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Subject[patch V3 17/20] lockdep: Introduce wait-type checks
From: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>

Extend lockdep to validate lock wait-type context.

The current wait-types are:

LD_WAIT_FREE, /* wait free, rcu etc.. */
LD_WAIT_SPIN, /* spin loops, raw_spinlock_t etc.. */
LD_WAIT_CONFIG, /* CONFIG_PREEMPT_LOCK, spinlock_t etc.. */
LD_WAIT_SLEEP, /* sleeping locks, mutex_t etc.. */

Where lockdep validates that the current lock (the one being acquired)
fits in the current wait-context (as generated by the held stack).

This ensures that there is no attempt to acquire mutexes while holding
spinlocks, to acquire spinlocks while holding raw_spinlocks and so on. In
other words, its a more fancy might_sleep().

Obviously RCU made the entire ordeal more complex than a simple single
value test because RCU can be acquired in (pretty much) any context and
while it presents a context to nested locks it is not the same as it
got acquired in.

Therefore its necessary to split the wait_type into two values, one
representing the acquire (outer) and one representing the nested context
(inner). For most 'normal' locks these two are the same.

[ To make static initialization easier we have the rule that:
.outer == INV means .outer == .inner; because INV == 0. ]

It further means that its required to find the minimal .inner of the held
stack to compare against the outer of the new lock; because while 'normal'
RCU presents a CONFIG type to nested locks, if it is taken while already
holding a SPIN type it obviously doesn't relax the rules.

Below is an example output generated by the trivial test code:

raw_spin_lock(&foo);
spin_lock(&bar);
spin_unlock(&bar);
raw_spin_unlock(&foo);

[ BUG: Invalid wait context ]
-----------------------------
swapper/0/1 is trying to lock:
ffffc90000013f20 (&bar){....}-{3:3}, at: kernel_init+0xdb/0x187
other info that might help us debug this:
1 lock held by swapper/0/1:
#0: ffffc90000013ee0 (&foo){+.+.}-{2:2}, at: kernel_init+0xd1/0x187

The way to read it is to look at the new -{n,m} part in the lock
description; -{3:3} for the attempted lock, and try and match that up to
the held locks, which in this case is the one: -{2,2}.

This tells that the acquiring lock requires a more relaxed environment than
presented by the lock stack.

Currently only the normal locks and RCU are converted, the rest of the
lockdep users defaults to .inner = INV which is ignored. More conversions
can be done when desired.

The check for spinlock_t nesting is not enabled by default. It's a separate
config option for now as there are known problems which are currently
addressed. The config option allows to identify these problems and to
verify that the solutions found are indeed solving them.

The config switch will be removed and the checks will permanently enabled
once the vast majority of issues has been addressed.

[ bigeasy: Move LD_WAIT_FREE,… out of CONFIG_LOCKDEP to avoid compile
failure with CONFIG_DEBUG_SPINLOCK + !CONFIG_LOCKDEP]
[ tglx: Add the config option ]

Requested-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
Signed-off-by: Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <bigeasy@linutronix.de>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
---
V2: Fix the LOCKDEP=y && LOCK_PROVE=n case
---
include/linux/irqflags.h | 8 ++
include/linux/lockdep.h | 71 +++++++++++++++++---
include/linux/mutex.h | 7 +-
include/linux/rwlock_types.h | 6 +
include/linux/rwsem.h | 6 +
include/linux/sched.h | 1
include/linux/spinlock.h | 35 +++++++---
include/linux/spinlock_types.h | 24 +++++-
kernel/irq/handle.c | 7 ++
kernel/locking/lockdep.c | 138 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
kernel/locking/mutex-debug.c | 2
kernel/locking/rwsem.c | 2
kernel/locking/spinlock_debug.c | 6 -
kernel/rcu/update.c | 24 +++++-
lib/Kconfig.debug | 17 ++++
15 files changed, 307 insertions(+), 47 deletions(-)

--- a/include/linux/irqflags.h
+++ b/include/linux/irqflags.h
@@ -37,7 +37,12 @@
# define trace_softirqs_enabled(p) ((p)->softirqs_enabled)
# define trace_hardirq_enter() \
do { \
- current->hardirq_context++; \
+ if (!current->hardirq_context++) \
+ current->hardirq_threaded = 0; \
+} while (0)
+# define trace_hardirq_threaded() \
+do { \
+ current->hardirq_threaded = 1; \
} while (0)
# define trace_hardirq_exit() \
do { \
@@ -59,6 +64,7 @@ do { \
# define trace_hardirqs_enabled(p) 0
# define trace_softirqs_enabled(p) 0
# define trace_hardirq_enter() do { } while (0)
+# define trace_hardirq_threaded() do { } while (0)
# define trace_hardirq_exit() do { } while (0)
# define lockdep_softirq_enter() do { } while (0)
# define lockdep_softirq_exit() do { } while (0)
--- a/include/linux/lockdep.h
+++ b/include/linux/lockdep.h
@@ -21,6 +21,22 @@ extern int lock_stat;

#include <linux/types.h>

+enum lockdep_wait_type {
+ LD_WAIT_INV = 0, /* not checked, catch all */
+
+ LD_WAIT_FREE, /* wait free, rcu etc.. */
+ LD_WAIT_SPIN, /* spin loops, raw_spinlock_t etc.. */
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_RAW_LOCK_NESTING
+ LD_WAIT_CONFIG, /* CONFIG_PREEMPT_LOCK, spinlock_t etc.. */
+#else
+ LD_WAIT_CONFIG = LD_WAIT_SPIN,
+#endif
+ LD_WAIT_SLEEP, /* sleeping locks, mutex_t etc.. */
+
+ LD_WAIT_MAX, /* must be last */
+};
+
#ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP

#include <linux/linkage.h>
@@ -111,6 +127,9 @@ struct lock_class {
int name_version;
const char *name;

+ short wait_type_inner;
+ short wait_type_outer;
+
#ifdef CONFIG_LOCK_STAT
unsigned long contention_point[LOCKSTAT_POINTS];
unsigned long contending_point[LOCKSTAT_POINTS];
@@ -158,6 +177,8 @@ struct lockdep_map {
struct lock_class_key *key;
struct lock_class *class_cache[NR_LOCKDEP_CACHING_CLASSES];
const char *name;
+ short wait_type_outer; /* can be taken in this context */
+ short wait_type_inner; /* presents this context */
#ifdef CONFIG_LOCK_STAT
int cpu;
unsigned long ip;
@@ -299,8 +320,21 @@ extern void lockdep_unregister_key(struc
* to lockdep:
*/

-extern void lockdep_init_map(struct lockdep_map *lock, const char *name,
- struct lock_class_key *key, int subclass);
+extern void lockdep_init_map_waits(struct lockdep_map *lock, const char *name,
+ struct lock_class_key *key, int subclass, short inner, short outer);
+
+static inline void
+lockdep_init_map_wait(struct lockdep_map *lock, const char *name,
+ struct lock_class_key *key, int subclass, short inner)
+{
+ lockdep_init_map_waits(lock, name, key, subclass, inner, LD_WAIT_INV);
+}
+
+static inline void lockdep_init_map(struct lockdep_map *lock, const char *name,
+ struct lock_class_key *key, int subclass)
+{
+ lockdep_init_map_wait(lock, name, key, subclass, LD_WAIT_INV);
+}

/*
* Reinitialize a lock key - for cases where there is special locking or
@@ -308,18 +342,29 @@ extern void lockdep_init_map(struct lock
* of dependencies wrong: they are either too broad (they need a class-split)
* or they are too narrow (they suffer from a false class-split):
*/
-#define lockdep_set_class(lock, key) \
- lockdep_init_map(&(lock)->dep_map, #key, key, 0)
-#define lockdep_set_class_and_name(lock, key, name) \
- lockdep_init_map(&(lock)->dep_map, name, key, 0)
-#define lockdep_set_class_and_subclass(lock, key, sub) \
- lockdep_init_map(&(lock)->dep_map, #key, key, sub)
-#define lockdep_set_subclass(lock, sub) \
- lockdep_init_map(&(lock)->dep_map, #lock, \
- (lock)->dep_map.key, sub)
+#define lockdep_set_class(lock, key) \
+ lockdep_init_map_waits(&(lock)->dep_map, #key, key, 0, \
+ (lock)->dep_map.wait_type_inner, \
+ (lock)->dep_map.wait_type_outer)
+
+#define lockdep_set_class_and_name(lock, key, name) \
+ lockdep_init_map_waits(&(lock)->dep_map, name, key, 0, \
+ (lock)->dep_map.wait_type_inner, \
+ (lock)->dep_map.wait_type_outer)
+
+#define lockdep_set_class_and_subclass(lock, key, sub) \
+ lockdep_init_map_waits(&(lock)->dep_map, #key, key, sub,\
+ (lock)->dep_map.wait_type_inner, \
+ (lock)->dep_map.wait_type_outer)
+
+#define lockdep_set_subclass(lock, sub) \
+ lockdep_init_map_waits(&(lock)->dep_map, #lock, (lock)->dep_map.key, sub,\
+ (lock)->dep_map.wait_type_inner, \
+ (lock)->dep_map.wait_type_outer)

#define lockdep_set_novalidate_class(lock) \
lockdep_set_class_and_name(lock, &__lockdep_no_validate__, #lock)
+
/*
* Compare locking classes
*/
@@ -432,6 +477,10 @@ static inline void lockdep_set_selftest_
# define lock_set_class(l, n, k, s, i) do { } while (0)
# define lock_set_subclass(l, s, i) do { } while (0)
# define lockdep_init() do { } while (0)
+# define lockdep_init_map_waits(lock, name, key, sub, inner, outer) \
+ do { (void)(name); (void)(key); } while (0)
+# define lockdep_init_map_wait(lock, name, key, sub, inner) \
+ do { (void)(name); (void)(key); } while (0)
# define lockdep_init_map(lock, name, key, sub) \
do { (void)(name); (void)(key); } while (0)
# define lockdep_set_class(lock, key) do { (void)(key); } while (0)
--- a/include/linux/mutex.h
+++ b/include/linux/mutex.h
@@ -109,8 +109,11 @@ do { \
} while (0)

#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC
-# define __DEP_MAP_MUTEX_INITIALIZER(lockname) \
- , .dep_map = { .name = #lockname }
+# define __DEP_MAP_MUTEX_INITIALIZER(lockname) \
+ , .dep_map = { \
+ .name = #lockname, \
+ .wait_type_inner = LD_WAIT_SLEEP, \
+ }
#else
# define __DEP_MAP_MUTEX_INITIALIZER(lockname)
#endif
--- a/include/linux/rwlock_types.h
+++ b/include/linux/rwlock_types.h
@@ -22,7 +22,11 @@ typedef struct {
#define RWLOCK_MAGIC 0xdeaf1eed

#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC
-# define RW_DEP_MAP_INIT(lockname) .dep_map = { .name = #lockname }
+# define RW_DEP_MAP_INIT(lockname) \
+ .dep_map = { \
+ .name = #lockname, \
+ .wait_type_inner = LD_WAIT_CONFIG, \
+ }
#else
# define RW_DEP_MAP_INIT(lockname)
#endif
--- a/include/linux/rwsem.h
+++ b/include/linux/rwsem.h
@@ -71,7 +71,11 @@ static inline int rwsem_is_locked(struct
/* Common initializer macros and functions */

#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC
-# define __RWSEM_DEP_MAP_INIT(lockname) , .dep_map = { .name = #lockname }
+# define __RWSEM_DEP_MAP_INIT(lockname) \
+ , .dep_map = { \
+ .name = #lockname, \
+ .wait_type_inner = LD_WAIT_SLEEP, \
+ }
#else
# define __RWSEM_DEP_MAP_INIT(lockname)
#endif
--- a/include/linux/sched.h
+++ b/include/linux/sched.h
@@ -970,6 +970,7 @@ struct task_struct {

#ifdef CONFIG_TRACE_IRQFLAGS
unsigned int irq_events;
+ unsigned int hardirq_threaded;
unsigned long hardirq_enable_ip;
unsigned long hardirq_disable_ip;
unsigned int hardirq_enable_event;
--- a/include/linux/spinlock.h
+++ b/include/linux/spinlock.h
@@ -93,12 +93,13 @@

#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_SPINLOCK
extern void __raw_spin_lock_init(raw_spinlock_t *lock, const char *name,
- struct lock_class_key *key);
-# define raw_spin_lock_init(lock) \
-do { \
- static struct lock_class_key __key; \
- \
- __raw_spin_lock_init((lock), #lock, &__key); \
+ struct lock_class_key *key, short inner);
+
+# define raw_spin_lock_init(lock) \
+do { \
+ static struct lock_class_key __key; \
+ \
+ __raw_spin_lock_init((lock), #lock, &__key, LD_WAIT_SPIN); \
} while (0)

#else
@@ -327,12 +328,26 @@ static __always_inline raw_spinlock_t *s
return &lock->rlock;
}

-#define spin_lock_init(_lock) \
-do { \
- spinlock_check(_lock); \
- raw_spin_lock_init(&(_lock)->rlock); \
+#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_SPINLOCK
+
+# define spin_lock_init(lock) \
+do { \
+ static struct lock_class_key __key; \
+ \
+ __raw_spin_lock_init(spinlock_check(lock), \
+ #lock, &__key, LD_WAIT_CONFIG); \
+} while (0)
+
+#else
+
+# define spin_lock_init(_lock) \
+do { \
+ spinlock_check(_lock); \
+ *(_lock) = __SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED(_lock); \
} while (0)

+#endif
+
static __always_inline void spin_lock(spinlock_t *lock)
{
raw_spin_lock(&lock->rlock);
--- a/include/linux/spinlock_types.h
+++ b/include/linux/spinlock_types.h
@@ -33,8 +33,18 @@ typedef struct raw_spinlock {
#define SPINLOCK_OWNER_INIT ((void *)-1L)

#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC
-# define SPIN_DEP_MAP_INIT(lockname) .dep_map = { .name = #lockname }
+# define RAW_SPIN_DEP_MAP_INIT(lockname) \
+ .dep_map = { \
+ .name = #lockname, \
+ .wait_type_inner = LD_WAIT_SPIN, \
+ }
+# define SPIN_DEP_MAP_INIT(lockname) \
+ .dep_map = { \
+ .name = #lockname, \
+ .wait_type_inner = LD_WAIT_CONFIG, \
+ }
#else
+# define RAW_SPIN_DEP_MAP_INIT(lockname)
# define SPIN_DEP_MAP_INIT(lockname)
#endif

@@ -51,7 +61,7 @@ typedef struct raw_spinlock {
{ \
.raw_lock = __ARCH_SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED, \
SPIN_DEBUG_INIT(lockname) \
- SPIN_DEP_MAP_INIT(lockname) }
+ RAW_SPIN_DEP_MAP_INIT(lockname) }

#define __RAW_SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED(lockname) \
(raw_spinlock_t) __RAW_SPIN_LOCK_INITIALIZER(lockname)
@@ -72,11 +82,17 @@ typedef struct spinlock {
};
} spinlock_t;

+#define ___SPIN_LOCK_INITIALIZER(lockname) \
+ { \
+ .raw_lock = __ARCH_SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED, \
+ SPIN_DEBUG_INIT(lockname) \
+ SPIN_DEP_MAP_INIT(lockname) }
+
#define __SPIN_LOCK_INITIALIZER(lockname) \
- { { .rlock = __RAW_SPIN_LOCK_INITIALIZER(lockname) } }
+ { { .rlock = ___SPIN_LOCK_INITIALIZER(lockname) } }

#define __SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED(lockname) \
- (spinlock_t ) __SPIN_LOCK_INITIALIZER(lockname)
+ (spinlock_t) __SPIN_LOCK_INITIALIZER(lockname)

#define DEFINE_SPINLOCK(x) spinlock_t x = __SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED(x)

--- a/kernel/irq/handle.c
+++ b/kernel/irq/handle.c
@@ -145,6 +145,13 @@ irqreturn_t __handle_irq_event_percpu(st
for_each_action_of_desc(desc, action) {
irqreturn_t res;

+ /*
+ * If this IRQ would be threaded under force_irqthreads, mark it so.
+ */
+ if (irq_settings_can_thread(desc) &&
+ !(action->flags & (IRQF_NO_THREAD | IRQF_PERCPU | IRQF_ONESHOT)))
+ trace_hardirq_threaded();
+
trace_irq_handler_entry(irq, action);
res = action->handler(irq, action->dev_id);
trace_irq_handler_exit(irq, action, res);
--- a/kernel/locking/lockdep.c
+++ b/kernel/locking/lockdep.c
@@ -653,7 +653,9 @@ static void print_lock_name(struct lock_

printk(KERN_CONT " (");
__print_lock_name(class);
- printk(KERN_CONT "){%s}", usage);
+ printk(KERN_CONT "){%s}-{%hd:%hd}", usage,
+ class->wait_type_outer ?: class->wait_type_inner,
+ class->wait_type_inner);
}

static void print_lockdep_cache(struct lockdep_map *lock)
@@ -1230,6 +1232,8 @@ register_lock_class(struct lockdep_map *
WARN_ON_ONCE(!list_empty(&class->locks_before));
WARN_ON_ONCE(!list_empty(&class->locks_after));
class->name_version = count_matching_names(class);
+ class->wait_type_inner = lock->wait_type_inner;
+ class->wait_type_outer = lock->wait_type_outer;
/*
* We use RCU's safe list-add method to make
* parallel walking of the hash-list safe:
@@ -3682,6 +3686,113 @@ static int mark_lock(struct task_struct
return ret;
}

+static int
+print_lock_invalid_wait_context(struct task_struct *curr,
+ struct held_lock *hlock)
+{
+ if (!debug_locks_off())
+ return 0;
+ if (debug_locks_silent)
+ return 0;
+
+ pr_warn("\n");
+ pr_warn("=============================\n");
+ pr_warn("[ BUG: Invalid wait context ]\n");
+ print_kernel_ident();
+ pr_warn("-----------------------------\n");
+
+ pr_warn("%s/%d is trying to lock:\n", curr->comm, task_pid_nr(curr));
+ print_lock(hlock);
+
+ pr_warn("other info that might help us debug this:\n");
+ lockdep_print_held_locks(curr);
+
+ pr_warn("stack backtrace:\n");
+ dump_stack();
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Verify the wait_type context.
+ *
+ * This check validates we takes locks in the right wait-type order; that is it
+ * ensures that we do not take mutexes inside spinlocks and do not attempt to
+ * acquire spinlocks inside raw_spinlocks and the sort.
+ *
+ * The entire thing is slightly more complex because of RCU, RCU is a lock that
+ * can be taken from (pretty much) any context but also has constraints.
+ * However when taken in a stricter environment the RCU lock does not loosen
+ * the constraints.
+ *
+ * Therefore we must look for the strictest environment in the lock stack and
+ * compare that to the lock we're trying to acquire.
+ */
+static int check_wait_context(struct task_struct *curr, struct held_lock *next)
+{
+ short next_inner = hlock_class(next)->wait_type_inner;
+ short next_outer = hlock_class(next)->wait_type_outer;
+ short curr_inner;
+ int depth;
+
+ if (!curr->lockdep_depth || !next_inner || next->trylock)
+ return 0;
+
+ if (!next_outer)
+ next_outer = next_inner;
+
+ /*
+ * Find start of current irq_context..
+ */
+ for (depth = curr->lockdep_depth - 1; depth >= 0; depth--) {
+ struct held_lock *prev = curr->held_locks + depth;
+ if (prev->irq_context != next->irq_context)
+ break;
+ }
+ depth++;
+
+ /*
+ * Set appropriate wait type for the context; for IRQs we have to take
+ * into account force_irqthread as that is implied by PREEMPT_RT.
+ */
+ if (curr->hardirq_context) {
+ /*
+ * Check if force_irqthreads will run us threaded.
+ */
+ if (curr->hardirq_threaded)
+ curr_inner = LD_WAIT_CONFIG;
+ else
+ curr_inner = LD_WAIT_SPIN;
+ } else if (curr->softirq_context) {
+ /*
+ * Softirqs are always threaded.
+ */
+ curr_inner = LD_WAIT_CONFIG;
+ } else {
+ curr_inner = LD_WAIT_MAX;
+ }
+
+ for (; depth < curr->lockdep_depth; depth++) {
+ struct held_lock *prev = curr->held_locks + depth;
+ short prev_inner = hlock_class(prev)->wait_type_inner;
+
+ if (prev_inner) {
+ /*
+ * We can have a bigger inner than a previous one
+ * when outer is smaller than inner, as with RCU.
+ *
+ * Also due to trylocks.
+ */
+ curr_inner = min(curr_inner, prev_inner);
+ }
+ }
+
+ if (next_outer > curr_inner)
+ return print_lock_invalid_wait_context(curr, next);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
#else /* CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING */

static inline int
@@ -3701,13 +3812,20 @@ static inline int separate_irq_context(s
return 0;
}

+static inline int check_wait_context(struct task_struct *curr,
+ struct held_lock *next)
+{
+ return 0;
+}
+
#endif /* CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING */

/*
* Initialize a lock instance's lock-class mapping info:
*/
-void lockdep_init_map(struct lockdep_map *lock, const char *name,
- struct lock_class_key *key, int subclass)
+void lockdep_init_map_waits(struct lockdep_map *lock, const char *name,
+ struct lock_class_key *key, int subclass,
+ short inner, short outer)
{
int i;

@@ -3728,6 +3846,9 @@ void lockdep_init_map(struct lockdep_map

lock->name = name;

+ lock->wait_type_outer = outer;
+ lock->wait_type_inner = inner;
+
/*
* No key, no joy, we need to hash something.
*/
@@ -3761,7 +3882,7 @@ void lockdep_init_map(struct lockdep_map
raw_local_irq_restore(flags);
}
}
-EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(lockdep_init_map);
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(lockdep_init_map_waits);

struct lock_class_key __lockdep_no_validate__;
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__lockdep_no_validate__);
@@ -3862,7 +3983,7 @@ static int __lock_acquire(struct lockdep

class_idx = class - lock_classes;

- if (depth) {
+ if (depth) { /* we're holding locks */
hlock = curr->held_locks + depth - 1;
if (hlock->class_idx == class_idx && nest_lock) {
if (!references)
@@ -3904,6 +4025,9 @@ static int __lock_acquire(struct lockdep
#endif
hlock->pin_count = pin_count;

+ if (check_wait_context(curr, hlock))
+ return 0;
+
/* Initialize the lock usage bit */
if (!mark_usage(curr, hlock, check))
return 0;
@@ -4139,7 +4263,9 @@ static int
return 0;
}

- lockdep_init_map(lock, name, key, 0);
+ lockdep_init_map_waits(lock, name, key, 0,
+ lock->wait_type_inner,
+ lock->wait_type_outer);
class = register_lock_class(lock, subclass, 0);
hlock->class_idx = class - lock_classes;

--- a/kernel/locking/mutex-debug.c
+++ b/kernel/locking/mutex-debug.c
@@ -85,7 +85,7 @@ void debug_mutex_init(struct mutex *lock
* Make sure we are not reinitializing a held lock:
*/
debug_check_no_locks_freed((void *)lock, sizeof(*lock));
- lockdep_init_map(&lock->dep_map, name, key, 0);
+ lockdep_init_map_wait(&lock->dep_map, name, key, 0, LD_WAIT_SLEEP);
#endif
lock->magic = lock;
}
--- a/kernel/locking/rwsem.c
+++ b/kernel/locking/rwsem.c
@@ -329,7 +329,7 @@ void __init_rwsem(struct rw_semaphore *s
* Make sure we are not reinitializing a held semaphore:
*/
debug_check_no_locks_freed((void *)sem, sizeof(*sem));
- lockdep_init_map(&sem->dep_map, name, key, 0);
+ lockdep_init_map_wait(&sem->dep_map, name, key, 0, LD_WAIT_SLEEP);
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_RWSEMS
sem->magic = sem;
--- a/kernel/locking/spinlock_debug.c
+++ b/kernel/locking/spinlock_debug.c
@@ -14,14 +14,14 @@
#include <linux/export.h>

void __raw_spin_lock_init(raw_spinlock_t *lock, const char *name,
- struct lock_class_key *key)
+ struct lock_class_key *key, short inner)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC
/*
* Make sure we are not reinitializing a held lock:
*/
debug_check_no_locks_freed((void *)lock, sizeof(*lock));
- lockdep_init_map(&lock->dep_map, name, key, 0);
+ lockdep_init_map_wait(&lock->dep_map, name, key, 0, inner);
#endif
lock->raw_lock = (arch_spinlock_t)__ARCH_SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED;
lock->magic = SPINLOCK_MAGIC;
@@ -39,7 +39,7 @@ void __rwlock_init(rwlock_t *lock, const
* Make sure we are not reinitializing a held lock:
*/
debug_check_no_locks_freed((void *)lock, sizeof(*lock));
- lockdep_init_map(&lock->dep_map, name, key, 0);
+ lockdep_init_map_wait(&lock->dep_map, name, key, 0, LD_WAIT_CONFIG);
#endif
lock->raw_lock = (arch_rwlock_t) __ARCH_RW_LOCK_UNLOCKED;
lock->magic = RWLOCK_MAGIC;
--- a/kernel/rcu/update.c
+++ b/kernel/rcu/update.c
@@ -227,18 +227,30 @@ core_initcall(rcu_set_runtime_mode);

#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC
static struct lock_class_key rcu_lock_key;
-struct lockdep_map rcu_lock_map =
- STATIC_LOCKDEP_MAP_INIT("rcu_read_lock", &rcu_lock_key);
+struct lockdep_map rcu_lock_map = {
+ .name = "rcu_read_lock",
+ .key = &rcu_lock_key,
+ .wait_type_outer = LD_WAIT_FREE,
+ .wait_type_inner = LD_WAIT_CONFIG, /* XXX PREEMPT_RCU ? */
+};
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rcu_lock_map);

static struct lock_class_key rcu_bh_lock_key;
-struct lockdep_map rcu_bh_lock_map =
- STATIC_LOCKDEP_MAP_INIT("rcu_read_lock_bh", &rcu_bh_lock_key);
+struct lockdep_map rcu_bh_lock_map = {
+ .name = "rcu_read_lock_bh",
+ .key = &rcu_bh_lock_key,
+ .wait_type_outer = LD_WAIT_FREE,
+ .wait_type_inner = LD_WAIT_CONFIG, /* PREEMPT_LOCK also makes BH preemptible */
+};
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rcu_bh_lock_map);

static struct lock_class_key rcu_sched_lock_key;
-struct lockdep_map rcu_sched_lock_map =
- STATIC_LOCKDEP_MAP_INIT("rcu_read_lock_sched", &rcu_sched_lock_key);
+struct lockdep_map rcu_sched_lock_map = {
+ .name = "rcu_read_lock_sched",
+ .key = &rcu_sched_lock_key,
+ .wait_type_outer = LD_WAIT_FREE,
+ .wait_type_inner = LD_WAIT_SPIN,
+};
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rcu_sched_lock_map);

static struct lock_class_key rcu_callback_key;
--- a/lib/Kconfig.debug
+++ b/lib/Kconfig.debug
@@ -1086,6 +1086,23 @@ config PROVE_LOCKING

For more details, see Documentation/locking/lockdep-design.rst.

+config PROVE_RAW_LOCK_NESTING
+ bool "Enable raw_spinlock - spinlock nesting checks"
+ depends on PROVE_LOCKING
+ default n
+ help
+ Enable the raw_spinlock vs. spinlock nesting checks which ensure
+ that the lock nesting rules for PREEMPT_RT enabled kernels are
+ not violated.
+
+ NOTE: There are known nesting problems. So if you enable this
+ option expect lockdep splats until these problems have been fully
+ addressed which is work in progress. This config switch allows to
+ identify and analyze these problems. It will be removed and the
+ check permanentely enabled once the main issues have been fixed.
+
+ If unsure, select N.
+
config LOCK_STAT
bool "Lock usage statistics"
depends on DEBUG_KERNEL && LOCK_DEBUGGING_SUPPORT
\
 
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