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SubjectRe: help needed in debugging missed wakeup(?)
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Am Freitag, den 20.03.2020, 14:06 -0400 schrieb Steven Rostedt:
> On Fri, 20 Mar 2020 18:02:32 +0100
> Lucas Stach <l.stach@pengutronix.de> wrote:
>
> > Hi sched people,
> >
> > I'm currently debugging something which looks like a missed wakeup and
> > involves a rt_mutex (no RT kernel though, this is mainline i2c bus
> > locking). The issue seems to be a race condition, as we are seeing it
> > on around 5% population of a 300 devices test field all running the
> > same load. I was only able to reproduce the issue twice in pretty long
> > testing sessions on a single device and was able to gather some debug
> > info, but running out of ideas where to look next. Hopefully someone
> > around here is able to provide me some fruther clues.
> >
> > The obvious thing which the kernel lockup detector is able to find is
> > the sogov (schedutil governor frequency switching task) being blocked:
> >
> > INFO: task sugov:0:299 blocked for more than 30 seconds.
> > Not tainted 5.4.22 #3
> > "echo 0 > /proc/sys/kernel/hung_task_timeout_secs" disables this message.
> > sugov:0 D 0 299 2 0x00000000
> > Backtrace:
> > [<80b306f8>] (__schedule) from [<80b30df8>] (schedule+0xa4/0xdc)
> > [<80b30d54>] (schedule) from [<80b34084>] (__rt_mutex_slowlock+0x104/0x17c)
> > [<80b33f80>] (__rt_mutex_slowlock) from [<80b34254>] (rt_mutex_slowlock+0x158/0x224)
> > [<80b340fc>] (rt_mutex_slowlock) from [<80b34390>] (rt_mutex_lock_nested+0x70/0x7c)
> > [<80b34320>] (rt_mutex_lock_nested) from [<807abf20>] (i2c_adapter_lock_bus+0x28/0x2c)
> > [<807abef8>] (i2c_adapter_lock_bus) from [<807ae924>] (i2c_transfer+0x124/0x13c)
> > [<807ae800>] (i2c_transfer) from [<807ae994>] (i2c_transfer_buffer_flags+0x58/0x80)
> > [<807ae93c>] (i2c_transfer_buffer_flags) from [<80681a0c>] (regmap_i2c_write+0x24/0x40)
> > [<806819e8>] (regmap_i2c_write) from [<8067cccc>] (_regmap_raw_write_impl+0x5d8/0x714)
> > [<8067c6f4>] (_regmap_raw_write_impl) from [<8067ce98>] (_regmap_bus_raw_write+0x90/0x98)
> > [<8067ce08>] (_regmap_bus_raw_write) from [<8067c4a0>] (_regmap_write+0x184/0x1cc)
> > [<8067c31c>] (_regmap_write) from [<8067c5d4>] (_regmap_update_bits+0xec/0xfc)
> > [<8067c4e8>] (_regmap_update_bits) from [<8067d884>] (regmap_update_bits_base+0x60/0x84)
> > [<8067d824>] (regmap_update_bits_base) from [<80575468>] (regulator_set_voltage_sel_regmap+0x54/0x90)
> > [<80575414>] (regulator_set_voltage_sel_regmap) from [<80570130>] (_regulator_call_set_voltage_sel+0x78/0xb4)
> > [<805700b8>] (_regulator_call_set_voltage_sel) from [<80570784>] (_regulator_do_set_voltage+0x460/0x658)
> > [<80570324>] (_regulator_do_set_voltage) from [<80573fa4>] (regulator_set_voltage_rdev+0x12c/0x1fc)
> > [<80573e78>] (regulator_set_voltage_rdev) from [<80571dec>] (regulator_balance_voltage+0xf8/0x498)
> > [<80571cf4>] (regulator_balance_voltage) from [<80573e64>] (regulator_set_voltage_unlocked+0xf4/0x108)
> > [<80573d70>] (regulator_set_voltage_unlocked) from [<80573fc8>] (regulator_set_voltage_rdev+0x150/0x1fc)
> > [<80573e78>] (regulator_set_voltage_rdev) from [<80571dec>] (regulator_balance_voltage+0xf8/0x498)
> > [<80571cf4>] (regulator_balance_voltage) from [<80573e64>] (regulator_set_voltage_unlocked+0xf4/0x108)
> > [<80573d70>] (regulator_set_voltage_unlocked) from [<805740c4>] (regulator_set_voltage+0x50/0x84)
> > [<80574074>] (regulator_set_voltage) from [<807fe00c>] (regulator_set_voltage_tol.constprop.0+0x1c/0x38)
> > [<807fdff0>] (regulator_set_voltage_tol.constprop.0) from [<807fe37c>] (imx6q_set_target+0x354/0x404)
> > [<807fe028>] (imx6q_set_target) from [<807f96d8>] (__cpufreq_driver_target+0x254/0x300)
> > [<807f9484>] (__cpufreq_driver_target) from [<8017ec98>] (sugov_work+0x5c/0x68)
> > [<8017ec3c>] (sugov_work) from [<80154df4>] (kthread_worker_fn+0x178/0x214)
> > [<80154c7c>] (kthread_worker_fn) from [<801553d0>] (kthread+0x120/0x130)
> > [<801552b0>] (kthread) from [<801010b4>] (ret_from_fork+0x14/0x20)
> >
> > The sugov thread blocks waiting for the i2c_bus rt_mutex, as it needs
> > to adjust the voltage via a i2c attached PMIC.
> > The lock holder of the i2c_bus rt_mutex at this time is a user task
> > reading input data from a temperature sendor on the same i2c bus. This
> > task does not make any progress, but it also doesn't show up in the
> > lockup detector output, as it's in RUNNING state. A sysrq-t at some
> > time after the lockup shows this:
> >
> > QSGRenderThread R running task 0 559 547 0x00000000
> > Backtrace:
> > [<80b306f8>] (__schedule) from [<80b30df8>] (schedule+0xa4/0xdc)
> > [<80b30d54>] (schedule) from [<80b347f8>] (schedule_timeout+0xd0/0x108)
> > [<80b34728>] (schedule_timeout) from [<807b43dc>] (i2c_imx_trx_complete+0x90/0x13c)
> > [<807b434c>] (i2c_imx_trx_complete) from [<807b5ab0>] (i2c_imx_xfer+0x938/0xac4)
> > [<807b5178>] (i2c_imx_xfer) from [<807ae5f0>] (__i2c_transfer+0x5a8/0x7b8)
> > [<807ae048>] (__i2c_transfer) from [<807ae8ec>] (i2c_transfer+0xec/0x13c)
> > [<807ae800>] (i2c_transfer) from [<806819b4>] (regmap_i2c_read+0x64/0x98)
> > [<8067cf80>] (_regmap_raw_read) from [<8067d338>] (_regmap_bus_read+0x4c/0x6c)
> > [<8067d2ec>] (_regmap_bus_read) from [<8067be70>] (_regmap_read+0x94/0x1e8)
> > [<8067bddc>] (_regmap_read) from [<8067c014>] (regmap_read+0x50/0x68)
> > [<8067bfc4>] (regmap_read) from [<807e67bc>] (lm75_read+0x90/0xe0)
> > [<807e672c>] (lm75_read) from [<807e5908>] (hwmon_attr_show+0x48/0x1cc)
> > [<807e58c0>] (hwmon_attr_show) from [<80658570>] (dev_attr_show+0x2c/0x50)
> > [<80658544>] (dev_attr_show) from [<80348414>] (sysfs_kf_seq_show+0x98/0xec)
> > [<8034837c>] (sysfs_kf_seq_show) from [<80346a2c>] (kernfs_seq_show+0x34/0x38)
> > [<803469f8>] (kernfs_seq_show) from [<802f9e48>] (seq_read+0x21c/0x454)
> > [<802f9c2c>] (seq_read) from [<80346e50>] (kernfs_fop_read+0x40/0x1d0)
> > [<80346e10>] (kernfs_fop_read) from [<802d1f58>] (__vfs_read+0x48/0xf0)
> > [<802d1f10>] (__vfs_read) from [<802d209c>] (vfs_read+0x9c/0xb8)
> > [<802d2000>] (vfs_read) from [<802d22c4>] (ksys_read+0x78/0xc4)
> > [<802d224c>] (ksys_read) from [<802d2328>] (sys_read+0x18/0x1c)
> > [<802d2310>] (sys_read) from [<80101000>] (ret_fast_syscall+0x0/0x28)
> >
> > The task isn't making any progress, even though the
> > wait_event_timeout() in i2c_imx_trx_complete() has a 100ms timeout to
> > guard against bus lockups, the task is fully stuck there, so it's
> > unlikely to be a peripheral HW issue. As the task is in RUNNING state I
> > believe that the event that is waited for has happened, as expected.
>
> I'm not so sure about that, especially if it is holding the lock.

I'll take this as an opportunity to learn something: what would cause
the task state to be set to running other than a the waited for event
or the timeout?

> > The sched state at this time is "interesting" and I'm having a hard
> > time making any sense out of this. The user task apparently inherited
> > the DEADLINE priority from the sugov kthread. But while the user task
> > state shows up as RUNNING the task doesn't show up in the dl_rq
> > nr_running. Also while cpu#0 shows nr_running as 1, its curr->pid hints
> > at it executing the idle task, which is at least consitent with the
> > thread still being stuck in __schedule.
> >
> > Shortened sched debug below. The machine has 4 cores, I only pasted the
> > output of the CPUs containing the relevant user task and the sugov
> > kthread.
> >
>
> You have it running under SCHED_DEADLINE? That will cause it to run for
> only the run time per period, and can cause even more delays.

That's the bog standard mainline kernel behavior for the sugov kthread.
The comments in the code say this is done to be able to preempt all
other tasks as to not delay the frequency switching. There's quite a
bit of special casing of the sugov task with SCHED_FLAG_SUGOV in the
deadline scheduler code. This flag isn't carried over to the boosted
thread, maybe that's an issue?

But even if we hit throttling I would have expected the situation to
clear after some time. That's not what I'm seeing: once the user task
is stuck, it's stuck for hours. I would say indefinitely, but it's hard
to empirically prove that. ;)

> Perhaps put in some trace_printk()s and see what exactly is happening.

My hope was that someone would could guide me a little with an educated
guess, to make those trace_printks more helpful. The lockup is hard to
trigger and there's other unrelated system activity going on, even when
the relevant user task is stuck, so randomly sprinkling debug
statements will generate lots of output to filter down.

Regards,
Lucas

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