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SubjectRe: [RFC v2 1/2] kernel/sysctl: support setting sysctl parameters from kernel command line
On Wed, Mar 25, 2020 at 01:03:44PM +0100, Vlastimil Babka wrote:
> A recently proposed patch to add vm_swappiness command line parameter in
> addition to existing sysctl [1] made me wonder why we don't have a general
> support for passing sysctl parameters via command line. Googling found only
> somebody else wondering the same [2], but I haven't found any prior discussion
> with reasons why not to do this.
>
> Settings the vm_swappiness issue aside (the underlying issue might be solved in
> a different way), quick search of kernel-parameters.txt shows there are already
> some that exist as both sysctl and kernel parameter - hung_task_panic,
> nmi_watchdog, numa_zonelist_order, traceoff_on_warning. A general mechanism
> would remove the need to add more of those one-offs and might be handy in
> situations where configuration by e.g. /etc/sysctl.d/ is impractical.
> Also after 61a47c1ad3a4 ("sysctl: Remove the sysctl system call") the only way
> to set sysctl is via procfs, so this would eventually allow small systems to be
> built without CONFIG_PROC_SYSCTL and still be able to change sysctl parameters.
>
> Hence, this patch adds a new parse_args() pass that looks for parameters
> prefixed by 'sysctl.' and searches for them in the sysctl ctl_tables. When
> found, the respective proc handler is invoked. The search is just a naive
> linear one, to avoid using the whole procfs layer. It should be acceptable,
> as the cost depends on number of sysctl. parameters passed.
>
> The main limitation of avoiding the procfs layer is however that sysctls
> dynamically registered by register_sysctl_table() or register_sysctl_paths()
> cannot currently be set by this method.
>
> The processing is hooked right before the init process is loaded, as some
> handlers might be more complicated than simple setters and might need some
> subsystems to be initialized. At the moment the init process can be started and
> eventually execute a process writing to /proc/sys/ then it should be also fine
> to do that from the kernel.
>
> [1] https://lore.kernel.org/linux-doc/BL0PR02MB560167492CA4094C91589930E9FC0@BL0PR02MB5601.namprd02.prod.outlook.com/
> [2] https://unix.stackexchange.com/questions/558802/how-to-set-sysctl-using-kernel-command-line-parameter
>
> Signed-off-by: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
> ---
> v2: - handle any nesting level of parameter name
> - add Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt blurb
> - alias support for legacy one-off parameters, with first conversion (patch 2)
> - still no support for dynamically registed sysctls
>
> .../admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt | 9 +++
> include/linux/sysctl.h | 1 +
> init/main.c | 21 +++++++
> kernel/sysctl.c | 62 +++++++++++++++++++
> 4 files changed, 93 insertions(+)
>
> diff --git a/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt b/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt
> index c07815d230bc..5076e288f93f 100644
> --- a/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt
> +++ b/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt
> @@ -4793,6 +4793,15 @@
>
> switches= [HW,M68k]
>
> + sysctl.*= [KNL]
> + Set a sysctl parameter right before loading the init
> + process, as if the value was written to the respective
> + /proc/sys/... file. Currently a subset of sysctl
> + parameters is supported that is not registered
> + dynamically. Unrecognized parameters and invalid values
> + are reported in the kernel log.
> + Example: sysctl.vm.swappiness=40
> +
> sysfs.deprecated=0|1 [KNL]
> Enable/disable old style sysfs layout for old udev
> on older distributions. When this option is enabled
> diff --git a/include/linux/sysctl.h b/include/linux/sysctl.h
> index 02fa84493f23..62ae963a5c0c 100644
> --- a/include/linux/sysctl.h
> +++ b/include/linux/sysctl.h
> @@ -206,6 +206,7 @@ struct ctl_table_header *register_sysctl_paths(const struct ctl_path *path,
> void unregister_sysctl_table(struct ctl_table_header * table);
>
> extern int sysctl_init(void);
> +int process_sysctl_arg(char *param, char *val, const char *unused, void *arg);
>
> extern struct ctl_table sysctl_mount_point[];
>
> diff --git a/init/main.c b/init/main.c
> index ee4947af823f..74a094c6b8b9 100644
> --- a/init/main.c
> +++ b/init/main.c
> @@ -1345,6 +1345,25 @@ void __weak free_initmem(void)
> free_initmem_default(POISON_FREE_INITMEM);
> }
>
> +static void do_sysctl_args(void)
> +{
> +#ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL
> + size_t len = strlen(saved_command_line) + 1;
> + char *command_line;
> +
> + command_line = kzalloc(len, GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (!command_line)
> + panic("%s: Failed to allocate %zu bytes\n", __func__, len);
> +
> + strcpy(command_line, saved_command_line);

No need to open-code this:

char *command_line;

command_line = kstrdup(saved_command_line, GFP_KERNEL);
if (!command_line)
panic("%s: Failed to allocate %zu bytes\n", __func__, len);

> +
> + parse_args("Setting sysctl args", command_line,
> + NULL, 0, -1, -1, NULL, process_sysctl_arg);
> +
> + kfree(command_line);
> +#endif
> +}
> +
> static int __ref kernel_init(void *unused)
> {
> int ret;
> @@ -1367,6 +1386,8 @@ static int __ref kernel_init(void *unused)
>
> rcu_end_inkernel_boot();
>
> + do_sysctl_args();
> +
> if (ramdisk_execute_command) {
> ret = run_init_process(ramdisk_execute_command);
> if (!ret)
> diff --git a/kernel/sysctl.c b/kernel/sysctl.c
> index ad5b88a53c5a..18c7f5606d55 100644
> --- a/kernel/sysctl.c
> +++ b/kernel/sysctl.c
> @@ -1980,6 +1980,68 @@ int __init sysctl_init(void)
> return 0;
> }
>
> +/* Set sysctl value passed on kernel command line. */
> +int process_sysctl_arg(char *param, char *val,
> + const char *unused, void *arg)
> +{
> + size_t count;
> + char *remaining;
> + int err;
> + loff_t ppos = 0;
> + struct ctl_table *ctl, *found = NULL;
> +
> + if (strncmp(param, "sysctl.", sizeof("sysctl.") - 1))
> + return 0;
> +
> + param += sizeof("sysctl.") - 1;
> +
> + remaining = param;
> + ctl = &sysctl_base_table[0];
> +
> + while(ctl->procname != 0) {
> + int len = strlen(ctl->procname);
> + if (strncmp(remaining, ctl->procname, len)) {
> + ctl++;
> + continue;
> + }

I think you need to validate that "len" is within "remaining" here
first.

> + if (ctl->child) {
> + if (remaining[len] == '.') {
> + remaining += len + 1;

And that "len + 1" is still valid.

> + ctl = ctl->child;
> + continue;
> + }
> + } else {
> + if (remaining[len] == '\0') {
> + found = ctl;
> + break;
> + }
> + }
> + ctl++;
> + }
> +
> + if (!found) {
> + pr_warn("Unknown sysctl param '%s' on command line", param);
> + return 0;
> + }
> +
> + if (!(found->mode & 0200)) {
> + pr_warn("Cannot set sysctl '%s=%s' from command line - not writable",
> + param, val);
> + return 0;
> + }

Oh yes; good call about this writable mode test.

> +
> + count = strlen(val);
> + err = found->proc_handler(found, 1, val, &count, &ppos);
> +
> + if (err)
> + pr_warn("Error %d setting sysctl '%s=%s' from command line",
> + err, param, val);
> +
> + pr_debug("Set sysctl '%s=%s' from command line", param, val);
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> #endif /* CONFIG_SYSCTL */
> /*
> --
> 2.25.1
>

Outside of the nits and missing bounds check, I like it! :)

--
Kees Cook

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