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Subject[PATCH v2 01/66] KVM: x86: Return -E2BIG when KVM_GET_SUPPORTED_CPUID hits max entries
Fix a long-standing bug that causes KVM to return 0 instead of -E2BIG
when userspace's array is insufficiently sized.

This technically breaks backwards compatibility, e.g. a userspace with a
hardcoded cpuid->nent could theoretically be broken as it would see an
error instead of success if cpuid->nent is less than the number of
entries required to fully enumerate the host CPU. But, the lowest known
cpuid->nent hardcoded by a VMM is 100 (lkvm and selftests), and the
largest realistic limit on Intel and AMD is well under a 100. E.g.
Intel's Icelake server with all the bells and whistles tops out at ~60
entries (variable due to SGX sub-leafs), and AMD's CPUID documentation
allows for less than 50 (KVM hard caps CPUID 0xD at a single sub-leaf).

Note, while the Fixes: tag is accurate with respect to the immediate
bug, it's likely that similar bugs in KVM_GET_SUPPORTED_CPUID existed
prior to the refactoring, e.g. Qemu contains a workaround for the broken
KVM_GET_SUPPORTED_CPUID behavior that predates the buggy commit by over
two years. The Qemu workaround is also likely the main reason the bug
has gone unreported for so long.

Qemu hack:
commit 76ae317f7c16aec6b469604b1764094870a75470
Author: Mark McLoughlin <>
Date: Tue May 19 18:55:21 2009 +0100

kvm: work around supported cpuid ioctl() brokenness

KVM_GET_SUPPORTED_CPUID has been known to fail to return -E2BIG
when it runs out of entries. Detect this by always trying again
with a bigger table if the ioctl() fills the table.

Fixes: 831bf664e9c1f ("KVM: Refactor and simplify kvm_dev_ioctl_get_supported_cpuid")
Reviewed-by: Vitaly Kuznetsov <>
Signed-off-by: Sean Christopherson <>
arch/x86/kvm/cpuid.c | 7 ++++++-
1 file changed, 6 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/cpuid.c b/arch/x86/kvm/cpuid.c
index b1c469446b07..47ce04762c20 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kvm/cpuid.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kvm/cpuid.c
@@ -908,9 +908,14 @@ int kvm_dev_ioctl_get_cpuid(struct kvm_cpuid2 *cpuid,
goto out_free;

limit = cpuid_entries[nent - 1].eax;
- for (func = ent->func + 1; func <= limit && nent < cpuid->nent && r == 0; ++func)
+ for (func = ent->func + 1; func <= limit && r == 0; ++func) {
+ if (nent >= cpuid->nent) {
+ r = -E2BIG;
+ goto out_free;
+ }
r = do_cpuid_func(&cpuid_entries[nent], func,
&nent, cpuid->nent, type);
+ }

if (r)
goto out_free;
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