the issue is reproduced on purpose by
> reordering the updates of req->body and req->state and adding delay in
> code between updates of req->state and req->body.
>
> [ 22.356105] general protection fault: 0000 [#1] SMP PTI
> [ 22.361185] CPU: 2 PID: 52 Comm: xenwatch Not tainted 5.5.0xen+ #6
> [ 22.366727] Hardware name: Xen HVM domU, BIOS ...
> [ 22.372245] RIP: 0010:_parse_integer_fixup_radix+0x6/0x60
> ... ...
> [ 22.392163] RSP: 0018:ffffb2d64023fdf0 EFLAGS: 00010246
> [ 22.395933] RAX: 0000000000000000 RBX: 75746e7562755f6d RCX: 0000000000000000
> [ 22.400871] RDX: 0000000000000000 RSI: ffffb2d64023fdfc RDI: 75746e7562755f6d
> [ 22.405874] RBP: 0000000000000000 R08: 00000000000001e8 R09: 0000000000cdcdcd
> [ 22.410945] R10: ffffb2d6402ffe00 R11: ffff9d95395eaeb0 R12: ffff9d9535935000
> [ 22.417613] R13: ffff9d9526d4a000 R14: ffff9d9526f4f340 R15: ffff9d9537654000
> [ 22.423726] FS: 0000000000000000(0000) GS:ffff9d953bc80000(0000) knlGS:0000000000000000
> [ 22.429898] CS: 0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 0000000080050033
> [ 22.434342] CR2: 000000c4206a9000 CR3: 00000001ea3fc002 CR4: 00000000001606e0
> [ 22.439645] DR0: 0000000000000000 DR1: 0000000000000000 DR2: 0000000000000000
> [ 22.444941] DR3: 0000000000000000 DR6: 00000000fffe0ff0 DR7: 0000000000000400
> [ 22.450342] Call Trace:
> [ 22.452509] simple_strtoull+0x27/0x70
> [ 22.455572] xenbus_transaction_start+0x31/0x50
> [ 22.459104] netback_changed+0x76c/0xcc1 [xen_netfront]
> [ 22.463279] ? find_watch+0x40/0x40
> [ 22.466156] xenwatch_thread+0xb4/0x150
> [ 22.469309] ? wait_woken+0x80/0x80
> [ 22.472198] kthread+0x10e/0x130
> [ 22.474925] ? kthread_park+0x80/0x80
> [ 22.477946] ret_from_fork+0x35/0x40
> [ 22.480968] Modules linked in: xen_kbdfront xen_fbfront(+) xen_netfront xen_blkfront
> [ 22.486783] ---[ end trace a9222030a747c3f7 ]---
> [ 22.490424] RIP: 0010:_parse_integer_fixup_radix+0x6/0x60
>
> The virt_rmb() is added in the 'true' path of test_reply(). The "while"
> is changed to "do while" so that test_reply() is used as a read memory
> barrier.
>
> Signed-off-by: Dongli Zhang <dongli.zhang@oracle.com>

Reviewed-by: Julien Grall <jgrall@amazon.com>

> ---
> Changed since v1:
> - change "barrier()" to "virt_rmb()" in test_reply()
> Changed since v2:
> - Use "virt_rmb()" only in 'true' path
>
> drivers/xen/xenbus/xenbus_comms.c | 2 ++
> drivers/xen/xenbus/xenbus_xs.c | 9 ++++++---
> 2 files changed, 8 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/drivers/xen/xenbus/xenbus_comms.c b/drivers/xen/xenbus/xenbus_comms.c
> index d239fc3c5e3d..852ed161fc2a 100644
> --- a/drivers/xen/xenbus/xenbus_comms.c
> +++ b/drivers/xen/xenbus/xenbus_comms.c
> @@ -313,6 +313,8 @@ static int process_msg(void)
> req->msg.type = state.msg.type;
> req->msg.len = state.msg.len;
> req->body = state.body;
> + /* write body, then update state */
> + virt_wmb();
> req->state = xb_req_state_got_reply;
> req->cb(req);
> } else
> diff --git a/drivers/xen/xenbus/xenbus_xs.c b/drivers/xen/xenbus/xenbus_xs.c
> index ddc18da61834..3a06eb699f33 100644
> --- a/drivers/xen/xenbus/xenbus_xs.c
> +++ b/drivers/xen/xenbus/xenbus_xs.c
> @@ -191,8 +191,11 @@ static bool xenbus_ok(void)
>
> static bool test_reply(struct xb_req_data *req)
> {
> - if (req->state == xb_req_state_got_reply || !xenbus_ok())
> + if (req->state == xb_req_state_got_reply || !xenbus_ok()) {
> + /* read req->state before all other fields */
> + virt_rmb();
> return true;
> + }
>
> /* Make sure to reread req->state each time. */
> barrier();
> @@ -202,7 +205,7 @@ static bool test_reply(struct xb_req_data *req)
>
> static void *read_reply(struct xb_req_data *req)
> {
> - while (req->state != xb_req_state_got_reply) {
> + do {
> wait_event(req->wq, test_reply(req));
>
> if (!xenbus_ok())
> @@ -216,7 +219,7 @@ static void *read_reply(struct xb_req_data *req)
> if (req->err)
> return ERR_PTR(req->err);
>
> - }
> + } while (req->state != xb_req_state_got_reply);
>
> return req->body;
> }
>

--
Julien Grall

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