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SubjectRe: [RFC][PATCH] dma-mapping: align default segment_boundary_mask with dma_mask
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On 2020-03-14 12:00 am, Nicolin Chen wrote:
> More and more drivers set dma_masks above DMA_BIT_MAKS(32) while
> only a handful of drivers call dma_set_seg_boundary(). This means
> that most drivers have a 4GB segmention boundary because DMA API
> returns DMA_BIT_MAKS(32) as a default value, though they might be
> able to handle things above 32-bit.

Don't assume the boundary mask and the DMA mask are related. There do
exist devices which can DMA to a 64-bit address space in general, but
due to descriptor formats/hardware design/whatever still require any
single transfer not to cross some smaller boundary. XHCI is 64-bit yet
requires most things not to cross a 64KB boundary. EHCI's 64-bit mode is
an example of the 4GB boundary (not the best example, admittedly, but it
undeniably exists).

> This might result in a situation that iommu_map_sg() cuts an IOVA
> region, larger than 4GB, into discontiguous pieces and creates a
> faulty IOVA mapping that overlaps some physical memory being out
> of the scatter list, which might lead to some random kernel panic
> after DMA overwrites that faulty IOVA space.

If that's really a problem, then what about users who set a non-default
mask?

Furthermore, scatterlist segments are just DMA duffers - if there is no
IOMMU and a device accesses outside a buffer, Bad Things can and will
happen; if the ends of the buffer don't line up exactly to page
boundaries even with an IOMMU, if the device accesses outside the buffer
then Bad Things can happen; even if an IOMMU can map a buffer perfectly,
accesses outside it will either hit other buffers or generate unexpected
faults, which are both - you guessed it - Bad Things.

In short, if this is happening then something is certainly broken, but
it isn't the DMA layer.

> We have CONFIG_DMA_API_DEBUG_SG in kernel/dma/debug.c that checks
> such situations to prevent bad things from happening. However, it
> is not a mandatory check. And one might not think of enabling it
> when debugging a random kernel panic until figuring out that it's
> related to iommu_map_sg().
>
> A safer solution may be to align the default segmention boundary
> with the configured dma_mask, so DMA API may create a contiguous
> IOVA space as a device "expect" -- what tries to make sense is:
> Though it's device driver's responsibility to set dma_parms, it
> is not fair or even safe to apply a 4GB boundary here, which was
> added a decade ago to work for up-to-4GB mappings at that time.
>
> This patch updates the default segment_boundary_mask by aligning
> it with dma_mask.

Why bother even interrogating the device? You can trivially express "no
limit" as "~0UL", which is arguably less confusing than pretending this
bears any relation to DMA masks. However, like Christoph I'm concerned
that we don't know how many drivers are relying on the current default
(and to a lesser extent that it leads to a subtle difference in
behaviour between 32-bit PAE and 'proper' 64-bit builds).

And in the specific case of iommu-dma, this only comes into the picture
at all if a single scatterlist maps more than 4GB at once, which isn't
exactly typical streaming DMA behaviour - given that that implies a
rather absurd figure of more than 65536 entries at the default
max_segment_size, the relevant device probably doesn't want to be
relying on the default dma_parms in the first place.

[ I though I'd replied to your previous mail already; let me go see what
happened to that... ]

Robin.

> Signed-off-by: Nicolin Chen <nicoleotsuka@gmail.com>
> ---
> include/linux/dma-mapping.h | 2 +-
> 1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 1 deletion(-)
>
> diff --git a/include/linux/dma-mapping.h b/include/linux/dma-mapping.h
> index 330ad58fbf4d..0df0ee92eba1 100644
> --- a/include/linux/dma-mapping.h
> +++ b/include/linux/dma-mapping.h
> @@ -736,7 +736,7 @@ static inline unsigned long dma_get_seg_boundary(struct device *dev)
> {
> if (dev->dma_parms && dev->dma_parms->segment_boundary_mask)
> return dev->dma_parms->segment_boundary_mask;
> - return DMA_BIT_MASK(32);
> + return (unsigned long)dma_get_mask(dev);
> }
>
> static inline int dma_set_seg_boundary(struct device *dev, unsigned long mask)
>

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