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SubjectRe: [RFC PATCH v1 42/50] drivers/ininiband: Use get_random_u32()
On Sun, Mar 29, 2020 at 03:01:36PM +0000, Bernard Metzler wrote:
> -----"George Spelvin" <lkml@sdf.org> wrote: -----
>> Subject: [EXTERNAL] [RFC PATCH v1 42/50] drivers/ininiband: Use
get_random_u32()
>>
>> There's no need to get_random_bytes() into a temporary buffer.
>>
>> This is not a no-brainer change; get_random_u32() has slightly weaker
>> security guarantees, but code like this is the classic example of when
>> it's appropriate: the random value is stored in the kernel for as long
>> as it's valuable.
>>
>> TODO: Could any of the call sites be further weakened to prandom_u32()?
>> If we're randomizing to avoid collisions with a *cooperating* (as opposed
>> to malicious) partner, we don't need cryptographic strength.
>>
>> Signed-off-by: George Spelvin <lkml@sdf.org>
>> Cc: Doug Ledford <dledford@redhat.com>
>> Cc: Jason Gunthorpe <jgg@mellanox.com>
>> Cc: linux-rdma@vger.kernel.org
>> Cc: Faisal Latif <faisal.latif@intel.com>
>> Cc: Shiraz Saleem <shiraz.saleem@intel.com>
>> Cc: Bart Van Assche <bvanassche@acm.org>
>> Cc: Bernard Metzler <bmt@zurich.ibm.com>

>> diff --git a/drivers/infiniband/sw/siw/siw_verbs.c
>> b/drivers/infiniband/sw/siw/siw_verbs.c
>> index 5fd6d6499b3d7..42f3ced4ca7c7 100644
>> --- a/drivers/infiniband/sw/siw/siw_verbs.c
>> +++ b/drivers/infiniband/sw/siw/siw_verbs.c
>> @@ -1139,7 +1139,7 @@ int siw_create_cq(struct ib_cq *base_cq, const
>> struct ib_cq_init_attr *attr,
>> rv = -ENOMEM;
>> goto err_out;
>> }
>> - get_random_bytes(&cq->id, 4);
>> + cq->id = get_random_u32();
>> siw_dbg(base_cq->device, "new CQ [%u]\n", cq->id);
>>
>> spin_lock_init(&cq->lock);

> Speaking for the siw driver only, these two changes are looking
> good to me. What is needed is a pseudo-random number, not
> to easy to guess for the application. get_random_u32() provides that.
>
> Thanks!
>
> Reviewed-by: Bernard Metzler <bmt@zurich.ibm.com>

Just so you know, get_random_u32() is still crypto-strength: it is
unguessable even to a resourceful attacker with access to large amounts
of other get_random_u32() output.

prandom_u32() is much cheaper, but although well seeded and distributed
(so equally resistant to accidental collisions), *is* guessable if someone
really wants to work at it.

Many intra-machine networks (like infiniband) are specifically not
designed to be robust in the face of malicious actors on the network.
A random transaction ID is sent in the clear, and a malicious actor
wanting to interfere could simply copy it.

In such cases, there's no need for crypto-grade numbers, because the
network already assumes that nobody's actively trying to create
collisions.

You seem to be saying that the siw driver could use prandom_u32().
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