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SubjectRe: [PATCH v18 03/11] PCI/DPC: Fix DPC recovery issue in non hotplug case
On Sat, Mar 28, 2020 at 03:04:05PM -0700, Kuppuswamy, Sathyanarayanan wrote:
> Hi Bjorn,
>
> On 3/28/20 10:10 AM, Bjorn Helgaas wrote:
> > On Tue, Mar 24, 2020 at 06:17:44PM -0700, Kuppuswamy, Sathyanarayanan wrote:
> > > On 3/24/20 4:49 PM, Bjorn Helgaas wrote:
> > > > I don't understand why hotplug is relevant here. This path
> > > > (dpc_reset_link()) is only used for downstream ports that support DPC.
> > > > DPC has already disabled the link, which resets everything below the
> > > > port, regardless of whether the port supports hotplug.
> > > >
> > > > I do see that PCI_ERS_RESULT_NEED_RESET seems to promise a lot more
> > > > than it actually *does*. The doc (pci-error-recovery.rst) says
> > > > .error_detected() can return PCI_ERS_RESULT_NEED_RESET to *request* a
> > > > slot reset. But if that happens, pcie_do_recovery() doesn't do a
> > > > reset at all. It calls the driver's .slot_reset() method, which tells
> > > > the driver "we've reset your device; please re-initialize the
> > > > hardware."
> > > >
> > > > I guess this abuses PCI_ERS_RESULT_NEED_RESET by taking advantage of
> > > > that implementation deficiency in pcie_do_recovery(): we know the
> > > > downstream devices have already been reset via DPC, and returning
> > > > PCI_ERS_RESULT_NEED_RESET means we'll call .slot_reset() to tell the
> > > > driver about that reset.
> > > >
> > > > I can see how this achieves the desired result, but if/when we fix
> > > > pcie_do_recovery() to actually *do* the reset promised by
> > > > PCI_ERS_RESULT_NEED_RESET, we will be doing *two* resets: the first
> > > > via DPC and a second via whatever slot reset mechanism
> > > > pcie_do_recovery() would use.
> > >
> > > When we fix this issue, if we make sure the reset logic is
> > > implemented before we call .reset_link callback we should be
> > > able to avoid resetting the device twice. Before we call DPC
> > > .reset_link callback, the device link will not up and hence we
> > > should not able to reset it.
> > >
> > > > So I guess the real issue (as you allude to in the commit log) is that
> > > > we rely on hotplug to unbind/rebind the driver, and without hotplug we
> > > > need to at least tell the driver the device was reset.
> > >
> > > Agree
> > >
> > > > I'll try to expand the comment here so it reminds me what's going on
> > > > when we have to look at this again:) Let me know if I'm on the right
> > > > track.
> > >
> > > Yes, your understanding is correct.
> >
> > OK, thanks. I'm still uncomfortable with this issue, so I think I'm
> > going to apply this series but omit this patch. Here's why:
> >
> > 1) The fact that resets may cause hotplug events isn't specific to
> > DPC, so I don't think dpc_reset_link() is the right place. For
> > instance, aer_root_reset() ultimately does a secondary bus reset.
> Agree. Reset is common for pci_channel_io_frozen errors. I did not
> look into aer_root_reset() implementation. So if state
> is pci_channel_io_frozen then we can assume the slot has been
> reseted.
> The
> > pci_slot_reset() -> pciehp_reset_slot() path goes to some trouble to
> > ignore the resulting hotplug event, but the pci_bus_reset() path does
> > not.
> >
> > 2) I'm not convinced that "hotplug_is_native()" is the correct test.
> > Even if we're using ACPI hotplug (acpiphp), that will detach the
> > drivers and remove the devices, won't it?
> Yes, agreed. It does not handle ACPI hotplug case. In case of
> ACPI hotplug, native_pcie_hotplug = 0. May be we need a new helper
> function. hotplug_is_enabled() ?

I'm not proposing the patch below to be applied. I only included it
as an idea of where the hotplug testing should be.

I'm proposing to merge the pci/edr branch as-is, without these two
patches:

PCI: move {pciehp,shpchp}_is_native() definitions to pci.c
PCI/DPC: Fix DPC recovery issue in non hotplug case

accepting that we still have some issues in the non-hotplug case that
we can fix later.

> > I considered something like the patch below, which partly addresses my
> > first concern, but not the second. Even the first one is awfully
> > messy because of the different ways the aer_root_reset() path can
> > work.
> >
> >
> > PCI/ERR: Skip driver callbacks if reset causes hotplug remove/add
> >
> > diff --git a/drivers/pci/pcie/err.c b/drivers/pci/pcie/err.c
> > index 1ac57e9e1e71..000551a06013 100644
> > --- a/drivers/pci/pcie/err.c
> > +++ b/drivers/pci/pcie/err.c
> > @@ -208,6 +208,18 @@ void pcie_do_recovery(struct pci_dev *dev, enum pci_channel_state state,
> > status = reset_link(dev, service);
> > if (status != PCI_ERS_RESULT_RECOVERED)
> > goto failed;
> > +
> > + /*
> > + * If pdev supports hotplug, a link reset causes a hotplug
> > + * remove event. If we have a hotplug driver, it will
> > + * detach all drivers of downstream devices and remove the
> > + * devices, so we can't call any driver error recovery
> > + * callbacks. Bringing the link back up causes a hotplug
> > + * add event, and the devices should be re-enumerated and
> > + * the drivers re-attached.
> > + */
> > + if (hotplug_is_native(pdev))
> > + goto succeeded;
> > } else {
> > pci_walk_bus(bus, report_normal_detected, &status);
> > }
> > @@ -224,7 +236,11 @@ void pcie_do_recovery(struct pci_dev *dev, enum pci_channel_state state,
> > * functions to reset slot before calling
> > * drivers' slot_reset callbacks?
> > */
> > + pci_warn(pdev, "driver requested reset, but that's not implemented\n");
> > status = PCI_ERS_RESULT_RECOVERED;
> > + }
> > +
> > + if (status == PCI_ERS_RESULT_RECOVERED) {
> Moving it outside status == PCI_ERS_NEED_RESET check will let it execute
> in non frozen error as well. IIUC, we should not call it on all error
> types. Let me know your comments.
> > pci_dbg(dev, "broadcast slot_reset message\n");
> > pci_walk_bus(bus, report_slot_reset, &status);
> > }
> > @@ -235,6 +251,7 @@ void pcie_do_recovery(struct pci_dev *dev, enum pci_channel_state state,
> > pci_dbg(dev, "broadcast resume message\n");
> > pci_walk_bus(bus, report_resume, &status);
> > +succeeded:
> > pci_aer_clear_device_status(dev);
> > pci_cleanup_aer_uncorrect_error_status(dev);
> > pci_info(dev, "device recovery successful\n");
> >

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