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Subject[PATCH v2 2/2] x86/delay: Introduce TPAUSE delay
Date
TPAUSE instructs the processor to enter an implementation-dependent
optimized state. The instruction execution wakes up when the time-stamp
counter reaches or exceeds the implicit EDX:EAX 64-bit input value.
The instruction execution also wakes up due to the expiration of
the operating system time-limit or by an external interrupt
or exceptions such as a debug exception or a machine check exception.

TPAUSE offers a choice of two lower power states:
1. Light-weight power/performance optimized state C0.1
2. Improved power/performance optimized state C0.2
This way, it can save power with low wake-up latency in comparison to
spinloop based delay. The selection between the two is governed by the
input register.

TPAUSE is available on processors with X86_FEATURE_WAITPKG.

Reviewed-by: Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com>
Co-developed-by: Fenghua Yu <fenghua.yu@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Fenghua Yu <fenghua.yu@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Kyung Min Park <kyung.min.park@intel.com>
---
arch/x86/include/asm/mwait.h | 17 +++++++++++++++++
arch/x86/lib/delay.c | 27 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
2 files changed, 43 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/mwait.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/mwait.h
index aaf6643..fd59db0 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/mwait.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/mwait.h
@@ -22,6 +22,8 @@
#define MWAITX_ECX_TIMER_ENABLE BIT(1)
#define MWAITX_MAX_WAIT_CYCLES UINT_MAX
#define MWAITX_DISABLE_CSTATES 0xf0
+#define TPAUSE_C01_STATE 1
+#define TPAUSE_C02_STATE 0

static inline void __monitor(const void *eax, unsigned long ecx,
unsigned long edx)
@@ -120,4 +122,19 @@ static inline void mwait_idle_with_hints(unsigned long eax, unsigned long ecx)
current_clr_polling();
}

+/*
+ * Caller can specify whether to enter C0.1 (low latency, less
+ * power saving) or C0.2 state (saves more power, but longer wakeup
+ * latency). This may be overridden by the IA32_UMWAIT_CONTROL MSR
+ * which can force requests for C0.2 to be downgraded to C0.1.
+ */
+static inline void __tpause(unsigned int ecx, unsigned int edx,
+ unsigned int eax)
+{
+ /* "tpause %ecx, %edx, %eax;" */
+ asm volatile(".byte 0x66, 0x0f, 0xae, 0xf1\t\n"
+ :
+ : "c"(ecx), "d"(edx), "a"(eax));
+}
+
#endif /* _ASM_X86_MWAIT_H */
diff --git a/arch/x86/lib/delay.c b/arch/x86/lib/delay.c
index e6db855..5f11f0a 100644
--- a/arch/x86/lib/delay.c
+++ b/arch/x86/lib/delay.c
@@ -97,6 +97,27 @@ static void delay_tsc(u64 cycles)
}

/*
+ * On Intel the TPAUSE instruction waits until any of:
+ * 1) the TSC counter exceeds the value provided in EAX:EDX
+ * 2) global timeout in IA32_UMWAIT_CONTROL is exceeded
+ * 3) an external interrupt occurs
+ */
+static void delay_halt_tpause(u64 start, u64 cycles)
+{
+ u64 until = start + cycles;
+ unsigned int eax, edx;
+
+ eax = (unsigned int)(until & 0xffffffff);
+ edx = (unsigned int)(until >> 32);
+
+ /*
+ * Hard code the deeper (C0.2) sleep state because exit latency is
+ * small compared to the "microseconds" that usleep() will delay.
+ */
+ __tpause(TPAUSE_C02_STATE, edx, eax);
+}
+
+/*
* On some AMD platforms, MWAITX has a configurable 32-bit timer, that
* counts with TSC frequency. The input value is the number of TSC cycles
* to wait. MWAITX will also exit when the timer expires.
@@ -152,8 +173,12 @@ static void delay_halt(u64 __cycles)

void use_tsc_delay(void)
{
- if (delay_fn == delay_loop)
+ if (static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_WAITPKG)) {
+ delay_halt_fn = delay_halt_tpause;
+ delay_fn = delay_halt;
+ } else if (delay_fn == delay_loop) {
delay_fn = delay_tsc;
+ }
}

void use_mwaitx_delay(void)
--
2.7.4
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