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Subject[PATCH v4 3/4] Documentation/litmus-tests/atomic: Add a test for atomic_set()
Date
We already use a litmus test in atomic_t.txt to describe the behavior of
an atomic_set() with the an atomic RMW, so add it into atomic-tests
directory to make it easily accessible for anyone who cares about the
semantics of our atomic APIs.

Besides currently the litmus test "atomic-set" in atomic_t.txt has a few
things to be improved:

1) The CPU/Processor numbers "P1,P2" are not only inconsistent with
the rest of the document, which uses "CPU0" and "CPU1", but also
unacceptable by the herd tool, which requires processors start
at "P0".

2) The initialization block uses a "atomic_set()", which is OK, but
it's better to use ATOMIC_INIT() to make clear this is an
initialization.

3) The return value of atomic_add_unless() is discarded
inexplicitly, which is OK for C language, but it will be helpful
to the herd tool if we use a void cast to make the discard
explicit.

4) The name and the paragraph describing the test need to be more
accurate and aligned with our wording in LKMM.

Therefore fix these in both atomic_t.txt and the new added litmus test.

Signed-off-by: Boqun Feng <boqun.feng@gmail.com>
Acked-by: Andrea Parri <parri.andrea@gmail.com>
---
Documentation/atomic_t.txt | 14 +++++------
...c-RMW-ops-are-atomic-WRT-atomic_set.litmus | 24 +++++++++++++++++++
Documentation/litmus-tests/atomic/README | 7 ++++++
3 files changed, 38 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 Documentation/litmus-tests/atomic/Atomic-RMW-ops-are-atomic-WRT-atomic_set.litmus

diff --git a/Documentation/atomic_t.txt b/Documentation/atomic_t.txt
index 0ab747e0d5ac..67d1d99f8589 100644
--- a/Documentation/atomic_t.txt
+++ b/Documentation/atomic_t.txt
@@ -85,21 +85,21 @@ smp_store_release() respectively. Therefore, if you find yourself only using
the Non-RMW operations of atomic_t, you do not in fact need atomic_t at all
and are doing it wrong.

-A subtle detail of atomic_set{}() is that it should be observable to the RMW
-ops. That is:
+A note for the implementation of atomic_set{}() is that it must not break the
+atomicity of the RMW ops. That is:

- C atomic-set
+ C Atomic-RMW-ops-are-atomic-WRT-atomic_set

{
- atomic_set(v, 1);
+ atomic_t v = ATOMIC_INIT(1);
}

- P1(atomic_t *v)
+ P0(atomic_t *v)
{
- atomic_add_unless(v, 1, 0);
+ (void)atomic_add_unless(v, 1, 0);
}

- P2(atomic_t *v)
+ P1(atomic_t *v)
{
atomic_set(v, 0);
}
diff --git a/Documentation/litmus-tests/atomic/Atomic-RMW-ops-are-atomic-WRT-atomic_set.litmus b/Documentation/litmus-tests/atomic/Atomic-RMW-ops-are-atomic-WRT-atomic_set.litmus
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..49385314d911
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/litmus-tests/atomic/Atomic-RMW-ops-are-atomic-WRT-atomic_set.litmus
@@ -0,0 +1,24 @@
+C Atomic-RMW-ops-are-atomic-WRT-atomic_set
+
+(*
+ * Result: Never
+ *
+ * Test that atomic_set() cannot break the atomicity of atomic RMWs.
+ *)
+
+{
+ atomic_t v = ATOMIC_INIT(1);
+}
+
+P0(atomic_t *v)
+{
+ (void)atomic_add_unless(v, 1, 0);
+}
+
+P1(atomic_t *v)
+{
+ atomic_set(v, 0);
+}
+
+exists
+(v=2)
diff --git a/Documentation/litmus-tests/atomic/README b/Documentation/litmus-tests/atomic/README
index ae61201a4271..a1b72410b539 100644
--- a/Documentation/litmus-tests/atomic/README
+++ b/Documentation/litmus-tests/atomic/README
@@ -2,3 +2,10 @@ This directory contains litmus tests that are typical to describe the semantics
of our atomic APIs. For more information about how to "run" a litmus test or
how to generate a kernel test module based on a litmus test, please see
tools/memory-model/README.
+
+============
+LITMUS TESTS
+============
+
+Atomic-RMW-ops-are-atomic-WRT-atomic_set.litmus
+ Test that atomic_set() cannot break the atomicity of atomic RMWs.
--
2.25.1
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