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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2] perf test x86: address multiplexing in rdpmc test
On Sun, Mar 22, 2020 at 3:18 AM Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> wrote:
>
> On Sat, Mar 21, 2020 at 10:37:10AM -0700, Ian Rogers wrote:
>
> > +static u64 mmap_read_self(void *addr, u64 *running)
> > {
> > struct perf_event_mmap_page *pc = addr;
> > u32 seq, idx, time_mult = 0, time_shift = 0;
> > - u64 count, cyc = 0, time_offset = 0, enabled, running, delta;
> > + u64 count, cyc = 0, time_offset = 0, enabled, delta;
> >
> > do {
> > seq = pc->lock;
> > barrier();
> >
> > enabled = pc->time_enabled;
> > - running = pc->time_running;
> > -
> > - if (enabled != running) {
> > + *running = pc->time_running;
> > +
> > + if (*running == 0) {
> > + /*
> > + * Counter won't have a value as due to multiplexing the
> > + * event wasn't scheduled.
> > + */
> > + return 0;
> > + }
>
> I still think adding code for an error case here is a bad idea. And only
> passing running as an argument is inconsistent.
>
> Also, then I had a look at what the compiler made of that function and
> cried.
>
> Here's something a little better. Much of it copied from linux/math64.h
> and asm/div64.h.
>
> ---
> diff --git a/tools/perf/arch/x86/tests/rdpmc.c b/tools/perf/arch/x86/tests/rdpmc.c
> index 1ea916656a2d..386a6dacb21e 100644
> --- a/tools/perf/arch/x86/tests/rdpmc.c
> +++ b/tools/perf/arch/x86/tests/rdpmc.c
> @@ -34,20 +34,98 @@ static u64 rdtsc(void)
> return low | ((u64)high) << 32;
> }
>
> -static u64 mmap_read_self(void *addr)
> +#ifdef __x86_64__
> +static inline u64 mul_u64_u64_div64(u64 a, u64 b, u64 c)
> +{
> + u64 q;
> +
> + asm ("mulq %2; divq %3" : "=a" (q)
> + : "a" (a), "rm" (b), "rm" (c)
> + : "rdx");
> +
> + return q;
> +}
> +#define mul_u64_u64_div64 mul_u64_u64_div64
> +#endif
> +
> +#ifdef __SIZEOF_INT128__
> +
> +static inline u64 mul_u64_u32_shr(u64 a, u32 b, unsigned int shift)
> +{
> + return (u64)(((unsigned __int128)a * b) >> shift);
> +}
> +
> +#ifndef mul_u64_u64_div64
> +static inline u64 mul_u64_u64_div64(u64 a, u64 b, u64 c)
> +{
> + unsigned __int128 m = a;
> + m *= b;
> + return m / c;
> +}
> +#endif
> +
> +#else
> +
> +#ifdef __i386__
> +static inline u64 mul_u32_u32(u32 a, u32 b)
> +{
> + u32 high, low;
> +
> + asm ("mull %[b]" : "=a" (low), "=d" (high)
> + : [a] "a" (a), [b] "rm" (b) );
> +
> + return low | ((u64)high) << 32;
> +}
> +#else
> +static inline u64 mul_u32_u32(u32 a, u32 b)
> +{
> + return (u64)a * b;
> +}
> +#endif
> +
> +static inline u64 mul_u64_u32_shr(u64 a, u32 b, unsigned int shift)
> +{
> + u32 ah, al;
> + u64 ret;
> +
> + al = a;
> + ah = a >> 32;
> +
> + ret = mul_u32_u32(al, mul) >> shift;
> + if (ah)
> + ret += mul_u32_u32(ah, mul) << (32 - shift);
> +
> + return ret;
> +}
> +
> +#ifndef mul_u64_u64_div64
> +static inline u64 mul_u64_u64_div64(u64 a, u64 b, u64 c)
> +{
> + u64 quot, rem;
> +
> + quot = a / c;
> + rem = a % c;
> +
> + return qout * b + (rem * b) / c;
> +}
> +#endif
> +
> +#endif
> +
> +static u64 mmap_read_self(void *addr, u64 *enabled, u64 *running)
> {
> struct perf_event_mmap_page *pc = addr;
> u32 seq, idx, time_mult = 0, time_shift = 0;
> - u64 count, cyc = 0, time_offset = 0, enabled, running, delta;
> + u64 count, cyc = 0, time_offset = 0;
>
> do {
> seq = pc->lock;
> barrier();
>
> - enabled = pc->time_enabled;
> - running = pc->time_running;
> + *enabled = pc->time_enabled;
> + *running = pc->time_running;
>
> - if (enabled != running) {
> + if (*enabled != *running) {
> cyc = rdtsc();
> time_mult = pc->time_mult;
> time_shift = pc->time_shift;
> @@ -62,21 +140,13 @@ static u64 mmap_read_self(void *addr)
> barrier();
> } while (pc->lock != seq);
>
> - if (enabled != running) {
> - u64 quot, rem;
> -
> - quot = (cyc >> time_shift);
> - rem = cyc & (((u64)1 << time_shift) - 1);
> - delta = time_offset + quot * time_mult +
> - ((rem * time_mult) >> time_shift);
> -
> - enabled += delta;
> + if (*enabled != *running) {
> + u64 delta = time_offset + mul_u64_u32_shr(cyc, time_mult, time_shift);
> + *enabled += delta;
> if (idx)
> - running += delta;
> + *running += delta;
>
> - quot = count / running;
> - rem = count % running;
> - count = quot * enabled + (rem * enabled) / running;
> + count = mul_u64_u64_div64(count, *enabled, *running);

*running may be 0 here, because of multiplexing, and so it will yield a SIGFPE.

> }
>
> return count;
> @@ -130,14 +200,18 @@ static int __test__rdpmc(void)
> }
>
> for (n = 0; n < 6; n++) {
> - u64 stamp, now, delta;
> + u64 stamp, now, delta, enabled, running;
>
> - stamp = mmap_read_self(addr);
> + stamp = mmap_read_self(addr, &enabled, &running);
>
> for (i = 0; i < loops; i++)
> tmp++;
>
> - now = mmap_read_self(addr);
> + now = mmap_read_self(addr, &enabled, &running);
> +
> + if (enabled && !running)
> + goto out_error;
> +
> loops *= 10;
>
> delta = now - stamp;
> @@ -155,6 +229,11 @@ static int __test__rdpmc(void)
> return -1;
>
> return 0;
> +
> +out_error:
> + close(fd);
> + pr_err("counter never ran; you loose\n");
> + return -1;

I'd prefer to retry in this case as I'm not running the test on an
isolated machine. Perhaps -2 (TEST_SKIP) rather than -1 (TEST_FAIL),
some kind of resource not available error would be better.

Thanks,
Ian

> }
>
> int test__rdpmc(struct test *test __maybe_unused, int subtest __maybe_unused)
>

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