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SubjectRe: [PATCH] bdev: Reduce time holding bd_mutex in sync in blkdev_close()
On Fri, Mar 20, 2020 at 11:07:16AM -0700, Douglas Anderson wrote:
> While trying to "dd" to the block device for a USB stick, I
> encountered a hung task warning (blocked for > 120 seconds). I
> managed to come up with an easy way to reproduce this on my system
> (where /dev/sdb is the block device for my USB stick) with:
>
> while true; do dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/sdb bs=4M; done
>
> With my reproduction here are the relevant bits from the hung task
> detector:
>
> INFO: task udevd:294 blocked for more than 122 seconds.
> ...
> udevd D 0 294 1 0x00400008
> Call trace:
> ...
> mutex_lock_nested+0x40/0x50
> __blkdev_get+0x7c/0x3d4
> blkdev_get+0x118/0x138
> blkdev_open+0x94/0xa8
> do_dentry_open+0x268/0x3a0
> vfs_open+0x34/0x40
> path_openat+0x39c/0xdf4
> do_filp_open+0x90/0x10c
> do_sys_open+0x150/0x3c8
> ...
>
> ...
> Showing all locks held in the system:
> ...
> 1 lock held by dd/2798:
> #0: ffffff814ac1a3b8 (&bdev->bd_mutex){+.+.}, at: __blkdev_put+0x50/0x204
> ...
> dd D 0 2798 2764 0x00400208
> Call trace:
> ...
> schedule+0x8c/0xbc
> io_schedule+0x1c/0x40
> wait_on_page_bit_common+0x238/0x338
> __lock_page+0x5c/0x68
> write_cache_pages+0x194/0x500
> generic_writepages+0x64/0xa4
> blkdev_writepages+0x24/0x30
> do_writepages+0x48/0xa8
> __filemap_fdatawrite_range+0xac/0xd8
> filemap_write_and_wait+0x30/0x84
> __blkdev_put+0x88/0x204
> blkdev_put+0xc4/0xe4
> blkdev_close+0x28/0x38
> __fput+0xe0/0x238
> ____fput+0x1c/0x28
> task_work_run+0xb0/0xe4
> do_notify_resume+0xfc0/0x14bc
> work_pending+0x8/0x14
>
> The problem appears related to the fact that my USB disk is terribly
> slow and that I have a lot of RAM in my system to cache things.
> Specifically my writes seem to be happening at ~15 MB/s and I've got
> ~4 GB of RAM in my system that can be used for buffering. To write 4
> GB of buffer to disk thus takes ~4000 MB / ~15 MB/s = ~267 seconds.
>
> The 267 second number is a problem because in __blkdev_put() we call
> sync_blockdev() while holding the bd_mutex. Any other callers who
> want the bd_mutex will be blocked for the whole time.
>
> The problem is made worse because I believe blkdev_put() specifically
> tells other tasks (namely udev) to go try to access the device at right
> around the same time we're going to hold the mutex for a long time.
>
> Putting some traces around this (after disabling the hung task detector),
> I could confirm:
> dd: 437.608600: __blkdev_put() right before sync_blockdev() for sdb
> udevd: 437.623901: blkdev_open() right before blkdev_get() for sdb
> dd: 661.468451: __blkdev_put() right after sync_blockdev() for sdb
> udevd: 663.820426: blkdev_open() right after blkdev_get() for sdb
>
> A simple fix for this is to realize that sync_blockdev() works fine if
> you're not holding the mutex. Also, it's not the end of the world if
> you sync a little early (though it can have performance impacts).
> Thus we can make a guess that we're going to need to do the sync and
> then do it without holding the mutex. We still do one last sync with
> the mutex but it should be much, much faster.
>
> With this, my hung task warnings for my test case are gone.
>
> Signed-off-by: Douglas Anderson <dianders@chromium.org>
> ---
> I didn't put a "Fixes" annotation here because, as far as I can tell,
> this issue has been here "forever" unless someone knows of something
> else that changed that made this possible to hit. This could probably
> get picked back to any stable tree that anyone is still maintaining.

The idea ok, but I see no point in even taking the lock to check
bd_openers given that it is going to be racy anyway.

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