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SubjectRe: [PATCH] vfio-mdev: support mediated device creation in kernel
On Fri, 20 Mar 2020 13:46:04 -0700
Yonghyun Hwang <yonghyun@google.com> wrote:

> On Fri, Mar 20, 2020 at 11:34 AM Alex Williamson
> <alex.williamson@redhat.com> wrote:
> >
> > On Fri, 20 Mar 2020 10:59:10 -0700
> > Yonghyun Hwang <yonghyun@google.com> wrote:
> >
> > > To enable a mediated device, a device driver registers its device to VFIO
> > > MDev framework. Once the mediated device gets enabled, UUID gets fed onto
> > > the sysfs attribute, "create", to create the mediated device. This
> > > additional step happens after boot-up gets complete. If the driver knows
> > > how many mediated devices need to be created during probing time, the
> > > additional step becomes cumbersome. This commit implements a new function
> > > to allow the driver to create a mediated device in kernel.
> >
> > But pre-creating mdev devices seems like a policy decision. Why can't
> > userspace make such a policy decision, and do so with persistent uuids,
> > via something like mdevctl? Thanks,
> >
> > Alex
>
> Yep, it can be viewed as the policy decision and userspace can make
> the decision. However, it would be handy and plausible, if a device
> driver can pre-create "fixed or default" # of mdev devices, while
> allowing the device policy to come into play after bootup gets
> complete. Without this patch, a device driver should release the
> policy and the policy should be aligned with the driver, which would
> be cumbersome (sometimes painful) in a cloud environment. My use case
> with mdev is to enable a subset of vfio-pci features without losing my
> device driver.

Does this last comment suggest the parent device is not being
multiplexed through mdev, but only mediated? If so, would something
like Yan's vendor-ops approach[1] be better? Without a multiplexed
device, the lifecycle management of an mdev device doesn't make a lot
of sense, and I wonder if that's what you're trying to bypass here.
Even SR-IOV devices have moved to userspace enablement with most module
options to enable a default number of VFs being deprecated. I do see
that that transition left a gap, but I'm not sure that heading in the
opposite direction with mdevs is a good idea either. Thanks,

Alex

[1]https://lore.kernel.org/kvm/20200131020803.27519-1-yan.y.zhao@intel.com/


> > > Signed-off-by: Yonghyun Hwang <yonghyun@google.com>
> > > ---
> > > drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_core.c | 45 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> > > include/linux/mdev.h | 3 +++
> > > 2 files changed, 48 insertions(+)
> > >
> > > diff --git a/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_core.c b/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_core.c
> > > index b558d4cfd082..a6d32516de42 100644
> > > --- a/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_core.c
> > > +++ b/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_core.c
> > > @@ -350,6 +350,51 @@ int mdev_device_create(struct kobject *kobj,
> > > return ret;
> > > }
> > >
> > > +/*
> > > + * mdev_create_device : Create a mdev device
> > > + * @dev: device structure representing parent device.
> > > + * @uuid: uuid char string for a mdev device.
> > > + * @group: index to supported type groups for a mdev device.
> > > + *
> > > + * Create a mdev device in kernel.
> > > + * Returns a negative value on error, otherwise 0.
> > > + */
> > > +int mdev_create_device(struct device *dev,
> > > + const char *uuid, int group)
> > > +{
> > > + struct mdev_parent *parent = NULL;
> > > + struct mdev_type *type = NULL;
> > > + guid_t guid;
> > > + int i = 1;
> > > + int ret;
> > > +
> > > + ret = guid_parse(uuid, &guid);
> > > + if (ret) {
> > > + dev_err(dev, "Failed to parse UUID");
> > > + return ret;
> > > + }
> > > +
> > > + parent = __find_parent_device(dev);
> > > + if (!parent) {
> > > + dev_err(dev, "Failed to find parent mdev device");
> > > + return -ENODEV;
> > > + }
> > > +
> > > + list_for_each_entry(type, &parent->type_list, next) {
> > > + if (i == group)
> > > + break;
> > > + i++;
> > > + }
> > > +
> > > + if (!type || i != group) {
> > > + dev_err(dev, "Failed to find mdev device");
> > > + return -ENODEV;
> > > + }
> > > +
> > > + return mdev_device_create(&type->kobj, parent->dev, &guid);
> > > +}
> > > +EXPORT_SYMBOL(mdev_create_device);
> > > +
> > > int mdev_device_remove(struct device *dev)
> > > {
> > > struct mdev_device *mdev, *tmp;
> > > diff --git a/include/linux/mdev.h b/include/linux/mdev.h
> > > index 0ce30ca78db0..b66f67998916 100644
> > > --- a/include/linux/mdev.h
> > > +++ b/include/linux/mdev.h
> > > @@ -145,4 +145,7 @@ struct device *mdev_parent_dev(struct mdev_device *mdev);
> > > struct device *mdev_dev(struct mdev_device *mdev);
> > > struct mdev_device *mdev_from_dev(struct device *dev);
> > >
> > > +extern int mdev_create_device(struct device *dev,
> > > + const char *uuid, int group_idx);
> > > +
> > > #endif /* MDEV_H */
> >
>

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