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SubjectRe: [PATCH] f2fs: fix long latency due to discard during umount
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On 2020/3/26 21:37, Sahitya Tummala wrote:
> Hi Chao,
>
> On Thu, Mar 26, 2020 at 05:00:18PM +0800, Chao Yu wrote:
>> Hi Sahitya,
>>
>> On 2020/3/18 12:44, Sahitya Tummala wrote:
>>> F2FS already has a default timeout of 5 secs for discards that
>>> can be issued during umount, but it can take more than the 5 sec
>>> timeout if the underlying UFS device queue is already full and there
>>> are no more available free tags to be used. In that case, submit_bio()
>>> will wait for the already queued discard requests to complete to get
>>> a free tag, which can potentially take way more than 5 sec.
>>>
>>> Fix this by submitting the discard requests with REQ_NOWAIT
>>> flags during umount. This will return -EAGAIN for UFS queue/tag full
>>> scenario without waiting in the context of submit_bio(). The FS can
>>> then handle these requests by retrying again within the stipulated
>>> discard timeout period to avoid long latencies.
>>>
>>> Signed-off-by: Sahitya Tummala <stummala@codeaurora.org>
>>> ---
>>> v2:
>>> - Handle the case where a dc can have multiple bios associated with it
>>>
>>> fs/f2fs/f2fs.h | 1 +
>>> fs/f2fs/segment.c | 83 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-------
>>> 2 files changed, 74 insertions(+), 10 deletions(-)
>>>
>>> diff --git a/fs/f2fs/f2fs.h b/fs/f2fs/f2fs.h
>>> index 12a197e..67b8dcc 100644
>>> --- a/fs/f2fs/f2fs.h
>>> +++ b/fs/f2fs/f2fs.h
>>> @@ -340,6 +340,7 @@ struct discard_cmd_control {
>>> struct list_head pend_list[MAX_PLIST_NUM];/* store pending entries */
>>> struct list_head wait_list; /* store on-flushing entries */
>>> struct list_head fstrim_list; /* in-flight discard from fstrim */
>>> + struct list_head retry_list; /* list of cmds to retry */
>>> wait_queue_head_t discard_wait_queue; /* waiting queue for wake-up */
>>> unsigned int discard_wake; /* to wake up discard thread */
>>> struct mutex cmd_lock;
>>> diff --git a/fs/f2fs/segment.c b/fs/f2fs/segment.c
>>> index fb3e531..4162c76 100644
>>> --- a/fs/f2fs/segment.c
>>> +++ b/fs/f2fs/segment.c
>>> @@ -1029,13 +1029,16 @@ static void f2fs_submit_discard_endio(struct bio *bio)
>>> struct discard_cmd *dc = (struct discard_cmd *)bio->bi_private;
>>> unsigned long flags;
>>>
>>> - dc->error = blk_status_to_errno(bio->bi_status);
>>> -
>>> spin_lock_irqsave(&dc->lock, flags);
>>> + if (!dc->error)
>>> + dc->error = blk_status_to_errno(bio->bi_status);
>>> +
>>> dc->bio_ref--;
>>> - if (!dc->bio_ref && dc->state == D_SUBMIT) {
>>> - dc->state = D_DONE;
>>> - complete_all(&dc->wait);
>>> + if (!dc->bio_ref) {
>>> + if (dc->error || dc->state == D_SUBMIT) {
>>> + dc->state = D_DONE;
>>> + complete_all(&dc->wait);
>>> + }
>>> }
>>> spin_unlock_irqrestore(&dc->lock, flags);
>>> bio_put(bio);
>>> @@ -1124,10 +1127,13 @@ static int __submit_discard_cmd(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi,
>>> struct discard_cmd_control *dcc = SM_I(sbi)->dcc_info;
>>> struct list_head *wait_list = (dpolicy->type == DPOLICY_FSTRIM) ?
>>> &(dcc->fstrim_list) : &(dcc->wait_list);
>>> - int flag = dpolicy->sync ? REQ_SYNC : 0;
>>> - block_t lstart, start, len, total_len;
>>> + int flag;
>>> + block_t lstart, start, len, total_len, orig_len;
>>> int err = 0;
>>>
>>> + flag = dpolicy->sync ? REQ_SYNC : 0;
>>> + flag |= dpolicy->type == DPOLICY_UMOUNT ? REQ_NOWAIT : 0;
>>> +
>>> if (dc->state != D_PREP)
>>> return 0;
>>>
>>> @@ -1139,7 +1145,7 @@ static int __submit_discard_cmd(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi,
>>> lstart = dc->lstart;
>>> start = dc->start;
>>> len = dc->len;
>>> - total_len = len;
>>> + orig_len = total_len = len;
>>>
>>> dc->len = 0;
>>>
>>> @@ -1203,6 +1209,14 @@ static int __submit_discard_cmd(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi,
>>> bio->bi_end_io = f2fs_submit_discard_endio;
>>> bio->bi_opf |= flag;
>>> submit_bio(bio);
>>> + if (flag & REQ_NOWAIT) {
>>> + if (dc->error == -EAGAIN) {
>>> + dc->len = orig_len;
>>> + list_move(&dc->list, &dcc->retry_list);
>>> + err = dc->error;
>>
>> I encounter lots of dmesg, which should be printed by __remove_discard_cmd()
>>
>> F2FS-fs (dm-0): Issue discard(23552, 23552, 2) failed, ret: -11
>>
>> This should happen only if we didn't handle all discard in 5 seconds during
>> umount.
>>
>> So I doubt we failed to move dc to retry_list, because after submit_bio(),
>> end_io() is not called synchronously as the bio was just pluged?
>>
> This can happen if a discard cmd has multiple bios and at least 1 bio is
> already submitted and when submitting other bios, we encounter -EAGAIN.
> In this case, this dc will be moved to retry_list and will be moved back
> to dcc->pend_list only if the dc->bio_ref becomes 0 within 5 sec timeout.
> If it doesn't become zero, then it will be left in retry_list itself, which
> will be later removed from retry_list. Before removing from retry_list we
> will however ensure that submitted bio is done i.e., dc->bio_ref is 0, but
> dc->error will be -EAGAIN as this dc could not be requeued/retried.
>
> So this is expected, where it only means that this dc could not be
> submitted/retried again within timeout. I think we can ignore
> this -EAGAIN error in __remove_discard_cmd().

With this patch, most of xfstest cases cost 5 * n second longer than before.

E.g. generic/003, during umount(), we looped into retrying one bio
submission.

[61279.829724] F2FS-fs (zram1): Found nat_bits in checkpoint
[61279.885337] F2FS-fs (zram1): Mounted with checkpoint version = 5cf3cb8e
[61281.912832] submit discard bio start [23555,1]
[61281.912835] f2fs_submit_discard_endio [23555,1] err:-11
[61281.912836] submit discard bio end [23555,1]
[61281.912836] move dc to retry list [23555,1]

...

[61286.881212] submit discard bio start [23555,1]
[61286.881217] f2fs_submit_discard_endio [23555,1] err:-11
[61286.881223] submit discard bio end [23555,1]
[61286.881224] move dc to retry list [23555,1]
[61286.905198] submit discard bio start [23555,1]
[61286.905203] f2fs_submit_discard_endio [23555,1] err:-11
[61286.905205] submit discard bio end [23555,1]
[61286.905206] move dc to retry list [23555,1]
[61286.929157] F2FS-fs (zram1): Issue discard(23555, 23555, 1) failed, ret: -11

Could you take a look at this issue?

Thanks,

>
> Thanks,
>
>> Thanks,
>>
>>> + break;
>>> + }
>>> + }
>>>
>>> atomic_inc(&dcc->issued_discard);
>>>
>>> @@ -1463,6 +1477,40 @@ static unsigned int __issue_discard_cmd_orderly(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi,
>>> return issued;
>>> }
>>>
>>> +static bool __should_discard_retry(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi,
> s> > + struct discard_policy *dpolicy)
>>> +{
>>> + struct discard_cmd_control *dcc = SM_I(sbi)->dcc_info;
>>> + struct discard_cmd *dc, *tmp;
>>> + bool retry = false;
>>> + unsigned long flags;
>>> +
>>> + if (dpolicy->type != DPOLICY_UMOUNT)
>>> + f2fs_bug_on(sbi, 1);
>>> +
>>> + mutex_lock(&dcc->cmd_lock);
>>> + list_for_each_entry_safe(dc, tmp, &(dcc->retry_list), list) {
>>> + if (dpolicy->timeout != 0 &&
>>> + f2fs_time_over(sbi, dpolicy->timeout)) {
>>> + retry = false;
>>> + break;
>>> + }
>>> +
>>> + spin_lock_irqsave(&dc->lock, flags);
>>> + if (!dc->bio_ref) {
>>> + dc->state = D_PREP;
>>> + dc->error = 0;
>>> + reinit_completion(&dc->wait);
>>> + __relocate_discard_cmd(dcc, dc);
>>> + retry = true;
>>> + }
>>> + spin_unlock_irqrestore(&dc->lock, flags);
>>> + }
>>> + mutex_unlock(&dcc->cmd_lock);
>>> +
>>> + return retry;
>>> +}
>>> +
>>> static int __issue_discard_cmd(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi,
>>> struct discard_policy *dpolicy)
>>> {
>>> @@ -1470,12 +1518,13 @@ static int __issue_discard_cmd(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi,
>>> struct list_head *pend_list;
>>> struct discard_cmd *dc, *tmp;
>>> struct blk_plug plug;
>>> - int i, issued = 0;
>>> + int i, err, issued = 0;
>>> bool io_interrupted = false;
>>>
>>> if (dpolicy->timeout != 0)
>>> f2fs_update_time(sbi, dpolicy->timeout);
>>>
>>> +retry:
>>> for (i = MAX_PLIST_NUM - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
>>> if (dpolicy->timeout != 0 &&
>>> f2fs_time_over(sbi, dpolicy->timeout))
>>> @@ -1509,7 +1558,10 @@ static int __issue_discard_cmd(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi,
>>> break;
>>> }
>>>
>>> - __submit_discard_cmd(sbi, dpolicy, dc, &issued);
>>> + err = __submit_discard_cmd(sbi, dpolicy, dc, &issued);
>>> + if (err == -EAGAIN)
>>> + congestion_wait(BLK_RW_ASYNC,
>>> + DEFAULT_IO_TIMEOUT);
>>>
>>> if (issued >= dpolicy->max_requests)
>>> break;
>>> @@ -1522,6 +1574,10 @@ static int __issue_discard_cmd(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi,
>>> break;
>>> }
>>>
>>> + if (!list_empty(&dcc->retry_list) &&
>>> + __should_discard_retry(sbi, dpolicy))
>>> + goto retry;
>>> +
>>> if (!issued && io_interrupted)
>>> issued = -1;
>>>
>>> @@ -1613,6 +1669,12 @@ static unsigned int __wait_discard_cmd_range(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi,
>>> goto next;
>>> }
>>>
>>> + if (dpolicy->type == DPOLICY_UMOUNT &&
>>> + !list_empty(&dcc->retry_list)) {
>>> + wait_list = &dcc->retry_list;
>>> + goto next;
>>> + }
>>> +
>>> return trimmed;
>>> }
>>>
>>> @@ -2051,6 +2113,7 @@ static int create_discard_cmd_control(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi)
>>> for (i = 0; i < MAX_PLIST_NUM; i++)
>>> INIT_LIST_HEAD(&dcc->pend_list[i]);
>>> INIT_LIST_HEAD(&dcc->wait_list);
>>> + INIT_LIST_HEAD(&dcc->retry_list);
>>> INIT_LIST_HEAD(&dcc->fstrim_list);
>>> mutex_init(&dcc->cmd_lock);
>>> atomic_set(&dcc->issued_discard, 0);
>>>
>

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