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SubjectRe: [PATCH v28 21/22] x86/vdso: Implement a vDSO for Intel SGX enclave call
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Date
On 2020-03-11 18:30, Nathaniel McCallum wrote:
> On Tue, Mar 3, 2020 at 6:40 PM Jarkko Sakkinen
> <jarkko.sakkinen@linux.intel.com> wrote:
>>
>> From: Sean Christopherson <sean.j.christopherson@intel.com>
>>
>> An SGX runtime must be aware of the exceptions, which happen inside an
>> enclave. Introduce a vDSO call that wraps EENTER/ERESUME cycle and returns
>> the CPU exception back to the caller exactly when it happens.
>>
>> Kernel fixups the exception information to RDI, RSI and RDX. The SGX call
>> vDSO handler fills this information to the user provided buffer or
>> alternatively trigger user provided callback at the time of the exception.
>>
>> The calling convention is custom and does not follow System V x86-64 ABI.
>>
>> Suggested-by: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net>
>> Signed-off-by: Sean Christopherson <sean.j.christopherson@intel.com>
>> Co-developed-by: Cedric Xing <cedric.xing@intel.com>
>> Signed-off-by: Cedric Xing <cedric.xing@intel.com>
>> Tested-by: Jethro Beekman <jethro@fortanix.com>
>> Signed-off-by: Jarkko Sakkinen <jarkko.sakkinen@linux.intel.com>
>> ---
>> arch/x86/entry/vdso/Makefile | 2 +
>> arch/x86/entry/vdso/vdso.lds.S | 1 +
>> arch/x86/entry/vdso/vsgx_enter_enclave.S | 187 +++++++++++++++++++++++
>> arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/sgx.h | 37 +++++
>> 4 files changed, 227 insertions(+)
>> create mode 100644 arch/x86/entry/vdso/vsgx_enter_enclave.S
>>
>> diff --git a/arch/x86/entry/vdso/Makefile b/arch/x86/entry/vdso/Makefile
>> index 657e01d34d02..fa50c76a17a8 100644
>> --- a/arch/x86/entry/vdso/Makefile
>> +++ b/arch/x86/entry/vdso/Makefile
>> @@ -24,6 +24,7 @@ VDSO32-$(CONFIG_IA32_EMULATION) := y
>>
>> # files to link into the vdso
>> vobjs-y := vdso-note.o vclock_gettime.o vgetcpu.o
>> +vobjs-$(VDSO64-y) += vsgx_enter_enclave.o
>>
>> # files to link into kernel
>> obj-y += vma.o extable.o
>> @@ -90,6 +91,7 @@ $(vobjs): KBUILD_CFLAGS := $(filter-out $(GCC_PLUGINS_CFLAGS) $(RETPOLINE_CFLAGS
>> CFLAGS_REMOVE_vclock_gettime.o = -pg
>> CFLAGS_REMOVE_vdso32/vclock_gettime.o = -pg
>> CFLAGS_REMOVE_vgetcpu.o = -pg
>> +CFLAGS_REMOVE_vsgx_enter_enclave.o = -pg
>>
>> #
>> # X32 processes use x32 vDSO to access 64bit kernel data.
>> diff --git a/arch/x86/entry/vdso/vdso.lds.S b/arch/x86/entry/vdso/vdso.lds.S
>> index 36b644e16272..4bf48462fca7 100644
>> --- a/arch/x86/entry/vdso/vdso.lds.S
>> +++ b/arch/x86/entry/vdso/vdso.lds.S
>> @@ -27,6 +27,7 @@ VERSION {
>> __vdso_time;
>> clock_getres;
>> __vdso_clock_getres;
>> + __vdso_sgx_enter_enclave;
>> local: *;
>> };
>> }
>> diff --git a/arch/x86/entry/vdso/vsgx_enter_enclave.S b/arch/x86/entry/vdso/vsgx_enter_enclave.S
>> new file mode 100644
>> index 000000000000..94a8e5f99961
>> --- /dev/null
>> +++ b/arch/x86/entry/vdso/vsgx_enter_enclave.S
>> @@ -0,0 +1,187 @@
>> +/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
>> +
>> +#include <linux/linkage.h>
>> +#include <asm/export.h>
>> +#include <asm/errno.h>
>> +
>> +#include "extable.h"
>> +
>> +#define EX_LEAF 0*8
>> +#define EX_TRAPNR 0*8+4
>> +#define EX_ERROR_CODE 0*8+6
>> +#define EX_ADDRESS 1*8
>> +
>> +.code64
>> +.section .text, "ax"
>> +
>> +/**
>> + * __vdso_sgx_enter_enclave() - Enter an SGX enclave
>> + * @leaf: ENCLU leaf, must be EENTER or ERESUME
>> + * @tcs: TCS, must be non-NULL
>> + * @e: Optional struct sgx_enclave_exception instance
>> + * @handler: Optional enclave exit handler
>> + *
>> + * **Important!** __vdso_sgx_enter_enclave() is **NOT** compliant with the
>> + * x86-64 ABI, i.e. cannot be called from standard C code.
>> + *
>> + * Input ABI:
>> + * @leaf %eax
>> + * @tcs 8(%rsp)
>> + * @e 0x10(%rsp)
>> + * @handler 0x18(%rsp)
>> + *
>> + * Output ABI:
>> + * @ret %eax
>> + *
>> + * All general purpose registers except RAX, RBX and RCX are passed as-is to
>> + * the enclave. RAX, RBX and RCX are consumed by EENTER and ERESUME and are
>> + * loaded with @leaf, asynchronous exit pointer, and @tcs respectively.
>> + *
>> + * RBP and the stack are used to anchor __vdso_sgx_enter_enclave() to the
>> + * pre-enclave state, e.g. to retrieve @e and @handler after an enclave exit.
>> + * All other registers are available for use by the enclave and its runtime,
>> + * e.g. an enclave can push additional data onto the stack (and modify RSP) to
>> + * pass information to the optional exit handler (see below).
>> + *
>> + * Most exceptions reported on ENCLU, including those that occur within the
>> + * enclave, are fixed up and reported synchronously instead of being delivered
>> + * via a standard signal. Debug Exceptions (#DB) and Breakpoints (#BP) are
>> + * never fixed up and are always delivered via standard signals. On synchrously
>> + * reported exceptions, -EFAULT is returned and details about the exception are
>> + * recorded in @e, the optional sgx_enclave_exception struct.
>> +
>> + * If an exit handler is provided, the handler will be invoked on synchronous
>> + * exits from the enclave and for all synchronously reported exceptions. In
>> + * latter case, @e is filled prior to invoking the handler.
>> + *
>> + * The exit handler's return value is interpreted as follows:
>> + * >0: continue, restart __vdso_sgx_enter_enclave() with @ret as @leaf
>> + * 0: success, return @ret to the caller
>> + * <0: error, return @ret to the caller
>> + *
>> + * The userspace exit handler is responsible for unwinding the stack, e.g. to
>> + * pop @e, u_rsp and @tcs, prior to returning to __vdso_sgx_enter_enclave().
>> + * The exit handler may also transfer control, e.g. via longjmp() or a C++
>> + * exception, without returning to __vdso_sgx_enter_enclave().
>> + *
>> + * Return:
>> + * 0 on success,
>> + * -EINVAL if ENCLU leaf is not allowed,
>> + * -EFAULT if an exception occurs on ENCLU or within the enclave
>> + * -errno for all other negative values returned by the userspace exit handler
>> + */
>> +#ifdef SGX_KERNEL_DOC
>> +/* C-style function prototype to coerce kernel-doc into parsing the comment. */
>> +int __vdso_sgx_enter_enclave(int leaf, void *tcs,
>> + struct sgx_enclave_exception *e,
>> + sgx_enclave_exit_handler_t handler);
>> +#endif
>> +SYM_FUNC_START(__vdso_sgx_enter_enclave)
>
> Currently, the selftest has a wrapper around
> __vdso_sgx_enter_enclave() which preserves all x86-64 ABI callee-saved
> registers (CSRs), though it uses none of them. Then it calls this
> function which uses %rbx but preserves none of the CSRs. Then it jumps
> into an enclave which zeroes all these registers before returning.
> Thus:
>
> 1. wrapper saves all CSRs
> 2. wrapper repositions stack arguments
> 3. __vdso_sgx_enter_enclave() modifies, but does not save %rbx
> 4. selftest zeros all CSRs
> 5. wrapper loads all CSRs
>
> I'd like to propose instead that the enclave be responsible for saving
> and restoring CSRs. So instead of the above we have:
> 1. __vdso_sgx_enter_enclave() saves %rbx
> 2. enclave saves CSRs
> 3. enclave loads CSRs
> 4. __vdso_sgx_enter_enclave() loads %rbx
>
> I know that lots of other stuff happens during enclave transitions,
> but at the very least we could reduce the number of instructions
> through this critical path.

The current calling convention for __vdso_sgx_enter_enclave has been carefully designed to mimic just calling ENCLU[EENTER] as closely as possible.

I'm not sure why you're referring to the selftest wrapper here, that doesn't seem relevant to me.

--
Jethro Beekman | Fortanix

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