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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2 08/13] KVM: x86: Dynamically allocate per-vCPU emulation context
Date
Sean Christopherson <sean.j.christopherson@intel.com> writes:

> Allocate the emulation context instead of embedding it in struct
> kvm_vcpu_arch.
>
> Dynamic allocation provides several benefits:
>
> - Shrinks the size x86 vcpus by ~2.5k bytes, dropping them back below
> the PAGE_ALLOC_COSTLY_ORDER threshold.
> - Allows for dropping the include of kvm_emulate.h from asm/kvm_host.h
> and moving kvm_emulate.h into KVM's private directory.
> - Allows a reducing KVM's attack surface by shrinking the amount of
> vCPU data that is exposed to usercopy.
> - Allows a future patch to disable the emulator entirely, which may or
> may not be a realistic endeavor.
>
> Mark the entire struct as valid for usercopy to maintain existing
> behavior with respect to hardened usercopy. Future patches can shrink
> the usercopy range to cover only what is necessary.
>
> Signed-off-by: Sean Christopherson <sean.j.christopherson@intel.com>
> ---
> arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_emulate.h | 1 +
> arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h | 2 +-
> arch/x86/kvm/x86.c | 61 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++----
> 3 files changed, 55 insertions(+), 9 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_emulate.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_emulate.h
> index 03946eb3e2b9..2f0a600efdff 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_emulate.h
> +++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_emulate.h
> @@ -293,6 +293,7 @@ enum x86emul_mode {
> #define X86EMUL_SMM_INSIDE_NMI_MASK (1 << 7)
>
> struct x86_emulate_ctxt {
> + void *vcpu;

Why 'void *'? I changed this to 'struct kvm_vcpu *' and it seems to
compile just fine...

> const struct x86_emulate_ops *ops;
>
> /* Register state before/after emulation. */
> diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h
> index c750cd957558..e069f71667b1 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h
> +++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h
> @@ -678,7 +678,7 @@ struct kvm_vcpu_arch {
>
> /* emulate context */
>
> - struct x86_emulate_ctxt emulate_ctxt;
> + struct x86_emulate_ctxt *emulate_ctxt;
> bool emulate_regs_need_sync_to_vcpu;
> bool emulate_regs_need_sync_from_vcpu;
> int (*complete_userspace_io)(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
> diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
> index 0e67f90db9a6..5ab7d4283185 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
> @@ -81,7 +81,7 @@ u64 __read_mostly kvm_mce_cap_supported = MCG_CTL_P | MCG_SER_P;
> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_mce_cap_supported);
>
> #define emul_to_vcpu(ctxt) \
> - container_of(ctxt, struct kvm_vcpu, arch.emulate_ctxt)
> + ((struct kvm_vcpu *)(ctxt)->vcpu)
>
> /* EFER defaults:
> * - enable syscall per default because its emulated by KVM
> @@ -230,6 +230,19 @@ u64 __read_mostly host_xcr0;
> struct kmem_cache *x86_fpu_cache;
> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(x86_fpu_cache);
>
> +static struct kmem_cache *x86_emulator_cache;
> +
> +static struct kmem_cache *kvm_alloc_emulator_cache(void)
> +{
> + return kmem_cache_create_usercopy("x86_emulator",
> + sizeof(struct x86_emulate_ctxt),
> + __alignof__(struct x86_emulate_ctxt),
> + SLAB_ACCOUNT,
> + 0,
> + sizeof(struct x86_emulate_ctxt),
> + NULL);
> +}
> +
> static int emulator_fix_hypercall(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt);
>
> static inline void kvm_async_pf_hash_reset(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
> @@ -6414,6 +6427,23 @@ static bool inject_emulated_exception(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt)
> return false;
> }
>
> +static struct x86_emulate_ctxt *alloc_emulate_ctxt(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
> +{
> + struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt;
> +
> + ctxt = kmem_cache_zalloc(x86_emulator_cache, GFP_KERNEL_ACCOUNT);
> + if (!ctxt) {
> + pr_err("kvm: failed to allocate vcpu's emulator\n");
> + return NULL;
> + }
> +
> + ctxt->vcpu = vcpu;
> + ctxt->ops = &emulate_ops;
> + vcpu->arch.emulate_ctxt = ctxt;
> +
> + return ctxt;
> +}
> +
> static void init_emulate_ctxt(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt)
> {
> struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu = emul_to_vcpu(ctxt);
> @@ -6440,7 +6470,7 @@ static void init_emulate_ctxt(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt)
>
> void kvm_inject_realmode_interrupt(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, int irq, int inc_eip)
> {
> - struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt = &vcpu->arch.emulate_ctxt;
> + struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt = vcpu->arch.emulate_ctxt;
> int ret;
>
> init_emulate_ctxt(ctxt);
> @@ -6756,7 +6786,7 @@ int x86_emulate_instruction(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, gpa_t cr2_or_gpa,
> int emulation_type, void *insn, int insn_len)
> {
> int r;
> - struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt = &vcpu->arch.emulate_ctxt;
> + struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt = vcpu->arch.emulate_ctxt;
> bool writeback = true;
> bool write_fault_to_spt = vcpu->arch.write_fault_to_shadow_pgtable;
>
> @@ -7339,10 +7369,16 @@ int kvm_arch_init(void *opaque)
> goto out;
> }
>
> + x86_emulator_cache = kvm_alloc_emulator_cache();
> + if (!x86_emulator_cache) {
> + pr_err("kvm: failed to allocate cache for x86 emulator\n");
> + goto out_free_x86_fpu_cache;
> + }
> +
> shared_msrs = alloc_percpu(struct kvm_shared_msrs);
> if (!shared_msrs) {
> printk(KERN_ERR "kvm: failed to allocate percpu kvm_shared_msrs\n");
> - goto out_free_x86_fpu_cache;
> + goto out_free_x86_emulator_cache;
> }
>
> r = kvm_mmu_module_init();
> @@ -7375,6 +7411,8 @@ int kvm_arch_init(void *opaque)
>
> out_free_percpu:
> free_percpu(shared_msrs);
> +out_free_x86_emulator_cache:
> + kmem_cache_destroy(x86_emulator_cache);
> out_free_x86_fpu_cache:
> kmem_cache_destroy(x86_fpu_cache);
> out:
> @@ -8754,7 +8792,7 @@ static void __get_regs(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct kvm_regs *regs)
> * that usually, but some bad designed PV devices (vmware
> * backdoor interface) need this to work
> */
> - emulator_writeback_register_cache(&vcpu->arch.emulate_ctxt);
> + emulator_writeback_register_cache(vcpu->arch.emulate_ctxt);
> vcpu->arch.emulate_regs_need_sync_to_vcpu = false;
> }
> regs->rax = kvm_rax_read(vcpu);
> @@ -8940,7 +8978,7 @@ int kvm_arch_vcpu_ioctl_set_mpstate(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
> int kvm_task_switch(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u16 tss_selector, int idt_index,
> int reason, bool has_error_code, u32 error_code)
> {
> - struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt = &vcpu->arch.emulate_ctxt;
> + struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt = vcpu->arch.emulate_ctxt;
> int ret;
>
> init_emulate_ctxt(ctxt);
> @@ -9273,7 +9311,6 @@ int kvm_arch_vcpu_create(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
> struct page *page;
> int r;
>
> - vcpu->arch.emulate_ctxt.ops = &emulate_ops;
> if (!irqchip_in_kernel(vcpu->kvm) || kvm_vcpu_is_reset_bsp(vcpu))
> vcpu->arch.mp_state = KVM_MP_STATE_RUNNABLE;
> else
> @@ -9311,11 +9348,14 @@ int kvm_arch_vcpu_create(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
> GFP_KERNEL_ACCOUNT))
> goto fail_free_mce_banks;
>
> + if (!alloc_emulate_ctxt(vcpu))
> + goto free_wbinvd_dirty_mask;
> +
> vcpu->arch.user_fpu = kmem_cache_zalloc(x86_fpu_cache,
> GFP_KERNEL_ACCOUNT);
> if (!vcpu->arch.user_fpu) {
> pr_err("kvm: failed to allocate userspace's fpu\n");
> - goto free_wbinvd_dirty_mask;
> + goto free_emulate_ctxt;
> }
>
> vcpu->arch.guest_fpu = kmem_cache_zalloc(x86_fpu_cache,
> @@ -9357,6 +9397,8 @@ int kvm_arch_vcpu_create(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
> kmem_cache_free(x86_fpu_cache, vcpu->arch.guest_fpu);
> free_user_fpu:
> kmem_cache_free(x86_fpu_cache, vcpu->arch.user_fpu);
> +free_emulate_ctxt:
> + kmem_cache_free(x86_emulator_cache, vcpu->arch.emulate_ctxt);
> free_wbinvd_dirty_mask:
> free_cpumask_var(vcpu->arch.wbinvd_dirty_mask);
> fail_free_mce_banks:
> @@ -9409,6 +9451,9 @@ void kvm_arch_vcpu_destroy(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
>
> kvm_x86_ops->vcpu_free(vcpu);
>
> + if (vcpu->arch.emulate_ctxt)
> + kmem_cache_free(x86_emulator_cache, vcpu->arch.emulate_ctxt);

Checking for NULL here seems superfluous as we create the context in
kvm_arch_vcpu_create() unconditionally. I'd suggest we move the check to
"[PATCH v2 12/13] KVM: x86: Add variable to control existence of
emulator" where 'enable_emulator' global is added.

> +
> free_cpumask_var(vcpu->arch.wbinvd_dirty_mask);
> kmem_cache_free(x86_fpu_cache, vcpu->arch.user_fpu);
> kmem_cache_free(x86_fpu_cache, vcpu->arch.guest_fpu);

--
Vitaly

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