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Subject[PATCH] ipc: Convert ipcs_idr to XArray
Date
From: "Matthew Wilcox (Oracle)" <willy@infradead.org>

The XArray has better loops than the IDR has, removing the need to
open-code them. We also don't need to call idr_destroy() any more.
Allocating the ID is a little tricky due to needing to get 'seq'
correct. Open-code a variant of __xa_alloc() which lets us set the
ID and the seq before depositing the pointer in the array.

Signed-off-by: Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org>
---
include/linux/ipc_namespace.h | 10 +-
include/linux/xarray.h | 1 +
ipc/ipc_sysctl.c | 14 +--
ipc/msg.c | 1 -
ipc/namespace.c | 13 +--
ipc/sem.c | 1 -
ipc/shm.c | 60 +++++------
ipc/util.c | 181 +++++++++++++++++-----------------
ipc/util.h | 4 +-
lib/xarray.c | 2 +-
10 files changed, 135 insertions(+), 152 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/ipc_namespace.h b/include/linux/ipc_namespace.h
index c309f43bde45..bdc39cc4d1dc 100644
--- a/include/linux/ipc_namespace.h
+++ b/include/linux/ipc_namespace.h
@@ -3,13 +3,13 @@
#define __IPC_NAMESPACE_H__

#include <linux/err.h>
-#include <linux/idr.h>
-#include <linux/rwsem.h>
#include <linux/notifier.h>
#include <linux/nsproxy.h>
#include <linux/ns_common.h>
#include <linux/refcount.h>
#include <linux/rhashtable-types.h>
+#include <linux/rwsem.h>
+#include <linux/xarray.h>

struct user_namespace;

@@ -17,11 +17,11 @@ struct ipc_ids {
int in_use;
unsigned short seq;
struct rw_semaphore rwsem;
- struct idr ipcs_idr;
+ struct xarray ipcs;
int max_idx;
- int last_idx; /* For wrap around detection */
+ int next_idx;
#ifdef CONFIG_CHECKPOINT_RESTORE
- int next_id;
+ int restore_id;
#endif
struct rhashtable key_ht;
};
diff --git a/include/linux/xarray.h b/include/linux/xarray.h
index 14c893433139..d79b8e3aa08d 100644
--- a/include/linux/xarray.h
+++ b/include/linux/xarray.h
@@ -1501,6 +1501,7 @@ void *xas_find_marked(struct xa_state *, unsigned long max, xa_mark_t);
void xas_init_marks(const struct xa_state *);

bool xas_nomem(struct xa_state *, gfp_t);
+bool __xas_nomem(struct xa_state *, gfp_t);
void xas_pause(struct xa_state *);

void xas_create_range(struct xa_state *);
diff --git a/ipc/ipc_sysctl.c b/ipc/ipc_sysctl.c
index affd66537e87..a2df5d0e27f6 100644
--- a/ipc/ipc_sysctl.c
+++ b/ipc/ipc_sysctl.c
@@ -115,7 +115,7 @@ static int proc_ipc_sem_dointvec(struct ctl_table *table, int write,

int ipc_mni = IPCMNI;
int ipc_mni_shift = IPCMNI_SHIFT;
-int ipc_min_cycle = RADIX_TREE_MAP_SIZE;
+int ipc_min_cycle = XA_CHUNK_SIZE;

static struct ctl_table ipc_kern_table[] = {
{
@@ -196,8 +196,8 @@ static struct ctl_table ipc_kern_table[] = {
#ifdef CONFIG_CHECKPOINT_RESTORE
{
.procname = "sem_next_id",
- .data = &init_ipc_ns.ids[IPC_SEM_IDS].next_id,
- .maxlen = sizeof(init_ipc_ns.ids[IPC_SEM_IDS].next_id),
+ .data = &init_ipc_ns.ids[IPC_SEM_IDS].restore_id,
+ .maxlen = sizeof(init_ipc_ns.ids[IPC_SEM_IDS].restore_id),
.mode = 0644,
.proc_handler = proc_ipc_dointvec_minmax,
.extra1 = SYSCTL_ZERO,
@@ -205,8 +205,8 @@ static struct ctl_table ipc_kern_table[] = {
},
{
.procname = "msg_next_id",
- .data = &init_ipc_ns.ids[IPC_MSG_IDS].next_id,
- .maxlen = sizeof(init_ipc_ns.ids[IPC_MSG_IDS].next_id),
+ .data = &init_ipc_ns.ids[IPC_MSG_IDS].restore_id,
+ .maxlen = sizeof(init_ipc_ns.ids[IPC_MSG_IDS].restore_id),
.mode = 0644,
.proc_handler = proc_ipc_dointvec_minmax,
.extra1 = SYSCTL_ZERO,
@@ -214,8 +214,8 @@ static struct ctl_table ipc_kern_table[] = {
},
{
.procname = "shm_next_id",
- .data = &init_ipc_ns.ids[IPC_SHM_IDS].next_id,
- .maxlen = sizeof(init_ipc_ns.ids[IPC_SHM_IDS].next_id),
+ .data = &init_ipc_ns.ids[IPC_SHM_IDS].restore_id,
+ .maxlen = sizeof(init_ipc_ns.ids[IPC_SHM_IDS].restore_id),
.mode = 0644,
.proc_handler = proc_ipc_dointvec_minmax,
.extra1 = SYSCTL_ZERO,
diff --git a/ipc/msg.c b/ipc/msg.c
index caca67368cb5..0c4fdc2f5c08 100644
--- a/ipc/msg.c
+++ b/ipc/msg.c
@@ -1308,7 +1308,6 @@ void msg_init_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns)
void msg_exit_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns)
{
free_ipcs(ns, &msg_ids(ns), freeque);
- idr_destroy(&ns->ids[IPC_MSG_IDS].ipcs_idr);
rhashtable_destroy(&ns->ids[IPC_MSG_IDS].key_ht);
}
#endif
diff --git a/ipc/namespace.c b/ipc/namespace.c
index b3ca1476ca51..e8567c3d32e9 100644
--- a/ipc/namespace.c
+++ b/ipc/namespace.c
@@ -96,22 +96,17 @@ void free_ipcs(struct ipc_namespace *ns, struct ipc_ids *ids,
void (*free)(struct ipc_namespace *, struct kern_ipc_perm *))
{
struct kern_ipc_perm *perm;
- int next_id;
- int total, in_use;
+ unsigned long index;

down_write(&ids->rwsem);

- in_use = ids->in_use;
-
- for (total = 0, next_id = 0; total < in_use; next_id++) {
- perm = idr_find(&ids->ipcs_idr, next_id);
- if (perm == NULL)
- continue;
+ xa_for_each(&ids->ipcs, index, perm) {
rcu_read_lock();
ipc_lock_object(perm);
free(ns, perm);
- total++;
}
+ BUG_ON(!xa_empty(&ids->ipcs));
+
up_write(&ids->rwsem);
}

diff --git a/ipc/sem.c b/ipc/sem.c
index 3687b71151b3..8d6550ac035a 100644
--- a/ipc/sem.c
+++ b/ipc/sem.c
@@ -258,7 +258,6 @@ void sem_init_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns)
void sem_exit_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns)
{
free_ipcs(ns, &sem_ids(ns), freeary);
- idr_destroy(&ns->ids[IPC_SEM_IDS].ipcs_idr);
rhashtable_destroy(&ns->ids[IPC_SEM_IDS].key_ht);
}
#endif
diff --git a/ipc/shm.c b/ipc/shm.c
index ce1ca9f7c6e9..49a8e088e0de 100644
--- a/ipc/shm.c
+++ b/ipc/shm.c
@@ -129,7 +129,6 @@ static void do_shm_rmid(struct ipc_namespace *ns, struct kern_ipc_perm *ipcp)
void shm_exit_ns(struct ipc_namespace *ns)
{
free_ipcs(ns, &shm_ids(ns), do_shm_rmid);
- idr_destroy(&ns->ids[IPC_SHM_IDS].ipcs_idr);
rhashtable_destroy(&ns->ids[IPC_SHM_IDS].key_ht);
}
#endif
@@ -348,34 +347,30 @@ static void shm_close(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
up_write(&shm_ids(ns).rwsem);
}

-/* Called with ns->shm_ids(ns).rwsem locked */
-static int shm_try_destroy_orphaned(int id, void *p, void *data)
+void shm_destroy_orphaned(struct ipc_namespace *ns)
{
- struct ipc_namespace *ns = data;
- struct kern_ipc_perm *ipcp = p;
- struct shmid_kernel *shp = container_of(ipcp, struct shmid_kernel, shm_perm);
+ struct kern_ipc_perm *ipcp;
+ unsigned long index;

- /*
- * We want to destroy segments without users and with already
- * exit'ed originating process.
- *
- * As shp->* are changed under rwsem, it's safe to skip shp locking.
- */
- if (shp->shm_creator != NULL)
- return 0;
+ down_write(&shm_ids(ns).rwsem);
+ xa_for_each(&shm_ids(ns).ipcs, index, ipcp) {
+ struct shmid_kernel *shp;

- if (shm_may_destroy(ns, shp)) {
- shm_lock_by_ptr(shp);
- shm_destroy(ns, shp);
- }
- return 0;
-}
+ shp = container_of(ipcp, struct shmid_kernel, shm_perm);

-void shm_destroy_orphaned(struct ipc_namespace *ns)
-{
- down_write(&shm_ids(ns).rwsem);
- if (shm_ids(ns).in_use)
- idr_for_each(&shm_ids(ns).ipcs_idr, &shm_try_destroy_orphaned, ns);
+ /*
+ * We want to destroy segments without users and with already
+ * exit'ed originating process. As shp->* are changed under
+ * rwsem, it's safe to skip shp locking.
+ */
+ if (shp->shm_creator != NULL)
+ continue;
+
+ if (shm_may_destroy(ns, shp)) {
+ shm_lock_by_ptr(shp);
+ shm_destroy(ns, shp);
+ }
+ }
up_write(&shm_ids(ns).rwsem);
}

@@ -860,26 +855,17 @@ static void shm_add_rss_swap(struct shmid_kernel *shp,
static void shm_get_stat(struct ipc_namespace *ns, unsigned long *rss,
unsigned long *swp)
{
- int next_id;
- int total, in_use;
+ struct kern_ipc_perm *ipc;
+ unsigned long index;

*rss = 0;
*swp = 0;

- in_use = shm_ids(ns).in_use;
-
- for (total = 0, next_id = 0; total < in_use; next_id++) {
- struct kern_ipc_perm *ipc;
+ xa_for_each(&shm_ids(ns).ipcs, index, ipc) {
struct shmid_kernel *shp;

- ipc = idr_find(&shm_ids(ns).ipcs_idr, next_id);
- if (ipc == NULL)
- continue;
shp = container_of(ipc, struct shmid_kernel, shm_perm);
-
shm_add_rss_swap(shp, rss, swp);
-
- total++;
}
}

diff --git a/ipc/util.c b/ipc/util.c
index 7acccfded7cb..723dc4b05208 100644
--- a/ipc/util.c
+++ b/ipc/util.c
@@ -104,12 +104,20 @@ static const struct rhashtable_params ipc_kht_params = {
.automatic_shrinking = true,
};

+#ifdef CONFIG_CHECKPOINT_RESTORE
+#define set_restore_id(ids, x) ids->restore_id = x
+#define get_restore_id(ids) ids->restore_id
+#else
+#define set_restore_id(ids, x) do { } while (0)
+#define get_restore_id(ids) (-1)
+#endif
+
/**
* ipc_init_ids - initialise ipc identifiers
* @ids: ipc identifier set
*
* Set up the sequence range to use for the ipc identifier range (limited
- * below ipc_mni) then initialise the keys hashtable and ids idr.
+ * below ipc_mni) then initialise the keys hashtable and ids xarray.
*/
void ipc_init_ids(struct ipc_ids *ids)
{
@@ -117,12 +125,10 @@ void ipc_init_ids(struct ipc_ids *ids)
ids->seq = 0;
init_rwsem(&ids->rwsem);
rhashtable_init(&ids->key_ht, &ipc_kht_params);
- idr_init(&ids->ipcs_idr);
+ xa_init_flags(&ids->ipcs, XA_FLAGS_ALLOC);
ids->max_idx = -1;
- ids->last_idx = -1;
-#ifdef CONFIG_CHECKPOINT_RESTORE
- ids->next_id = -1;
-#endif
+ ids->next_idx = 0;
+ set_restore_id(ids, -1);
}

#ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS
@@ -183,12 +189,12 @@ static struct kern_ipc_perm *ipc_findkey(struct ipc_ids *ids, key_t key)
}

/*
- * Insert new IPC object into idr tree, and set sequence number and id
+ * Insert new IPC object into xarray, and set sequence number and id
* in the correct order.
* Especially:
- * - the sequence number must be set before inserting the object into the idr,
- * because the sequence number is accessed without a lock.
- * - the id can/must be set after inserting the object into the idr.
+ * - the sequence number must be set before inserting the object into the
+ * xarray, because the sequence number is accessed without a lock.
+ * - the id can/must be set after inserting the object into the xarray.
* All accesses must be done after getting kern_ipc_perm.lock.
*
* The caller must own kern_ipc_perm.lock.of the new object.
@@ -198,64 +204,60 @@ static struct kern_ipc_perm *ipc_findkey(struct ipc_ids *ids, key_t key)
* the sequence number is incremented only when the returned ID is less than
* the last one.
*/
-static inline int ipc_idr_alloc(struct ipc_ids *ids, struct kern_ipc_perm *new)
+static inline int ipc_id_alloc(struct ipc_ids *ids, struct kern_ipc_perm *new)
{
- int idx, next_id = -1;
+ u32 idx;
+ int err;

-#ifdef CONFIG_CHECKPOINT_RESTORE
- next_id = ids->next_id;
- ids->next_id = -1;
-#endif
+ if (get_restore_id(ids) < 0) {
+ XA_STATE(xas, &ids->ipcs, 0);
+ int min_idx, max_idx;

- /*
- * As soon as a new object is inserted into the idr,
- * ipc_obtain_object_idr() or ipc_obtain_object_check() can find it,
- * and the lockless preparations for ipc operations can start.
- * This means especially: permission checks, audit calls, allocation
- * of undo structures, ...
- *
- * Thus the object must be fully initialized, and if something fails,
- * then the full tear-down sequence must be followed.
- * (i.e.: set new->deleted, reduce refcount, call_rcu())
- */
+ max_idx = max(ids->in_use*3/2, ipc_min_cycle);
+ max_idx = min(max_idx, ipc_mni) - 1;

- if (next_id < 0) { /* !CHECKPOINT_RESTORE or next_id is unset */
- int max_idx;
+ xas_lock(&xas);

- max_idx = max(ids->in_use*3/2, ipc_min_cycle);
- max_idx = min(max_idx, ipc_mni);
-
- /* allocate the idx, with a NULL struct kern_ipc_perm */
- idx = idr_alloc_cyclic(&ids->ipcs_idr, NULL, 0, max_idx,
- GFP_NOWAIT);
-
- if (idx >= 0) {
- /*
- * idx got allocated successfully.
- * Now calculate the sequence number and set the
- * pointer for real.
- */
- if (idx <= ids->last_idx) {
+ min_idx = ids->next_idx;
+ new->seq = ids->seq;
+
+ /* Modified version of __xa_alloc */
+ do {
+ xas.xa_index = min_idx;
+ xas_find_marked(&xas, max_idx, XA_FREE_MARK);
+ if (xas.xa_node == XAS_RESTART && min_idx > 0) {
ids->seq++;
if (ids->seq >= ipcid_seq_max())
ids->seq = 0;
+ new->seq = ids->seq;
+ xas.xa_index = 0;
+ min_idx = 0;
+ xas_find_marked(&xas, max_idx, XA_FREE_MARK);
}
- ids->last_idx = idx;
-
- new->seq = ids->seq;
- /* no need for smp_wmb(), this is done
- * inside idr_replace, as part of
- * rcu_assign_pointer
- */
- idr_replace(&ids->ipcs_idr, new, idx);
- }
+ if (xas.xa_node == XAS_RESTART)
+ xas_set_err(&xas, -ENOSPC);
+ else
+ new->id = (new->seq << ipcmni_seq_shift()) +
+ xas.xa_index;
+ xas_store(&xas, new);
+ xas_clear_mark(&xas, XA_FREE_MARK);
+ } while (__xas_nomem(&xas, GFP_KERNEL));
+
+ xas_unlock(&xas);
+ err = xas_error(&xas);
+ idx = xas.xa_index;
} else {
- new->seq = ipcid_to_seqx(next_id);
- idx = idr_alloc(&ids->ipcs_idr, new, ipcid_to_idx(next_id),
- 0, GFP_NOWAIT);
+ new->id = get_restore_id(ids);
+ new->seq = ipcid_to_seqx(new->id);
+ idx = ipcid_to_idx(new->id);
+ err = xa_insert(&ids->ipcs, idx, new, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (err == -EBUSY)
+ err = -ENOSPC;
+ set_restore_id(ids, -1);
}
- if (idx >= 0)
- new->id = (new->seq << ipcmni_seq_shift()) + idx;
+
+ if (err < 0)
+ return err;
return idx;
}

@@ -278,7 +280,7 @@ int ipc_addid(struct ipc_ids *ids, struct kern_ipc_perm *new, int limit)
{
kuid_t euid;
kgid_t egid;
- int idx, err;
+ int idx;

/* 1) Initialize the refcount so that ipc_rcu_putref works */
refcount_set(&new->refcount, 1);
@@ -289,29 +291,42 @@ int ipc_addid(struct ipc_ids *ids, struct kern_ipc_perm *new, int limit)
if (ids->in_use >= limit)
return -ENOSPC;

- idr_preload(GFP_KERNEL);
-
+ /*
+ * 2) Hold the spinlock so that nobody else can access the object
+ * once they can find it
+ */
spin_lock_init(&new->lock);
- rcu_read_lock();
spin_lock(&new->lock);
-
current_euid_egid(&euid, &egid);
new->cuid = new->uid = euid;
new->gid = new->cgid = egid;
-
new->deleted = false;

- idx = ipc_idr_alloc(ids, new);
- idr_preload_end();
+ idx = ipc_id_alloc(ids, new);
+
+ rcu_read_lock();
+
+ /*
+ * As soon as a new object is inserted into the XArray,
+ * ipc_obtain_object_idr() or ipc_obtain_object_check() can find it,
+ * and the lockless preparations for ipc operations can start.
+ * This means especially: permission checks, audit calls, allocation
+ * of undo structures, ...
+ *
+ * Thus the object must be fully initialized, and if something fails,
+ * then the full tear-down sequence must be followed.
+ * (i.e.: set new->deleted, reduce refcount, call_rcu())
+ */

if (idx >= 0 && new->key != IPC_PRIVATE) {
- err = rhashtable_insert_fast(&ids->key_ht, &new->khtnode,
+ int err = rhashtable_insert_fast(&ids->key_ht, &new->khtnode,
ipc_kht_params);
if (err < 0) {
- idr_remove(&ids->ipcs_idr, idx);
+ xa_erase(&ids->ipcs, idx);
idx = err;
}
}
+
if (idx < 0) {
new->deleted = true;
spin_unlock(&new->lock);
@@ -462,7 +477,7 @@ void ipc_rmid(struct ipc_ids *ids, struct kern_ipc_perm *ipcp)
{
int idx = ipcid_to_idx(ipcp->id);

- idr_remove(&ids->ipcs_idr, idx);
+ xa_erase(&ids->ipcs, idx);
ipc_kht_remove(ids, ipcp);
ids->in_use--;
ipcp->deleted = true;
@@ -472,7 +487,7 @@ void ipc_rmid(struct ipc_ids *ids, struct kern_ipc_perm *ipcp)
idx--;
if (idx == -1)
break;
- } while (!idr_find(&ids->ipcs_idr, idx));
+ } while (!xa_load(&ids->ipcs, idx));
ids->max_idx = idx;
}
}
@@ -595,7 +610,7 @@ struct kern_ipc_perm *ipc_obtain_object_idr(struct ipc_ids *ids, int id)
struct kern_ipc_perm *out;
int idx = ipcid_to_idx(id);

- out = idr_find(&ids->ipcs_idr, idx);
+ out = xa_load(&ids->ipcs, idx);
if (!out)
return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);

@@ -754,31 +769,19 @@ struct pid_namespace *ipc_seq_pid_ns(struct seq_file *s)
static struct kern_ipc_perm *sysvipc_find_ipc(struct ipc_ids *ids, loff_t pos,
loff_t *new_pos)
{
+ unsigned long index = pos;
struct kern_ipc_perm *ipc;
- int total, id;
-
- total = 0;
- for (id = 0; id < pos && total < ids->in_use; id++) {
- ipc = idr_find(&ids->ipcs_idr, id);
- if (ipc != NULL)
- total++;
- }

*new_pos = pos + 1;
- if (total >= ids->in_use)
+ rcu_read_lock();
+ ipc = xa_find(&ids->ipcs, &index, ULONG_MAX, XA_PRESENT);
+ if (!ipc) {
+ rcu_read_unlock();
return NULL;
-
- for (; pos < ipc_mni; pos++) {
- ipc = idr_find(&ids->ipcs_idr, pos);
- if (ipc != NULL) {
- rcu_read_lock();
- ipc_lock_object(ipc);
- return ipc;
- }
}

- /* Out of range - return NULL to terminate iteration */
- return NULL;
+ ipc_lock_object(ipc);
+ return ipc;
}

static void *sysvipc_proc_next(struct seq_file *s, void *it, loff_t *pos)
diff --git a/ipc/util.h b/ipc/util.h
index 5766c61aed0e..04d49db4cefa 100644
--- a/ipc/util.h
+++ b/ipc/util.h
@@ -27,7 +27,7 @@
*/
#define IPCMNI_SHIFT 15
#define IPCMNI_EXTEND_SHIFT 24
-#define IPCMNI_EXTEND_MIN_CYCLE (RADIX_TREE_MAP_SIZE * RADIX_TREE_MAP_SIZE)
+#define IPCMNI_EXTEND_MIN_CYCLE (XA_CHUNK_SIZE * XA_CHUNK_SIZE)
#define IPCMNI (1 << IPCMNI_SHIFT)
#define IPCMNI_EXTEND (1 << IPCMNI_EXTEND_SHIFT)

@@ -42,7 +42,7 @@ extern int ipc_min_cycle;
#else /* CONFIG_SYSVIPC_SYSCTL */

#define ipc_mni IPCMNI
-#define ipc_min_cycle ((int)RADIX_TREE_MAP_SIZE)
+#define ipc_min_cycle ((int)XA_CHUNK_SIZE)
#define ipcmni_seq_shift() IPCMNI_SHIFT
#define IPCMNI_IDX_MASK ((1 << IPCMNI_SHIFT) - 1)
#endif /* CONFIG_SYSVIPC_SYSCTL */
diff --git a/lib/xarray.c b/lib/xarray.c
index e9e641d3c0c3..8488fb4eff2e 100644
--- a/lib/xarray.c
+++ b/lib/xarray.c
@@ -319,7 +319,7 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(xas_nomem);
*
* Return: true if memory was needed, and was successfully allocated.
*/
-static bool __xas_nomem(struct xa_state *xas, gfp_t gfp)
+bool __xas_nomem(struct xa_state *xas, gfp_t gfp)
__must_hold(xas->xa->xa_lock)
{
unsigned int lock_type = xa_lock_type(xas->xa);
base-commit: 5149100c3aebe5e640d6ff68e0b5e5a7eb8638e0
--
2.25.1

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