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Subject[PATCH v4 0/7] kcov: collect coverage from usb soft interrupts
This patchset extends kcov to allow collecting coverage from soft
interrupts and then uses the new functionality to collect coverage from
USB code.

Any subsystem that uses softirqs (e.g. timers) can make use of this in
the future. Looking at the recent syzbot reports, an obvious candidate
is the networking subsystem [1, 2, 3 and many more].


This patchset has been pushed to the public Linux kernel Gerrit instance:

Changes v3 -> v4:
- Turn current->kcov_softirq into unsigned int to fix objtool warning.
- Fix commit author email address.

Changes v2 -> v3:
- New patch: "kcov: fix potential use-after-free in kcov_remote_start".
- New patch: "kcov: move t->kcov assignments into kcov_start/stop".
- New patch: "kcov: move t->kcov_sequence assignment".
- New patch: "kcov: use t->kcov_mode as enabled indicator".
- Dropped out-of-memory error message from kcov_init() as checkpatch
- Use a single local_irq_disable section when accessing per-task kcov
variables in kcov_remote_start/stop().

Changes v1 -> v2:
- Add local_irq_save/restore() critical sections to simplify dealing with
softirqs happening during kcov_remote_start/stop().
- Set kcov_softirq after flag kcov_start() in kcov_remote_start().

Changes RFC -> v1:
- Don't support hardirq or nmi, only softirq, to avoid issues with nested
- Combined multiple per-cpu variables into one.
- Used plain accesses and kcov_start/stop() instead of xchg()'s.
- Simplified handling of per-cpu variables.
- Avoid disabling interrupts for the whole kcov_remote_start/stop()
- Avoid overwriting t->kcov_sequence when saving/restoring state.
- Move kcov_remote_start/stop_usb() annotations into
__usb_hcd_giveback_urb() to cover all urb complete() callbacks at once.
- Drop unneeded Dummy HCD changes.
- Split out a patch that removed debug messages.

Signed-off-by: Andrey Konovalov <>

Andrey Konovalov (7):
kcov: cleanup debug messages
kcov: fix potential use-after-free in kcov_remote_start
kcov: move t->kcov assignments into kcov_start/stop
kcov: move t->kcov_sequence assignment
kcov: use t->kcov_mode as enabled indicator
kcov: collect coverage from interrupts
usb: core: kcov: collect coverage from usb complete callback

Documentation/dev-tools/kcov.rst | 17 +-
drivers/usb/core/hcd.c | 3 +
include/linux/sched.h | 3 +
kernel/kcov.c | 266 ++++++++++++++++++++++---------
lib/Kconfig.debug | 9 ++
5 files changed, 213 insertions(+), 85 deletions(-)


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