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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2] mm/sparse: Fix kernel crash with pfn_section_valid check
On Thu 26-03-20 19:02:35, Aneesh Kumar K.V wrote:
> Fixes the below crash
>
> BUG: Kernel NULL pointer dereference on read at 0x00000000
> Faulting instruction address: 0xc000000000c3447c
> Oops: Kernel access of bad area, sig: 11 [#1]
> LE PAGE_SIZE=64K MMU=Hash SMP NR_CPUS=2048 NUMA pSeries
> CPU: 11 PID: 7519 Comm: lt-ndctl Not tainted 5.6.0-rc7-autotest #1
> ...
> NIP [c000000000c3447c] vmemmap_populated+0x98/0xc0
> LR [c000000000088354] vmemmap_free+0x144/0x320
> Call Trace:
> section_deactivate+0x220/0x240
> __remove_pages+0x118/0x170
> arch_remove_memory+0x3c/0x150
> memunmap_pages+0x1cc/0x2f0
> devm_action_release+0x30/0x50
> release_nodes+0x2f8/0x3e0
> device_release_driver_internal+0x168/0x270
> unbind_store+0x130/0x170
> drv_attr_store+0x44/0x60
> sysfs_kf_write+0x68/0x80
> kernfs_fop_write+0x100/0x290
> __vfs_write+0x3c/0x70
> vfs_write+0xcc/0x240
> ksys_write+0x7c/0x140
> system_call+0x5c/0x68
>
> The crash is due to NULL dereference at
>
> test_bit(idx, ms->usage->subsection_map); due to ms->usage = NULL; in pfn_section_valid()
>
> With commit: d41e2f3bd546 ("mm/hotplug: fix hot remove failure in SPARSEMEM|!VMEMMAP case")
> section_mem_map is set to NULL after depopulate_section_mem(). This
> was done so that pfn_page() can work correctly with kernel config that disables
> SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP. With that config pfn_to_page does
>
> __section_mem_map_addr(__sec) + __pfn;
> where
>
> static inline struct page *__section_mem_map_addr(struct mem_section *section)
> {
> unsigned long map = section->section_mem_map;
> map &= SECTION_MAP_MASK;
> return (struct page *)map;
> }
>
> Now with SPASEMEM_VMEMAP enabled, mem_section->usage->subsection_map is used to
> check the pfn validity (pfn_valid()). Since section_deactivate release
> mem_section->usage if a section is fully deactivated, pfn_valid() check after
> a subsection_deactivate cause a kernel crash.
>
> static inline int pfn_valid(unsigned long pfn)
> {
> ...
> return early_section(ms) || pfn_section_valid(ms, pfn);
> }
>
> where
>
> static inline int pfn_section_valid(struct mem_section *ms, unsigned long pfn)
> {
> int idx = subsection_map_index(pfn);
>
> return test_bit(idx, ms->usage->subsection_map);
> }
>
> Avoid this by clearing SECTION_HAS_MEM_MAP when mem_section->usage is freed.
> For architectures like ppc64 where large pages are used for vmmemap mapping (16MB),
> a specific vmemmap mapping can cover multiple sections. Hence before a vmemmap
> mapping page can be freed, the kernel needs to make sure there are no valid sections
> within that mapping. Clearing the section valid bit before
> depopulate_section_memap enables this.

I believe that the necessity of clearing the section before the tear
down is worth a comment into the code. Because this is just way to easy
to miss or not be aware at all while looking into the code without git
balme.

> Fixes: d41e2f3bd546 ("mm/hotplug: fix hot remove failure in SPARSEMEM|!VMEMMAP case")
> Reported-by: Sachin Sant <sachinp@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
> Tested-by: Sachin Sant <sachinp@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
> Cc: Baoquan He <bhe@redhat.com>
> Cc: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
> Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
> Cc: Pankaj Gupta <pankaj.gupta.linux@gmail.com>
> Cc: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
> Cc: Wei Yang <richardw.yang@linux.intel.com>
> Cc: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>
> Cc: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.ibm.com>
> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org>
> Signed-off-by: Aneesh Kumar K.V <aneesh.kumar@linux.ibm.com>

Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>

Thanks!

> ---
> mm/sparse.c | 6 ++++++
> 1 file changed, 6 insertions(+)
>
> diff --git a/mm/sparse.c b/mm/sparse.c
> index aadb7298dcef..65599e8bd636 100644
> --- a/mm/sparse.c
> +++ b/mm/sparse.c
> @@ -781,6 +781,12 @@ static void section_deactivate(unsigned long pfn, unsigned long nr_pages,
> ms->usage = NULL;
> }
> memmap = sparse_decode_mem_map(ms->section_mem_map, section_nr);
> + /*
> + * Mark the section invalid so that valid_section()
> + * return false. This prevents code from dereferencing
> + * ms->usage array.
> + */
> + ms->section_mem_map &= ~SECTION_HAS_MEM_MAP;
> }
>
> if (section_is_early && memmap)
> --
> 2.25.1
>

--
Michal Hocko
SUSE Labs

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