lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2020]   [Mar]   [20]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
Patch in this message
/
Date
From
SubjectRe: [PATCH v3 1/2] mm/page_alloc: use ac->high_zoneidx for classzone_idx

On 03/20/20 at 05:32pm, js1304@gmail.com wrote:
> From: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com>
>
> Currently, we use the zone index of preferred_zone which represents
> the best matching zone for allocation, as classzone_idx. It has
> a problem on NUMA systems when the lowmem reserve protection exists
> for some zones on a node that do not exist on other nodes.
>
> In NUMA system, it can be possible that each node has different populated
> zones. For example, node 0 could have DMA/DMA32/NORMAL/MOVABLE zone and
> node 1 could have only NORMAL zone. In this setup, allocation request
> initiated on node 0 and the one on node 1 would have different
> classzone_idx, 3 and 2, respectively, since their preferred_zones are
> different. If the allocation is local, there is no problem. However,
> if it is handled by the remote node due to memory shortage, the problem
> would happen.

Hi Joonsoo,

Not sure if adding one sentence into above paragraph would be make it
easier to understand. Assume you are only talking about the high_zoneidx
is MOVABLE_ZONE with calculation of gfp_zone(gfp_mask), since any other
case doesn't have this problem. Please correct me if I am wrong.

In NUMA system, it can be possible that each node has different populated
zones. For example, node 0 could have DMA/DMA32/NORMAL/MOVABLE zone and
node 1 could have only NORMAL zone. In this setup, if we get high_zoneidx
as 3 (namely MOVABLE zone), with gfp_zone(gfp_mask), allocation request
initiated on node 0 and the one on node 1 would have different
classzone_idx, 3 and 2, respectively, since their preferred_zones are
different. If the allocation is local, there is no problem. However,
if it is handled by the remote node due to memory shortage, the problem
would happen.

Thanks
Baoquan

>
> In the following setup, allocation initiated on node 1 will have some
> precedence than allocation initiated on node 0 when former allocation is
> processed on node 0 due to not enough memory on node 1. They will have
> different lowmem reserve due to their different classzone_idx thus
> an watermark bars are also different.
>
> root@ubuntu:/sys/devices/system/memory# cat /proc/zoneinfo
> Node 0, zone DMA
> per-node stats
> ...
> pages free 3965
> min 5
> low 8
> high 11
> spanned 4095
> present 3998
> managed 3977
> protection: (0, 2961, 4928, 5440)
> ...
> Node 0, zone DMA32
> pages free 757955
> min 1129
> low 1887
> high 2645
> spanned 1044480
> present 782303
> managed 758116
> protection: (0, 0, 1967, 2479)
> ...
> Node 0, zone Normal
> pages free 459806
> min 750
> low 1253
> high 1756
> spanned 524288
> present 524288
> managed 503620
> protection: (0, 0, 0, 4096)
> ...
> Node 0, zone Movable
> pages free 130759
> min 195
> low 326
> high 457
> spanned 1966079
> present 131072
> managed 131072
> protection: (0, 0, 0, 0)
> ...
> Node 1, zone DMA
> pages free 0
> min 0
> low 0
> high 0
> spanned 0
> present 0
> managed 0
> protection: (0, 0, 1006, 1006)
> Node 1, zone DMA32
> pages free 0
> min 0
> low 0
> high 0
> spanned 0
> present 0
> managed 0
> protection: (0, 0, 1006, 1006)
> Node 1, zone Normal
> per-node stats
> ...
> pages free 233277
> min 383
> low 640
> high 897
> spanned 262144
> present 262144
> managed 257744
> protection: (0, 0, 0, 0)
> ...
> Node 1, zone Movable
> pages free 0
> min 0
> low 0
> high 0
> spanned 262144
> present 0
> managed 0
> protection: (0, 0, 0, 0)
>
> min watermark for NORMAL zone on node 0
> allocation initiated on node 0: 750 + 4096 = 4846
> allocation initiated on node 1: 750 + 0 = 750
>
> This watermark difference could cause too many numa_miss allocation
> in some situation and then performance could be downgraded.
>
> Recently, there was a regression report about this problem on CMA patches
> since CMA memory are placed in ZONE_MOVABLE by those patches. I checked
> that problem is disappeared with this fix that uses high_zoneidx
> for classzone_idx.
>
> http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180102063528.GG30397@yexl-desktop
>
> Using high_zoneidx for classzone_idx is more consistent way than previous
> approach because system's memory layout doesn't affect anything to it.
> With this patch, both classzone_idx on above example will be 3 so will
> have the same min watermark.
>
> allocation initiated on node 0: 750 + 4096 = 4846
> allocation initiated on node 1: 750 + 4096 = 4846
>
> One could wonder if there is a side effect that allocation initiated on
> node 1 will use higher bar when allocation is handled on local since
> classzone_idx could be higher than before. It will not happen because
> the zone without managed page doesn't contributes lowmem_reserve at all.
>
> Reported-by: Ye Xiaolong <xiaolong.ye@intel.com>
> Tested-by: Ye Xiaolong <xiaolong.ye@intel.com>
> Acked-by: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
> Signed-off-by: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com>
> ---
> mm/internal.h | 2 +-
> 1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 1 deletion(-)
>
> diff --git a/mm/internal.h b/mm/internal.h
> index c39c895..aebaa33 100644
> --- a/mm/internal.h
> +++ b/mm/internal.h
> @@ -119,7 +119,7 @@ struct alloc_context {
> bool spread_dirty_pages;
> };
>
> -#define ac_classzone_idx(ac) zonelist_zone_idx(ac->preferred_zoneref)
> +#define ac_classzone_idx(ac) (ac->high_zoneidx)
>
> /*
> * Locate the struct page for both the matching buddy in our
> --
> 2.7.4
>
>

\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2020-03-20 11:30    [W:0.057 / U:0.964 seconds]
©2003-2020 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site