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SubjectRe: [PATCH v3 10/27] powerpc: Add driver for OpenCAPI Persistent Memory
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Le 21/02/2020 à 04:27, Alastair D'Silva a écrit :
> From: Alastair D'Silva <alastair@d-silva.org>
>
> This driver exposes LPC memory on OpenCAPI pmem cards
> as an NVDIMM, allowing the existing nvram infrastructure
> to be used.
>
> Namespace metadata is stored on the media itself, so
> scm_reserve_metadata() maps 1 section's worth of PMEM storage
> at the start to hold this. The rest of the PMEM range is registered
> with libnvdimm as an nvdimm. scm_ndctl_config_read/write/size() provide
> callbacks to libnvdimm to access the metadata.
>
> Signed-off-by: Alastair D'Silva <alastair@d-silva.org>
> ---
> arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/Kconfig | 3 +
> arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/Makefile | 1 +
> arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/pmem/Kconfig | 15 +
> arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/pmem/Makefile | 7 +
> arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/pmem/ocxl.c | 473 ++++++++++++++++++
> .../platforms/powernv/pmem/ocxl_internal.h | 28 ++
> 6 files changed, 527 insertions(+)
> create mode 100644 arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/pmem/Kconfig
> create mode 100644 arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/pmem/Makefile
> create mode 100644 arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/pmem/ocxl.c
> create mode 100644 arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/pmem/ocxl_internal.h
>
> diff --git a/arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/Kconfig b/arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/Kconfig
> index 938803eab0ad..fc8976af0e52 100644
> --- a/arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/Kconfig
> +++ b/arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/Kconfig
> @@ -50,3 +50,6 @@ config PPC_VAS
> config SCOM_DEBUGFS
> bool "Expose SCOM controllers via debugfs"
> depends on DEBUG_FS
> +
> +source "arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/pmem/Kconfig"
> +
> diff --git a/arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/Makefile b/arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/Makefile
> index c0f8120045c3..0bbd72988b6f 100644
> --- a/arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/Makefile
> +++ b/arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/Makefile
> @@ -21,3 +21,4 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_PPC_VAS) += vas.o vas-window.o vas-debug.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_OCXL_BASE) += ocxl.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_SCOM_DEBUGFS) += opal-xscom.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_PPC_SECURE_BOOT) += opal-secvar.o
> +obj-$(CONFIG_LIBNVDIMM) += pmem/
> diff --git a/arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/pmem/Kconfig b/arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/pmem/Kconfig
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..c5d927520920
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/pmem/Kconfig
> @@ -0,0 +1,15 @@
> +# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only
> +if LIBNVDIMM
> +
> +config OCXL_PMEM
> + tristate "OpenCAPI Persistent Memory"
> + depends on LIBNVDIMM && PPC_POWERNV && PCI && EEH && ZONE_DEVICE && OCXL
> + help
> + Exposes devices that implement the OpenCAPI Storage Class Memory
> + specification as persistent memory regions. You may also want
> + DEV_DAX, DEV_DAX_PMEM & FS_DAX if you plan on using DAX devices
> + stacked on top of this driver.
> +
> + Select N if unsure.
> +
> +endif
> diff --git a/arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/pmem/Makefile b/arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/pmem/Makefile
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..1c55c4193175
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/pmem/Makefile
> @@ -0,0 +1,7 @@
> +# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
> +
> +ccflags-$(CONFIG_PPC_WERROR) += -Werror
> +
> +obj-$(CONFIG_OCXL_PMEM) += ocxlpmem.o
> +
> +ocxlpmem-y := ocxl.o
> diff --git a/arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/pmem/ocxl.c b/arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/pmem/ocxl.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..3c4eeb5dcc0f
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/pmem/ocxl.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,473 @@
> +// SPDX-License-Id
> +// Copyright 2019 IBM Corp.
> +
> +/*
> + * A driver for OpenCAPI devices that implement the Storage Class
> + * Memory specification.
> + */
> +
> +#include <linux/module.h>
> +#include <misc/ocxl.h>
> +#include <linux/ndctl.h>
> +#include <linux/mm_types.h>
> +#include <linux/memory_hotplug.h>
> +#include "ocxl_internal.h"
> +
> +
> +static const struct pci_device_id ocxlpmem_pci_tbl[] = {
> + { PCI_DEVICE(PCI_VENDOR_ID_IBM, 0x0625), },
> + { }
> +};
> +
> +MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(pci, ocxlpmem_pci_tbl);
> +
> +#define NUM_MINORS 256 // Total to reserve
> +
> +static dev_t ocxlpmem_dev;
> +static struct class *ocxlpmem_class;
> +static struct mutex minors_idr_lock;
> +static struct idr minors_idr;
> +
> +/**
> + * ndctl_config_write() - Handle a ND_CMD_SET_CONFIG_DATA command from ndctl
> + * @ocxlpmem: the device metadata
> + * @command: the incoming data to write
> + * Return: 0 on success, negative on failure
> + */
> +static int ndctl_config_write(struct ocxlpmem *ocxlpmem,
> + struct nd_cmd_set_config_hdr *command)
> +{
> + if (command->in_offset + command->in_length > LABEL_AREA_SIZE)
> + return -EINVAL;
> +
> + memcpy_flushcache(ocxlpmem->metadata_addr + command->in_offset, command->in_buf,
> + command->in_length);
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * ndctl_config_read() - Handle a ND_CMD_GET_CONFIG_DATA command from ndctl
> + * @ocxlpmem: the device metadata
> + * @command: the read request
> + * Return: 0 on success, negative on failure
> + */
> +static int ndctl_config_read(struct ocxlpmem *ocxlpmem,
> + struct nd_cmd_get_config_data_hdr *command)
> +{
> + if (command->in_offset + command->in_length > LABEL_AREA_SIZE)
> + return -EINVAL;
> +
> + memcpy_mcsafe(command->out_buf, ocxlpmem->metadata_addr + command->in_offset,
> + command->in_length);
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * ndctl_config_size() - Handle a ND_CMD_GET_CONFIG_SIZE command from ndctl
> + * @command: the read request
> + * Return: 0 on success, negative on failure
> + */
> +static int ndctl_config_size(struct nd_cmd_get_config_size *command)
> +{
> + command->status = 0;
> + command->config_size = LABEL_AREA_SIZE;
> + command->max_xfer = PAGE_SIZE;
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static int ndctl(struct nvdimm_bus_descriptor *nd_desc,
> + struct nvdimm *nvdimm,
> + unsigned int cmd, void *buf, unsigned int buf_len, int *cmd_rc)
> +{
> + struct ocxlpmem *ocxlpmem = container_of(nd_desc, struct ocxlpmem, bus_desc);
> +
> + switch (cmd) {
> + case ND_CMD_GET_CONFIG_SIZE:
> + *cmd_rc = ndctl_config_size(buf);
> + return 0;
> +
> + case ND_CMD_GET_CONFIG_DATA:
> + *cmd_rc = ndctl_config_read(ocxlpmem, buf);
> + return 0;
> +
> + case ND_CMD_SET_CONFIG_DATA:
> + *cmd_rc = ndctl_config_write(ocxlpmem, buf);
> + return 0;
> +
> + default:
> + return -ENOTTY;
> + }
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * reserve_metadata() - Reserve space for nvdimm metadata
> + * @ocxlpmem: the device metadata
> + * @lpc_mem: The resource representing the LPC memory of the OpenCAPI device
> + */
> +static int reserve_metadata(struct ocxlpmem *ocxlpmem,
> + struct resource *lpc_mem)
> +{
> + ocxlpmem->metadata_addr = devm_memremap(&ocxlpmem->dev, lpc_mem->start,
> + LABEL_AREA_SIZE, MEMREMAP_WB);
> + if (IS_ERR(ocxlpmem->metadata_addr))
> + return PTR_ERR(ocxlpmem->metadata_addr);
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * register_lpc_mem() - Discover persistent memory on a device and register it with the NVDIMM subsystem
> + * @ocxlpmem: the device metadata
> + * Return: 0 on success
> + */
> +static int register_lpc_mem(struct ocxlpmem *ocxlpmem)
> +{
> + struct nd_region_desc region_desc;
> + struct nd_mapping_desc nd_mapping_desc;
> + struct resource *lpc_mem;
> + const struct ocxl_afu_config *config;
> + const struct ocxl_fn_config *fn_config;
> + int rc;
> + unsigned long nvdimm_cmd_mask = 0;
> + unsigned long nvdimm_flags = 0;
> + int target_node;
> + char serial[16+1];
> +
> + // Set up the reserved metadata area
> + rc = ocxl_afu_map_lpc_mem(ocxlpmem->ocxl_afu);
> + if (rc < 0)
> + return rc;
> +
> + lpc_mem = ocxl_afu_lpc_mem(ocxlpmem->ocxl_afu);
> + if (lpc_mem == NULL || lpc_mem->start == 0)
> + return -EINVAL;
> +
> + config = ocxl_afu_config(ocxlpmem->ocxl_afu);
> + fn_config = ocxl_function_config(ocxlpmem->ocxl_fn);
> +
> + rc = reserve_metadata(ocxlpmem, lpc_mem);
> + if (rc)
> + return rc;
> +
> + ocxlpmem->bus_desc.provider_name = "ocxl-pmem";
> + ocxlpmem->bus_desc.ndctl = ndctl;
> + ocxlpmem->bus_desc.module = THIS_MODULE;
> +
> + ocxlpmem->nvdimm_bus = nvdimm_bus_register(&ocxlpmem->dev,
> + &ocxlpmem->bus_desc);
> + if (!ocxlpmem->nvdimm_bus)
> + return -EINVAL;
> +
> + ocxlpmem->pmem_res.start = (u64)lpc_mem->start + LABEL_AREA_SIZE;
> + ocxlpmem->pmem_res.end = (u64)lpc_mem->start + config->lpc_mem_size - 1;
> + ocxlpmem->pmem_res.name = "OpenCAPI persistent memory";
> +
> + set_bit(ND_CMD_GET_CONFIG_SIZE, &nvdimm_cmd_mask);
> + set_bit(ND_CMD_GET_CONFIG_DATA, &nvdimm_cmd_mask);
> + set_bit(ND_CMD_SET_CONFIG_DATA, &nvdimm_cmd_mask);
> +
> + set_bit(NDD_ALIASING, &nvdimm_flags);
> +
> + snprintf(serial, sizeof(serial), "%llx", fn_config->serial);
> + nd_mapping_desc.nvdimm = nvdimm_create(ocxlpmem->nvdimm_bus, ocxlpmem,
> + NULL, nvdimm_flags, nvdimm_cmd_mask,
> + 0, NULL);
> + if (!nd_mapping_desc.nvdimm)
> + return -ENOMEM;
> +
> + if (nvdimm_bus_check_dimm_count(ocxlpmem->nvdimm_bus, 1))
> + return -EINVAL;
> +
> + nd_mapping_desc.start = ocxlpmem->pmem_res.start;
> + nd_mapping_desc.size = resource_size(&ocxlpmem->pmem_res);
> + nd_mapping_desc.position = 0;
> +
> + ocxlpmem->nd_set.cookie1 = fn_config->serial + 1; // allow for empty serial
> + ocxlpmem->nd_set.cookie2 = fn_config->serial + 1;
> +
> + target_node = of_node_to_nid(ocxlpmem->pdev->dev.of_node);
> +
> + memset(&region_desc, 0, sizeof(region_desc));
> + region_desc.res = &ocxlpmem->pmem_res;
> + region_desc.numa_node = NUMA_NO_NODE;
> + region_desc.target_node = target_node;
> + region_desc.num_mappings = 1;
> + region_desc.mapping = &nd_mapping_desc;
> + region_desc.nd_set = &ocxlpmem->nd_set;
> +
> + set_bit(ND_REGION_PAGEMAP, &region_desc.flags);
> + /*
> + * NB: libnvdimm copies the data from ndr_desc into it's own
> + * structures so passing a stack pointer is fine.
> + */
> + ocxlpmem->nd_region = nvdimm_pmem_region_create(ocxlpmem->nvdimm_bus,
> + &region_desc);
> + if (!ocxlpmem->nd_region)
> + return -EINVAL;
> +
> + dev_info(&ocxlpmem->dev,
> + "Onlining %lluMB of persistent memory\n",
> + nd_mapping_desc.size / SZ_1M);
> +
> + return 0;
> +}



There seems to be a lot of nvdimm-related operations which are done here
and the undo part in free_ocxlpmem() is a lot shorter. Are we okay? Does
the driver support being unloaded and reloaded, therefore reinitializing
the same resources again?

Fred




> +
> +/**
> + * allocate_minor() - Allocate a minor number to use for an OpenCAPI pmem device
> + * @ocxlpmem: the device metadata
> + * Return: the allocated minor number
> + */
> +static int allocate_minor(struct ocxlpmem *ocxlpmem)
> +{
> + int minor;
> +
> + mutex_lock(&minors_idr_lock);
> + minor = idr_alloc(&minors_idr, ocxlpmem, 0, NUM_MINORS, GFP_KERNEL);
> + mutex_unlock(&minors_idr_lock);
> + return minor;
> +}
> +
> +static void free_minor(struct ocxlpmem *ocxlpmem)
> +{
> + mutex_lock(&minors_idr_lock);
> + idr_remove(&minors_idr, MINOR(ocxlpmem->dev.devt));
> + mutex_unlock(&minors_idr_lock);
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * free_ocxlpmem() - Free all members of an ocxlpmem struct
> + * @ocxlpmem: the device struct to clear
> + */
> +static void free_ocxlpmem(struct ocxlpmem *ocxlpmem)
> +{
> + int rc;
> +
> + if (ocxlpmem->nvdimm_bus)
> + nvdimm_bus_unregister(ocxlpmem->nvdimm_bus);
> +
> + free_minor(ocxlpmem);
> +
> + if (ocxlpmem->metadata_addr)
> + devm_memunmap(&ocxlpmem->dev, ocxlpmem->metadata_addr);
> +
> + if (ocxlpmem->ocxl_context) {
> + rc = ocxl_context_detach(ocxlpmem->ocxl_context);
> + if (rc == -EBUSY)
> + dev_warn(&ocxlpmem->dev, "Timeout detaching ocxl context\n");
> + else
> + ocxl_context_free(ocxlpmem->ocxl_context);
> +
> + }
> +
> + if (ocxlpmem->ocxl_afu)
> + ocxl_afu_put(ocxlpmem->ocxl_afu);
> +
> + if (ocxlpmem->ocxl_fn)
> + ocxl_function_close(ocxlpmem->ocxl_fn);
> +
> + kfree(ocxlpmem);
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * free_ocxlpmem_dev() - Free an OpenCAPI persistent memory device
> + * @dev: The device struct
> + */
> +static void free_ocxlpmem_dev(struct device *dev)
> +{
> + struct ocxlpmem *ocxlpmem = container_of(dev, struct ocxlpmem, dev);
> +
> + free_ocxlpmem(ocxlpmem);
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * ocxlpmem_register() - Register an OpenCAPI pmem device with the kernel
> + * @ocxlpmem: the device metadata
> + * Return: 0 on success, negative on failure
> + */
> +static int ocxlpmem_register(struct ocxlpmem *ocxlpmem)
> +{
> + int rc;
> + int minor = allocate_minor(ocxlpmem);
> +
> + if (minor < 0)
> + return minor;
> +
> + ocxlpmem->dev.release = free_ocxlpmem_dev;
> + rc = dev_set_name(&ocxlpmem->dev, "ocxlpmem%d", minor);
> + if (rc < 0)
> + return rc;
> +
> + ocxlpmem->dev.devt = MKDEV(MAJOR(ocxlpmem_dev), minor);
> + ocxlpmem->dev.class = ocxlpmem_class;
> + ocxlpmem->dev.parent = &ocxlpmem->pdev->dev;
> +
> + return device_register(&ocxlpmem->dev);
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * ocxlpmem_remove() - Free an OpenCAPI persistent memory device
> + * @pdev: the PCI device information struct
> + */
> +static void ocxlpmem_remove(struct pci_dev *pdev)
> +{
> + if (PCI_FUNC(pdev->devfn) == 0) {
> + struct ocxlpmem_function0 *func0 = pci_get_drvdata(pdev);
> +
> + if (func0) {
> + ocxl_function_close(func0->ocxl_fn);
> + func0->ocxl_fn = NULL;
> + }
> + } else {
> + struct ocxlpmem *ocxlpmem = pci_get_drvdata(pdev);
> +
> + if (ocxlpmem)
> + device_unregister(&ocxlpmem->dev);
> + }
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * probe_function0() - Set up function 0 for an OpenCAPI persistent memory device
> + * This is important as it enables templates higher than 0 across all other functions,
> + * which in turn enables higher bandwidth accesses
> + * @pdev: the PCI device information struct
> + * Return: 0 on success, negative on failure
> + */
> +static int probe_function0(struct pci_dev *pdev)
> +{
> + struct ocxlpmem_function0 *func0 = NULL;
> + struct ocxl_fn *fn;
> +
> + func0 = kzalloc(sizeof(*func0), GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (!func0)
> + return -ENOMEM;
> +
> + func0->pdev = pdev;
> + fn = ocxl_function_open(pdev);
> + if (IS_ERR(fn)) {
> + kfree(func0);
> + dev_err(&pdev->dev, "failed to open OCXL function\n");
> + return PTR_ERR(fn);
> + }
> + func0->ocxl_fn = fn;
> +
> + pci_set_drvdata(pdev, func0);
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * probe() - Init an OpenCAPI persistent memory device
> + * @pdev: the PCI device information struct
> + * @ent: The entry from ocxlpmem_pci_tbl
> + * Return: 0 on success, negative on failure
> + */
> +static int probe(struct pci_dev *pdev, const struct pci_device_id *ent)
> +{
> + struct ocxlpmem *ocxlpmem;
> + int rc;
> +
> + if (PCI_FUNC(pdev->devfn) == 0)
> + return probe_function0(pdev);
> + else if (PCI_FUNC(pdev->devfn) != 1)
> + return 0;
> +
> + ocxlpmem = kzalloc(sizeof(*ocxlpmem), GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (!ocxlpmem) {
> + dev_err(&pdev->dev, "Could not allocate OpenCAPI persistent memory metadata\n");
> + rc = -ENOMEM;
> + goto err;
> + }
> + ocxlpmem->pdev = pdev;
> +
> + pci_set_drvdata(pdev, ocxlpmem);
> +
> + ocxlpmem->ocxl_fn = ocxl_function_open(pdev);
> + if (IS_ERR(ocxlpmem->ocxl_fn)) {
> + kfree(ocxlpmem);
> + pci_set_drvdata(pdev, NULL);
> + dev_err(&pdev->dev, "failed to open OCXL function\n");
> + rc = PTR_ERR(ocxlpmem->ocxl_fn);
> + goto err;
> + }
> +
> + ocxlpmem->ocxl_afu = ocxl_function_fetch_afu(ocxlpmem->ocxl_fn, 0);
> + if (ocxlpmem->ocxl_afu == NULL) {
> + dev_err(&pdev->dev, "Could not get OCXL AFU from function\n");
> + rc = -ENXIO;
> + goto err;
> + }
> +
> + ocxl_afu_get(ocxlpmem->ocxl_afu);
> +
> + // Resources allocated below here are cleaned up in the release handler
> +
> + rc = ocxlpmem_register(ocxlpmem);
> + if (rc) {
> + dev_err(&pdev->dev, "Could not register OpenCAPI persistent memory device with the kernel\n");
> + goto err;
> + }
> +
> + rc = ocxl_context_alloc(&ocxlpmem->ocxl_context, ocxlpmem->ocxl_afu, NULL);
> + if (rc) {
> + dev_err(&pdev->dev, "Could not allocate OCXL context\n");
> + goto err;
> + }
> +
> + rc = ocxl_context_attach(ocxlpmem->ocxl_context, 0, NULL);
> + if (rc) {
> + dev_err(&pdev->dev, "Could not attach ocxl context\n");
> + goto err;
> + }
> +
> + rc = register_lpc_mem(ocxlpmem);
> + if (rc) {
> + dev_err(&pdev->dev, "Could not register OpenCAPI persistent memory with libnvdimm\n");
> + goto err;
> + }
> +
> + return 0;
> +
> +err:
> + /*
> + * Further cleanup is done in the release handler via free_ocxlpmem()
> + * This allows us to keep the character device live to handle IOCTLs to
> + * investigate issues if the card has an error
> + */
> +
> + dev_err(&pdev->dev,
> + "Error detected, will not register OpenCAPI persistent memory\n");
> + return rc;
> +}
> +
> +static struct pci_driver pci_driver = {
> + .name = "ocxl-pmem",
> + .id_table = ocxlpmem_pci_tbl,
> + .probe = probe,
> + .remove = ocxlpmem_remove,
> + .shutdown = ocxlpmem_remove,
> +};
> +
> +static int __init ocxlpmem_init(void)
> +{
> + int rc = 0;
> +
> + rc = pci_register_driver(&pci_driver);
> + if (rc)
> + return rc;
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static void ocxlpmem_exit(void)
> +{
> + pci_unregister_driver(&pci_driver);
> +}
> +
> +module_init(ocxlpmem_init);
> +module_exit(ocxlpmem_exit);
> +
> +MODULE_DESCRIPTION("OpenCAPI Persistent Memory");
> +MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
> diff --git a/arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/pmem/ocxl_internal.h b/arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/pmem/ocxl_internal.h
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..0faf3740e9b8
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/pmem/ocxl_internal.h
> @@ -0,0 +1,28 @@
> +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+
> +// Copyright 2019 IBM Corp.
> +
> +#include <linux/pci.h>
> +#include <misc/ocxl.h>
> +#include <linux/libnvdimm.h>
> +#include <linux/mm.h>
> +
> +#define LABEL_AREA_SIZE (1UL << PA_SECTION_SHIFT)
> +
> +struct ocxlpmem_function0 {
> + struct pci_dev *pdev;
> + struct ocxl_fn *ocxl_fn;
> +};
> +
> +struct ocxlpmem {
> + struct device dev;
> + struct pci_dev *pdev;
> + struct ocxl_fn *ocxl_fn;
> + struct nd_interleave_set nd_set;
> + struct nvdimm_bus_descriptor bus_desc;
> + struct nvdimm_bus *nvdimm_bus;
> + struct ocxl_afu *ocxl_afu;
> + struct ocxl_context *ocxl_context;
> + void *metadata_addr;
> + struct resource pmem_res;
> + struct nd_region *nd_region;
> +};
>

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