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SubjectRe: [PATCH v18 03/11] PCI/DPC: Fix DPC recovery issue in non hotplug case
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Hi Bjorn,

On 3/28/20 10:10 AM, Bjorn Helgaas wrote:
> On Tue, Mar 24, 2020 at 06:17:44PM -0700, Kuppuswamy, Sathyanarayanan wrote:
>> On 3/24/20 4:49 PM, Bjorn Helgaas wrote:
>>> I don't understand why hotplug is relevant here. This path
>>> (dpc_reset_link()) is only used for downstream ports that support DPC.
>>> DPC has already disabled the link, which resets everything below the
>>> port, regardless of whether the port supports hotplug.
>>>
>>> I do see that PCI_ERS_RESULT_NEED_RESET seems to promise a lot more
>>> than it actually *does*. The doc (pci-error-recovery.rst) says
>>> .error_detected() can return PCI_ERS_RESULT_NEED_RESET to *request* a
>>> slot reset. But if that happens, pcie_do_recovery() doesn't do a
>>> reset at all. It calls the driver's .slot_reset() method, which tells
>>> the driver "we've reset your device; please re-initialize the
>>> hardware."
>>>
>>> I guess this abuses PCI_ERS_RESULT_NEED_RESET by taking advantage of
>>> that implementation deficiency in pcie_do_recovery(): we know the
>>> downstream devices have already been reset via DPC, and returning
>>> PCI_ERS_RESULT_NEED_RESET means we'll call .slot_reset() to tell the
>>> driver about that reset.
>>>
>>> I can see how this achieves the desired result, but if/when we fix
>>> pcie_do_recovery() to actually *do* the reset promised by
>>> PCI_ERS_RESULT_NEED_RESET, we will be doing *two* resets: the first
>>> via DPC and a second via whatever slot reset mechanism
>>> pcie_do_recovery() would use.
>>
>> When we fix this issue, if we make sure the reset logic is
>> implemented before we call .reset_link callback we should be
>> able to avoid resetting the device twice. Before we call DPC
>> .reset_link callback, the device link will not up and hence we
>> should not able to reset it.
>>
>>> So I guess the real issue (as you allude to in the commit log) is that
>>> we rely on hotplug to unbind/rebind the driver, and without hotplug we
>>> need to at least tell the driver the device was reset.
>>
>> Agree
>>
>>> I'll try to expand the comment here so it reminds me what's going on
>>> when we have to look at this again:) Let me know if I'm on the right
>>> track.
>>
>> Yes, your understanding is correct.
>
> OK, thanks. I'm still uncomfortable with this issue, so I think I'm
> going to apply this series but omit this patch. Here's why:
>
> 1) The fact that resets may cause hotplug events isn't specific to
> DPC, so I don't think dpc_reset_link() is the right place. For
> instance, aer_root_reset() ultimately does a secondary bus reset.
Agree. Reset is common for pci_channel_io_frozen errors. I did not
look into aer_root_reset() implementation. So if state
is pci_channel_io_frozen then we can assume the slot has been
reseted.
The
> pci_slot_reset() -> pciehp_reset_slot() path goes to some trouble to
> ignore the resulting hotplug event, but the pci_bus_reset() path does
> not.
>
> 2) I'm not convinced that "hotplug_is_native()" is the correct test.
> Even if we're using ACPI hotplug (acpiphp), that will detach the
> drivers and remove the devices, won't it?
Yes, agreed. It does not handle ACPI hotplug case. In case of
ACPI hotplug, native_pcie_hotplug = 0. May be we need a new helper
function. hotplug_is_enabled() ?
>
> I considered something like the patch below, which partly addresses my
> first concern, but not the second. Even the first one is awfully
> messy because of the different ways the aer_root_reset() path can
> work.
>
>
> PCI/ERR: Skip driver callbacks if reset causes hotplug remove/add
>
> diff --git a/drivers/pci/pcie/err.c b/drivers/pci/pcie/err.c
> index 1ac57e9e1e71..000551a06013 100644
> --- a/drivers/pci/pcie/err.c
> +++ b/drivers/pci/pcie/err.c
> @@ -208,6 +208,18 @@ void pcie_do_recovery(struct pci_dev *dev, enum pci_channel_state state,
> status = reset_link(dev, service);
> if (status != PCI_ERS_RESULT_RECOVERED)
> goto failed;
> +
> + /*
> + * If pdev supports hotplug, a link reset causes a hotplug
> + * remove event. If we have a hotplug driver, it will
> + * detach all drivers of downstream devices and remove the
> + * devices, so we can't call any driver error recovery
> + * callbacks. Bringing the link back up causes a hotplug
> + * add event, and the devices should be re-enumerated and
> + * the drivers re-attached.
> + */
> + if (hotplug_is_native(pdev))
> + goto succeeded;
> } else {
> pci_walk_bus(bus, report_normal_detected, &status);
> }
> @@ -224,7 +236,11 @@ void pcie_do_recovery(struct pci_dev *dev, enum pci_channel_state state,
> * functions to reset slot before calling
> * drivers' slot_reset callbacks?
> */
> + pci_warn(pdev, "driver requested reset, but that's not implemented\n");
> status = PCI_ERS_RESULT_RECOVERED;
> + }
> +
> + if (status == PCI_ERS_RESULT_RECOVERED) {
Moving it outside status == PCI_ERS_NEED_RESET check will let it execute
in non frozen error as well. IIUC, we should not call it on all error
types. Let me know your comments.
> pci_dbg(dev, "broadcast slot_reset message\n");
> pci_walk_bus(bus, report_slot_reset, &status);
> }
> @@ -235,6 +251,7 @@ void pcie_do_recovery(struct pci_dev *dev, enum pci_channel_state state,
> pci_dbg(dev, "broadcast resume message\n");
> pci_walk_bus(bus, report_resume, &status);
>
> +succeeded:
> pci_aer_clear_device_status(dev);
> pci_cleanup_aer_uncorrect_error_status(dev);
> pci_info(dev, "device recovery successful\n");
>

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