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SubjectRe: [RFC PATCH 03/11] Drivers: hv: vmbus: Replace the per-CPU channel lists with a global array of channels
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Andrea Parri <parri.andrea@gmail.com> writes:

> On Thu, Mar 26, 2020 at 03:31:20PM +0100, Vitaly Kuznetsov wrote:
>> "Andrea Parri (Microsoft)" <parri.andrea@gmail.com> writes:
>>
>> > When Hyper-V sends an interrupt to the guest, the guest has to figure
>> > out which channel the interrupt is associated with. Hyper-V sets a bit
>> > in a memory page that is shared with the guest, indicating a particular
>> > "relid" that the interrupt is associated with. The current Linux code
>> > then uses a set of per-CPU linked lists to map a given "relid" to a
>> > pointer to a channel structure.
>> >
>> > This design introduces a synchronization problem if the CPU that Hyper-V
>> > will interrupt for a certain channel is changed. If the interrupt comes
>> > on the "old CPU" and the channel was already moved to the per-CPU list
>> > of the "new CPU", then the relid -> channel mapping will fail and the
>> > interrupt is dropped. Similarly, if the interrupt comes on the new CPU
>> > but the channel was not moved to the per-CPU list of the new CPU, then
>> > the mapping will fail and the interrupt is dropped.
>> >
>> > Relids are integers ranging from 0 to 2047. The mapping from relids to
>> > channel structures can be done by setting up an array with 2048 entries,
>> > each entry being a pointer to a channel structure (hence total size ~16K
>> > bytes, which is not a problem). The array is global, so there are no
>> > per-CPU linked lists to update. The array can be searched and updated
>> > by simply loading and storing the array at the specified index. With no
>> > per-CPU data structures, the above mentioned synchronization problem is
>> > avoided and the relid2channel() function gets simpler.
>> >
>> > Suggested-by: Michael Kelley <mikelley@microsoft.com>
>> > Signed-off-by: Andrea Parri (Microsoft) <parri.andrea@gmail.com>
>> > ---
>> > drivers/hv/channel_mgmt.c | 158 ++++++++++++++++++++++----------------
>> > drivers/hv/connection.c | 38 +++------
>> > drivers/hv/hv.c | 2 -
>> > drivers/hv/hyperv_vmbus.h | 14 ++--
>> > drivers/hv/vmbus_drv.c | 48 +++++++-----
>> > include/linux/hyperv.h | 5 --
>> > 6 files changed, 139 insertions(+), 126 deletions(-)
>> >
>> > diff --git a/drivers/hv/channel_mgmt.c b/drivers/hv/channel_mgmt.c
>> > index 1191f3d76d111..9b1449c839575 100644
>> > --- a/drivers/hv/channel_mgmt.c
>> > +++ b/drivers/hv/channel_mgmt.c
>> > @@ -319,7 +319,6 @@ static struct vmbus_channel *alloc_channel(void)
>> > init_completion(&channel->rescind_event);
>> >
>> > INIT_LIST_HEAD(&channel->sc_list);
>> > - INIT_LIST_HEAD(&channel->percpu_list);
>> >
>> > tasklet_init(&channel->callback_event,
>> > vmbus_on_event, (unsigned long)channel);
>> > @@ -340,23 +339,28 @@ static void free_channel(struct vmbus_channel *channel)
>> > kobject_put(&channel->kobj);
>> > }
>> >
>> > -static void percpu_channel_enq(void *arg)
>> > +void vmbus_channel_map_relid(struct vmbus_channel *channel)
>> > {
>> > - struct vmbus_channel *channel = arg;
>> > - struct hv_per_cpu_context *hv_cpu
>> > - = this_cpu_ptr(hv_context.cpu_context);
>> > -
>> > - list_add_tail_rcu(&channel->percpu_list, &hv_cpu->chan_list);
>> > + if (WARN_ON(channel->offermsg.child_relid >= MAX_CHANNEL_RELIDS))
>> > + return;
>> > + /*
>> > + * Pairs with the READ_ONCE() in vmbus_chan_sched(). Guarantees
>> > + * that vmbus_chan_sched() will find up-to-date data.
>> > + */
>> > + smp_store_release(
>> > + &vmbus_connection.channels[channel->offermsg.child_relid],
>> > + channel);
>> > }
>> >
>> > -static void percpu_channel_deq(void *arg)
>> > +void vmbus_channel_unmap_relid(struct vmbus_channel *channel)
>> > {
>> > - struct vmbus_channel *channel = arg;
>> > -
>> > - list_del_rcu(&channel->percpu_list);
>> > + if (WARN_ON(channel->offermsg.child_relid >= MAX_CHANNEL_RELIDS))
>> > + return;
>> > + WRITE_ONCE(
>> > + vmbus_connection.channels[channel->offermsg.child_relid],
>> > + NULL);
>>
>> I don't think this smp_store_release()/WRITE_ONCE() fanciness gives you
>> anything. Basically, without proper synchronization with a lock there is
>> no such constructions which will give you any additional guarantee on
>> top of just doing X=1. E.g. smp_store_release() is just
>> barrier();
>> *p = v;
>> if I'm not mistaken. Nobody tells you when *some other CPU* will see the
>> update - 'eventually' is your best guess. Here, you're only setting one
>> pointer.
>>
>> Percpu structures have an advantage: we (almost) never access them from
>> different CPUs so just doing updates atomically (and writing 64bit
>> pointer on x86_64 is atomic) is OK.
>>
>> I haven't looked at all possible scenarios but I'd suggest protecting
>> this array with a spinlock (in case we can have simultaneous accesses
>> from different CPUs and care about the result, of course).
>
> The smp_store_release()+READ_ONCE() pair should guarantee that any store
> to the channel fields performed before (in program order) the "mapping"
> of the channel are visible to the CPU which observes that mapping; this
> guarantee is expected to hold for all architectures.

Yes, basically the order is preserved (but no guarantees WHEN another
CPU will see it).

>
> Notice that this apporach follows the current/upstream code, cf. the
> rcu_assign_pointer() in list_add_tail_rcu() and notice that (both before
> and after this series) vmbus_chan_sched() accesses the channel array
> without any mutex/lock held.
>
> I'd be inclined to stick to the current code (unless more turns out to
> be required). Thoughts?

Correct me if I'm wrong, but currently vmbus_chan_sched() accesses
per-cpu list of channels on the same CPU so we don't need a spinlock to
guarantee that during an interrupt we'll be able to see the update if it
happened before the interrupt (in chronological order). With a global
list of relids, who guarantees that an interrupt handler on another CPU
will actually see the modified list?

--
Vitaly

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