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Subject[RFC][PATCH 09/16] objtool: Optimize find_symbol_*() and read_symbols()
All of:

read_symbols(), find_symbol_by_offset(), find_symbol_containing(),
find_containing_func()

do a linear search of the symbols. Add an RB tree to make it go
faster.

This about halves objtool runtime on vmlinux.o, from 34s to 18s.

Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
---
tools/objtool/Build | 5 +
tools/objtool/elf.c | 186 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----------------
tools/objtool/elf.h | 3
3 files changed, 140 insertions(+), 54 deletions(-)

--- a/tools/objtool/Build
+++ b/tools/objtool/Build
@@ -11,6 +11,7 @@ objtool-y += objtool.o
objtool-y += libstring.o
objtool-y += libctype.o
objtool-y += str_error_r.o
+objtool-y += librbtree.o

CFLAGS += -I$(srctree)/tools/lib

@@ -25,3 +26,7 @@ $(OUTPUT)libctype.o: ../lib/ctype.c FORC
$(OUTPUT)str_error_r.o: ../lib/str_error_r.c FORCE
$(call rule_mkdir)
$(call if_changed_dep,cc_o_c)
+
+$(OUTPUT)librbtree.o: ../lib/rbtree.c FORCE
+ $(call rule_mkdir)
+ $(call if_changed_dep,cc_o_c)
--- a/tools/objtool/elf.c
+++ b/tools/objtool/elf.c
@@ -27,6 +27,90 @@ static inline u32 str_hash(const char *s
return jhash(str, strlen(str), 0);
}

+static void rb_add(struct rb_root *tree, struct rb_node *node,
+ int (*cmp)(struct rb_node *, const struct rb_node *))
+{
+ struct rb_node **link = &tree->rb_node;
+ struct rb_node *parent = NULL;
+
+ while (*link) {
+ parent = *link;
+ if (cmp(node, parent) < 0)
+ link = &parent->rb_left;
+ else
+ link = &parent->rb_right;
+ }
+
+ rb_link_node(node, parent, link);
+ rb_insert_color(node, tree);
+}
+
+static struct rb_node *rb_find_first(struct rb_root *tree, const void *key,
+ int (*cmp)(const void *key, const struct rb_node *))
+{
+ struct rb_node *node = tree->rb_node;
+ struct rb_node *match = NULL;
+
+ while (node) {
+ int c = cmp(key, node);
+ if (c <= 0) {
+ if (!c)
+ match = node;
+ node = node->rb_left;
+ } else if (c > 0) {
+ node = node->rb_right;
+ }
+ }
+
+ return match;
+}
+
+static struct rb_node *rb_next_match(struct rb_node *node, const void *key,
+ int (*cmp)(const void *key, const struct rb_node *))
+{
+ node = rb_next(node);
+ if (node && cmp(key, node))
+ node = NULL;
+ return node;
+}
+
+#define rb_for_each(tree, node, key, cmp) \
+ for ((node) = rb_find_first((tree), (key), (cmp)); \
+ (node); (node) = rb_next_match((node), (key), (cmp)))
+
+static int symbol_to_offset(struct rb_node *a, const struct rb_node *b)
+{
+ struct symbol *sa = rb_entry(a, struct symbol, node);
+ struct symbol *sb = rb_entry(b, struct symbol, node);
+
+ if (sa->offset < sb->offset)
+ return -1;
+ if (sa->offset > sb->offset)
+ return 1;
+
+ if (sa->len < sb->len)
+ return -1;
+ if (sa->len > sb->len)
+ return 1;
+
+ sa->alias = sb;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int symbol_by_offset(const void *key, const struct rb_node *node)
+{
+ const struct symbol *s = rb_entry(node, struct symbol, node);
+ const unsigned long *o = key;
+
+ if (*o < s->offset)
+ return -1;
+ if (*o > s->offset + s->len)
+ return 1;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
struct section *find_section_by_name(struct elf *elf, const char *name)
{
struct section *sec;
@@ -63,37 +147,58 @@ static struct symbol *find_symbol_by_ind

struct symbol *find_symbol_by_offset(struct section *sec, unsigned long offset)
{
- struct symbol *sym;
+ struct rb_node *node;

- list_for_each_entry(sym, &sec->symbol_list, list)
- if (sym->type != STT_SECTION &&
- sym->offset == offset)
- return sym;
+ rb_for_each(&sec->symbol_tree, node, &offset, symbol_by_offset) {
+ struct symbol *s = rb_entry(node, struct symbol, node);
+
+ if (s->offset != offset)
+ continue;
+
+ if (s->type != STT_SECTION)
+ return s;
+ }

return NULL;
}

-struct symbol *find_symbol_by_name(struct elf *elf, const char *name)
+struct symbol *find_symbol_containing(struct section *sec, unsigned long offset)
{
- struct section *sec;
- struct symbol *sym;
+ struct rb_node *node;

- list_for_each_entry(sec, &elf->sections, list)
- list_for_each_entry(sym, &sec->symbol_list, list)
- if (!strcmp(sym->name, name))
- return sym;
+ rb_for_each(&sec->symbol_tree, node, &offset, symbol_by_offset) {
+ struct symbol *s = rb_entry(node, struct symbol, node);
+
+ if (s->type != STT_SECTION)
+ return s;
+ }

return NULL;
}

-struct symbol *find_symbol_containing(struct section *sec, unsigned long offset)
+struct symbol *find_containing_func(struct section *sec, unsigned long offset)
{
+ struct rb_node *node;
+
+ rb_for_each(&sec->symbol_tree, node, &offset, symbol_by_offset) {
+ struct symbol *s = rb_entry(node, struct symbol, node);
+
+ if (s->type == STT_FUNC)
+ return s;
+ }
+
+ return NULL;
+}
+
+struct symbol *find_symbol_by_name(struct elf *elf, const char *name)
+{
+ struct section *sec;
struct symbol *sym;

- list_for_each_entry(sym, &sec->symbol_list, list)
- if (sym->type != STT_SECTION &&
- offset >= sym->offset && offset < sym->offset + sym->len)
- return sym;
+ list_for_each_entry(sec, &elf->sections, list)
+ list_for_each_entry(sym, &sec->symbol_list, list)
+ if (!strcmp(sym->name, name))
+ return sym;

return NULL;
}
@@ -120,18 +225,6 @@ struct rela *find_rela_by_dest(struct se
return find_rela_by_dest_range(sec, offset, 1);
}

-struct symbol *find_containing_func(struct section *sec, unsigned long offset)
-{
- struct symbol *func;
-
- list_for_each_entry(func, &sec->symbol_list, list)
- if (func->type == STT_FUNC && offset >= func->offset &&
- offset < func->offset + func->len)
- return func;
-
- return NULL;
-}
-
static int read_sections(struct elf *elf)
{
Elf_Scn *s = NULL;
@@ -216,8 +309,9 @@ static int read_sections(struct elf *elf
static int read_symbols(struct elf *elf)
{
struct section *symtab, *sec;
- struct symbol *sym, *pfunc, *alias;
- struct list_head *entry, *tmp;
+ struct symbol *sym, *pfunc;
+ struct list_head *entry;
+ struct rb_node *pnode;
int symbols_nr, i;
char *coldstr;

@@ -236,7 +330,7 @@ static int read_symbols(struct elf *elf)
return -1;
}
memset(sym, 0, sizeof(*sym));
- alias = sym;
+ sym->alias = sym;

sym->idx = i;

@@ -274,29 +368,13 @@ static int read_symbols(struct elf *elf)
sym->offset = sym->sym.st_value;
sym->len = sym->sym.st_size;

- /* sorted insert into a per-section list */
- entry = &sym->sec->symbol_list;
- list_for_each_prev(tmp, &sym->sec->symbol_list) {
- struct symbol *s;
-
- s = list_entry(tmp, struct symbol, list);
-
- if (sym->offset > s->offset) {
- entry = tmp;
- break;
- }
+ rb_add(&sym->sec->symbol_tree, &sym->node, symbol_to_offset);

- if (sym->offset == s->offset) {
- if (sym->len && sym->len == s->len && alias == sym)
- alias = s;
-
- if (sym->len >= s->len) {
- entry = tmp;
- break;
- }
- }
- }
- sym->alias = alias;
+ pnode = rb_prev(&sym->node);
+ if (pnode)
+ entry = &rb_entry(pnode, struct symbol, node)->list;
+ else
+ entry = &sym->sec->symbol_list;
list_add(&sym->list, entry);

hash_add(elf->symbol_hash, &sym->hash, sym->idx);
--- a/tools/objtool/elf.h
+++ b/tools/objtool/elf.h
@@ -10,6 +10,7 @@
#include <gelf.h>
#include <linux/list.h>
#include <linux/hashtable.h>
+#include <linux/rbtree.h>
#include <linux/jhash.h>

#ifdef LIBELF_USE_DEPRECATED
@@ -29,6 +30,7 @@ struct section {
struct hlist_node hash;
struct hlist_node name_hash;
GElf_Shdr sh;
+ struct rb_root symbol_tree;
struct list_head symbol_list;
struct list_head rela_list;
DECLARE_HASHTABLE(rela_hash, 16);
@@ -43,6 +45,7 @@ struct section {

struct symbol {
struct list_head list;
+ struct rb_node node;
struct hlist_node hash;
GElf_Sym sym;
struct section *sec;

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