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SubjectRe: [PATCH v11 5/8] iio: adc: adi-axi-adc: add support for AXI ADC IP core
On Sun, 22 Mar 2020 17:40:30 +0000
"Ardelean, Alexandru" <alexandru.Ardelean@analog.com> wrote:

> On Sun, 2020-03-22 at 16:53 +0000, Jonathan Cameron wrote:
> > On Sun, 22 Mar 2020 09:16:36 -0700
> > Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> wrote:
> >
> > > On Sun, Mar 22, 2020 at 12:45:39PM +0200, Andy Shevchenko wrote:
> > > > +Cc Kees (see below about allocation size checks)
> > > >
> > > > On Sun, Mar 22, 2020 at 11:36 AM Ardelean, Alexandru
> > > > <alexandru.Ardelean@analog.com> wrote:
> > > > > On Sat, 2020-03-21 at 23:38 +0200, Andy Shevchenko wrote:
> > > > > > On Sat, Mar 21, 2020 at 10:55 AM Alexandru Ardelean
> > > > > > <alexandru.ardelean@analog.com> wrote:
> > > >
> > > > ...
> > > >
> > > > > > > +static struct adi_axi_adc_conv *adi_axi_adc_conv_register(struct
> > > > > > > device
> > > > > > > *dev,
> > > > > > > + int
> > > > > > > sizeof_priv)
> > > > > > > +{
> > > > > > > + struct adi_axi_adc_client *cl;
> > > > > > > + size_t alloc_size;
> > > > > > > +
> > > > > > > + alloc_size = sizeof(struct adi_axi_adc_client);
> > > > > > > + if (sizeof_priv) {
> > > > > > > + alloc_size = ALIGN(alloc_size, IIO_ALIGN);
> > > > > > > + alloc_size += sizeof_priv;
> > > > > > > + }
> > > > > > > + alloc_size += IIO_ALIGN - 1;
> > > > > >
> > > > > > Have you looked at linux/overflow.h?
> > > > >
> > > > > i did now;
> > > > > any hints where i should look closer?
> > > >
> > > > It seems it lacks of this kind of allocation size checks... Perhaps add
> > > > one?
> > > > Kees, what do you think?
> > > >
> > > > > > > + cl = kzalloc(alloc_size, GFP_KERNEL);
> > > > > > > + if (!cl)
> > > > > > > + return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
> > >
> > > My head hurts trying to read this! ;) Okay, so the base size is
> > > sizeof(struct adi_axi_adc_client). But if sizeof_priv is non-zero
> > > (this arg should be size_t not int), then we need to make the struct
> > > size ALIGNed? And then what is the "+= IIO_ALIGN - 1" for?
> >
> > I'm a bit embarrassed. I can't remember what the += IIO_ALIGN - 1
> > was for in the first place and I can't work it out now.
> >
> > The purpose of the fun here was to end up with a structure that
> > was either
> > a) sizeof(struct iio_dev) long,
> > b) sizeof(struct iio_dev) + padding + sizeof_priv
> > where the padding ensured that any __cacheline_aligned elements
> > in the private structure were cacheline aligned within resulting
> > allocation.
> >
> > So why the extra IIO_ALIGN - 1....
> >
> > The original patch doesn't help much either given it's got a question
> > in there for why this bit is needed.
> >
> > https://lore.kernel.org/linux-iio/1302890160-8823-5-git-send-email-jic23@cam.ac.uk/
> >
> > However, it rang a slight bell. Seems I lifted the code from netdev.
> > https://elixir.bootlin.com/linux/latest/source/net/core/dev.c#L9718
> >
> > I'm fairly sure we don't need that padding here.. What can I say,
> > I was young and stupid :)
> >
> > I did add a question mark so clearly meant to come back and
> > take another look ;)
> >
> > One vague thought is that it's about ensuring we are big enough to
> > ensure we are cacheline aligned. That's obviously not a problem with
> > current struct iio_dev which is far from small,
> > but in theory it could have been. Also, thinking about it we only
> > need the struct iio_dev to be cacheline aligned if we have
> > an iio_priv structure. If we have one of those it will definitely
> > be big enough anyway.
> >
> > At somepoint I'd like to look at cleaning it up for iio_device_alloc
> > but with a lot of testing as who knows what is relying on this behaviour
> > or if I've missed something. Crashes around this alignment are
> > infrequent and nasty to trace at the best of times.
>
> In the meantime, are there any objections if I leave the allocation as-is for
> this driver as well?
> I've tested the driver a bit more with this form.

Hmm. I'd rather we didn't introduce this with the extra padding unless we
can figure out why it would need it. It would be a bit horrible to
patch this in a few weeks time for this reason.

If you absolutely can't retest for remote reasons then I suppose we could
merge it and tidy up later.

Jonathan

>
> >
> > Jonathan
> >
> > > It's not clear to me what the expect alignment/padding is here.
> > >
> > > I would probably construct this as:
> > >
> > > sizeof_self = sizeof(struct adi_axi_adc_client);
> > > if (sizeof_priv)
> > > sizeof_self = ALIGN(sizeof_self, IIO_ALIGN);
> > > if (check_add_overflow(sizeof_self, sizeof_priv, &sizeof_alloc))
> > > return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
> > > if (check_add_overflow(sizeof_alloc, IIO_ALIGN - 1, &sizeof_alloc))
> > > return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
> > >
> > > But I don't understand the "IIO_ALIGN - 1" part, so I assume this could
> > > be shortened with better use of ALIGN()?
> > >
> > > Also, this feels like a weird driver allocation overall:
> > >
> > > + struct adi_axi_adc_conv **ptr, *conv;
> > > +
> > > + ptr = devres_alloc(devm_adi_axi_adc_conv_release, sizeof(*ptr),
> > > + GFP_KERNEL);
> > > + if (!ptr)
> > > + return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
> > > +
> > > + conv = adi_axi_adc_conv_register(dev, sizeof_priv);
> > >
> > > devres_alloc() allocates storage for a _single pointer_. :P That's not
> > > useful for resource tracking. Why is devres_alloc() being called here
> > > and not down in adi_axi_adc_conv_register() and just passing the pointer
> > > back up?
> > >

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