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SubjectRe: [PATCH v1 1/3] driver core: Break infinite loop when deferred probe can't be satisfied
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Op 09-03-2020 om 15:11 schreef Andy Shevchenko:
> Consider the following scenario.
>
> The main driver of USB OTG controller (dwc3-pci), which has the following
> functional dependencies on certain platform:
> - ULPI (tusb1210)
> - extcon (tested with extcon-intel-mrfld)
>
> Note, that first driver, tusb1210, is available at the moment of
> dwc3-pci probing, while extcon-intel-mrfld is built as a module and
> won't appear till user space does something about it.
>
> This is depicted by kernel configuration excerpt:
>
> CONFIG_PHY_TUSB1210=y
> CONFIG_USB_DWC3=y
> CONFIG_USB_DWC3_ULPI=y
> CONFIG_USB_DWC3_DUAL_ROLE=y
> CONFIG_USB_DWC3_PCI=y
> CONFIG_EXTCON_INTEL_MRFLD=m
>
> In the Buildroot environment the modules are probed by alphabetical ordering
> of their modaliases. The latter comes to the case when USB OTG driver will be
> probed first followed by extcon one.
>
> So, if the platform anticipates extcon device to be appeared, in the above case
> we will get deferred probe of USB OTG, because of ordering.
>
> Since current implementation, done by the commit 58b116bce136 ("drivercore:
> deferral race condition fix") counts the amount of triggered deferred probe,
> we never advance the situation -- the change makes it to be an infinite loop.
>
> ---8<---8<---
>
> [ 22.187127] driver_deferred_probe_trigger <<< 1
>
> ...here is the late initcall triggers deferred probe...
>
> [ 22.191725] platform dwc3.0.auto: deferred_probe_work_func in deferred list
>
> ...dwc3.0.auto is the only device in the deferred list...
>
> [ 22.198727] platform dwc3.0.auto: deferred_probe_work_func 1 <<< counter 1
>
> ...the counter before mutex is unlocked is kept the same...
>
> [ 22.205663] platform dwc3.0.auto: Retrying from deferred list
>
> ...mutes has been unlocked, we try to re-probe the driver...
>
> [ 22.211487] bus: 'platform': driver_probe_device: matched device dwc3.0.auto with driver dwc3
> [ 22.220060] bus: 'platform': really_probe: probing driver dwc3 with device dwc3.0.auto
> [ 22.238735] bus: 'ulpi': driver_probe_device: matched device dwc3.0.auto.ulpi with driver tusb1210
> [ 22.247743] bus: 'ulpi': really_probe: probing driver tusb1210 with device dwc3.0.auto.ulpi
> [ 22.256292] driver: 'tusb1210': driver_bound: bound to device 'dwc3.0.auto.ulpi'
> [ 22.263723] driver_deferred_probe_trigger <<< 2
>
> ...the dwc3.0.auto probes ULPI, we got successful bound and bumped counter...
>
> [ 22.268304] bus: 'ulpi': really_probe: bound device dwc3.0.auto.ulpi to driver tusb1210
> [ 22.276697] platform dwc3.0.auto: Driver dwc3 requests probe deferral
>
> ...but extcon driver is still missing...
>
> [ 22.283174] platform dwc3.0.auto: Added to deferred list
> [ 22.288513] platform dwc3.0.auto: driver_deferred_probe_add_trigger local counter: 1 new counter 2
>
> ...and since we had a successful probe, we got counter mismatch...
>
> [ 22.297490] driver_deferred_probe_trigger <<< 3
> [ 22.302074] platform dwc3.0.auto: deferred_probe_work_func 2 <<< counter 3
>
> ...at the end we have a new counter and loop repeats again, see 22.198727...
>
> ---8<---8<---
>
> Revert of the commit helps, but it is probably not helpful for the initially
> found regression. Artem Bityutskiy suggested to use counter of the successful
> probes instead. This fixes above mentioned case and shouldn't prevent driver
> to reprobe deferred ones.
>
> Fixes: 58b116bce136 ("drivercore: deferral race condition fix")
> Suggested-by: Artem Bityutskiy <artem.bityutskiy@linux.intel.com>
> Cc: Grant Likely <grant.likely@linaro.org>
> Cc: Peter Ujfalusi <peter.ujfalusi@ti.com>
> Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
> Cc: Mark Brown <broonie@kernel.org>
> Cc: Felipe Balbi <balbi@kernel.org>
> Cc: Andrzej Hajda <a.hajda@samsung.com>
> Signed-off-by: Andy Shevchenko <andriy.shevchenko@linux.intel.com>

Tested-by: Ferry Toth <fntoth@gmail.com>

> ---
> drivers/base/dd.c | 39 +++++++++++++++++++++------------------
> 1 file changed, 21 insertions(+), 18 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/drivers/base/dd.c b/drivers/base/dd.c
> index b25bcab2a26b..43720beb5300 100644
> --- a/drivers/base/dd.c
> +++ b/drivers/base/dd.c
> @@ -53,7 +53,6 @@
> static DEFINE_MUTEX(deferred_probe_mutex);
> static LIST_HEAD(deferred_probe_pending_list);
> static LIST_HEAD(deferred_probe_active_list);
> -static atomic_t deferred_trigger_count = ATOMIC_INIT(0);
> static struct dentry *deferred_devices;
> static bool initcalls_done;
>
> @@ -147,17 +146,6 @@ static bool driver_deferred_probe_enable = false;
> * This functions moves all devices from the pending list to the active
> * list and schedules the deferred probe workqueue to process them. It
> * should be called anytime a driver is successfully bound to a device.
> - *
> - * Note, there is a race condition in multi-threaded probe. In the case where
> - * more than one device is probing at the same time, it is possible for one
> - * probe to complete successfully while another is about to defer. If the second
> - * depends on the first, then it will get put on the pending list after the
> - * trigger event has already occurred and will be stuck there.
> - *
> - * The atomic 'deferred_trigger_count' is used to determine if a successful
> - * trigger has occurred in the midst of probing a driver. If the trigger count
> - * changes in the midst of a probe, then deferred processing should be triggered
> - * again.
> */
> static void driver_deferred_probe_trigger(void)
> {
> @@ -170,7 +158,6 @@ static void driver_deferred_probe_trigger(void)
> * into the active list so they can be retried by the workqueue
> */
> mutex_lock(&deferred_probe_mutex);
> - atomic_inc(&deferred_trigger_count);
> list_splice_tail_init(&deferred_probe_pending_list,
> &deferred_probe_active_list);
> mutex_unlock(&deferred_probe_mutex);
> @@ -350,6 +337,19 @@ static void __exit deferred_probe_exit(void)
> }
> __exitcall(deferred_probe_exit);
>
> +/*
> + * Note, there is a race condition in multi-threaded probe. In the case where
> + * more than one device is probing at the same time, it is possible for one
> + * probe to complete successfully while another is about to defer. If the second
> + * depends on the first, then it will get put on the pending list after the
> + * trigger event has already occurred and will be stuck there.
> + *
> + * The atomic 'probe_okay' is used to determine if a successful probe has
> + * occurred in the midst of probing another driver. If the count changes in
> + * the midst of a probe, then deferred processing should be triggered again.
> + */
> +static atomic_t probe_okay = ATOMIC_INIT(0);
> +
> /**
> * device_is_bound() - Check if device is bound to a driver
> * @dev: device to check
> @@ -375,6 +375,7 @@ static void driver_bound(struct device *dev)
> pr_debug("driver: '%s': %s: bound to device '%s'\n", dev->driver->name,
> __func__, dev_name(dev));
>
> + atomic_inc(&probe_okay);
> klist_add_tail(&dev->p->knode_driver, &dev->driver->p->klist_devices);
> device_links_driver_bound(dev);
>
> @@ -481,18 +482,18 @@ static atomic_t probe_count = ATOMIC_INIT(0);
> static DECLARE_WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD(probe_waitqueue);
>
> static void driver_deferred_probe_add_trigger(struct device *dev,
> - int local_trigger_count)
> + int local_probe_okay_count)
> {
> driver_deferred_probe_add(dev);
> /* Did a trigger occur while probing? Need to re-trigger if yes */
> - if (local_trigger_count != atomic_read(&deferred_trigger_count))
> + if (local_probe_okay_count != atomic_read(&probe_okay))
> driver_deferred_probe_trigger();
> }
>
> static int really_probe(struct device *dev, struct device_driver *drv)
> {
> int ret = -EPROBE_DEFER;
> - int local_trigger_count = atomic_read(&deferred_trigger_count);
> + int local_probe_okay_count = atomic_read(&probe_okay);
> bool test_remove = IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_DEBUG_TEST_DRIVER_REMOVE) &&
> !drv->suppress_bind_attrs;
>
> @@ -509,7 +510,7 @@ static int really_probe(struct device *dev, struct device_driver *drv)
>
> ret = device_links_check_suppliers(dev);
> if (ret == -EPROBE_DEFER)
> - driver_deferred_probe_add_trigger(dev, local_trigger_count);
> + driver_deferred_probe_add_trigger(dev, local_probe_okay_count);
> if (ret)
> return ret;
>
> @@ -619,7 +620,7 @@ static int really_probe(struct device *dev, struct device_driver *drv)
> case -EPROBE_DEFER:
> /* Driver requested deferred probing */
> dev_dbg(dev, "Driver %s requests probe deferral\n", drv->name);
> - driver_deferred_probe_add_trigger(dev, local_trigger_count);
> + driver_deferred_probe_add_trigger(dev, local_probe_okay_count);
> break;
> case -ENODEV:
> case -ENXIO:
> @@ -1148,6 +1149,8 @@ static void __device_release_driver(struct device *dev, struct device *parent)
> dev_pm_set_driver_flags(dev, 0);
>
> klist_remove(&dev->p->knode_driver);
> + atomic_dec(&probe_okay);
> +
> device_pm_check_callbacks(dev);
> if (dev->bus)
> blocking_notifier_call_chain(&dev->bus->p->bus_notifier,
>

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