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Subject[PATCH v3 19/26] objtool: Implement noinstr validation
Validate that any call out of .noinstr.text is in between
instr_begin() and instr_end() annotations.

This annotation is useful to ensure correct behaviour wrt tracing
sensitive code like entry/exit and idle code. When we run code in a
sensitive context we want a guarantee no unknown code is ran.

Since this validation relies on knowing the section of call
destination symbols, we must run it on vmlinux.o instead of on
individual object files.

Add two options:

-d/--duplicate "duplicate validation for vmlinux"
-l/--vmlinux "vmlinux.o validation"

Where the latter auto-detects when objname ends with "vmlinux.o" and
the former will force all validations, also those already done on
!vmlinux object files.

Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
---
tools/objtool/builtin-check.c | 11 +++-
tools/objtool/builtin.h | 2
tools/objtool/check.c | 97 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
tools/objtool/check.h | 3 +
tools/objtool/elf.h | 2
5 files changed, 111 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)

--- a/tools/objtool/builtin-check.c
+++ b/tools/objtool/builtin-check.c
@@ -14,10 +14,11 @@
*/

#include <subcmd/parse-options.h>
+#include <string.h>
#include "builtin.h"
#include "check.h"

-bool no_fp, no_unreachable, retpoline, module, backtrace, uaccess, stats;
+bool no_fp, no_unreachable, retpoline, module, backtrace, uaccess, stats, validate_dup, vmlinux;

static const char * const check_usage[] = {
"objtool check [<options>] file.o",
@@ -32,12 +33,14 @@ const struct option check_options[] = {
OPT_BOOLEAN('b', "backtrace", &backtrace, "unwind on error"),
OPT_BOOLEAN('a', "uaccess", &uaccess, "enable uaccess checking"),
OPT_BOOLEAN('s', "stats", &stats, "print statistics"),
+ OPT_BOOLEAN('d', "duplicate", &validate_dup, "duplicate validation for vmlinux.o"),
+ OPT_BOOLEAN('l', "vmlinux", &vmlinux, "vmlinux.o validation"),
OPT_END(),
};

int cmd_check(int argc, const char **argv)
{
- const char *objname;
+ const char *objname, *s;

argc = parse_options(argc, argv, check_options, check_usage, 0);

@@ -46,5 +49,9 @@ int cmd_check(int argc, const char **arg

objname = argv[0];

+ s = strstr(objname, "vmlinux.o");
+ if (s && !s[9])
+ vmlinux = true;
+
return check(objname, false);
}
--- a/tools/objtool/builtin.h
+++ b/tools/objtool/builtin.h
@@ -8,7 +8,7 @@
#include <subcmd/parse-options.h>

extern const struct option check_options[];
-extern bool no_fp, no_unreachable, retpoline, module, backtrace, uaccess, stats;
+extern bool no_fp, no_unreachable, retpoline, module, backtrace, uaccess, stats, validate_dup, vmlinux;

extern int cmd_check(int argc, const char **argv);
extern int cmd_orc(int argc, const char **argv);
--- a/tools/objtool/check.c
+++ b/tools/objtool/check.c
@@ -252,6 +252,9 @@ static int decode_instructions(struct ob
strncmp(sec->name, ".discard.", 9))
sec->text = true;

+ if (!strcmp(sec->name, ".noinstr.text"))
+ sec->noinstr = true;
+
for (offset = 0; offset < sec->len; offset += insn->len) {
insn = malloc(sizeof(*insn));
if (!insn) {
@@ -1350,6 +1353,53 @@ static int read_retpoline_hints(struct o
return 0;
}

+static int read_instr_hints(struct objtool_file *file)
+{
+ struct section *sec;
+ struct instruction *insn;
+ struct rela *rela;
+
+ sec = find_section_by_name(file->elf, ".rela.discard.instr_end");
+ if (!sec)
+ return 0;
+
+ list_for_each_entry(rela, &sec->rela_list, list) {
+ if (rela->sym->type != STT_SECTION) {
+ WARN("unexpected relocation symbol type in %s", sec->name);
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ insn = find_insn(file, rela->sym->sec, rela->addend);
+ if (!insn) {
+ WARN("bad .discard.instr_end entry");
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ insn->instr--;
+ }
+
+ sec = find_section_by_name(file->elf, ".rela.discard.instr_begin");
+ if (!sec)
+ return 0;
+
+ list_for_each_entry(rela, &sec->rela_list, list) {
+ if (rela->sym->type != STT_SECTION) {
+ WARN("unexpected relocation symbol type in %s", sec->name);
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ insn = find_insn(file, rela->sym->sec, rela->addend);
+ if (!insn) {
+ WARN("bad .discard.instr_begin entry");
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ insn->instr++;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
static void mark_rodata(struct objtool_file *file)
{
struct section *sec;
@@ -1421,6 +1471,10 @@ static int decode_sections(struct objtoo
if (ret)
return ret;

+ ret = read_instr_hints(file);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+
return 0;
}

@@ -1972,6 +2026,13 @@ static inline const char *call_dest_name

static int validate_call(struct instruction *insn, struct insn_state *state)
{
+ if (state->noinstr && state->instr <= 0 &&
+ (!insn->call_dest || insn->call_dest->sec != insn->sec)) {
+ WARN_FUNC("call to %s() leaves .noinstr.text section",
+ insn->sec, insn->offset, call_dest_name(insn));
+ return 1;
+ }
+
if (state->uaccess && !func_uaccess_safe(insn->call_dest)) {
WARN_FUNC("call to %s() with UACCESS enabled",
insn->sec, insn->offset, call_dest_name(insn));
@@ -2000,6 +2061,12 @@ static int validate_sibling_call(struct

static int validate_return(struct symbol *func, struct instruction *insn, struct insn_state *state)
{
+ if (state->noinstr && state->instr > 0) {
+ WARN_FUNC("return with instrumentation enabled",
+ insn->sec, insn->offset);
+ return 1;
+ }
+
if (state->uaccess && !func_uaccess_safe(func)) {
WARN_FUNC("return with UACCESS enabled",
insn->sec, insn->offset);
@@ -2082,6 +2149,8 @@ static int apply_insn_hint(struct objtoo
state->df = old.df;
state->uaccess = old.uaccess;
state->uaccess_stack = old.uaccess_stack;
+ state->noinstr = old.noinstr;
+ state->instr = old.instr;

return 0;
}
@@ -2444,6 +2513,14 @@ static int validate_section(struct objto
CFI_NUM_REGS * sizeof(struct cfi_reg));
state.stack_size = initial_func_cfi.cfa.offset;

+ /*
+ * We need the full vmlinux for noinstr validation, otherwise we can
+ * not correctly determine insn->call_dest->sec (external symbols do
+ * not have a section).
+ */
+ if (vmlinux)
+ state.noinstr = sec->noinstr;
+
list_for_each_entry(func, &sec->symbol_list, list) {
if (func->type != STT_FUNC)
continue;
@@ -2472,6 +2549,17 @@ static int validate_section(struct objto
return warnings;
}

+static int validate_vmlinux_functions(struct objtool_file *file)
+{
+ struct section *sec;
+
+ sec = find_section_by_name(file->elf, ".noinstr.text");
+ if (!sec)
+ return 0;
+
+ return validate_section(file, sec);
+}
+
static int validate_functions(struct objtool_file *file)
{
struct section *sec;
@@ -2529,6 +2617,15 @@ int check(const char *_objname, bool orc
if (list_empty(&file.insn_list))
goto out;

+ if (vmlinux && !validate_dup) {
+ ret = validate_vmlinux_functions(&file);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ goto out;
+
+ warnings += ret;
+ goto out;
+ }
+
if (retpoline) {
ret = validate_retpoline(&file);
if (ret < 0)
--- a/tools/objtool/check.h
+++ b/tools/objtool/check.h
@@ -28,6 +28,8 @@ struct insn_state {
unsigned char type;
bool bp_scratch;
bool drap, end, uaccess, df;
+ bool noinstr;
+ s8 instr;
unsigned int uaccess_stack;
int drap_reg, drap_offset;
struct cfi_reg vals[CFI_NUM_REGS];
@@ -43,6 +45,7 @@ struct instruction {
unsigned long immediate;
bool alt_group, dead_end, ignore, hint, save, restore, ignore_alts;
bool retpoline_safe;
+ s8 instr;
u8 visited;
struct symbol *call_dest;
struct instruction *jump_dest;
--- a/tools/objtool/elf.h
+++ b/tools/objtool/elf.h
@@ -39,7 +39,7 @@ struct section {
char *name;
int idx;
unsigned int len;
- bool changed, text, rodata;
+ bool changed, text, rodata, noinstr;
};

struct symbol {

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