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SubjectRe: [PATCH] mm: fix a data race in put_page()
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> On Feb 6, 2020, at 6:34 PM, John Hubbard <jhubbard@nvidia.com> wrote:
>
> On 2/6/20 7:23 AM, Qian Cai wrote:
>>
>>
>>> On Feb 6, 2020, at 9:55 AM, Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz> wrote:
>>>
>>> I don't think the problem is real. The question is how to make KCSAN happy
>>> in a way that doesn't silence other possibly useful things it can find and
>>> also which makes it most obvious to the reader what's going on... IMHO
>>> using READ_ONCE() fulfills these targets nicely - it is free
>>> performance-wise in this case, it silences the checker without impacting
>>> other races on page->flags, its kind of obvious we don't want the load torn
>>> in this case so it makes sense to the reader (although a comment may be
>>> nice).
>>
>> Actually, use the data_race() macro there fulfilling the same purpose too, i.e, silence the splat here but still keep searching for other races.
>>
>
> Yes, but both READ_ONCE() and data_race() would be saying untrue things about this code,
> and that somewhat offends my sense of perfection... :)
>
> * READ_ONCE(): this field need not be restricted to being read only once, so the
> name is immediately wrong. We're using side effects of READ_ONCE().
>
> * data_race(): there is no race on the N bits worth of page zone number data. There
> is only a perceived race, due to tools that look at word-level granularity.
>
> I'd propose one or both of the following:
>
> a) Hope that Marcus has an idea to enhance KCSAN so as to support this model of
> access, and/or

A similar thing was brought up before, i.e., anything compared to zero is immune to load-tearing
issues, but it is rather difficult to implement it in the compiler, so it was settled to use data_race(),

https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/CANpmjNN8J1oWtLPHTgCwbbtTuU_Js-8HD=cozW5cYkm8h-GTBg@mail.gmail.com/#r

>
> b) Add a new, better-named macro to indicate what's going on. Initial bikeshed-able
> candidates:
>
> READ_RO_BITS()
> READ_IMMUTABLE_BITS()
> ...etc...
>

Actually, Linus might hate those kinds of complication rather than a simple data_race() macro,

https://lore.kernel.org/linux-fsdevel/CAHk-=wg5CkOEF8DTez1Qu0XTEFw_oHhxN98bDnFqbY7HL5AB2g@mail.gmail.com/

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