lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2020]   [Mar]   [17]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
Patch in this message
/
SubjectRe: [PATCH 13/15] powerpc/watchpoint: Don't allow concurrent perf and ptrace events
From
Date


Le 09/03/2020 à 09:58, Ravi Bangoria a écrit :
> ptrace and perf watchpoints on powerpc behaves differently. Ptrace

On the 8xx, ptrace generates signal after executing the instruction.

> watchpoint works in one-shot mode and generates signal before executing
> instruction. It's ptrace user's job to single-step the instruction and
> re-enable the watchpoint. OTOH, in case of perf watchpoint, kernel
> emulates/single-steps the instruction and then generates event. If perf
> and ptrace creates two events with same or overlapping address ranges,
> it's ambiguous to decide who should single-step the instruction. Because
> of this issue ptrace and perf event can't coexist when the address range
> overlaps.

Ok, and then ? What's the purpose of this (big) patch ?

>
> Signed-off-by: Ravi Bangoria <ravi.bangoria@linux.ibm.com>
> ---
> arch/powerpc/include/asm/hw_breakpoint.h | 2 +
> arch/powerpc/kernel/hw_breakpoint.c | 220 +++++++++++++++++++++++
> kernel/events/hw_breakpoint.c | 16 ++
> 3 files changed, 238 insertions(+)
>
> diff --git a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/hw_breakpoint.h b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/hw_breakpoint.h
> index ec61e2b7195c..6e1a19af5177 100644
> --- a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/hw_breakpoint.h
> +++ b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/hw_breakpoint.h
> @@ -66,6 +66,8 @@ extern int hw_breakpoint_exceptions_notify(struct notifier_block *unused,
> unsigned long val, void *data);
> int arch_install_hw_breakpoint(struct perf_event *bp);
> void arch_uninstall_hw_breakpoint(struct perf_event *bp);
> +int arch_reserve_bp_slot(struct perf_event *bp);
> +void arch_release_bp_slot(struct perf_event *bp);
> void arch_unregister_hw_breakpoint(struct perf_event *bp);
> void hw_breakpoint_pmu_read(struct perf_event *bp);
> extern void flush_ptrace_hw_breakpoint(struct task_struct *tsk);
> diff --git a/arch/powerpc/kernel/hw_breakpoint.c b/arch/powerpc/kernel/hw_breakpoint.c
> index 2ac89b92590f..d8529d9151e8 100644
> --- a/arch/powerpc/kernel/hw_breakpoint.c
> +++ b/arch/powerpc/kernel/hw_breakpoint.c
> @@ -123,6 +123,226 @@ static bool is_ptrace_bp(struct perf_event *bp)
> return (bp->overflow_handler == ptrace_triggered);
> }
>
> +struct breakpoint {
> + struct list_head list;
> + struct perf_event *bp;
> + bool ptrace_bp;
> +};

Don't we have an equivalent struct already ?

> +
> +static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct breakpoint *, cpu_bps[HBP_NUM_MAX]);
> +static LIST_HEAD(task_bps);
> +
> +static struct breakpoint *alloc_breakpoint(struct perf_event *bp)
> +{
> + struct breakpoint *tmp;
> +
> + tmp = kzalloc(sizeof(*tmp), GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (!tmp)
> + return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
> + tmp->bp = bp;
> + tmp->ptrace_bp = is_ptrace_bp(bp);
> + return tmp;
> +}
> +
> +static bool bp_addr_range_overlap(struct perf_event *bp1, struct perf_event *bp2)
> +{
> + __u64 bp1_saddr, bp1_eaddr, bp2_saddr, bp2_eaddr;
> +
> + bp1_saddr = bp1->attr.bp_addr & ~HW_BREAKPOINT_ALIGN;
> + bp1_eaddr = (bp1->attr.bp_addr + bp1->attr.bp_len - 1) | HW_BREAKPOINT_ALIGN;
> + bp2_saddr = bp2->attr.bp_addr & ~HW_BREAKPOINT_ALIGN;
> + bp2_eaddr = (bp2->attr.bp_addr + bp2->attr.bp_len - 1) | HW_BREAKPOINT_ALIGN;
> +
> + return (bp1_saddr <= bp2_eaddr && bp1_eaddr >= bp2_saddr);

Would be better with something like (HW_BREAKPOINT_SIZE needs to be
defined).

bp1_saddr = ALIGN_DOWN(bp1->attr.bp_addr, HW_BREAKPOINT_SIZE);
bp1_eaddr = ALIGN(bp1->attr.bp_addr, HW_BREAKPOINT_SIZE);
bp2_saddr = ALIGN_DOWN(bp2->attr.bp_addr, HW_BREAKPOINT_SIZE);
bp2_eaddr = ALIGN(bp2->attr.bp_addr, HW_BREAKPOINT_SIZE);

return (bp1_saddr < bp2_eaddr && bp1_eaddr > bp2_saddr);

> +}
> +
> +static bool alternate_infra_bp(struct breakpoint *b, struct perf_event *bp)
> +{
> + return is_ptrace_bp(bp) ? !b->ptrace_bp : b->ptrace_bp;
> +}
> +
> +static bool can_co_exist(struct breakpoint *b, struct perf_event *bp)
> +{
> + return !(alternate_infra_bp(b, bp) && bp_addr_range_overlap(b->bp, bp));
> +}
> +
> +static int task_bps_add(struct perf_event *bp)
> +{
> + struct breakpoint *tmp;
> +
> + tmp = alloc_breakpoint(bp);
> + if (IS_ERR(tmp))
> + return PTR_ERR(tmp);
> +
> + list_add(&tmp->list, &task_bps);
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static void task_bps_remove(struct perf_event *bp)
> +{
> + struct list_head *pos, *q;
> + struct breakpoint *tmp;
> +
> + list_for_each_safe(pos, q, &task_bps) {
> + tmp = list_entry(pos, struct breakpoint, list);
> +
> + if (tmp->bp == bp) {
> + list_del(&tmp->list);
> + kfree(tmp);
> + break;
> + }
> + }
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * If any task has breakpoint from alternate infrastructure,
> + * return true. Otherwise return false.
> + */
> +static bool all_task_bps_check(struct perf_event *bp)
> +{
> + struct breakpoint *tmp;
> +
> + list_for_each_entry(tmp, &task_bps, list) {
> + if (!can_co_exist(tmp, bp))
> + return true;
> + }
> + return false;
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * If same task has breakpoint from alternate infrastructure,
> + * return true. Otherwise return false.
> + */
> +static bool same_task_bps_check(struct perf_event *bp)
> +{
> + struct breakpoint *tmp;
> +
> + list_for_each_entry(tmp, &task_bps, list) {
> + if (tmp->bp->hw.target == bp->hw.target &&
> + !can_co_exist(tmp, bp))
> + return true;
> + }
> + return false;
> +}
> +
> +static int cpu_bps_add(struct perf_event *bp)
> +{
> + struct breakpoint **cpu_bp;
> + struct breakpoint *tmp;
> + int i = 0;
> +
> + tmp = alloc_breakpoint(bp);
> + if (IS_ERR(tmp))
> + return PTR_ERR(tmp);
> +
> + cpu_bp = per_cpu_ptr(cpu_bps, bp->cpu);
> + for (i = 0; i < nr_wp_slots(); i++) {
> + if (!cpu_bp[i]) {
> + cpu_bp[i] = tmp;
> + break;
> + }
> + }
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static void cpu_bps_remove(struct perf_event *bp)
> +{
> + struct breakpoint **cpu_bp;
> + int i = 0;
> +
> + cpu_bp = per_cpu_ptr(cpu_bps, bp->cpu);
> + for (i = 0; i < nr_wp_slots(); i++) {
> + if (!cpu_bp[i])
> + continue;
> +
> + if (cpu_bp[i]->bp == bp) {
> + kfree(cpu_bp[i]);
> + cpu_bp[i] = NULL;
> + break;
> + }
> + }
> +}
> +
> +static bool cpu_bps_check(int cpu, struct perf_event *bp)
> +{
> + struct breakpoint **cpu_bp;
> + int i;
> +
> + cpu_bp = per_cpu_ptr(cpu_bps, cpu);
> + for (i = 0; i < nr_wp_slots(); i++) {
> + if (cpu_bp[i] && !can_co_exist(cpu_bp[i], bp))
> + return true;
> + }
> + return false;
> +}
> +
> +static bool all_cpu_bps_check(struct perf_event *bp)
> +{
> + int cpu;
> +
> + for_each_online_cpu(cpu) {
> + if (cpu_bps_check(cpu, bp))
> + return true;
> + }
> + return false;
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * We don't use any locks to serialize accesses to cpu_bps or task_bps
> + * because are already inside nr_bp_mutex.
> + */
> +int arch_reserve_bp_slot(struct perf_event *bp)
> +{
> + int ret;
> +
> + if (is_ptrace_bp(bp)) {
> + if (all_cpu_bps_check(bp))
> + return -ENOSPC;
> +
> + if (same_task_bps_check(bp))
> + return -ENOSPC;
> +
> + return task_bps_add(bp);
> + } else {
> + if (is_kernel_addr(bp->attr.bp_addr))
> + return 0;
> +
> + if (bp->hw.target && bp->cpu == -1) {
> + if (same_task_bps_check(bp))
> + return -ENOSPC;
> +
> + return task_bps_add(bp);
> + } else if (!bp->hw.target && bp->cpu != -1) {
> + if (all_task_bps_check(bp))
> + return -ENOSPC;
> +
> + return cpu_bps_add(bp);
> + } else {
> + if (same_task_bps_check(bp))
> + return -ENOSPC;
> +
> + ret = cpu_bps_add(bp);
> + if (ret)
> + return ret;
> + ret = task_bps_add(bp);
> + if (ret)
> + cpu_bps_remove(bp);
> +
> + return ret;
> + }
> + }
> +}
> +
> +void arch_release_bp_slot(struct perf_event *bp)
> +{
> + if (!is_kernel_addr(bp->attr.bp_addr)) {
> + if (bp->hw.target)
> + task_bps_remove(bp);
> + if (bp->cpu != -1)
> + cpu_bps_remove(bp);
> + }
> +}
> +
> /*
> * Perform cleanup of arch-specific counters during unregistration
> * of the perf-event
> diff --git a/kernel/events/hw_breakpoint.c b/kernel/events/hw_breakpoint.c
> index 3cc8416ec844..b48d7039a015 100644
> --- a/kernel/events/hw_breakpoint.c
> +++ b/kernel/events/hw_breakpoint.c
> @@ -213,6 +213,15 @@ toggle_bp_slot(struct perf_event *bp, bool enable, enum bp_type_idx type,
> list_del(&bp->hw.bp_list);
> }
>
> +__weak int arch_reserve_bp_slot(struct perf_event *bp)
> +{
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +__weak void arch_release_bp_slot(struct perf_event *bp)
> +{
> +}
> +
> /*
> * Function to perform processor-specific cleanup during unregistration
> */
> @@ -270,6 +279,7 @@ static int __reserve_bp_slot(struct perf_event *bp, u64 bp_type)
> struct bp_busy_slots slots = {0};
> enum bp_type_idx type;
> int weight;
> + int ret;
>
> /* We couldn't initialize breakpoint constraints on boot */
> if (!constraints_initialized)
> @@ -294,6 +304,10 @@ static int __reserve_bp_slot(struct perf_event *bp, u64 bp_type)
> if (slots.pinned + (!!slots.flexible) > nr_slots[type])
> return -ENOSPC;
>
> + ret = arch_reserve_bp_slot(bp);
> + if (ret)
> + return ret;
> +
> toggle_bp_slot(bp, true, type, weight);
>
> return 0;
> @@ -317,6 +331,8 @@ static void __release_bp_slot(struct perf_event *bp, u64 bp_type)
> enum bp_type_idx type;
> int weight;
>
> + arch_release_bp_slot(bp);
> +
> type = find_slot_idx(bp_type);
> weight = hw_breakpoint_weight(bp);
> toggle_bp_slot(bp, false, type, weight);
>


Christophe

\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2020-03-17 12:10    [W:0.416 / U:41.756 seconds]
©2003-2020 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site