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SubjectRe: [PATCH v3 6/7] net: qrtr: Add MHI transport layer
On Mon 23 Mar 23:10 PDT 2020, Manivannan Sadhasivam wrote:

> MHI is the transport layer used for communicating to the external modems.
> Hence, this commit adds MHI transport layer support to QRTR for
> transferring the QMI messages over IPC Router.
>
> Cc: "David S. Miller" <davem@davemloft.net>
> Cc: netdev@vger.kernel.org
> Signed-off-by: Manivannan Sadhasivam <manivannan.sadhasivam@linaro.org>
> ---
> net/qrtr/Kconfig | 7 ++
> net/qrtr/Makefile | 2 +
> net/qrtr/mhi.c | 208 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> 3 files changed, 217 insertions(+)
> create mode 100644 net/qrtr/mhi.c
>
> diff --git a/net/qrtr/Kconfig b/net/qrtr/Kconfig
> index 63f89cc6e82c..8eb876471564 100644
> --- a/net/qrtr/Kconfig
> +++ b/net/qrtr/Kconfig
> @@ -29,4 +29,11 @@ config QRTR_TUN
> implement endpoints of QRTR, for purpose of tunneling data to other
> hosts or testing purposes.
>
> +config QRTR_MHI
> + tristate "MHI IPC Router channels"
> + depends on MHI_BUS
> + help
> + Say Y here to support MHI based ipcrouter channels. MHI is the
> + transport used for communicating to external modems.
> +
> endif # QRTR
> diff --git a/net/qrtr/Makefile b/net/qrtr/Makefile
> index 1c6d6c120fb7..3dc0a7c9d455 100644
> --- a/net/qrtr/Makefile
> +++ b/net/qrtr/Makefile
> @@ -5,3 +5,5 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_QRTR_SMD) += qrtr-smd.o
> qrtr-smd-y := smd.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_QRTR_TUN) += qrtr-tun.o
> qrtr-tun-y := tun.o
> +obj-$(CONFIG_QRTR_MHI) += qrtr-mhi.o
> +qrtr-mhi-y := mhi.o
> diff --git a/net/qrtr/mhi.c b/net/qrtr/mhi.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..90af208f34c1
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/net/qrtr/mhi.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,208 @@
> +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
> +/*
> + * Copyright (c) 2018-2020, The Linux Foundation. All rights reserved.
> + */
> +
> +#include <linux/mhi.h>
> +#include <linux/mod_devicetable.h>
> +#include <linux/module.h>
> +#include <linux/skbuff.h>
> +#include <net/sock.h>
> +
> +#include "qrtr.h"
> +
> +struct qrtr_mhi_dev {
> + struct qrtr_endpoint ep;
> + struct mhi_device *mhi_dev;
> + struct device *dev;
> + spinlock_t ul_lock; /* lock to protect ul_pkts */
> + struct list_head ul_pkts;
> + atomic_t in_reset;
> +};
> +
> +struct qrtr_mhi_pkt {
> + struct list_head node;
> + struct sk_buff *skb;
> + struct kref refcount;
> + struct completion done;
> +};
> +
> +static void qrtr_mhi_pkt_release(struct kref *ref)
> +{
> + struct qrtr_mhi_pkt *pkt = container_of(ref, struct qrtr_mhi_pkt,
> + refcount);
> + struct sock *sk = pkt->skb->sk;
> +
> + consume_skb(pkt->skb);
> + if (sk)
> + sock_put(sk);
> +
> + kfree(pkt);
> +}
> +
> +/* From MHI to QRTR */
> +static void qcom_mhi_qrtr_dl_callback(struct mhi_device *mhi_dev,
> + struct mhi_result *mhi_res)
> +{
> + struct qrtr_mhi_dev *qdev = dev_get_drvdata(&mhi_dev->dev);
> + int rc;
> +
> + if (!qdev || mhi_res->transaction_status)
> + return;
> +
> + rc = qrtr_endpoint_post(&qdev->ep, mhi_res->buf_addr,
> + mhi_res->bytes_xferd);
> + if (rc == -EINVAL)
> + dev_err(qdev->dev, "invalid ipcrouter packet\n");

Perhaps this should be a debug print, perhaps rate limited. But either
way it's relevant for any transport, so I think you should skip it here
- and potentially move it into qrtr_endpoint_post() in some form.

> +}
> +
> +/* From QRTR to MHI */
> +static void qcom_mhi_qrtr_ul_callback(struct mhi_device *mhi_dev,
> + struct mhi_result *mhi_res)
> +{
> + struct qrtr_mhi_dev *qdev = dev_get_drvdata(&mhi_dev->dev);
> + struct qrtr_mhi_pkt *pkt;
> + unsigned long flags;
> +
> + spin_lock_irqsave(&qdev->ul_lock, flags);
> + pkt = list_first_entry(&qdev->ul_pkts, struct qrtr_mhi_pkt, node);
> + list_del(&pkt->node);
> + complete_all(&pkt->done);

You should be able to release the lock after popping the item off the
list, then complete and refcount it.

> +
> + kref_put(&pkt->refcount, qrtr_mhi_pkt_release);
> + spin_unlock_irqrestore(&qdev->ul_lock, flags);
> +}
> +
> +static void qcom_mhi_qrtr_status_callback(struct mhi_device *mhi_dev,
> + enum mhi_callback mhi_cb)
> +{
> + struct qrtr_mhi_dev *qdev = dev_get_drvdata(&mhi_dev->dev);
> + struct qrtr_mhi_pkt *pkt;
> + unsigned long flags;
> +
> + if (mhi_cb != MHI_CB_FATAL_ERROR)
> + return;
> +
> + atomic_inc(&qdev->in_reset);

You have ul_lock close at hand in both places where you access in_reset,
so I think it would be better to just use that, instead of an atomic.

> + spin_lock_irqsave(&qdev->ul_lock, flags);
> + list_for_each_entry(pkt, &qdev->ul_pkts, node)
> + complete_all(&pkt->done);
> + spin_unlock_irqrestore(&qdev->ul_lock, flags);
> +}
> +
> +/* Send data over MHI */
> +static int qcom_mhi_qrtr_send(struct qrtr_endpoint *ep, struct sk_buff *skb)
> +{
> + struct qrtr_mhi_dev *qdev = container_of(ep, struct qrtr_mhi_dev, ep);
> + struct qrtr_mhi_pkt *pkt;
> + int rc;
> +
> + rc = skb_linearize(skb);
> + if (rc) {
> + kfree_skb(skb);
> + return rc;
> + }
> +
> + pkt = kzalloc(sizeof(*pkt), GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (!pkt) {
> + kfree_skb(skb);
> + return -ENOMEM;
> + }
> +
> + init_completion(&pkt->done);
> + kref_init(&pkt->refcount);
> + kref_get(&pkt->refcount);
> + pkt->skb = skb;
> +
> + spin_lock_bh(&qdev->ul_lock);
> + list_add_tail(&pkt->node, &qdev->ul_pkts);
> + rc = mhi_queue_skb(qdev->mhi_dev, DMA_TO_DEVICE, skb, skb->len,
> + MHI_EOT);

Do you want to continue doing this when qdev->in_reset? Wouldn't it be
better to bail early if the remote end is dying?

> + if (rc) {
> + list_del(&pkt->node);
> + /* Reference count needs to be dropped 2 times */
> + kref_put(&pkt->refcount, qrtr_mhi_pkt_release);
> + kref_put(&pkt->refcount, qrtr_mhi_pkt_release);
> + kfree_skb(skb);
> + spin_unlock_bh(&qdev->ul_lock);
> + return rc;
> + }
> +
> + spin_unlock_bh(&qdev->ul_lock);
> + if (skb->sk)
> + sock_hold(skb->sk);
> +
> + rc = wait_for_completion_interruptible_timeout(&pkt->done, HZ * 5);
> + if (atomic_read(&qdev->in_reset))
> + rc = -ECONNRESET;
> + else if (rc == 0)
> + rc = -ETIMEDOUT;

Is this recoverable? The message will remain on the list and may be
delivered at a later point(?), but qrtr and the app will learn that the
message was lost - which is presumably considered fatal.

Is it guaranteed that qcom_mhi_qrtr_ul_callback() will happen later and
find the head of the list?


The reason for my question is that without this you have one of two
scenarios;
1) the message is put on the list, decremented in
qcom_mhi_qrtr_ul_callback() then we get back here and decrement it
again.
2) the message is put on the list, then qcom_mhi_qrtr_status_callback()
happens and all messages are released - presumably then
qcom_mhi_qrtr_ul_callback() won't happen.


So if the third case (where we return here and then later
qcom_mhi_qrtr_ul_callback() must find this particular packet at the
front of the queue) can't happen, then you can just skip the entire
refcounting.

Further more, you could carry qrtr_mhi_pkt on the stack.


...or to flip this around, is there a reason to wait here at all? What
would happen if you just return immediately after calling
mhi_queue_skb()? Wouldn't that provide you better throughput?

> + else if (rc > 0)
> + rc = 0;
> +
> + kref_put(&pkt->refcount, qrtr_mhi_pkt_release);
> +
> + return rc;
> +}
> +
> +static int qcom_mhi_qrtr_probe(struct mhi_device *mhi_dev,
> + const struct mhi_device_id *id)
> +{
> + struct qrtr_mhi_dev *qdev;
> + u32 net_id;
> + int rc;
> +
> + qdev = devm_kzalloc(&mhi_dev->dev, sizeof(*qdev), GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (!qdev)
> + return -ENOMEM;
> +
> + qdev->mhi_dev = mhi_dev;
> + qdev->dev = &mhi_dev->dev;
> + qdev->ep.xmit = qcom_mhi_qrtr_send;
> + atomic_set(&qdev->in_reset, 0);
> +
> + net_id = QRTR_EP_NID_AUTO;

Just pass QRTR_EP_NID_AUTO directly in the function call below.

Regards,
Bjorn

> +
> + INIT_LIST_HEAD(&qdev->ul_pkts);
> + spin_lock_init(&qdev->ul_lock);
> +
> + dev_set_drvdata(&mhi_dev->dev, qdev);
> + rc = qrtr_endpoint_register(&qdev->ep, net_id);
> + if (rc)
> + return rc;
> +
> + dev_dbg(qdev->dev, "Qualcomm MHI QRTR driver probed\n");
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static void qcom_mhi_qrtr_remove(struct mhi_device *mhi_dev)
> +{
> + struct qrtr_mhi_dev *qdev = dev_get_drvdata(&mhi_dev->dev);
> +
> + qrtr_endpoint_unregister(&qdev->ep);
> + dev_set_drvdata(&mhi_dev->dev, NULL);
> +}
> +
> +static const struct mhi_device_id qcom_mhi_qrtr_id_table[] = {
> + { .chan = "IPCR" },
> + {}
> +};
> +MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(mhi, qcom_mhi_qrtr_id_table);
> +
> +static struct mhi_driver qcom_mhi_qrtr_driver = {
> + .probe = qcom_mhi_qrtr_probe,
> + .remove = qcom_mhi_qrtr_remove,
> + .dl_xfer_cb = qcom_mhi_qrtr_dl_callback,
> + .ul_xfer_cb = qcom_mhi_qrtr_ul_callback,
> + .status_cb = qcom_mhi_qrtr_status_callback,
> + .id_table = qcom_mhi_qrtr_id_table,
> + .driver = {
> + .name = "qcom_mhi_qrtr",
> + },
> +};
> +
> +module_mhi_driver(qcom_mhi_qrtr_driver);
> +
> +MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Qualcomm IPC-Router MHI interface driver");
> +MODULE_LICENSE("GPL v2");
> --
> 2.17.1
>

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