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Subject[PATCH v7 1/2] KEYS: Don't write out to userspace while holding key semaphore
Date
A lockdep circular locking dependency report was seen when running a
keyutils test:

[12537.027242] ======================================================
[12537.059309] WARNING: possible circular locking dependency detected
[12537.088148] 4.18.0-147.7.1.el8_1.x86_64+debug #1 Tainted: G OE --------- - -
[12537.125253] ------------------------------------------------------
[12537.153189] keyctl/25598 is trying to acquire lock:
[12537.175087] 000000007c39f96c (&mm->mmap_sem){++++}, at: __might_fault+0xc4/0x1b0
[12537.208365]
[12537.208365] but task is already holding lock:
[12537.234507] 000000003de5b58d (&type->lock_class){++++}, at: keyctl_read_key+0x15a/0x220
[12537.270476]
[12537.270476] which lock already depends on the new lock.
[12537.270476]
[12537.307209]
[12537.307209] the existing dependency chain (in reverse order) is:
[12537.340754]
[12537.340754] -> #3 (&type->lock_class){++++}:
[12537.367434] down_write+0x4d/0x110
[12537.385202] __key_link_begin+0x87/0x280
[12537.405232] request_key_and_link+0x483/0xf70
[12537.427221] request_key+0x3c/0x80
[12537.444839] dns_query+0x1db/0x5a5 [dns_resolver]
[12537.468445] dns_resolve_server_name_to_ip+0x1e1/0x4d0 [cifs]
[12537.496731] cifs_reconnect+0xe04/0x2500 [cifs]
[12537.519418] cifs_readv_from_socket+0x461/0x690 [cifs]
[12537.546263] cifs_read_from_socket+0xa0/0xe0 [cifs]
[12537.573551] cifs_demultiplex_thread+0x311/0x2db0 [cifs]
[12537.601045] kthread+0x30c/0x3d0
[12537.617906] ret_from_fork+0x3a/0x50
[12537.636225]
[12537.636225] -> #2 (root_key_user.cons_lock){+.+.}:
[12537.664525] __mutex_lock+0x105/0x11f0
[12537.683734] request_key_and_link+0x35a/0xf70
[12537.705640] request_key+0x3c/0x80
[12537.723304] dns_query+0x1db/0x5a5 [dns_resolver]
[12537.746773] dns_resolve_server_name_to_ip+0x1e1/0x4d0 [cifs]
[12537.775607] cifs_reconnect+0xe04/0x2500 [cifs]
[12537.798322] cifs_readv_from_socket+0x461/0x690 [cifs]
[12537.823369] cifs_read_from_socket+0xa0/0xe0 [cifs]
[12537.847262] cifs_demultiplex_thread+0x311/0x2db0 [cifs]
[12537.873477] kthread+0x30c/0x3d0
[12537.890281] ret_from_fork+0x3a/0x50
[12537.908649]
[12537.908649] -> #1 (&tcp_ses->srv_mutex){+.+.}:
[12537.935225] __mutex_lock+0x105/0x11f0
[12537.954450] cifs_call_async+0x102/0x7f0 [cifs]
[12537.977250] smb2_async_readv+0x6c3/0xc90 [cifs]
[12538.000659] cifs_readpages+0x120a/0x1e50 [cifs]
[12538.023920] read_pages+0xf5/0x560
[12538.041583] __do_page_cache_readahead+0x41d/0x4b0
[12538.067047] ondemand_readahead+0x44c/0xc10
[12538.092069] filemap_fault+0xec1/0x1830
[12538.111637] __do_fault+0x82/0x260
[12538.129216] do_fault+0x419/0xfb0
[12538.146390] __handle_mm_fault+0x862/0xdf0
[12538.167408] handle_mm_fault+0x154/0x550
[12538.187401] __do_page_fault+0x42f/0xa60
[12538.207395] do_page_fault+0x38/0x5e0
[12538.225777] page_fault+0x1e/0x30
[12538.243010]
[12538.243010] -> #0 (&mm->mmap_sem){++++}:
[12538.267875] lock_acquire+0x14c/0x420
[12538.286848] __might_fault+0x119/0x1b0
[12538.306006] keyring_read_iterator+0x7e/0x170
[12538.327936] assoc_array_subtree_iterate+0x97/0x280
[12538.352154] keyring_read+0xe9/0x110
[12538.370558] keyctl_read_key+0x1b9/0x220
[12538.391470] do_syscall_64+0xa5/0x4b0
[12538.410511] entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x6a/0xdf
[12538.435535]
[12538.435535] other info that might help us debug this:
[12538.435535]
[12538.472829] Chain exists of:
[12538.472829] &mm->mmap_sem --> root_key_user.cons_lock --> &type->lock_class
[12538.472829]
[12538.524820] Possible unsafe locking scenario:
[12538.524820]
[12538.551431] CPU0 CPU1
[12538.572654] ---- ----
[12538.595865] lock(&type->lock_class);
[12538.613737] lock(root_key_user.cons_lock);
[12538.644234] lock(&type->lock_class);
[12538.672410] lock(&mm->mmap_sem);
[12538.687758]
[12538.687758] *** DEADLOCK ***
[12538.687758]
[12538.714455] 1 lock held by keyctl/25598:
[12538.732097] #0: 000000003de5b58d (&type->lock_class){++++}, at: keyctl_read_key+0x15a/0x220
[12538.770573]
[12538.770573] stack backtrace:
[12538.790136] CPU: 2 PID: 25598 Comm: keyctl Kdump: loaded Tainted: G
[12538.844855] Hardware name: HP ProLiant DL360 Gen9/ProLiant DL360 Gen9, BIOS P89 12/27/2015
[12538.881963] Call Trace:
[12538.892897] dump_stack+0x9a/0xf0
[12538.907908] print_circular_bug.isra.25.cold.50+0x1bc/0x279
[12538.932891] ? save_trace+0xd6/0x250
[12538.948979] check_prev_add.constprop.32+0xc36/0x14f0
[12538.971643] ? keyring_compare_object+0x104/0x190
[12538.992738] ? check_usage+0x550/0x550
[12539.009845] ? sched_clock+0x5/0x10
[12539.025484] ? sched_clock_cpu+0x18/0x1e0
[12539.043555] __lock_acquire+0x1f12/0x38d0
[12539.061551] ? trace_hardirqs_on+0x10/0x10
[12539.080554] lock_acquire+0x14c/0x420
[12539.100330] ? __might_fault+0xc4/0x1b0
[12539.119079] __might_fault+0x119/0x1b0
[12539.135869] ? __might_fault+0xc4/0x1b0
[12539.153234] keyring_read_iterator+0x7e/0x170
[12539.172787] ? keyring_read+0x110/0x110
[12539.190059] assoc_array_subtree_iterate+0x97/0x280
[12539.211526] keyring_read+0xe9/0x110
[12539.227561] ? keyring_gc_check_iterator+0xc0/0xc0
[12539.249076] keyctl_read_key+0x1b9/0x220
[12539.266660] do_syscall_64+0xa5/0x4b0
[12539.283091] entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x6a/0xdf

One way to prevent this deadlock scenario from happening is to not
allow writing to userspace while holding the key semaphore. Instead,
an internal buffer is allocated for getting the keys out from the
read method first before copying them out to userspace without holding
the lock.

That requires taking out the __user modifier from all the relevant
read methods as well as additional changes to not use any userspace
write helpers. That is,

1) The put_user() call is replaced by a direct copy.
2) The copy_to_user() call is replaced by memcpy().
3) All the fault handling code is removed.

Compiling on a x86-64 system, the size of the rxrpc_read() function is
reduced from 3795 bytes to 2384 bytes with this patch.

Fixes: ^1da177e4c3f4 ("Linux-2.6.12-rc2")
Reviewed-by: Jarkko Sakkinen <jarkko.sakkinen@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Waiman Long <longman@redhat.com>
---
include/keys/big_key-type.h | 2 +-
include/keys/user-type.h | 3 +-
include/linux/key-type.h | 2 +-
net/dns_resolver/dns_key.c | 2 +-
net/rxrpc/key.c | 27 +++------
security/keys/big_key.c | 11 ++--
security/keys/encrypted-keys/encrypted.c | 7 +--
security/keys/keyctl.c | 73 ++++++++++++++++++-----
security/keys/keyring.c | 6 +-
security/keys/request_key_auth.c | 7 +--
security/keys/trusted-keys/trusted_tpm1.c | 14 +----
security/keys/user_defined.c | 5 +-
12 files changed, 85 insertions(+), 74 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/keys/big_key-type.h b/include/keys/big_key-type.h
index f6a7ba4dccd4..3fee04f81439 100644
--- a/include/keys/big_key-type.h
+++ b/include/keys/big_key-type.h
@@ -17,6 +17,6 @@ extern void big_key_free_preparse(struct key_preparsed_payload *prep);
extern void big_key_revoke(struct key *key);
extern void big_key_destroy(struct key *key);
extern void big_key_describe(const struct key *big_key, struct seq_file *m);
-extern long big_key_read(const struct key *key, char __user *buffer, size_t buflen);
+extern long big_key_read(const struct key *key, char *buffer, size_t buflen);

#endif /* _KEYS_BIG_KEY_TYPE_H */
diff --git a/include/keys/user-type.h b/include/keys/user-type.h
index d5e73266a81a..be61fcddc02a 100644
--- a/include/keys/user-type.h
+++ b/include/keys/user-type.h
@@ -41,8 +41,7 @@ extern int user_update(struct key *key, struct key_preparsed_payload *prep);
extern void user_revoke(struct key *key);
extern void user_destroy(struct key *key);
extern void user_describe(const struct key *user, struct seq_file *m);
-extern long user_read(const struct key *key,
- char __user *buffer, size_t buflen);
+extern long user_read(const struct key *key, char *buffer, size_t buflen);

static inline const struct user_key_payload *user_key_payload_rcu(const struct key *key)
{
diff --git a/include/linux/key-type.h b/include/linux/key-type.h
index 4ded94bcf274..2ab2d6d6aeab 100644
--- a/include/linux/key-type.h
+++ b/include/linux/key-type.h
@@ -127,7 +127,7 @@ struct key_type {
* much is copied into the buffer
* - shouldn't do the copy if the buffer is NULL
*/
- long (*read)(const struct key *key, char __user *buffer, size_t buflen);
+ long (*read)(const struct key *key, char *buffer, size_t buflen);

/* handle request_key() for this type instead of invoking
* /sbin/request-key (optional)
diff --git a/net/dns_resolver/dns_key.c b/net/dns_resolver/dns_key.c
index 3e1a90669006..ad53eb31d40f 100644
--- a/net/dns_resolver/dns_key.c
+++ b/net/dns_resolver/dns_key.c
@@ -302,7 +302,7 @@ static void dns_resolver_describe(const struct key *key, struct seq_file *m)
* - the key's semaphore is read-locked
*/
static long dns_resolver_read(const struct key *key,
- char __user *buffer, size_t buflen)
+ char *buffer, size_t buflen)
{
int err = PTR_ERR(key->payload.data[dns_key_error]);

diff --git a/net/rxrpc/key.c b/net/rxrpc/key.c
index 6c3f35fac42d..0c98313dd7a8 100644
--- a/net/rxrpc/key.c
+++ b/net/rxrpc/key.c
@@ -31,7 +31,7 @@ static void rxrpc_free_preparse_s(struct key_preparsed_payload *);
static void rxrpc_destroy(struct key *);
static void rxrpc_destroy_s(struct key *);
static void rxrpc_describe(const struct key *, struct seq_file *);
-static long rxrpc_read(const struct key *, char __user *, size_t);
+static long rxrpc_read(const struct key *, char *, size_t);

/*
* rxrpc defined keys take an arbitrary string as the description and an
@@ -1042,12 +1042,12 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(rxrpc_get_null_key);
* - this returns the result in XDR form
*/
static long rxrpc_read(const struct key *key,
- char __user *buffer, size_t buflen)
+ char *buffer, size_t buflen)
{
const struct rxrpc_key_token *token;
const struct krb5_principal *princ;
size_t size;
- __be32 __user *xdr, *oldxdr;
+ __be32 *xdr, *oldxdr;
u32 cnlen, toksize, ntoks, tok, zero;
u16 toksizes[AFSTOKEN_MAX];
int loop;
@@ -1124,30 +1124,25 @@ static long rxrpc_read(const struct key *key,
if (!buffer || buflen < size)
return size;

- xdr = (__be32 __user *) buffer;
+ xdr = (__be32 *)buffer;
zero = 0;
#define ENCODE(x) \
do { \
- __be32 y = htonl(x); \
- if (put_user(y, xdr++) < 0) \
- goto fault; \
+ *xdr++ = htonl(x); \
} while(0)
#define ENCODE_DATA(l, s) \
do { \
u32 _l = (l); \
ENCODE(l); \
- if (copy_to_user(xdr, (s), _l) != 0) \
- goto fault; \
- if (_l & 3 && \
- copy_to_user((u8 __user *)xdr + _l, &zero, 4 - (_l & 3)) != 0) \
- goto fault; \
+ memcpy(xdr, (s), _l); \
+ if (_l & 3) \
+ memcpy((u8 *)xdr + _l, &zero, 4 - (_l & 3)); \
xdr += (_l + 3) >> 2; \
} while(0)
#define ENCODE64(x) \
do { \
__be64 y = cpu_to_be64(x); \
- if (copy_to_user(xdr, &y, 8) != 0) \
- goto fault; \
+ memcpy(xdr, &y, 8); \
xdr += 8 >> 2; \
} while(0)
#define ENCODE_STR(s) \
@@ -1238,8 +1233,4 @@ static long rxrpc_read(const struct key *key,
ASSERTCMP((char __user *) xdr - buffer, ==, size);
_leave(" = %zu", size);
return size;
-
-fault:
- _leave(" = -EFAULT");
- return -EFAULT;
}
diff --git a/security/keys/big_key.c b/security/keys/big_key.c
index 001abe530a0d..82008f900930 100644
--- a/security/keys/big_key.c
+++ b/security/keys/big_key.c
@@ -352,7 +352,7 @@ void big_key_describe(const struct key *key, struct seq_file *m)
* read the key data
* - the key's semaphore is read-locked
*/
-long big_key_read(const struct key *key, char __user *buffer, size_t buflen)
+long big_key_read(const struct key *key, char *buffer, size_t buflen)
{
size_t datalen = (size_t)key->payload.data[big_key_len];
long ret;
@@ -391,9 +391,8 @@ long big_key_read(const struct key *key, char __user *buffer, size_t buflen)

ret = datalen;

- /* copy decrypted data to user */
- if (copy_to_user(buffer, buf->virt, datalen) != 0)
- ret = -EFAULT;
+ /* copy out decrypted data */
+ memcpy(buffer, buf->virt, datalen);

err_fput:
fput(file);
@@ -401,9 +400,7 @@ long big_key_read(const struct key *key, char __user *buffer, size_t buflen)
big_key_free_buffer(buf);
} else {
ret = datalen;
- if (copy_to_user(buffer, key->payload.data[big_key_data],
- datalen) != 0)
- ret = -EFAULT;
+ memcpy(buffer, key->payload.data[big_key_data], datalen);
}

return ret;
diff --git a/security/keys/encrypted-keys/encrypted.c b/security/keys/encrypted-keys/encrypted.c
index 60720f58cbe0..f6797ba44bf7 100644
--- a/security/keys/encrypted-keys/encrypted.c
+++ b/security/keys/encrypted-keys/encrypted.c
@@ -902,14 +902,14 @@ static int encrypted_update(struct key *key, struct key_preparsed_payload *prep)
}

/*
- * encrypted_read - format and copy the encrypted data to userspace
+ * encrypted_read - format and copy out the encrypted data
*
* The resulting datablob format is:
* <master-key name> <decrypted data length> <encrypted iv> <encrypted data>
*
* On success, return to userspace the encrypted key datablob size.
*/
-static long encrypted_read(const struct key *key, char __user *buffer,
+static long encrypted_read(const struct key *key, char *buffer,
size_t buflen)
{
struct encrypted_key_payload *epayload;
@@ -957,8 +957,7 @@ static long encrypted_read(const struct key *key, char __user *buffer,
key_put(mkey);
memzero_explicit(derived_key, sizeof(derived_key));

- if (copy_to_user(buffer, ascii_buf, asciiblob_len) != 0)
- ret = -EFAULT;
+ memcpy(buffer, ascii_buf, asciiblob_len);
kzfree(ascii_buf);

return asciiblob_len;
diff --git a/security/keys/keyctl.c b/security/keys/keyctl.c
index 9b898c969558..434ed9defd3a 100644
--- a/security/keys/keyctl.c
+++ b/security/keys/keyctl.c
@@ -797,6 +797,21 @@ long keyctl_keyring_search(key_serial_t ringid,
return ret;
}

+/*
+ * Call the read method
+ */
+static long __keyctl_read_key(struct key *key, char *buffer, size_t buflen)
+{
+ long ret;
+
+ down_read(&key->sem);
+ ret = key_validate(key);
+ if (ret == 0)
+ ret = key->type->read(key, buffer, buflen);
+ up_read(&key->sem);
+ return ret;
+}
+
/*
* Read a key's payload.
*
@@ -812,26 +827,27 @@ long keyctl_read_key(key_serial_t keyid, char __user *buffer, size_t buflen)
struct key *key;
key_ref_t key_ref;
long ret;
+ char *key_data;

/* find the key first */
key_ref = lookup_user_key(keyid, 0, 0);
if (IS_ERR(key_ref)) {
ret = -ENOKEY;
- goto error;
+ goto out;
}

key = key_ref_to_ptr(key_ref);

ret = key_read_state(key);
if (ret < 0)
- goto error2; /* Negatively instantiated */
+ goto key_put_out; /* Negatively instantiated */

/* see if we can read it directly */
ret = key_permission(key_ref, KEY_NEED_READ);
if (ret == 0)
goto can_read_key;
if (ret != -EACCES)
- goto error2;
+ goto key_put_out;

/* we can't; see if it's searchable from this process's keyrings
* - we automatically take account of the fact that it may be
@@ -839,26 +855,51 @@ long keyctl_read_key(key_serial_t keyid, char __user *buffer, size_t buflen)
*/
if (!is_key_possessed(key_ref)) {
ret = -EACCES;
- goto error2;
+ goto key_put_out;
}

/* the key is probably readable - now try to read it */
can_read_key:
- ret = -EOPNOTSUPP;
- if (key->type->read) {
- /* Read the data with the semaphore held (since we might sleep)
- * to protect against the key being updated or revoked.
- */
- down_read(&key->sem);
- ret = key_validate(key);
- if (ret == 0)
- ret = key->type->read(key, buffer, buflen);
- up_read(&key->sem);
+ if (!key->type->read) {
+ ret = -EOPNOTSUPP;
+ goto key_put_out;
}

-error2:
+ if (!buffer || !buflen) {
+ /* Get the key length from the read method */
+ ret = __keyctl_read_key(key, NULL, 0);
+ goto key_put_out;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * Read the data with the semaphore held (since we might sleep)
+ * to protect against the key being updated or revoked.
+ *
+ * Allocating a temporary buffer to hold the keys before
+ * transferring them to user buffer to avoid potential
+ * deadlock involving page fault and mmap_sem.
+ */
+ key_data = kmalloc(buflen, GFP_KERNEL);
+
+ if (!key_data) {
+ ret = -ENOMEM;
+ goto key_put_out;
+ }
+ ret = __keyctl_read_key(key, key_data, buflen);
+
+ /*
+ * Read methods will just return the required length without
+ * any copying if the provided length isn't large enough.
+ */
+ if (ret > 0 && ret <= buflen) {
+ if (copy_to_user(buffer, key_data, ret))
+ ret = -EFAULT;
+ }
+ kzfree(key_data);
+
+key_put_out:
key_put(key);
-error:
+out:
return ret;
}

diff --git a/security/keys/keyring.c b/security/keys/keyring.c
index febf36c6ddc5..5ca620d31cd3 100644
--- a/security/keys/keyring.c
+++ b/security/keys/keyring.c
@@ -459,7 +459,6 @@ static int keyring_read_iterator(const void *object, void *data)
{
struct keyring_read_iterator_context *ctx = data;
const struct key *key = keyring_ptr_to_key(object);
- int ret;

kenter("{%s,%d},,{%zu/%zu}",
key->type->name, key->serial, ctx->count, ctx->buflen);
@@ -467,10 +466,7 @@ static int keyring_read_iterator(const void *object, void *data)
if (ctx->count >= ctx->buflen)
return 1;

- ret = put_user(key->serial, ctx->buffer);
- if (ret < 0)
- return ret;
- ctx->buffer++;
+ *ctx->buffer++ = key->serial;
ctx->count += sizeof(key->serial);
return 0;
}
diff --git a/security/keys/request_key_auth.c b/security/keys/request_key_auth.c
index ecba39c93fd9..41e9735006d0 100644
--- a/security/keys/request_key_auth.c
+++ b/security/keys/request_key_auth.c
@@ -22,7 +22,7 @@ static int request_key_auth_instantiate(struct key *,
static void request_key_auth_describe(const struct key *, struct seq_file *);
static void request_key_auth_revoke(struct key *);
static void request_key_auth_destroy(struct key *);
-static long request_key_auth_read(const struct key *, char __user *, size_t);
+static long request_key_auth_read(const struct key *, char *, size_t);

/*
* The request-key authorisation key type definition.
@@ -80,7 +80,7 @@ static void request_key_auth_describe(const struct key *key,
* - the key's semaphore is read-locked
*/
static long request_key_auth_read(const struct key *key,
- char __user *buffer, size_t buflen)
+ char *buffer, size_t buflen)
{
struct request_key_auth *rka = dereference_key_locked(key);
size_t datalen;
@@ -97,8 +97,7 @@ static long request_key_auth_read(const struct key *key,
if (buflen > datalen)
buflen = datalen;

- if (copy_to_user(buffer, rka->callout_info, buflen) != 0)
- ret = -EFAULT;
+ memcpy(buffer, rka->callout_info, buflen);
}

return ret;
diff --git a/security/keys/trusted-keys/trusted_tpm1.c b/security/keys/trusted-keys/trusted_tpm1.c
index d2c5ec1e040b..8001ab07e63b 100644
--- a/security/keys/trusted-keys/trusted_tpm1.c
+++ b/security/keys/trusted-keys/trusted_tpm1.c
@@ -1130,11 +1130,10 @@ static int trusted_update(struct key *key, struct key_preparsed_payload *prep)
* trusted_read - copy the sealed blob data to userspace in hex.
* On success, return to userspace the trusted key datablob size.
*/
-static long trusted_read(const struct key *key, char __user *buffer,
+static long trusted_read(const struct key *key, char *buffer,
size_t buflen)
{
const struct trusted_key_payload *p;
- char *ascii_buf;
char *bufp;
int i;

@@ -1143,18 +1142,9 @@ static long trusted_read(const struct key *key, char __user *buffer,
return -EINVAL;

if (buffer && buflen >= 2 * p->blob_len) {
- ascii_buf = kmalloc_array(2, p->blob_len, GFP_KERNEL);
- if (!ascii_buf)
- return -ENOMEM;
-
- bufp = ascii_buf;
+ bufp = buffer;
for (i = 0; i < p->blob_len; i++)
bufp = hex_byte_pack(bufp, p->blob[i]);
- if (copy_to_user(buffer, ascii_buf, 2 * p->blob_len) != 0) {
- kzfree(ascii_buf);
- return -EFAULT;
- }
- kzfree(ascii_buf);
}
return 2 * p->blob_len;
}
diff --git a/security/keys/user_defined.c b/security/keys/user_defined.c
index 6f12de4ce549..07d4287e9084 100644
--- a/security/keys/user_defined.c
+++ b/security/keys/user_defined.c
@@ -168,7 +168,7 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(user_describe);
* read the key data
* - the key's semaphore is read-locked
*/
-long user_read(const struct key *key, char __user *buffer, size_t buflen)
+long user_read(const struct key *key, char *buffer, size_t buflen)
{
const struct user_key_payload *upayload;
long ret;
@@ -181,8 +181,7 @@ long user_read(const struct key *key, char __user *buffer, size_t buflen)
if (buflen > upayload->datalen)
buflen = upayload->datalen;

- if (copy_to_user(buffer, upayload->data, buflen) != 0)
- ret = -EFAULT;
+ memcpy(buffer, upayload->data, buflen);
}

return ret;
--
2.18.1
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