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SubjectRe: [PATCH v17 09/12] PCI/AER: Allow clearing Error Status Register in FF mode
On Wed, Mar 11, 2020 at 03:11:06PM -0700, Kuppuswamy Sathyanarayanan wrote:
> On 3/11/20 2:53 PM, Austin.Bolen@dell.com wrote:
> > On 3/11/2020 4:27 PM, Kuppuswamy Sathyanarayanan wrote:
> > > On 3/11/20 1:33 PM, Bjorn Helgaas wrote:
> > > > On Wed, Mar 11, 2020 at 05:27:35PM +0000, Austin.Bolen@dell.com wrote:
> > > > > On 3/11/2020 12:12 PM, Bjorn Helgaas wrote:
> > > > > <SNIP>
> > > > > > I'm probably missing your intent, but that sounds like "the OS can
> > > > > > read/write AER bits whenever it wants, regardless of ownership."
> > > > > >
> > > > > > That doesn't sound practical to me, and I don't think it's really
> > > > > > similar to DPC, where it's pretty clear that the OS can touch DPC bits
> > > > > > it doesn't own but only *during the EDR processing window*.
> > > > > Yes, by treating AER bits like DPC bits I meant I'd define the specific
> > > > > time windows when OS can touch the AER status bits similar to how it's
> > > > > done for DPC in the current ECN.
> > > > Makes sense, thanks.
> > > >
> > > > > > > > > For the normative text describing when OS clears the AER bits
> > > > > > > > > following the informative flow chart, it could say that OS clears
> > > > > > > > > AER as soon as possible after OST returns and before OS processes
> > > > > > > > > _HPX and loading drivers. Open to other suggestions as well.
> > > > > > > > I'm not sure what to do with "as soon as possible" either. That
> > > > > > > > doesn't seem like something firmware and the OS can agree on.
> > > > > > > I can just state that it's done after OST returns but before _HPX or
> > > > > > > driver is loaded. Any time in that range is fine. I can't get super
> > > > > > > specific here because different OSes do different things. Even for
> > > > > > > a given OS they change over time. And I need something generic
> > > > > > > enough to support a wide variety of OS implementations.
> > > > > > Yeah. I don't know how to solve this.
> > > > > >
> > > > > > Linux doesn't actually unload and reload drivers for the child devices
> > > > > > (Sathy, correct me if I'm wrong here) even though DPC containment
> > > > > > takes the link down and effectively unplugs and replugs the device. I
> > > > > > would *like* to handle it like hotplug, but some higher-level software
> > > > > > doesn't deal well with things like storage devices disappearing and
> > > > > > reappearing.
> > > > > >
> > > > > > Since Linux doesn't actually re-enumerate the child devices, it
> > > > > > wouldn't evaluate _HPX again. It would probably be cleaner if it did,
> > > > > > but it's all tied up with the whole unplug/replug problem.
> > > > > DPC resets everything below it and so to get it back up and running it
> > > > > would mean that all buses and resources need to be assigned, _HPX
> > > > > evaluated, and drivers reloaded. If those things don't happen then the
> > > > > whole hierarchy below the port that triggered DPC will be inaccessible.
> > > > Hmm, I think I might be confusing this with another situation. Sathy,
> > > > can you help me understand this? I don't have a way to actually
> > > > exercise this EDR path. Is there some way the pciehp hotplug driver
> > > > gets involved here?
> > If the port has hot-plug enabled then DPC trigger will cause the link to
> > go down (disabled state) and will generate a DLLSC hot-plug interrupt.
> > When DPC is released, the link will become active and generate another
> > DLLSC hot-plug interrupt.
> Yes, device/driver enumeration and removal will triggered by DLLSC
> state change interrupt in pciehp driver.
> >
> > > > Here's how this seems to work as far as I can tell:
> > > >
> > > > - Linux does not have DPC or AER control
> > > >
> > > > - Linux installs EDR notify handler
> > > >
> > > > - Linux evaluates DPC Enable _DSM
> > > >
> > > > - DPC containment event occurs
> > > >
> > > > - Firmware fields DPC interrupt
> > > >
> > > > - DPC event is not a surprise remove
> > > >
> > > > - Firmware sends EDR notification
> > > >
> > > > - Linux EDR notify handler evaluates Locate _DSM
> > > >
> > > > - Linux reads and logs DPC and AER error information for port in
> > > > containment mode. [If it was an RP PIO error, Linux clears RP PIO
> > > > error status, which is an asymmetry with the non-RP PIO path.]
> > > >
> > > > - Linux clears AER error status (pci_aer_raw_clear_status())
> > > >
> > > > - Linux calls driver .error_detected() methods for all child devices
> > > > of the port in containment mode (pcie_do_recovery()). These
> > > > devices are inaccessible because the link is down.
> > > >
> > > > - Linux clears DPC Trigger Status (dpc_reset_link() from
> > > > pcie_do_recovery()).
> > > >
> > > > - Linux calls driver .mmio_enabled() methods for all child devices.
> > > >
> > > > This is where I get lost. These child devices are now accessible, but
> > > > they've been reset, so I don't know how their config space got
> > > > restored. Did pciehp enumerate them? Did we do something like
> > > > pci_restore_state()? I don't see where either of these happens.
> > > AFAIK, AER error status registers  are sticky (RW1CS) and hence
> > > will be preserved during reset.
> > In our testing, the device directly connected to the port that was
> > contained does get reprogrammed and the driver is reloaded. These are
> > hot-plug slots and so might be due to DLLSC hot-plug interrupt when
> > containment is released and link goes back to active state.
> >
> > However, if a switch is connected to the port where DPC was triggered
> > then we do not see the whole switch hierarchy being re-enumerated.
> Now that I have a hardware to verify this scenario, I will look into
> it. I suspect there is a transient state in link status which causes
> this disconnect issue. But I think this issue is not related to
> EDR support and hence should be reproducible in native handling
> as well.
> >
> > Also, DPC could be enabled on non-hot-plug slots so can't always rely on
> > hot-plug to re-init devices in the recovery path.
> If hotplug is not supported then there is support to enumerate
> devices via polling  or ACPI events. But a point to note
> here is, enumeration path is independent of error handler path, and
> hence there is no explicit trigger or event from error handler path
> to enumeration path to kick start the enumeration.

Is any synchronization needed here between the EDR path and the
hotplug/enumeration path?

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