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Subject[rfc 4/6] dma-remap: dynamically expanding atomic pools
When an atomic pool becomes fully depleted because it is now relied upon
for all non-blocking allocations through the DMA API, allow background
expansion of each pool by a kworker.

When an atomic pool has less than the default size of memory left, kick
off a kworker to dynamically expand the pool in the background. The pool
is doubled in size.

This allows the default size to be kept quite low when one or more of the
atomic pools is not used.

Also switch over some node ids to the more appropriate NUMA_NO_NODE.

Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
---
kernel/dma/remap.c | 79 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++------------
1 file changed, 58 insertions(+), 21 deletions(-)

diff --git a/kernel/dma/remap.c b/kernel/dma/remap.c
--- a/kernel/dma/remap.c
+++ b/kernel/dma/remap.c
@@ -10,6 +10,7 @@
#include <linux/genalloc.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/vmalloc.h>
+#include <linux/workqueue.h>

struct page **dma_common_find_pages(void *cpu_addr)
{
@@ -104,7 +105,10 @@ static struct gen_pool *atomic_pool_dma32 __ro_after_init;
static struct gen_pool *atomic_pool_normal __ro_after_init;

#define DEFAULT_DMA_COHERENT_POOL_SIZE SZ_256K
-static size_t atomic_pool_size __initdata = DEFAULT_DMA_COHERENT_POOL_SIZE;
+static size_t atomic_pool_size = DEFAULT_DMA_COHERENT_POOL_SIZE;
+
+/* Dynamic background expansion when the atomic pool is near capacity */
+struct work_struct atomic_pool_work;

static int __init early_coherent_pool(char *p)
{
@@ -113,14 +117,14 @@ static int __init early_coherent_pool(char *p)
}
early_param("coherent_pool", early_coherent_pool);

-static int __init __dma_atomic_pool_init(struct gen_pool **pool,
- size_t pool_size, gfp_t gfp)
+static int atomic_pool_expand(struct gen_pool *pool, size_t pool_size,
+ gfp_t gfp)
{
- const unsigned int order = get_order(pool_size);
const unsigned long nr_pages = pool_size >> PAGE_SHIFT;
+ const unsigned int order = get_order(pool_size);
struct page *page;
void *addr;
- int ret;
+ int ret = -ENOMEM;

if (dev_get_cma_area(NULL))
page = dma_alloc_from_contiguous(NULL, nr_pages, order, false);
@@ -131,38 +135,67 @@ static int __init __dma_atomic_pool_init(struct gen_pool **pool,

arch_dma_prep_coherent(page, pool_size);

- *pool = gen_pool_create(PAGE_SHIFT, -1);
- if (!*pool)
- goto free_page;
-
addr = dma_common_contiguous_remap(page, pool_size,
pgprot_dmacoherent(PAGE_KERNEL),
__builtin_return_address(0));
if (!addr)
- goto destroy_genpool;
+ goto free_page;

- ret = gen_pool_add_virt(*pool, (unsigned long)addr, page_to_phys(page),
- pool_size, -1);
+ ret = gen_pool_add_virt(pool, (unsigned long)addr, page_to_phys(page),
+ pool_size, NUMA_NO_NODE);
if (ret)
goto remove_mapping;
- gen_pool_set_algo(*pool, gen_pool_first_fit_order_align, NULL);

- pr_info("DMA: preallocated %zu KiB %pGg pool for atomic allocations\n",
- pool_size >> 10, &gfp);
return 0;

remove_mapping:
dma_common_free_remap(addr, pool_size);
-destroy_genpool:
- gen_pool_destroy(*pool);
- *pool = NULL;
free_page:
if (!dma_release_from_contiguous(NULL, page, nr_pages))
__free_pages(page, order);
out:
- pr_err("DMA: failed to allocate %zu KiB %pGg pool for atomic allocation\n",
- atomic_pool_size >> 10, &gfp);
- return -ENOMEM;
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static void atomic_pool_resize(struct gen_pool *pool, gfp_t gfp)
+{
+ if (pool && gen_pool_avail(pool) < atomic_pool_size)
+ atomic_pool_expand(pool, gen_pool_size(pool), gfp);
+}
+
+static void atomic_pool_work_fn(struct work_struct *work)
+{
+ if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ZONE_DMA))
+ atomic_pool_resize(atomic_pool, GFP_DMA);
+ if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ZONE_DMA32))
+ atomic_pool_resize(atomic_pool_dma32, GFP_DMA32);
+ atomic_pool_resize(atomic_pool_normal, GFP_KERNEL);
+}
+
+static int __init __dma_atomic_pool_init(struct gen_pool **pool,
+ size_t pool_size, gfp_t gfp)
+{
+ int ret;
+
+ *pool = gen_pool_create(PAGE_SHIFT, NUMA_NO_NODE);
+ if (!*pool)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ gen_pool_set_algo(*pool, gen_pool_first_fit_order_align, NULL);
+
+ ret = atomic_pool_expand(*pool, pool_size, gfp);
+ if (ret) {
+ gen_pool_destroy(*pool);
+ *pool = NULL;
+ pr_err("DMA: failed to allocate %zu KiB %pGg pool for atomic allocation\n",
+ atomic_pool_size >> 10, &gfp);
+ return ret;
+ }
+
+
+ pr_info("DMA: preallocated %zu KiB %pGg pool for atomic allocations\n",
+ pool_size >> 10, &gfp);
+ return 0;
}

static int __init dma_atomic_pool_init(void)
@@ -170,6 +203,8 @@ static int __init dma_atomic_pool_init(void)
int ret = 0;
int err;

+ INIT_WORK(&atomic_pool_work, atomic_pool_work_fn);
+
ret = __dma_atomic_pool_init(&atomic_pool_normal, atomic_pool_size,
GFP_KERNEL);
if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ZONE_DMA)) {
@@ -231,6 +266,8 @@ void *dma_alloc_from_pool(struct device *dev, size_t size,
ptr = (void *)val;
memset(ptr, 0, size);
}
+ if (gen_pool_avail(pool) < atomic_pool_size)
+ schedule_work(&atomic_pool_work);

return ptr;
}
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